STEP 标准基础概念-刘亚龙

  1. STEP标准

STEP(Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data-产品模型数据交互规范)[1]标准是国际标准化组织制定的描述整个产品生命周期内产品信息的标准,STEP标准是一个正在完善中的“产品数据模型交换标准”。它是由国际标准化组织(ISO)工业自动化与集成技术委员会(TC184)下属的第四分委会(SC4)制订,ISO正式代号为ISO-10303。它提供了一种不依赖具体系统的中性机制,旨在实现产品数据的交换和共享。这种描述的性质使得它不仅适合于交换文件,也适合于作为执行和分享产品数据库和存档的基础。发达国家已经把STEP标准推向了工业应用。它的应用显著降低了产品生命周期内的信息交换成本,提高了产品研发效率,成为制造业进行国际合作、参与国际竞争的重要基础标准,是保持企业竞争力的重要工具。

    1. 概述

STEP(Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data-产品模型数据交互规范)标准是国际标准化组织制定的描述整个产品生命周期内产品信息的标准,STEP标准是一个正在完善中的“产品数据模型交换标准”。它是由国际标准化组织(ISO)工业自动化与集成技术委员会(TC184)下属的第四分委会(SC4)制订,ISO正式代号为ISO-10303。它提供了一种不依赖具体系统的中性机制,旨在实现产品数据的交换和共享。这种描述性质使得它不仅适合于交换文件,也适合于作为执行和分享产品数据库和存档的基础。发达国家已经把STEP标准推向了工业应用。它的应用显著降低了产品生命周期内的信息交换成本,提高了产品研发效率,成为制造业进行国际合作、参与国际竞争的重要基础标准,是保持企业竞争力的重要工具。

    1. 关键技术

STEP-NC自1997年的研发以来,制造业中关于STEP的应用已经成为工业化国家中的热点研究对象。在所有的热点研究课题中,美国有Super Model项目、欧洲有MATRASOPTIMAL计划、日本有Digital Master项目、韩国有STEP-NC项目,这些都是十分有代表性的项目。而上述热点研究国家主要都是集中在数据库、标准以及STEP-NC的控制器这三个方面的研究。

  • 数据库的研究:对于STEP-NC所涵盖的特殊定义、几何模型、工艺流程、公差定义等等这些信息都是必须通过一个相同的智能接口,才能完整地被集成到一个产品模型的数据库中。在数据库的研究当中,STEP Tools公司是最具代表性的,主要因为该公司于新世纪两千年开始了“超级模型”——Super Model的项目研究。“超级模型”项目的英文全称是Model Driven Intelligent Control of Manufacturing,该项目主要是为了建立一个包含可直接驱动数据铣床、零件所有制造特征的数据库,之后再向PDM、数控车削等目标的扩展。STEP Tools公司最终在“超级模型”项目中开发了两项新技术,分别是EXPRESS-X和STEP/XML,由于这两项技术的应用中,数控编程都是被简化了的,因此,给CNC可以在因特网上直接查找产品数据奠定了坚实的基础。
  • 标准的研究:当前已经制定的关于STEP和STEP-NC的标准,涉及的行业通常是汽车、飞机、造船业、机械设计、电子电路等。关于STEP-NC已经制定的标准草案(ISO-DIS-14649),它包括通用数据、基本概念及规则、铣削刀具、数控铣削加工等。目前正在制定中的STEP-NC标准有:放电加工、数控车削加工、监控、玻璃木材的铣削等等。
  • STEP-NC控制器:目前的STEP Tools公司正在研制机床控制器的软件,这款软件是用于直接读取Super Model的。此外,还有POHANG科技大学(韩国)、Siemens公司(德国)等都在致力于控制器的积极研究。而在无数不少的研究当中,Siemens公司取得了丰硕的成果。
    1. STEP标准基本描述

STEP标准不是一项标准,而是一组标准的总称,STEP把产品信息的表达和数据交换的实现方法区分成六类:

STEP标准内容:

    1. 描述方法(Description Methods)
    2. 实现方法;
    3. 集成资源:分一般资源和应用资源;
    4. 应用协议(Application Protocols)
    5. 一致性测试方法论和框架(Conformance Testing)
    6. 抽象测试集(Abstract Test Suites)

STEP标准的组成结构如图所示。

 STEP系统类型STEP 标准也可划分为两部分:STEP标准的数据模型和工具

  • 数据模型包括通用集成资源应用集成资源应用协议
  1. 其中资源信息模型定义了开发应用协议基础的数据信息,包括通用的模型和支持特定应用的模型。产品数据的描述格式独立于应用,并且通过应用协议进行实施。应用协议定义了支持特定功能的资源信息模型,明确规定了特定应用领域所需的信息和信息交换方法,提供一致性测试的需求和测试目的。
  • 几乎每一个主要的CAD/CAM系统包含由一个STEP应用协议(application protocols,AP’s)定义的一个读写数据的模块。在美国最普遍实现的协议称为AP-203。这个协议用来交换描述实体模型以及实体模型装配体的数据。在欧洲,一个非常相似的协议称为AP-214,完成的是相同的功能。
  • 工具包括描述方法、实现方法、一致性测试方法和抽象测试套件
  1. 描述方法:EXPRESS语言是STEP标准开发的面向对象的信息模型描述语言(ISO10303—1,用以描述集成资源和应用协议,即是记录产品数据的建模语言,在STEP技术中处于基础和核心的地位。
  2. 实现方法:鉴于EXPRESS本身不是一种实现语言,STEP规定了若干通过映射关系来实现EXPRESS的语言。主要有:
  • STEP p21文件(ISO10303—21):p21文件采用自由格式的物理结构,基于ASCII编码,不依赖于列的信息(IGES有列的概念),且无二义性,便于软件处理。p21文件格式是信息交换与共享的基础之一。其常用扩展名有stp、step、p21,因此常常被称作STEP文件或者p21文件。
  • SDAI接口——Standard Data Access Interface (ISO10303—22):是STEP中规定的标准数据存取接口,提供访问和操作STEP模型数据的操作集,为应用程序开发员提供统一的EXPRESS实体实例的编程接口需求规范。可用于更高层的数据库实现和知识库实现。
  • STEP data in XMI(ISO10303—28):提供STEP文件到XML的映射,XML是为Internet上传输信息而设计的一种中性的数据交换语言,是Internet/Intranet间存储和提取产品数据的主要语言T具。
    1. 应用协议(AP)

STEP利用应用协议(AP)来保证语义的一致性。应用协议指定了在某一应用领域巾,共享信息模型结构所需遵循的特定应用协议所规定的模型结构。通过应用协议,建立一种中性机制解决不同CAx系统之间的数据交换。已制订或正在制订的有关工程设计与制造方面的STEP应用协议有38个(AP-201~AP-238)。

2004年6月的STEP应用协议如下:

应用协议号

发布日期

投票时状态

标题

AP201

1994

IS

显式草图                             (2D CAD系统)

AP202

1997

IS

组合草图                             (2D 3D CAD系统)

AP203

1994

IS

机械零部件设计3D机构控制          3D CAD

 

1998

TC

 

 

2000

TC

 

 

2004

TS

 

AP204

2002

IS

边界表示法机械设计                   3D CAD

AP207

1999

IS

钣金模具规划与设计                   3D CAD

 

2001

TC

 

AP209

2001

IS

复合材料与金属结构分析与相关设计    (有限元FEM软件)

AP210

2001

IS

电子装配、互联与交换                EDA设计软件)

AP210 2ND

 

DIS

 

AP212

2001

IS

电工学设计与安装                     EDA设计软件)

AP214

2001

IS

自动机械设计过程中的关键数据        

AP214 2ND

2004

IS

 

AP215

2003

IS

船舶布置  (船舶设计)            

AP216

2004

IS

船模型腔  (船舶设计)

AP218

2004

IS

船体结构  (船舶设计)

AP219

2006

DIS

实体零部件的尺寸审查管理                CAPP-MBD

AP221

2006

DIS

工艺过程中的数据与示意图                CAPP-MBD

AP223

2006

CD

铸件产品设计与制作信息交换             CAM

AP224

1999

IS

机械产品的工艺设计                     CAPP

AP224 2ND

2001

IS

 

AP224 3RD

2006

IS

 

AP225

1999

IS

显式外形表述建立单元

AP227

2001

IS

车间的空间布置                    (工厂设计、车间设计)

AP227 2ND

2005

IS

 

AP229

2006

NWI

锻件产品设计与制作信息交换             CAM

AP232

2002

IS

关键信息与交换技术数据打包

AP233

2005

AWI

系统工程数据表达                     SYSML

AP235

2005

CD

产品设计与认证中的材料信息

AP236

2005

DIS

家具产品数据与工程数据

AP238

2006

DIS

计算机数字控制器中内部模型的应用

AP237

2006

IS

流体动力学分析                         (CFD软件

AP239

2005

IS

产品生命周期支持          PLCS标准-PDM+ERP+LSA

AP240

2005

IS

机械零件数控工艺规划                   CAPP

AP242

2014

DIS

MBD

AP243

2016

DIS

MoSSEC(MBSE)

    1. STEP标准层次概念

整个STEP系统分为三个层次:应用层、逻辑层和物理层,其关系如下图所示。

   step的层次组织结构最上层是应用层,包括应用协议及对象的抽象测试集,这是面向具体应用的一个层次。第二层是逻辑层,包括集成通用资源和集成应用资源及由这些资源建造的一个完整的产品信息模型。它从实际应用中抽象出来,并与具体实现无关。它总结了不同应用领域中的信息相似性,使STEP标准的不同应用间具有可重用性,达到最小化的数据冗余。最低层是物理层,包括实现方法,用于实际应用标准的软件的开发,给出具体在计算机上的实现形式。

三层中所对应的标准由三个不同的委员会负责制定。每一层采用了不同的信息建模工具,应用层采用了IDEF0,IDEF1X,NIAM,EXPRESS;表达层则采用了EXPRESS

    1. ISO-10303标准内容

      1. 描述方法

Part 1 -综述与基本原理( 1994) 。AICS和模块的作用。

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 11

EXPRESS language reference manual

 

Part 12

EXPRESS -I language reference manual

 

Part 14

EXPRESS -X language reference manual

 

 

      1. 执行方法(Implementation methods

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 21

STEP-File Clear text encoding of the exchange structure

 

Part 22

SDAI Standard data access interface specification

 

Part 23

C++ language binding of the standard data access interface

 

Part 24

C language binding of the standard data access interface

 

Part 25

EXPRESS to OMG XMI binding

 

Part 26

Binary representation of EXPRESS-driven data using HDF5

 

Part 27

Java TM programming language binding to the standard data access interface with Internet/Intranet extensions

 

Part 28

STEP-XML XML representation for EXPRESS-driven data

 

 

      1. 集成资源
        1. 集成一般资源(Integrated generic resources)

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 41

Fundamentals of product description and support

 

Part 42

Geometric and topological representation

 

Part 43

Representation structures

 

Part 44

Product structure configuration

 

Part 45

Materials

 

Part 46

Visual presentation:

工程与part42组合,并允许指定如何与注释数据显示2D或3D几何模型一起。原来的设计意图是,根据这部分数据可以通过支持的图形核心系统或PHIGS电脑系统显示。今天其他显示接口如OpenGL的3D和Java 2D如显示部分46基于数据更合适。

Part 47

Shape variation tolerances

形状变化公差:这部分支持几何尺寸和电脑敏感数据交换公差原则的代表性。不过,这并不包括如何呈现对人类的数据。

 

Part 49

Process structures and properties

 

Part 50

Mathematical constructs

 

Part 51

Mathematical description

 

Part 52

Mesh-based topology

 

Part 53

Numerical analysis

 

Part 54

Classification and set theory

 

Part 55

Procedural and hybrid representation

 

Part 56

State

 

Part 57

Expression extensions

 

Part 58

Risk

 

Part 59

Quality of product shape data

 

Part 61

Systems engineering representation

 

        1. 集成应用资源(Integrated application resources)

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 101

 Draughting

 

Part 104

 Finite element analysis

 

Part 105

 Kinematics

 

Part 107

 Finite element analysis definition relationships

 

Part 108

 Parameterization and constraints for explicit geometric product models

 

Part 109

 STEP assembly model for products

 

Part 110

 Computational fluid dynamics data

 

Part 111

 Elements for the procedural modelling of solid shapes

 

Part 112

 Standard modelling commands for the procedural exchange of 2D CAD models

 

 

      1. 应用协议及应用模块
        1. 应用协议(Application Protocol)

在“接口”利用在良好定义的组合和构造的集成资源的下位的信息,以表示一个或工程技术应用领域的一个特定的数据模型。

协议编号

 

 

Part 201

Explicit draughting(显式绘图)

简单的2D工程图的几何关系到一个产品。没有关联,没有装配层次。 AP202和214的一个子集

Part 202

Associative draughting(相关绘图)

2D/3D绘图细条,但没有产品结构。 AP214的一个子集。

Part 203:

Configuration controlled 3D designs of mechanical parts and assemblies.(配置控制的机械零件和装配体三维设计。)

主要用于3D设计和产品结构。 AP214的一个子集,但最广泛使用的。

Part 204

Mechanical design using boundary representation(采用边界表示法的机械设计)

 

Part 207

Sheet metal die planning and design

(钣金规划和设计)

 

Part 209

Composite and metallic structural analysis and related design(复合材料和金属结构分析以及相关的设计)

 

Part 210

Electronic assembly, interconnect and packaging design(电子组装,互连和包装设计)

 

Part 212

Electrotechnical design and installation(电工设计和安装)

设计作为一种补充的AP214 ,但它并不完全统一。

Part 214

Core data for automotive mechanical design processes(汽车机械设计过程的核心数据)

 

Part 215

Ship arrangement(船舶布置)

 

Part 216

Ship moulded forms(船舶模块表)

 

Part 218

Ship structures(船舶结构)

 

Part 219

Dimensional inspection information exchange(尺寸检查信息互换)

 

Part 221

Functional data and their schematic representation for process plant(功能数据和过程工厂的示意图)

 

Part 223

Exchange of design and manufacturing product information for cast parts, currently on CD level(易所设计和制造的产品信息的铸件,目前在CD级)

 

Part 224

Mechanical product definition for process plans using machining features(使用加工特征加工计划的机械产品定义)

 

Part 225

Building elements using explicit shape representation(用明确形状表示的建筑元素)

 

Part 227

Plant spatial configuration(工厂的空间配置)

 

Part 232

Technical data packaging core information and exchange(技术参数封装核心信息和交流)

 

Part 233

Systems engineering(系统工程)

 

Part 235

Materials information for the design and verification of products(为产品的设计和验证材料信息)

 

Part 236

Furniture catalog and interior design(家具目录和室内设计)

 

Part 237

Fluid dynamics(流体力学)

 

Part 238

STEP-NC Application interpreted model for computerized numerical controllers(STEP-NC的应用解释模型计算机数值控制器)

 

Part 239

Product life cycle support(产品生命周期支持)

 

Part 240

Process plans for machined products(机加工产品过程计划)

 

Part 242

 

MBD 和PMI

        1. 应用模块(AM - Application modules)

在STEP应用模块定义了通用构建模块内的ISO 10303创建模块化应用协议(AP)。更高级别的模块从低层模组建立起来。在最低层次的模块是概念包装,在综合资源(IR)或应用解释器(AIC)的定义。模块在一个中等水平较低的链路级模块相互之间以及专门它们。上的最高水平只有模块完全覆盖的特定区域,以便它们可以被实现。

          1. 实现模块和模块定义的一致性类(Implementation modules and modules defining conformance classes:)

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 403

 AP203 configuration controlled 3d design of mechanical parts and assemblies

 

Part 410

 AP210 electronic assembly interconnect and packaging design

 

Part 1604

 AP210 assembly functional interface requirements

 

Part 1605

 AP210 assembly functional requirements

 

Part 1606

 AP210 assembly physical design

 

Part 1607

 AP210 assembly physical interface requirements

 

Part 1608

 AP210 assembly physical requirements

 

Part 1609

 AP210 assembly requirement allocation

 

Part 1610

 AP210 assembly technology constraints

 

Part 1611

 AP210 connection zone based model extraction

 

Part 1759

 AP210 datum difference based model definition

 

Part 1612

 AP210 device functional and physical characterization

 

Part 1614

 AP210 functional decomposition

 

Part 1615

 AP210 functional requirement allocation

 

Part 1616

 AP210 functional specification

 

Part 1617

 AP210 interconnect design

 

Part 1618

 AP210 interconnect design for microwave

 

Part 1619

 AP210 interconnect functional requirements

 

Part 1620

 AP210 interconnect physical requirements

 

Part 1621

 AP210 interconnect requirement allocation

 

Part 1622

 AP210 interconnect technology constraints

 

Part 1623

 AP210 laminate assembly design

 

Part 1624

 AP210 package functional and physical characterization

 

Part 1625

 AP210 packaged part white box model

 

Part 1626

 AP210 physical unit physical characterization

 

Part 1627

 AP210 printed part functional and physical characterization

 

Part 1628

 AP210 product data management

 

Part 1630

 AP210 product rule

 

Part 421

 Functional data and schematic representation

 

Part 433

 AP233 system engineering and design

 

Part 436

 AP236 furniture catalog and interior design

 

Part 439

 AP239 product life cycle support

 

Part 1287

 AP239 activity recording

 

Part 1297

 AP239 document management

 

Part 1289

 AP239 management resource information

 

Part 1293

 AP239 part definition information

 

Part 1292

 AP239 product definition information

 

Part 1304

 AP239 product status recording

 

Part 1295

 AP239 properties

 

Part 1306

 AP239 task specification resourced

 

Part 1307

 AP239 work definition

 

          1. 基础模块(Foundation modules)

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 1047

 Activity

 

Part 1259

 Activity as realized

 

Part 1272

 Activity characterized

 

Part 1049

 Activity method

 

Part 1249

 Activity method assignment

 

Part 1298

 Activity method characterized

 

Part 1261

 Activity method implementation

 

Part 1169

 Activity structure and classification

 

Part 1514

 Advanced boundary representation

 

Part 1025

 Alias identification

 

Part 1601

 Altered package

 

Part 1602

 Altered part

 

Part 1109

 Alternative solution

 

Part 1603

 Analytical model

 

 

          1. 注释表示(Part xxxx –Annotated presentation)

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 1001

 Appearance assignment

 

Part 1012

 Approval

 

Part 1631

 Area 2d

 

Part 1632

 Assembly 2d shape

 

Part 1633

 Assembly 3d shape

 

Part 1634

 Assembly component placement requirements

 

Part 1102

 Assembly feature definition

 

Part 1635

 Assembly functional interface requirement

 

Part 1636

 Assembly module design

 

Part 1637

 Assembly module macro definition

 

Part 1642

 Assembly module usage view

 

Part 1644

 Assembly module with cable component

 

Part 1638

 Assembly module with cable component 2d

 

Part 1639

 Assembly module with cable component 3d

 

Part 1643

 Assembly module with interconnect component

 

Part 1640

 Assembly module with macro component

 

Part 1645

 Assembly module with packaged connector component

 

Part 1641

 Assembly module with subassembly

 

Part 1647

 Assembly physical interface requirement

 

Part 1648

 Assembly physical requirement allocation

 

Part 1646

 Assembly shape

 

Part 1026

 Assembly structure

 

Part 1649

 Assembly technology

 

          1. 组合注解(Part xxxx – Associative annotation)

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 1132

 Associative text

 

Part 1250

 Attachment slot

 

Part 1246

 Attribute classification

 

Part 1650

 Bare die

 

Part 1651

 Basic curve

 

Part 1652

 Basic geometry

 

Part 1369

 Binary representation

 

Part 1143

 Building component

 

Part 1144

 Building item

 

Part 1145

 Building structure

 

Part 1653

 Cable

 

Part 1211

 Cardinality of relationship

 

Part 1351

 Catalog data information

 

Part 1352

 Catalog data information and shape representation

 

Part 1044

 Certification

 

Part 1654

 Characteristic

 

Part 1655

 Chemical substance

 

Part 1070

 Class

 

Part 1071

 Class of activity

 

Part 1174

 Class of activity library

 

Part 1170

 Class of activity structure

 

Part 1171

 Class of composition of activity

 

Part 1158

 Class of composition of product

 

Part 1172

 Class of connection of activity

 

Part 1159

 Class of connection of product

 

Part 1160

 Class of containment of product

 

Part 1183

 Class of description by document

 

Part 1182

 Class of document

 

Part 1181

 Class of document library

 

Part 1173

 Class of involvement in activity

 

Part 1161

 Class of involvement of product in connection

 

Part 1188

 Class of person

 

Part 1077

 Class of product

 

Part 1162

 Class of product library

 

Part 1157

 Class of product structure

 

Part 1212

 Classification

 

Part 1114

 Classification assignment

 

Part 1111

 Classification with attributes

 

Part 1002

 Colour

 

Part 1657

 Component feature

 

Part 1656

 Component grouping

 

Part 1177

 Composition of individual activity

 

Part 1166

 Composition of individual product

 

Part 1253

 Condition

 

Part 1257

 Condition characterized

 

Part 1254

 Condition evaluation

 

Part 1296

 Condition evaluation characterized

 

Part 1756

 Conductivity material aspects

 

Part 1230

 Configuration controlled 3d parts and assemblies

 

Part 1058

 Configuration effectivity

 

Part 1056

 Configuration item

 

Part 1178

 Connection of individual activity

 

Part 1167

 Connection of individual product

 

Part 1658

 Connectivity allocation to physical network

 

Part 1131

 Construction geometry

 

Part 1119

 Construction history

 

Part 1731

 Constructive solid geometry 2d

 

Part 1068

 Constructive solid geometry 3d

 

Part 1168

 Containment of individual product

 

Part 1027

 Contextual shape positioning

 

Part 1062

 Contract

 

Part 1003

 Curve appearance

 

Part 1659

 Curve swept solid

 

Part 1370

 Data structure representation

 

Part 1010

 Date time

 

Part 1014

 Date time assignment

 

Part 1660

 Datum difference based model

 

Part 1052

 Default tolerance

 

Part 1130

 Derived shape element

 

Part 1185

 Description by individual document

 

Part 1661

 Design management

 

Part 1662

 Design specific assignment to assembly usage view

 

Part 1663

 Design specific assignment to interconnect usage view

 

Part 1664

Device marking

 

          1. 尺寸和公差标注(Part xxxx – Dimension and tolerance callouts)

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 1050

Dimension tolerance

 

Part 1121

Document and version identification

 

Part 1184

Document as individual

 

Part 1122

Document assignment

 

Part 1123

Document definition

 

Part 1290

Document management

 

Part 1368

Document order

 

Part 1126

Document properties

 

Part 1124

Document structure

 

Part 1180

Document structure and classification

 

Part 1206

Draughting annotation

 

Part 1207

Drawing structure and administration

 

Part 1501

Edge based wireframe

 

Part 1673

Edge shape feature

 

Part 1057

Effectivity

 

Part 1059

Effectivity application

 

Part 1665

Electrical network definition

 

Part 1004

Elemental geometric shape

 

Part 1005

Elemental topology

 

Part 1366

Encoded text representation

 

Part 1265

Envelope

 

Part 1064

Event

 

Part 1364

Event assignment

 

Part 1243

Experience

 

Part 1342

Expression

 

Part 1667

Extended elemental geometric shape

 

Part 1666

Extended geometric tolerance

 

Part 1106

Extended measure representation

 

Part 1275

External class

 

Part 1128

External item identification assignment

 

Part 1033

External model

 

Part 1129

External properties

 

Part 1668

Fabrication joint

 

Part 1669

Fabrication requirement

 

Part 1670

Fabrication technology

 

Part 1512

Faceted boundary representation

 

Part 1671

Feature and connection zone

 

Part 1127

File identification

 

Part 1672

Fill area style

 

Part 1006

Foundation representation

 

Part 1453

Function based behavior

 

Part 1674

Functional assignment to part

 

Part 1216

Functional breakdown

 

Part 1151

Functional data

 

Part 1675

Functional decomposition to assembly design

 

Part 1676

Functional decomposition to design

 

Part 1677

Functional decomposition to interconnect design

 

Part 1678

Functional decomposition with nodal representation to packaged mapping

 

Part 1679

Functional specification

 

Part 1680

Functional unit requirement allocation

 

Part 1354

Furniture interior decoration

 

Part 1007

General surface appearance

 

Part 1341

Generic expression

 

Part 1681

Generic material aspects

 

Part 1051

Geometric tolerance

 

Part 1039

Geometric validation property representation

 

Part 1507

Geometrically bounded surface

 

Part 1510

Geometrically bounded wireframe

 

Part 1113

Group

 

Part 1218

Hybrid breakdown

 

Part 1021

Identification assignment

 

Part 1349

Incomplete data reference mechanism

 

Part 1036

Independent property

 

Part 1099

Independent property definition

 

Part 1038

Independent property representation

 

Part 1176

Individual activity

 

Part 1175

Individual activity structure

 

Part 1179

Individual involvement in activity

 

Part 1163

Individual product structure

 

Part 1350

Inertia characteristics

 

Part 1445

Information packet

 

Part 1241

Information rights

 

Part 1459

Input output

 

Part 1682

Interconnect 2d shape

 

Part 1683

Interconnect 3d shape

 

Part 1684

Interconnect module connection routing

 

Part 1685

Interconnect module to assembly module relationship

 

Part 1686

Interconnect module usage view

 

Part 1687

Interconnect module with macros

 

Part 1688

Interconnect non planar shape

 

Part 1689

Interconnect physical requirement allocation

 

Part 1690

Interconnect placement requirements

 

Part 1251

Interface

 

Part 1691

Interface component

 

Part 1294

Interface lifecycle

 

Part 1165

Involvement of individual product in connection

 

Part 1345

Item definition structure

 

Part 1263

Justification

 

Part 1692

Land

 

Part 1008

Layer assignment

 

Part 1693

Layered 2d shape

 

Part 1694

Layered 3d shape

 

Part 1695

Layered interconnect module 2d design

 

Part 1696

Layered interconnect module 3d design

 

Part 1697

Layered interconnect module 3d shape

 

Part 1698

 Layered interconnect module design

 

Part 1699

 Layered interconnect module with design intent modifications

 

Part 1700

 Layered interconnect module with printed component design

 

Part 1701

 Layout macro definition

 

Part 1276

 Location

 

Part 1277

 Location assignment

 

Part 1358

 Location assignment characterized

 

Part 1146

 Location in building

 

Part 1288

 Management resource information

 

Part 1702

 Manifold subsurface

 

Part 1509

 Manifold surface

 

Part 1147

 Manufacturing configuration effectivity

 

Part 1091

 Maths space

 

Part 1092

 Maths value

 

Part 1118

 Measure representation

 

Part 1270

 Message

 

Part 1703

 Model parameter

 

Part 1105

 Multi linguism

 

Part 1340

 Name assignment

 

Part 1704

 Network functional design view

 

Part 1705

 Network functional usage view

 

Part 1706

 Non feature shape element

 

Part 1346

 Numeric function

 

Part 1344

 Numerical interface

 

Part 1258

 Observation

 

Part 1456

 Order condition

 

Part 1435

 Organization structure

 

Part 1240

 Organization type

 

Part 1707

 Package

 

Part 1708

 Packaged connector model

 

Part 1710

 Packaged part black box model

 

Part 1709

 Packaged part white box model

 

Part 1355

 Parameterized catalog data and shape representation

 

Part 1353

 Parameterized catalog data information

 

Part 1022

 Part and version identification

 

Part 1115

 Part collection

 

Part 1055

 Part definition relationship

 

Part 1711

 Part external reference

 

Part 1712

 Part feature function

 

Part 1713

 Part feature grouping

 

Part 1714

 Part feature location

 

Part 1715

 Part occurrence

 

Part 1716

 Part template 2d shape

 

Part 1717

 Part template 3d shape

 

Part 1718

 Part template extension

 

Part 1719

 Part template non planar shape

 

Part 1720

 Part template shape with parameters

 

Part 1023

 Part view definition

 

Part 1116

 Pdm material aspects

 

Part 1011

 Person organization

 

Part 1013

 Person organization assignment

 

Part 1215

 Physical breakdown

 

Part 1721

 Physical component feature

 

Part 1755

 Physical connectivity definition

 

Part 1722

 Physical layout template

 

Part 1723

 Physical node requirement to implementing component allocation

 

Part 1724

 Physical unit 2d design view

 

Part 1726

 Physical unit 2d shape

 

Part 1725

 Physical unit 3d design view

 

Part 1727

 Physical unit 3d shape

 

Part 1728

 Physical unit design view

 

Part 1729

 Physical unit interconnect definition

 

Part 1613

 Physical unit non planar design view

 

Part 1730

 Physical unit shape with parameters

 

Part 1732

 Physical unit usage view

 

Part 1733

 Planned characteristic

 

Part 1291

 Plib class reference

 

Part 1242

 Position in organization

 

Part 1199

 Possession of property

 

Part 1735

 Pre defined datum 2d symbol

 

Part 1736

 Pre defined datum 3d symbol

 

Part 1734

 Pre defined datum symbol

 

Part 1760

 Pre defined product data management specialisations

 

Part 1737

 Printed physical layout template

 

Part 1252

 Probability

 

Part 1274

 Probability distribution

 

Part 1040

 Process property assignment

 

Part 1164

 Product as individual

 

Part 1248

 Product breakdown

 

Part 1016

 Product categorization

 

Part 1103

 Product class

 

Part 1060

 Product concept identification

 

Part 1231

 Product data management

 

Part 1278

 Product group

 

Part 1017

 Product identification

 

Part 1738

 Product identification extension

 

Part 1063

 Product occurrence

 

Part 1343

 Product placement

 

Part 1101

 Product property feature definition

 

Part 1024

 Product relationship

 

Part 1046

 Product replacement

 

Part 1739

 Product rule

 

Part 1134

 Product structure

 

Part 1156

 Product structure and classification

 

Part 1018

 Product version

 

Part 1020

 Product version relationship

 

Part 1019

 Product view definition

 

Part 1034

 Product view definition properties

 

Part 1041

 Product view definition relationship

 

Part 1061

 Project

 

Part 1436

 Project breakdown

 

Part 1433

 Project management

 

Part 1439

 Project management management resource information connector

 

Part 1441

 Project management organization structure connector

 

Part 1442

 Project management project breakdown connector

 

Part 1440

 Project management project management resource information connector

 

Part 1434

 Project management resource information

 

Part 1443

 Project management schedule connector

 

Part 1444

 Project management work structure connector

 

Part 1758

 Promissory usage in product concept

 

Part 1198

 Property and property assignment

 

Part 1030

 Property assignment

 

Part 1074

 Property condition

 

Part 1085

 Property identification

 

Part 1080

 Property space

 

Part 1244

 Qualifications

 

Part 1213

 Reference data library

 

Part 1228

 Representation with uncertainty

 

Part 1267

 Required resource

 

Part 1280

 Required resource characterized

 

Part 1233

 Requirement assignment

 

Part 1452

 Requirement categorization

 

Part 1740

 Requirement decomposition

 

Part 1140

 Requirement identification and version

 

Part 1348

 Requirement management

 

Part 1460

 Requirement model assignment

 

Part 1141

 Requirement view definition

 

Part 1142

 Requirement view definition relationship

 

Part 1269

 Resource as realized

 

Part 1283

 Resource as realized characterized

 

Part 1268

 Resource item

 

Part 1281

 Resource item characterized

 

Part 1266

 Resource management

 

Part 1282

 Resource management characterized

 

Part 1273

 Resource property assignment

 

Part 1264

 Risk

 

Part 1437

 Schedule

 

Part 1203

 Schematic and symbolization

 

Part 1204

 Schematic drawing

 

Part 1205

 Schematic element

 

Part 1208

 Schematic element library

 

Part 1260

 Scheme

 

Part 1015

 Security classification

 

Part 1357

 Selected item

 

Part 1741

 Sequential laminate assembly design

 

Part 1210

 Set theory

 

Part 1009

 Shape appearance layers

 

Part 1742

 Shape composition

 

Part 1743

 Shape parameters

 

Part 1032

 Shape property assignment

 

Part 1457

 Shared resource

 

Part 1502

 Shell based wireframe

 

Part 1744

 Shield

 

Part 1745

 Signal

 

Part 1133

 Single part representation

 

Part 1746

 Software

 

Part 1108

 Specification based configuration

 

Part 1112

 Specification control

 

Part 1747

 Specification document

 

Part 1104

 Specified product

 

Part 1271

 State characterized

 

Part 1255

 State definition

 

Part 1256

 State observed

 

Part 1748

 Stratum non planar shape

 

Part 1152

 Structure and classification

 

Part 1749

 Styled curve

 

Part 1110

 Surface conditions

 

Part 1209

 Symbolization by schematic element

 

Part 1448

 System behavior

 

Part 1449

 System behavior connector

 

Part 1214

 System breakdown

 

Part 1446

 System requirements

 

Part 1447

 System requirements connector

 

Part 1461

 System risk connector

 

Part 1450

 System structure

 

Part 1451

 System structure connector

 

Part 1262

 Task specification

 

Part 1262

 Test requirement allocation

 

Part 1757

 Test select product

 

Part 1136

 Text appearance

 

Part 1750

 Text representation

 

Part 1367

 Textual expression representation

 

Part 1752

 Thermal network definition

 

Part 1462

 Time duration relationship

 

Part 1065

 Time interval

 

Part 1365

 Time interval assignment

 

Part 1511

 Topologically bounded surface

 

Part 1463

 Transformation

 

Part 1454

 Transformation input output

 

Part 1455

 Transformation order

 

Part 1245

 Type of person

 

Part 1464

 User defined attribute

 

Part 1054

 Value with unit

 

Part 1753

 Value with unit extension

 

Part 1754

 Via component

 

Part 1347

 Wireframe 2d

 

 

          1. 工作分解(Part xxxx – Work breakdown)

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 1043

Work order

 

Part 1286

Work order characterized

 

Part 1300

Work output

 

Part 1301

Work output characterized

 

Part 1042

Work request

 

Part 1285

Work request characterized

 

Part 1438

Work structure

 

Part 1465

Working draft system engineering

 

Part 1217

Zonal breakdown

 

 

        1. 应用解释器AIC -(Application interpreted constructs)

AICs是综合应用协议和一般资源的特殊化。由子类型接口的实体和进一步增加约束和规则进行。没有新的独立实体被创建和没有新的EXPRESS的属性将被添加。大部分AICs是几何领域的专业化早在1994年AICs是不存在的,此时STEP的第一个版本发布。但是,随着AP的增多和清晰性需求增多,接入点越来越多,相对的专业也越来越多。AICs是对AP的互操作性的一大进步。

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 501

 Edge-based wireframe

 

Part 502

 Shell- based wireframe

 

Part 503

 Geometrically bounded 2D wireframe

 

Part 504

 Draughting annotation

 

Part 505

 Drawing structure and administration

 

Part 506

 Draughting elements

 

Part 507

 Geometrically bounded surface

 

Part 508

 Non-manifold surface

 

Part 509

 Manifold surface

 

Part 510

 Geometrically bounded wireframe

 

Part 511

 Topologically bounded surface

 

Part 512

 Faceted boundary representation

 

Part 513

 Elementary boundary representation

 

Part 514

 Advanced boundary representation

 

Part 515

 Constructive solid geometry

 

Part 517

 Mechanical design geometric presentation

 

Part 518

 Mechanical design shaded representation

 

Part 519

 Geometric tolerances

 

Part 520

 Associative draughting elements

 

Part 521

 Manifold subsurface

 

Part 522

 Machining features

 

Part 523

 Curve swept solid

 

      1. 一致性测试方法和架构(Conformance testing methodology and framework

Part 编号

名称

注释

Part 31

General concepts

 

Part 32

Requirements on testing laboratories and clients

 

Part 34

Abstract test methods for application protocol implementations

 

Part 35

Abstract test methods for SDAI implementations

 

      1. 抽象测试集(ATS - Abstract test suite

一个ATS是如何测试STEP的实现一致性的正式描述。它们包含的后置处理(导出STEP数据)和预处理器(导入STEP数据)测试计划。一ATS的结构在PART34中定义。

STEP的原计划是为每一个AP的2xx相应的ATS 3XX ,但只有少数最终实现了,直到今天。

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