Zend Framework教程-Zend_Helpers-动作助手-Redirector

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Redirector 提供另一种实现方式,帮助程序重定向到内部或者外部页面;

转向器(Redirector)助手让你使用一个转向器对象帮助程序重定向到新的URL。与_redirect()方法相比,它具有多项优势。例如能够在转向器对象中预先配置整个站点的行为,或者使用与Zend_Controller_Action::_forward()相似的gotoSimple($action, $controller, $module, $params)接口。 


转向器拥有影响重定向行为的大量方法: 


setCode() 设置重定向过程中使用的HTTP响应码。 


setExit() 在重定向后强制执行exit()方法。默认已设定。 


setGotoSimple()设置默认的URL,当没有提供参数给gotoSimple()方法时转向该URL。可以使用类似Zend_Controller_Action::_forward()的API:setGotoSimple($action, $controller = null, $module = null, array $params = array()); 


setGotoRoute()设置基于一个注册路由器的URL。通过传入一个键/值数组和一个路由器名,它将根据路由器的类型和定义来组织URL。 


setGotoUrl()设置默认的URL,当没有参数传入gotoUrl(),将使用该URL。接受单个URL字符串。 


setPrependBase()在setGotoUrl()、gotoUrl()或者gotoUrlAndExit()指定的URL前面,加入请求对象的基地址(base URL)。 


setUseAbsoluteUri()强制转向器在重定向时使用绝对的URI。当该选项设定后,将使用$_SERVER['HTTP_HOST']、 $_SERVER['SERVER_PORT']和 $_SERVER['HTTPS']以及重定向方法指定的URL,来形成一个完整的URI。该选项目前默认关闭,将来的版本可能会默认开启。 


此外,转向器中还有大量方法来执行实际的重定向。 


gotoSimple()使用setGotoSimple()(类似_forward()的API)来构建URL并执行重定向。 


gotoRoute()使用setGotoRoute()(路由组装route-assembly)来构建URL并执行重定向。 


gotoUrl()使用setGotoUrl() URL字符串)来构造URL并执行重定向。 


最后,你可以在任何时刻使用getRedirectUrl()确定当前的重定向URL。 


基础用例
Example #5 设定选项


这个例子改变了几个选项,包括设定重定向时使用的HTTP状态码为303,重定向时不默认退出,以及定义了默认的URL供重定向使用。 


class SomeController extends Zend_Controller_Action
{
    /**
     * Redirector - defined for code completion
     *
     * @var Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Redirector
     */
    protected $_redirector = null;


    public function init()
    {
        $this->_redirector = $this->_helper->getHelper('Redirector');


        // Set the default options for the redirector
        // Since the object is registered in the helper broker, these
        // become relevant for all actions from this point forward
        $this->_redirector->setCode(303)
                          ->setExit(false)
                          ->setGotoSimple("this-action",
                                          "some-controller");
    }


    public function myAction()
    {
        /* do some stuff */


        // Redirect to a previously registered URL, and force an exit
        // to occur when done:
        $this->_redirector->redirectAndExit();
        return; // never reached
    }
}




            Example #6 使用默认设定


这个例子假定使用默认设定,也就意味着任何重定向将导致立即退出。 


// ALTERNATIVE EXAMPLE
class AlternativeController extends Zend_Controller_Action
{
    /**
     * Redirector - defined for code completion
     *
     * @var Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Redirector
     */
    protected $_redirector = null;


    public function init()
    {
        $this->_redirector = $this->_helper->getHelper('Redirector');
    }


    public function myAction()
    {
        /* do some stuff */


        $this->_redirector
            ->gotoUrl('/my-controller/my-action/param1/test/param2/test2');
        return; // never reached since default is to goto and exit
    }
}




            Example #7 使用goto()的_forward()API


gotoSimple()'s API 模拟了Zend_Controller_Action::_forward()。主要的不同在于它通过传入的参数构造URL,使用默认路由器的默认格式:module/:controller/:action/*。然后重定向而不是继续动作链循环。 


class ForwardController extends Zend_Controller_Action
{
    /**
     * Redirector - defined for code completion
     *
     * @var Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Redirector
     */
    protected $_redirector = null;


    public function init()
    {
        $this->_redirector = $this->_helper->getHelper('Redirector');
    }


    public function myAction()
    {
        /* do some stuff */


        // Redirect to 'my-action' of 'my-controller' in the current
        // module, using the params param1 => test and param2 => test2
        $this->_redirector->gotoSimple('my-action',
                                       'my-controller',
                                       null,
                                       array('param1' => 'test',
                                             'param2' => 'test2'
                                             )
                                       );
    }
}




            Example #8 通过gotoRoute()使用路由组装(route assembly)


下面的例子使用了路由器的assemble()方法,基于传入参数的关联数组来创建URL。假定下面的路由已经注册: 


$route = new Zend_Controller_Router_Route(
    'blog/:year/:month/:day/:id',
    array('controller' => 'archive',
          'module' => 'blog',
          'action' => 'view')
);
$router->addRoute('blogArchive', $route);




            给定一个数组,其中年份为2006,月份为4,日期为24,id为42,据此可以组装URL/blog/2006/4/24/42。 


class BlogAdminController extends Zend_Controller_Action
{
    /**
     * Redirector - defined for code completion
     *
     * @var Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Redirector
     */
    protected $_redirector = null;


    public function init()
    {
        $this->_redirector = $this->_helper->getHelper('Redirector');
    }


    public function returnAction()
    {
        /* do some stuff */


        // Redirect to blog archive. Builds the following URL:
        // /blog/2006/4/24/42
        $this->_redirector->gotoRoute(
            array('year' => 2006,
                  'month' => 4,
                  'day' => 24,
                  'id' => 42),
            'blogArchive'
        );
    }
}


Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Redirector的源码。

通过源代码不难看出实现方法,以及常见的使用方法。


<?php

/**
 * @see Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Abstract
 */
require_once 'Zend/Controller/Action/Helper/Abstract.php';

/**
 * @category   Zend
 * @package    Zend_Controller
 * @subpackage Zend_Controller_Action_Helper
 * @copyright  Copyright (c) 2005-2011 Zend Technologies USA Inc. (http://www.zend.com)
 * @license    http://framework.zend.com/license/new-bsd     New BSD License
 */
class Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Redirector extends Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Abstract
{
    /**
     * HTTP status code for redirects
     * @var int
     */
    protected $_code = 302;

    /**
     * Whether or not calls to _redirect() should exit script execution
     * @var boolean
     */
    protected $_exit = true;

    /**
     * Whether or not _redirect() should attempt to prepend the base URL to the
     * passed URL (if it's a relative URL)
     * @var boolean
     */
    protected $_prependBase = true;

    /**
     * Url to which to redirect
     * @var string
     */
    protected $_redirectUrl = null;

    /**
     * Whether or not to use an absolute URI when redirecting
     * @var boolean
     */
    protected $_useAbsoluteUri = false;

    /**
     * Whether or not to close the session before exiting
     * @var boolean
     */
    protected $_closeSessionOnExit = true;

    /**
     * Retrieve HTTP status code to emit on {@link _redirect()} call
     *
     * @return int
     */
    public function getCode()
    {
        return $this->_code;
    }

    /**
     * Validate HTTP status redirect code
     *
     * @param  int $code
     * @throws Zend_Controller_Action_Exception on invalid HTTP status code
     * @return true
     */
    protected function _checkCode($code)
    {
        $code = (int)$code;
        if ((300 > $code) || (307 < $code) || (304 == $code) || (306 == $code)) {
            require_once 'Zend/Controller/Action/Exception.php';
            throw new Zend_Controller_Action_Exception('Invalid redirect HTTP status code (' . $code  . ')');
        }

        return true;
    }

    /**
     * Retrieve HTTP status code for {@link _redirect()} behaviour
     *
     * @param  int $code
     * @return Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Redirector Provides a fluent interface
     */
    public function setCode($code)
    {
        $this->_checkCode($code);
        $this->_code = $code;
        return $this;
    }

    /**
     * Retrieve flag for whether or not {@link _redirect()} will exit when finished.
     *
     * @return boolean
     */
    public function getExit()
    {
        return $this->_exit;
    }

    /**
     * Retrieve exit flag for {@link _redirect()} behaviour
     *
     * @param  boolean $flag
     * @return Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Redirector Provides a fluent interface
     */
    public function setExit($flag)
    {
        $this->_exit = ($flag) ? true : false;
        return $this;
    }

    /**
     * Retrieve flag for whether or not {@link _redirect()} will prepend the
     * base URL on relative URLs
     *
     * @return boolean
     */
    public function getPrependBase()
    {
        return $this->_prependBase;
    }

    /**
     * Retrieve 'prepend base' flag for {@link _redirect()} behaviour
     *
     * @param  boolean $flag
     * @return Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Redirector Provides a fluent interface
     */
    public function setPrependBase($flag)
    {
        $this->_prependBase = ($flag) ? true : false;
        return $this;
    }

    /**
     * Retrieve flag for whether or not {@link redirectAndExit()} shall close the session before
     * exiting.
     *
     * @return boolean
     */
    public function getCloseSessionOnExit()
    {
        return $this->_closeSessionOnExit;
    }

    /**
     * Set flag for whether or not {@link redirectAndExit()} shall close the session before exiting.
     *
     * @param  boolean $flag
     * @return Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Redirector Provides a fluent interface
     */
    public function setCloseSessionOnExit($flag)
    {
        $this->_closeSessionOnExit = ($flag) ? true : false;
        return $this;
    }

    /**
     * Return use absolute URI flag
     *
     * @return boolean
     */
    public function getUseAbsoluteUri()
    {
        return $this->_useAbsoluteUri;
    }

    /**
     * Set use absolute URI flag
     *
     * @param  boolean $flag
     * @return Zend_Controller_Action_Helper_Redirector Provides a fluent interface
     */
    public function setUseAbsoluteUri($flag = true)
    {
        $this->_useAbsoluteUri = ($flag) ? true : false;
        return $this;
    }

    /**
     * Set redirect in response object
     *
     * @return void
     */
    protected function _redirect($url)
    {
        if ($this->getUseAbsoluteUri() && !preg_match('#^(https?|ftp)://#', $url)) {
            $host  = (isset($_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'])?$_SERVER['HTTP_HOST']:'');
            $proto = (isset($_SERVER['HTTPS'])&&$_SERVER['HTTPS']!=="off") ? 'https' : 'http';
            $port  = (isset($_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'])?$_SERVER['SERVER_PORT']:80);
            $uri   = $proto . '://' . $host;
            if ((('http' == $proto) && (80 != $port)) || (('https' == $proto) && (443 != $port))) {
                // do not append if HTTP_HOST already contains port
                if (strrchr($host, ':') === false) {
                    $uri .= ':' . $port;
                }
            }
            $url = $uri . '/' . ltrim($url, '/');
        }
        $this->_redirectUrl = $url;
        $this->getResponse()->setRedirect($url, $this->getCode());
    }

    /**
     * Retrieve currently set URL for redirect
     *
     * @return string
     */
    public function getRedirectUrl()
    {
        return $this->_redirectUrl;
    }

    /**
     * Determine if the baseUrl should be prepended, and prepend if necessary
     *
     * @param  string $url
     * @return string
     */
    protected function _prependBase($url)
    {
        if ($this->getPrependBase()) {
            $request = $this->getRequest();
            if ($request instanceof Zend_Controller_Request_Http) {
                $base = rtrim($request->getBaseUrl(), '/');
                if (!empty($base) && ('/' != $base)) {
                    $url = $base . '/' . ltrim($url, '/');
                } else {
                    $url = '/' . ltrim($url, '/');
                }
            }
        }

        return $url;
    }

    /**
     * Set a redirect URL of the form /module/controller/action/params
     *
     * @param  string $action
     * @param  string $controller
     * @param  string $module
     * @param  array  $params
     * @return void
     */
    public function setGotoSimple($action, $controller = null, $module = null, array $params = array())
    {
        $dispatcher = $this->getFrontController()->getDispatcher();
        $request    = $this->getRequest();
        $curModule  = $request->getModuleName();
        $useDefaultController = false;

        if (null === $controller && null !== $module) {
            $useDefaultController = true;
        }

        if (null === $module) {
            $module = $curModule;
        }

        if ($module == $dispatcher->getDefaultModule()) {
            $module = '';
        }

        if (null === $controller && !$useDefaultController) {
            $controller = $request->getControllerName();
            if (empty($controller)) {
                $controller = $dispatcher->getDefaultControllerName();
            }
        }

        $params[$request->getModuleKey()]     = $module;
        $params[$request->getControllerKey()] = $controller;
        $params[$request->getActionKey()]     = $action;

        $router = $this->getFrontController()->getRouter();
        $url    = $router->assemble($params, 'default', true);

        $this->_redirect($url);
    }

    /**
     * Build a URL based on a route
     *
     * @param  array   $urlOptions
     * @param  string  $name Route name
     * @param  boolean $reset
     * @param  boolean $encode
     * @return void
     */
    public function setGotoRoute(array $urlOptions = array(), $name = null, $reset = false, $encode = true)
    {
        $router = $this->getFrontController()->getRouter();
        $url    = $router->assemble($urlOptions, $name, $reset, $encode);

        $this->_redirect($url);
    }

    /**
     * Set a redirect URL string
     *
     * By default, emits a 302 HTTP status header, prepends base URL as defined
     * in request object if url is relative, and halts script execution by
     * calling exit().
     *
     * $options is an optional associative array that can be used to control
     * redirect behaviour. The available option keys are:
     * - exit: boolean flag indicating whether or not to halt script execution when done
     * - prependBase: boolean flag indicating whether or not to prepend the base URL when a relative URL is provided
     * - code: integer HTTP status code to use with redirect. Should be between 300 and 307.
     *
     * _redirect() sets the Location header in the response object. If you set
     * the exit flag to false, you can override this header later in code
     * execution.
     *
     * If the exit flag is true (true by default), _redirect() will write and
     * close the current session, if any.
     *
     * @param  string $url
     * @param  array  $options
     * @return void
     */
    public function setGotoUrl($url, array $options = array())
    {
        // prevent header injections
        $url = str_replace(array("\n", "\r"), '', $url);

        if (null !== $options) {
            if (isset($options['exit'])) {
                $this->setExit(($options['exit']) ? true : false);
            }
            if (isset($options['prependBase'])) {
                $this->setPrependBase(($options['prependBase']) ? true : false);
            }
            if (isset($options['code'])) {
                $this->setCode($options['code']);
            }
        }

        // If relative URL, decide if we should prepend base URL
        if (!preg_match('|^[a-z]+://|', $url)) {
            $url = $this->_prependBase($url);
        }

        $this->_redirect($url);
    }

    /**
     * Perform a redirect to an action/controller/module with params
     *
     * @param  string $action
     * @param  string $controller
     * @param  string $module
     * @param  array  $params
     * @return void
     */
    public function gotoSimple($action, $controller = null, $module = null, array $params = array())
    {
        $this->setGotoSimple($action, $controller, $module, $params);

        if ($this->getExit()) {
            $this->redirectAndExit();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Perform a redirect to an action/controller/module with params, forcing an immdiate exit
     *
     * @param  mixed $action
     * @param  mixed $controller
     * @param  mixed $module
     * @param  array $params
     * @return void
     */
    public function gotoSimpleAndExit($action, $controller = null, $module = null, array $params = array())
    {
        $this->setGotoSimple($action, $controller, $module, $params);
        $this->redirectAndExit();
    }

    /**
     * Redirect to a route-based URL
     *
     * Uses route's assemble method tobuild the URL; route is specified by $name;
     * default route is used if none provided.
     *
     * @param  array   $urlOptions Array of key/value pairs used to assemble URL
     * @param  string  $name
     * @param  boolean $reset
     * @param  boolean $encode
     * @return void
     */
    public function gotoRoute(array $urlOptions = array(), $name = null, $reset = false, $encode = true)
    {
        $this->setGotoRoute($urlOptions, $name, $reset, $encode);

        if ($this->getExit()) {
            $this->redirectAndExit();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Redirect to a route-based URL, and immediately exit
     *
     * Uses route's assemble method tobuild the URL; route is specified by $name;
     * default route is used if none provided.
     *
     * @param  array   $urlOptions Array of key/value pairs used to assemble URL
     * @param  string  $name
     * @param  boolean $reset
     * @return void
     */
    public function gotoRouteAndExit(array $urlOptions = array(), $name = null, $reset = false)
    {
        $this->setGotoRoute($urlOptions, $name, $reset);
        $this->redirectAndExit();
    }

    /**
     * Perform a redirect to a url
     *
     * @param  string $url
     * @param  array  $options
     * @return void
     */
    public function gotoUrl($url, array $options = array())
    {
        $this->setGotoUrl($url, $options);

        if ($this->getExit()) {
            $this->redirectAndExit();
        }
    }

    /**
     * Set a URL string for a redirect, perform redirect, and immediately exit
     *
     * @param  string $url
     * @param  array  $options
     * @return void
     */
    public function gotoUrlAndExit($url, array $options = array())
    {
        $this->setGotoUrl($url, $options);
        $this->redirectAndExit();
    }

    /**
     * exit(): Perform exit for redirector
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function redirectAndExit()
    {
        if ($this->getCloseSessionOnExit()) {
            // Close session, if started
            if (class_exists('Zend_Session', false) && Zend_Session::isStarted()) {
                Zend_Session::writeClose();
            } elseif (isset($_SESSION)) {
                session_write_close();
            }
        }

        $this->getResponse()->sendHeaders();
        exit();
    }

    /**
     * direct(): Perform helper when called as
     * $this->_helper->redirector($action, $controller, $module, $params)
     *
     * @param  string $action
     * @param  string $controller
     * @param  string $module
     * @param  array  $params
     * @return void
     */
    public function direct($action, $controller = null, $module = null, array $params = array())
    {
        $this->gotoSimple($action, $controller, $module, $params);
    }

    /**
     * Overloading
     *
     * Overloading for old 'goto', 'setGoto', and 'gotoAndExit' methods
     *
     * @param  string $method
     * @param  array $args
     * @return mixed
     * @throws Zend_Controller_Action_Exception for invalid methods
     */
    public function __call($method, $args)
    {
        $method = strtolower($method);
        if ('goto' == $method) {
            return call_user_func_array(array($this, 'gotoSimple'), $args);
        }
        if ('setgoto' == $method) {
            return call_user_func_array(array($this, 'setGotoSimple'), $args);
        }
        if ('gotoandexit' == $method) {
            return call_user_func_array(array($this, 'gotoSimpleAndExit'), $args);
        }

        require_once 'Zend/Controller/Action/Exception.php';
        throw new Zend_Controller_Action_Exception(sprintf('Invalid method "%s" called on redirector', $method));
    }
}



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