代码分享:贝塞尔曲线【空间视频有讲解】

 

 

 

struct xy{
	int x;
	int y;

	xy(){
	}
	xy(int m){
		x=m;
		y=m;
	}
	xy(int x,int y){
		this->x=x;
		this->y=y;
	}

xy operator  *(xy&m){return xy(x *m.x,y *m.y);}
xy operator  /(xy&m){return xy(x /m.x,y /m.y);}
xy operator  %(xy&m){return xy(x %m.x,y %m.y);}
xy operator  +(xy&m){return xy(x +m.x,y +m.y);}
xy operator  -(xy&m){return xy(x -m.x,y -m.y);}
xy operator <<(xy&m){return xy(x<<m.x,y<<m.y);}
xy operator >>(xy&m){return xy(x>>m.x,y>>m.y);}
xy operator  &(xy&m){return xy(x &m.x,y &m.y);}
xy operator  |(xy&m){return xy(x |m.x,y |m.y);}
xy operator  ^(xy&m){return xy(x ^m.x,y ^m.y);}
xy operator  *=(xy&m){x *=m.x;y *=m.y;return *this;}
xy operator  /=(xy&m){x /=m.x;y /=m.y;return *this;}
xy operator  %=(xy&m){x %=m.x;y %=m.y;return *this;}
xy operator  +=(xy&m){x +=m.x;y +=m.y;return *this;}
xy operator  -=(xy&m){x -=m.x;y -=m.y;return *this;}
xy operator <<=(xy&m){x<<=m.x;y<<=m.y;return *this;}
xy operator >>=(xy&m){x>>=m.x;y>>=m.y;return *this;}
xy operator  &=(xy&m){x &=m.x;y &=m.y;return *this;}
xy operator  |=(xy&m){x |=m.x;y |=m.y;return *this;}
xy operator  ^=(xy&m){x ^=m.x;y ^=m.y;return *this;}
xy operator  *(int m){return xy(x *m,y *m);}
xy operator  /(int m){return xy(x /m,y /m);}
xy operator  %(int m){return xy(x %m,y %m);}
xy operator  +(int m){return xy(x +m,y +m);}
xy operator  -(int m){return xy(x -m,y -m);}
xy operator <<(int m){return xy(x<<m,y<<m);}
xy operator >>(int m){return xy(x>>m,y>>m);}
xy operator  &(int m){return xy(x &m,y &m);}
xy operator  |(int m){return xy(x |m,y |m);}
xy operator  ^(int m){return xy(x ^m,y ^m);}
xy operator  *=(int m){x *=m;y *=m;return *this;}
xy operator  /=(int m){x /=m;y /=m;return *this;}
xy operator  %=(int m){x %=m;y %=m;return *this;}
xy operator  +=(int m){x +=m;y +=m;return *this;}
xy operator  -=(int m){x -=m;y -=m;return *this;}
xy operator <<=(int m){x<<=m;y<<=m;return *this;}
xy operator >>=(int m){x>>=m;y>>=m;return *this;}
xy operator  &=(int m){x &=m;y &=m;return *this;}
xy operator  |=(int m){x |=m;y |=m;return *this;}
xy operator  ^=(int m){x ^=m;y ^=m;return *this;}
bool operator  <(xy&m){return((unsigned(x) <unsigned(m.x))&&(unsigned(y) <unsigned(m.y)));}
bool operator  >(xy&m){return((unsigned(x) >unsigned(m.x))&&(unsigned(y) >unsigned(m.y)));}
bool operator <=(xy&m){return((unsigned(x)<=unsigned(m.x))&&(unsigned(y)<=unsigned(m.y)));}
bool operator >=(xy&m){return((unsigned(x)>=unsigned(m.x))&&(unsigned(y)>=unsigned(m.y)));}
bool operator ==(xy&m){return((unsigned(x)==unsigned(m.x))&&(unsigned(y)==unsigned(m.y)));}
bool operator  <(int m){return((unsigned(x) <unsigned(m))&&(unsigned(y) <unsigned(m)));}
bool operator  >(int m){return((unsigned(x) >unsigned(m))&&(unsigned(y) >unsigned(m)));}
bool operator <=(int m){return((unsigned(x)<=unsigned(m))&&(unsigned(y)<=unsigned(m)));}
bool operator >=(int m){return((unsigned(x)>=unsigned(m))&&(unsigned(y)>=unsigned(m)));}
bool operator ==(int m){return((unsigned(x)==unsigned(m))&&(unsigned(y)==unsigned(m)));}
xy operator  !(){return xy( !x, !y);}
xy operator  ~(){return xy( ~x, ~y);}
xy operator  +(){return xy( +x, +y);}
xy operator  -(){return xy( -x, -y);}



	xy get_number(){
		xy m=0;
		if(x>0)m.x=+x;if(x<0)m.x=-x;
		if(y>0)m.y=+y;if(y<0)m.y=-y;
		return m;
	}
	xy get_flag(){
		xy m=0;
		if(x>0)m.x=+1;if(x<0)m.x=-1;
		if(y>0)m.y=+1;if(y<0)m.y=-1;
		return m;
	}


	int sqrt_xx_yy(){
		return sqrt(xx_yy());
	}
	void x_y(){
		int v=x;x=y;y=v;
	}
	int xx(){return x*x;}
	int yy(){return y*y;}
	int xx_yy(){
		return (x*x+y*y);
	}
	
	
	xy operator =(xy&m){
		x=m.x;
		y=m.y;
		return *this;
	}
	xy operator =(int m){
		x=m;
		y=m;
		return *this;
	}
	xy operator ++(int){
		xy temp=*this;
		++x;
		++y;
		return temp;
	}
	xy operator ++(){
		x++;
		y++;
		return *this;
	}

	xy operator --(int){
		xy temp=*this;
		--x;
		--y;
		return temp;
	}
	xy operator --(){
		x--;
		y--;
		return *this;
	}

};

struct xyf{
	float x;
	float y;

	xyf(){
	}
	xyf(float m){
		x=m;
		y=m;
	}
	xyf(float x,float y){
		this->x=x;
		this->y=y;
	}
    xyf(xy m){
		this->x=m.x;
		this->y=m.y;
	}
xyf operator  *(xyf&m){return xyf(x *m.x,y *m.y);}
xyf operator  /(xyf&m){return xyf(x /m.x,y /m.y);}
xyf operator  +(xyf&m){return xyf(x +m.x,y +m.y);}
xyf operator  -(xyf&m){return xyf(x -m.x,y -m.y);}
xyf operator  *=(xyf&m){x *=m.x;y *=m.y;return *this;}
xyf operator  /=(xyf&m){x /=m.x;y /=m.y;return *this;}
xyf operator  +=(xyf&m){x +=m.x;y +=m.y;return *this;}
xyf operator  -=(xyf&m){x -=m.x;y -=m.y;return *this;}
xyf operator  *(float m){return xyf(x *m,y *m);}
xyf operator  /(float m){return xyf(x /m,y /m);}
xyf operator  +(float m){return xyf(x +m,y +m);}
xyf operator  -(float m){return xyf(x -m,y -m);}
xyf operator  *=(float m){x *=m;y *=m;return *this;}
xyf operator  /=(float m){x /=m;y /=m;return *this;}
xyf operator  +=(float m){x +=m;y +=m;return *this;}
xyf operator  -=(float m){x -=m;y -=m;return *this;}




	xyf get_number(){
		xyf m=0;
		if(x>0)m.x=+x;if(x<0)m.x=-x;
		if(y>0)m.y=+y;if(y<0)m.y=-y;
		return m;
	}
	xyf get_flag(){
		xyf m=0;
		if(x>0)m.x=+1;if(x<0)m.x=-1;
		if(y>0)m.y=+1;if(y<0)m.y=-1;
		return m;
	}


	float sqrt_xx_yy(){
		return sqrt(xx_yy());
	}
	void x_y(){
		float v=x;x=y;y=v;
	}
	float xx(){return x*x;}
	float yy(){return y*y;}
	float xx_yy(){
		return (x*x+y*y);
	}
	
	xyf operator =(xy&m){
		x=m.x;
		y=m.y;
		return *this;
	}
	xyf operator =(xyf&m){
		x=m.x;
		y=m.y;
		return *this;
	}
	xyf operator =(float m){
		x=m;
		y=m;
		return *this;
	}
	xyf operator ++(int){
		xyf temp=*this;
		++x;
		++y;
		return temp;
	}
	xyf operator ++(){
		x++;
		y++;
		return *this;
	}

	xyf operator --(int){
		xyf temp=*this;
		--x;
		--y;
		return temp;
	}
	xyf operator --(){
		x--;
		y--;
		return *this;
	}

};




int paint_line(xy r,xy *da){
	// float->int (f+0.5)
	// [-0.5,+0.5)=0
	// [+0.5,+1.5)=1
	// [+1.5,+2.5)=2
    // x*a+b*y=0;
    // (x+v)*a=x*a+v*a;
    // (y+v)*a=y*a+v*a;
    xy n=r.get_number();
    xy f=r.get_flag();
    xy nn=n*2;
    xy d=0;
    xy*db=da;
    *db++=d;
    if(n.y<n.x){
        int v=n.x;
        while(d.x!=r.x){
            d.x+=f.x;
            v-=nn.y;
            if(v<0){
                v+=nn.x;
                d.y+=f.y;
            }
            *db++=d;
        }
    }else{
        int v=n.y;
        while(d.y!=r.y){
            d.y+=f.y;
            v-=nn.x;
            if(v<0){
                v+=nn.y;
                d.x+=f.x;
            }
            *db++=d;
        }
    }
    return (db-da);
}
int paint_line(xy a,xy b,xy *da){
    int dn=paint_line(b-a,da);
    for(int i=0;i<dn;i++)da[i]+=a;
    return dn;
}





/*
struct xy64{
	__int64 x;
	__int64 y;

	xy64(){
	}
	xy64(__int64 m){
		x=m;
		y=m;
	}
	xy64(__int64 x,__int64 y){
		this->x=x;
		this->y=y;
	}

xy64 operator  *(xy64&m){return xy64(x *m.x,y *m.y);}
xy64 operator  /(xy64&m){return xy64(x /m.x,y /m.y);}
xy64 operator  %(xy64&m){return xy64(x %m.x,y %m.y);}
xy64 operator  +(xy64&m){return xy64(x +m.x,y +m.y);}
xy64 operator  -(xy64&m){return xy64(x -m.x,y -m.y);}
xy64 operator <<(xy64&m){return xy64(x<<m.x,y<<m.y);}
xy64 operator >>(xy64&m){return xy64(x>>m.x,y>>m.y);}
xy64 operator  &(xy64&m){return xy64(x &m.x,y &m.y);}
xy64 operator  |(xy64&m){return xy64(x |m.x,y |m.y);}
xy64 operator  ^(xy64&m){return xy64(x ^m.x,y ^m.y);}
xy64 operator  *=(xy64&m){x *=m.x;y *=m.y;return *this;}
xy64 operator  /=(xy64&m){x /=m.x;y /=m.y;return *this;}
xy64 operator  %=(xy64&m){x %=m.x;y %=m.y;return *this;}
xy64 operator  +=(xy64&m){x +=m.x;y +=m.y;return *this;}
xy64 operator  -=(xy64&m){x -=m.x;y -=m.y;return *this;}
xy64 operator <<=(xy64&m){x<<=m.x;y<<=m.y;return *this;}
xy64 operator >>=(xy64&m){x>>=m.x;y>>=m.y;return *this;}
xy64 operator  &=(xy64&m){x &=m.x;y &=m.y;return *this;}
xy64 operator  |=(xy64&m){x |=m.x;y |=m.y;return *this;}
xy64 operator  ^=(xy64&m){x ^=m.x;y ^=m.y;return *this;}
xy64 operator  *(__int64 m){return xy64(x *m,y *m);}
xy64 operator  /(__int64 m){return xy64(x /m,y /m);}
xy64 operator  %(__int64 m){return xy64(x %m,y %m);}
xy64 operator  +(__int64 m){return xy64(x +m,y +m);}
xy64 operator  -(__int64 m){return xy64(x -m,y -m);}
xy64 operator <<(__int64 m){return xy64(x<<m,y<<m);}
xy64 operator >>(__int64 m){return xy64(x>>m,y>>m);}
xy64 operator  &(__int64 m){return xy64(x &m,y &m);}
xy64 operator  |(__int64 m){return xy64(x |m,y |m);}
xy64 operator  ^(__int64 m){return xy64(x ^m,y ^m);}
xy64 operator  *=(__int64 m){x *=m;y *=m;return *this;}
xy64 operator  /=(__int64 m){x /=m;y /=m;return *this;}
xy64 operator  %=(__int64 m){x %=m;y %=m;return *this;}
xy64 operator  +=(__int64 m){x +=m;y +=m;return *this;}
xy64 operator  -=(__int64 m){x -=m;y -=m;return *this;}
xy64 operator <<=(__int64 m){x<<=m;y<<=m;return *this;}
xy64 operator >>=(__int64 m){x>>=m;y>>=m;return *this;}
xy64 operator  &=(__int64 m){x &=m;y &=m;return *this;}
xy64 operator  |=(__int64 m){x |=m;y |=m;return *this;}
xy64 operator  ^=(__int64 m){x ^=m;y ^=m;return *this;}
bool operator  <(xy64&m){return((unsigned(x) <unsigned(m.x))&&(unsigned(y) <unsigned(m.y)));}
bool operator  >(xy64&m){return((unsigned(x) >unsigned(m.x))&&(unsigned(y) >unsigned(m.y)));}
bool operator <=(xy64&m){return((unsigned(x)<=unsigned(m.x))&&(unsigned(y)<=unsigned(m.y)));}
bool operator >=(xy64&m){return((unsigned(x)>=unsigned(m.x))&&(unsigned(y)>=unsigned(m.y)));}
bool operator ==(xy64&m){return((unsigned(x)==unsigned(m.x))&&(unsigned(y)==unsigned(m.y)));}
bool operator  <(__int64 m){return((unsigned(x) <unsigned(m))&&(unsigned(y) <unsigned(m)));}
bool operator  >(__int64 m){return((unsigned(x) >unsigned(m))&&(unsigned(y) >unsigned(m)));}
bool operator <=(__int64 m){return((unsigned(x)<=unsigned(m))&&(unsigned(y)<=unsigned(m)));}
bool operator >=(__int64 m){return((unsigned(x)>=unsigned(m))&&(unsigned(y)>=unsigned(m)));}
bool operator ==(__int64 m){return((unsigned(x)==unsigned(m))&&(unsigned(y)==unsigned(m)));}
xy64 operator  !(){return xy64( !x, !y);}
xy64 operator  ~(){return xy64( ~x, ~y);}
xy64 operator  +(){return xy64( +x, +y);}
xy64 operator  -(){return xy64( -x, -y);}



	xy64 get_number(){
		xy64 m=0;
		if(x>0)m.x=+x;if(x<0)m.x=-x;
		if(y>0)m.y=+y;if(y<0)m.y=-y;
		return m;
	}
	xy64 get_flag(){
		xy64 m=0;
		if(x>0)m.x=+1;if(x<0)m.x=-1;
		if(y>0)m.y=+1;if(y<0)m.y=-1;
		return m;
	}


	__int64 sqrt_xx_yy(){
		return sqrt(xx_yy());
	}
	void x_y(){
		__int64 v=x;x=y;y=v;
	}
	__int64 xx(){return x*x;}
	__int64 yy(){return y*y;}
	__int64 xx_yy(){
		return (x*x+y*y);
	}
	
	
	xy64 operator =(xy64&m){
		x=m.x;
		y=m.y;
		return *this;
	}
	xy64 operator =(__int64 m){
		x=m;
		y=m;
		return *this;
	}
	xy64 operator ++(int){
		xy64 temp=*this;
		++x;
		++y;
		return temp;
	}
	xy64 operator ++(){
		x++;
		y++;
		return *this;
	}

	xy64 operator --(int){
		xy64 temp=*this;
		--x;
		--y;
		return temp;
	}
	xy64 operator --(){
		x--;
		y--;
		return *this;
	}

};
void bezier_call(xy64*sa,int sn,__int64 ti,int bit){
    if(sn<=1)return;
    for(int si=0;(si+1)<sn;si++)sa[si]=sa[si]+(((sa[si+1]-sa[si])*ti)>>bit);
    bezier_call(sa,sn-1,ti,bit);
}
int bezier(xy*sa,int sn,xy*da){
    xy64 ta[4];
    if(1<=sn&&sn<=nof(ta)){}else return 0;
    xy tnxy=0;
    for(int si=0;(si+1)<sn;si++){
       tnxy+=(sa[si+1]-sa[si]).get_number();// abs()
    }
    int tn=tnxy.x+tnxy.y;
    if(tn>0){}else return 0;
    
    int bit;
    for(bit=0;(1<<bit)<tn;bit++);
    tn=1<<bit;/
    if(bit<=16){}else return 0;
    const int bit3=bit*3;
    

    xy64 sa64[nof(ta)];
    for(int i=0;i<sn;i++){
        sa64[i]=xy64(sa[i].x,sa[i].y);
        sa64[i]<<=bit3;
    };

    int dn=0;
    for(int ti=0;ti<tn;ti++){
        
        for(int i=0;i<sn;i++)ta[i]=sa64[i];

        bezier_call(ta,sn,ti,bit);
        xy t(ta[0].x>>bit3,ta[0].y>>bit3);
        
        for(int di=0;1;di++){
            if(di<dn){
                if(t==da[di])break;
            }else{
                da[dn++]=t;
                break;
            }
        }
        
    }
    return dn;
}


*/


void bezier_call(xyf*sa,int sn,float ti_div_tn){
    if(sn<=1)return;
    for(int si=0;(si+1)<sn;si++)sa[si]=sa[si]+(sa[si+1]-sa[si])*ti_div_tn;
    bezier_call(sa,sn-1,ti_div_tn);
}
int bezier(xy*sa,int sn,xy*da){
    xyf ta[100];
    if(1<=sn&&sn<=nof(ta)){}else return 0;
    xy tnxy=0;
    for(int si=0;(si+1)<sn;si++){
       tnxy+=(sa[si+1]-sa[si]).get_number();// abs()
    }
    const int tn=tnxy.x+tnxy.y;
    if(tn==0)return 0;
    if(sn==2){
        return paint_line(sa[0],sa[1],da);
    }
    if(sn==3){
        xyf a=sa[0];
        xyf b=sa[1];
        xyf c=sa[2];
        xyf a_add=(b-a)/tn;
        xyf b_add=(c-b)/tn;
        int dn=0;
        for(int ti=0;ti<tn;ti++){
            xyf tf=a+(b-a)*ti/float(tn);
            a+=a_add;
            b+=b_add;
            xy t(tf.x,tf.y);
            for(int di=0;1;di++){
                if(di<dn){
                    if(t==da[di])break;
                }else{
                    da[dn++]=t;
                    break;
                }
            }   
        }
        return dn;
    }

    if(sn==4){
        xyf a=sa[0];
        xyf b=sa[1];
        xyf c=sa[2];
        xyf d=sa[3];
        xyf a_add=(b-a)/tn;
        xyf b_add=(c-b)/tn;
        xyf c_add=(d-c)/tn;

        int dn=0;
        for(int ti=0;ti<tn;ti++){
            float tt=ti/float(tn);
            xyf ta=a+(b-a)*tt;
            xyf tb=b+(c-b)*tt;
            xyf tf=ta+(tb-ta)*tt;
            a+=a_add;
            b+=b_add;
            c+=c_add;
            xy t(tf.x,tf.y);
            for(int di=0;1;di++){
                if(di<dn){
                    if(t==da[di])break;
                }else{
                    da[dn++]=t;
                    break;
                }
            }
            
        }
        return dn;
    }

    int dn=0;
    for(int ti=0;ti<tn;ti++){
        
        for(int i=0;i<sn;i++)ta[i]=sa[i];

        bezier_call(ta,sn,ti/float(tn));
        xy t(ta[0].x,ta[0].y);
        for(int di=0;1;di++){
            if(di<dn){
                if(t==da[di])break;
            }else{
                da[dn++]=t;
                break;
            }
        }

    }
    return dn;
}

const int g=1;
void sets(void (*set)(int color,xy*da,int dn,int*wa,xy w),int*wa,int width,int height,xy pos){
    xy w(width,height);
    //for(int n=w.x*w.y,i=0;i<n;i++)wa[i]=0;
    xy wn=w/g;
    xy wo=wn/2;
    xy w1=xy(wn.x/4,wn.y/2);
    xy w2=xy(wn.x*3/4,wn.y/2);
    xy wr=pos/g;
    if(wr<wn){
        xy  da[xymax*xymax];
        int dn;


      //dn=paint_line(wo,wr,da);set(0x008000,da,dn,wa,w); 
      //dn=paint_circle(wo,(wr-wo).sqrt_xx_yy(),da),set(0x008000,da,dn,wa,w);
     //dn=paint_ellipse(wo,wr,da);set(0x008000,da,dn,wa,w);


     // dn=fill_line(wo,wr,da,20);set(0x008000,da,dn,wa,w);
        dn=fill_circle(wo,(wr-wo).sqrt_xx_yy(),da),set(0x008000,da,dn,wa,w);
       // dn=fill_ellipse(wo,wr,da);set(0x008000,da,dn,wa,w);


        xy sa[]={wo/2,wo,wr};

        for(int si=0;(si+1)<=nof(sa);si++){dn=paint_line(sa[si%nof(sa)],sa[(si+1)%nof(sa)],da);set(0x808080,da,dn,wa,w); }
        dn=bezier(sa,nof(sa),da);set(0x008000,da,dn,wa,w);


    }

}
// 妄想扣篮的男人 贝塞尔曲线 知识来源:
// 1,九年义务教育
// 2,百度百科 贝塞尔曲线
// 3,微软文档 PolyBezier 
struct get_bezier{
void get(char(*sa)[1000],int sn){
    if(sn<=1)return;
    for(int si=0;(si+1)<sn;si++){
        char a[1000];sprintf(a,"%s",sa[si]);
        sprintf(sa[si],"(%s+(%s-%s)*i_div_n)",a,sa[si+1],a);
    }
    get(sa,sn-1);
}
get_bezier(){
 char da[0x1000];
    const int sn=4;
    char sa[sn][1000];
    for(int si=0;si<sn;si++)sprintf(sa[si],"%c",'a'+si);
    get(sa,sn);
    printf("%s\n",*sa);
// (a+(b-a)*i_div_n)
// ((a+(b-a)*i_div_n)+((b+(c-b)*i_div_n)-(a+(b-a)*i_div_n))*i_div_n)
// (((a+(b-a)*i_div_n)+((b+(c-b)*i_div_n)-(a+(b-a)*i_div_n))*i_div_n)+(((b+(c-b)*i_div_n)+((c+(d-c)*i_div_n)-(b+(c-b)*i_div_n))*i_div_n)-((a+(b-a)*i_div_n)+((b+(c-b)*i_div_n)-(a+(b-a)*i_div_n))*i_div_n))*i_div_n)
    exit(0);
}
}
//get_bezier
;


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