二分法

Hangover
Time Limit: 1000MS Memory Limit: 10000K
Total Submissions: 133338 Accepted: 64845

Description

How far can you make a stack of cards overhang a table? If you have one card, you can create a maximum overhang of half a card length. (We're assuming that the cards must be perpendicular to the table.) With two cards you can make the top card overhang the bottom one by half a card length, and the bottom one overhang the table by a third of a card length, for a total maximum overhang of 1/2 + 1/3 = 5/6 card lengths. In general you can make n cards overhang by 1/2 + 1/3 + 1/4 + ... + 1/(n + 1) card lengths, where the top card overhangs the second by 1/2, the second overhangs tha third by 1/3, the third overhangs the fourth by 1/4, etc., and the bottom card overhangs the table by 1/(n + 1). This is illustrated in the figure below.



Input

The input consists of one or more test cases, followed by a line containing the number 0.00 that signals the end of the input. Each test case is a single line containing a positive floating-point number c whose value is at least 0.01 and at most 5.20; c will contain exactly three digits.

Output

For each test case, output the minimum number of cards necessary to achieve an overhang of at least c card lengths. Use the exact output format shown in the examples.

Sample Input

1.00
3.71
0.04
5.19

Sample Output

3 card(s)
61 card(s)
1 card(s)

二分法求解

先离线计算len[i]为前i张卡片向桌子外延伸的长度

二分查找的过程:初始时区间[l,r]=[1,total],区间的中间指针min=(l+r)/2,二分搜索,直到l+1>=r为止。

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
const int maxn=300;
const double delta=1e-8;
int zero(double x)//如果误差在delta内则返回0 
{
	if(x<-delta) return -1;
	return x>delta; 
}
int main()
{
	double len[maxn];len[0]=0.0;
	int total;
	for(total=1;zero(len[total-1]-5.20)<0;total++)//计算出截至长度不超过5.20所需的最少卡片数 
	    len[total]=len[total-1]+1.0/double(total+1);
	double x;cin>>x;
	while(zero(x))//二分法 
	{
		int l,r;l=0;r=total;//设定查找左右区间 
		while(l+1<r)//循环条件是查找区间存在 
		{
			int mid=(l+r)/2;//中间指针 
			if(zero(len[mid]-x)<0) l=mid;//若中间元素值小于x,则在右区间查找,否则则在左区间查找 
			   else r=mid;
		}
		cout<<r<<" card(s)"<<endl;
		cin>>x;
	}
	return 0;
 }

阅读更多

没有更多推荐了,返回首页