Android:定时器Timer的停止和重启实现

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/ningzhimeng/article/details/76471532

17年8月第1篇日志
7月份做了一个项目,利用自定义控件呈现一幅动画,当时使用定时器来控制时间,但是当停止开启时总是出现问题。一直在寻找合理的方法解决这个问题,一直没有找到,最近终于找到了合理的方法来解决这个问题。
大家如何查询有关资料,一定知道timer,timertask取消的方式是采用Timer.cancel()和mTimerTask.cancel(),可是大家发现这种发式取消后,再次开始timer时,会报错

 FATAL EXCEPTION: main
                  Process: com.example.zhongzhi.gate_control_scheme, PID: 2472
                  java.lang.IllegalStateException: Timer already cancelled.
                      at java.util.Timer.sched(Timer.java:397)
                      at java.util.Timer.schedule(Timer.java:248)
                      at com.example.zhongzhi.gate_control_scheme.MainActivity.onClick(MainActivity.java:401)
                      at android.view.View.performClick(View.java:5637)
                      at android.view.View$PerformClick.run(View.java:22429)
                      at android.os.Handler.handleCallback(Handler.java:751)
                      at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:95)
                      at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:154)
                      at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:6119)
                      at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
                      at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:886)
                      at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:776)

这个问题的解决采用cancle(),取消timer后,还需要清空timer。合理的代码应该是这样的:

mTimer.cancel();
mTimer = null;
mTimerTask.cancel();
mTimerTask = null;

关键的问题解决完了,下面给出我的案例代码Mainactivity.java:

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private static String  TAG = "TimerDemo";
    private TextView mTextView = null;
    private Button mButton_start = null;
    private Button mButton_pause = null;
    private Timer mTimer = null;
    private TimerTask mTimerTask = null;
    private Handler mHandler = null;
    private static int count = 0;
    private boolean isPause = false;
    private boolean isStop = true;
    private static int delay = 1000;  //1s
    private static int period = 1000;  //1s
    private static final int UPDATE_TEXTVIEW = 0;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        mTextView = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.mytextview);
        mButton_start = (Button)findViewById(R.id.mybutton_start);
        mButton_pause = (Button)findViewById(R.id.mybutton_pause);


        mButton_start.setOnClickListener(new Button.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if (isStop) {
                    Log.i(TAG, "Start");
                } else {
                    Log.i(TAG, "Stop");
                }

                isStop = !isStop;

                if (!isStop) {
                    startTimer();
                }else {
                    stopTimer();
                }

                if (isStop) {
                    mButton_start.setText(R.string.start);
                } else {
                    mButton_start.setText(R.string.stop);
                }
            }
        });

        mButton_pause.setOnClickListener(new Button.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if (isPause) {
                    Log.i(TAG, "Resume");
                } else {
                    Log.i(TAG, "Pause");
                }

                isPause = !isPause;

                if (isPause) {
                    mButton_pause.setText(R.string.resume);
                } else {
                    mButton_pause.setText(R.string.pause);
                }
            }
        });

        mHandler = new Handler(){
            @Override
            public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
                switch (msg.what) {
                    case UPDATE_TEXTVIEW:
                        updateTextView();
                        break;
                    default:
                        break;
                }
            }
        };
    }

    private void updateTextView(){
        mTextView.setText(String.valueOf(count));
    }

    private void startTimer(){
        if (mTimer == null) {
            mTimer = new Timer();
        }

        if (mTimerTask == null) {
            mTimerTask = new TimerTask() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    Log.i(TAG, "count: "+String.valueOf(count));
                    sendMessage(UPDATE_TEXTVIEW);

                    do {
                        try {
                            Log.i(TAG, "sleep(1000)...");
                            Thread.sleep(1000);
                        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        }
                    } while (isPause);

                    count ++;
                }
            };
        }

        if(mTimer != null && mTimerTask != null )
            mTimer.schedule(mTimerTask, delay, period);

    }

    private void stopTimer(){
        if (mTimer != null) {
            mTimer.cancel();
            mTimer = null;
        }
        if (mTimerTask != null) {
            mTimerTask.cancel();
            mTimerTask = null;
        }
        count = 0;
    }

    public void sendMessage(int id){
        if (mHandler != null) {
            Message message = Message.obtain(mHandler, id);
            mHandler.sendMessage(message);
        }
    }
}

xml部分代码:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/mytextview"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:text="@string/number" />

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:orientation="horizontal" >

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/mybutton_start"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="@string/start" />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/mybutton_pause"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="@string/pause" />
    </LinearLayout>
</LinearLayout>

string部分代码:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <string name="app_name">TimerDemo</string>
    <string name="number">0</string>
    <string name="start">start</string>
    <string name="stop">stop</string>
    <string name="pause">pause</string>
    <string name="resume">resume</string>
</resources>

上面就是我的源代码,如果大家有什么问题可以留言进行探讨。

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