SSM 框架整合初步

此博客用于个人学习,来源于ssm框架的书籍,对知识点进行一个整理。

1. 整合说明:

  1. SSM整合可以使用多种方式,咱们会选择XML + 注解的方式
  2. 整合的思路
    1. 先搭建整合的环境
    2. 先把Spring的配置搭建完成
    3. 再使用Spring整合SpringMVC框架
    4. 最后使用Spring整合MyBatis框架

2. 搭建整合环境:


2.1 创建数据库和表结构:

create database ssm;
create table account(
id int primary key auto_increment,
name varchar(100),
money double(7,2),
);

2.2 创建maven的工程:

  1. 创建ssm_parent父工程(打包方式选择pom,必须的)
  2. 创建ssm_web子模块(打包方式是war包)
  3. 创建ssm_service子模块(打包方式是jar包)
  4. 创建ssm_dao子模块(打包方式是jar包)
  5. 创建ssm_domain子模块(打包方式是jar包)
  6. web依赖于service,service依赖于dao,dao依赖于domain
  7. 在ssm_parent的pom.xml文件中引入坐标依赖
<properties> 
	<spring.version>5.0.2.RELEASE</spring.version> 
	<slf4j.version>1.6.6</slf4j.version> 
	<log4j.version>1.2.12</log4j.version> 
	<shiro.version>1.2.3</shiro.version> 
	<mysql.version>5.1.6</mysql.version> 
	<mybatis.version>3.4.5</mybatis.version>
</properties> 

<dependencies>
	<!-- spring --> 
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.aspectj</groupId> 
		<artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId> 
		<version>1.6.8</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency>
		<groupId>org.springframework</groupId> 
		<artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId> 
		<version>${spring.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.springframework</groupId> 
		<artifactId>spring-context</artifactId> 
		<version>${spring.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.springframework</groupId> 
		<artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId> 
		<version>${spring.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.springframework</groupId> 
		<artifactId>spring-web</artifactId> 
		<version>${spring.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.springframework</groupId> 
		<artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId> 
		<version>${spring.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.springframework</groupId> 
		<artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId> 
		<version>${spring.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.springframework</groupId> 
		<artifactId>spring-core</artifactId> 
		<version>${spring.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.springframework</groupId> 
		<artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
		<version>${spring.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.springframework</groupId> 
		<artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId> 
		<version>${spring.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.springframework</groupId> 
		<artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId> 
		<version>${spring.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>junit</groupId> 
		<artifactId>junit</artifactId> 
		<version>4.12</version> 
		<scope>test</scope>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>mysql</groupId> 
		<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId> 
		<version>${mysql.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId> 
		<artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId> 
		<version>2.5</version> 
		<scope>provided</scope>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId> 
		<artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId> 
		<version>2.0</version> 
		<scope>provided</scope>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>jstl</groupId>
		<artifactId>jstl</artifactId> 
		<version>1.2</version>
	</dependency>
	
	<!-- log start --> 
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>log4j</groupId> 
		<artifactId>log4j</artifactId> 
		<version>${log4j.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId> 
		<artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId> 
		<version>${slf4j.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId> 
		<artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId> 
		<version>${slf4j.version}</version>
	</dependency>
	
	<!-- log end --> 
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.mybatis</groupId> 
		<artifactId>mybatis</artifactId> 
		<version>${mybatis.version}</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency> 
		<groupId>org.mybatis</groupId> 
		<artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId> 
		<version>1.3.0</version>
	</dependency> 
	
	<dependency>
		 <groupId>c3p0</groupId>
		 <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
		 <version>0.9.1.2</version>
		 <type>jar</type>
		 <scope>compile</scope>
	</dependency>
</dependencies>

<build> 
	<finalName>ssm</finalName> 
	<pluginManagement> 
		<plugins> 
			<plugin> 
				<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId> 
				<artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId> 
				<version>3.2</version> 
				<configuration> 
					<source>1.8</source> 
					<target>1.8</target> 
					<encoding>UTF-8</encoding> 
					<showWarnings>true</showWarnings>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</pluginManagement>
</build> 

<modules> 
	<module>ssm_domain</module> 
	<module>ssm_dao</module> 
	<module>ssm_service</module> 
	<module>ssm_web</module>
</modules>
  1. 部署ssm_web的项目,把ssm_web项目加入到tomcat服务器中

2.3 编写实体类,在 ssm_domain 项目中编写

public class Account implements Serializable{ 
	private static final long serialVersionUID = 7355810572012650248L; 
	
	private Integer id; 
	private String name; 
	private Double money; 
	
	public Integer getId() {
	return id; 
	}
	public void setId(Integer id) { 
	this.id = id; 
	}
	public String getName() { 
	return name; 
	}
	public void setName(String name) { 
	this.name = name; 
	}
	public Double getMoney() { 
	return money; 
	}
	public void setMoney(Double money) { 
	this.money = money; 
	} 
}

2.4 编写 dao 接口:

public interface AccountDao { 
	public void saveAccount(Account account); 
	
	public List<Account> findAll(); 
}

2.5 编写service接口和实现类:

public interface AccountService {
	public void saveAccount(Account account); 
	
	public List<Account> findAll(); 
}
@Service("accountService") 
public class AccountServiceImpl implements AccountService { 
	private AccountDao account; 
	
	public void saveAccount(Account account) { 
	}
	
	public List<Account> findAll() { 
		System.out.println("业务层:查询所有账户..."); 
		return null; 
	} 
}

3. Spring 框架代码的编写:


3.1 搭建 Spring 的开发环境:

在ssm_web项目中创建applicationContext.xml的配置文件,编写具体的配置信息。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" 
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" 
xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" 
xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" 
xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd 
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd 
http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop 
http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd
http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx 
http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd"> 
	<!-- 开启注解扫描,要扫描的是service和dao层的注解,要忽略web层注解,因为web层让SpringMVC框架 去管理 --> 
	<context:component-scan base-package="cn.itcast"> 
		<!-- 配置要忽略的注解 --> 
		<context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/> 
	</context:component-scan> 
</beans>

4. Spring 整合 SpringMVC 框架:


4.1 搭建 SpringMVC 的开发环境:

  1. 在web.xml 中配置 DispatcherServlet 前端控制器。
<!-- 配置前端控制器:服务器启动必须加载,需要加载springmvc.xml配置文件 --> 
<servlet> 
	<servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name> 
	<servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class> 
	<!-- 配置初始化参数,创建完DispatcherServlet对象,加载springmvc.xml配置文件 --> 
	<init-param>
	<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name> 
	<param-value>classpath:springmvc.xml</param-value> 
	</init-param> 
	<!-- 服务器启动的时候,让DispatcherServlet对象创建 --> 
	<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup> 
</servlet> 

<servlet-mapping> 
	<servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name> 
	<url-pattern>/</url-pattern> 
</servlet-mapping>
  1. 在 web.xml 中配置 DispatcherServlet 过滤器解决中文乱码。
<!-- 配置解决中文乱码的过滤器 --> 
<filter> 
	<filter-name>characterEncodingFilter</filter-name> 
	<filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class> 
	<init-param> 
		<param-name>encoding</param-name> 
		<param-value>UTF-8</param-value> 
	</init-param> 
</filter> 

<filter-mapping> 
	<filter-name>characterEncodingFilter</filter-name> 
	<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern> 
</filter-mapping>
  1. 创建springmvc.xml的配置文件,编写配置文件。
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" 
xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" 
xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" 
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
xsi:schemaLocation=" http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd 
http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc 
http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd 
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd"> 
	<!-- 扫描controller的注解,别的不扫描 --> 
	<context:component-scan base-package="cn.itcast"> 
		<context:include-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/> 
	</context:component-scan> 
	
	<!-- 配置视图解析器 --> 
	<bean id="viewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver"> 
	
		<!-- JSP文件所在的目录 --> 
		<property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/pages/" /> 
		
		<!-- 文件的后缀名 --> 
		<property name="suffix" value=".jsp" /> 
	</bean> 
	
	<!-- 设置静态资源不过滤 --> 
	<mvc:resources location="/css/" mapping="/css/**" /> 
	<mvc:resources location="/images/" mapping="/images/**" /> 
	<mvc:resources location="/js/" mapping="/js/**" /> 
	
	<!-- 开启对SpringMVC注解的支持 --> 
	<mvc:annotation-driven /> 
</beans>

4.2 Spring 整合 SpringMVC 的框架:

  1. 目的:在 controller 中能成功的调用 service 对象中的方法。
  2. 在项目启动的时候,就去加载 applicationContext.xml 的配置文件,在web.xml中配置ContextLoaderListener 监听器(该监听器只能加载 WEB-INF 目录下的 applicationContext.xml 的配置文件)。
<!-- 配置Spring的监听器 --> 
<listener> 
	<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener- class>
</listener> 

<!-- 配置加载类路径的配置文件 --> 
<context-param> 
	<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name> 
	<param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value> 
</context-param>
  1. 在controller中注入service对象。
@Controller 
@RequestMapping("/account") 
public class AccountController { 
	
	@Autowired 
	private AccountService accoutService; 
	
	/**
	* 查询所有的数据 *
	*  @return 
	*/ 
	@RequestMapping("/findAll") 
	public String findAll() { 
		System.out.println("表现层:查询所有账户..."); 
		accoutService.findAll(); 
		return "list"; 
	} 
}

5. Spring 整合 MyBatis 框架:


5.1 搭建 MyBatis 的环境:

  1. 在web项目中编写SqlMapConfig.xml的配置文件,编写核心配置文件。
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 
<!DOCTYPE configuration PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN" 
"http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd"> 
<configuration> 
	<environments default="mysql"> 
		<environment id="mysql"> 
			<transactionManager type="JDBC"/> 
			<dataSource type="POOLED"> 
				<property name="driver" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"/> 
				<property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql:///ssm"/> 
				<property name="username" value="root"/> 
				<property name="password" value="root"/> 
			</dataSource> 
		</environment> 
	</environments> 
	
	<!-- 使用的是注解 --> 
	<mappers> 
		<!-- <mapper class="cn.itcast.dao.AccountDao"/> --> 
		<!-- 该包下所有的dao接口都可以使用 --> 
		<package name="cn.itcast.dao"/> 
	</mappers> 
</configuration>
  1. 在AccountDao接口的方法上添加注解,编写SQL语句。
public interface AccountDao { 

	@Insert(value="insert into account (name,money) values (#{name},#{money})") 
	public void saveAccount(Account account); 
	
	@Select("select * from account") 
	public List<Account> findAll(); 
}

5.2 Spring 整合 MyBatis 框架:

  1. 目的:把 SqlMapConfig.xml 配置文件中的内容配置到 applicationContext.xml 配置文件中。
<!-- 配置C3P0的连接池对象 --> 
<bean id="dataSource" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource"> 
	<property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" /> 
	<property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql:///ssm" /> 
	<property name="username" value="root" /> 
	<property name="password" value="root" /> 
</bean> 

<!-- 配置SqlSession的工厂 --> 
<bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean"> 
	<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" /> 
</bean> 

<!-- 配置扫描dao的包 --> 
<bean id="mapperScanner" class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer"> 
	<property name="basePackage" value="cn.itcast.dao"/> 
</bean>
  1. 在AccountDao接口中添加@Repository注解
  2. 在service中注入dao对象,进行测试
  3. 代码如下
@Repository 
public interface AccountDao { 
	@Insert(value="insert into account (name,money) values (#{name},#{money})") 
	public void saveAccount(Account account); 
	
	@Select("select * from account") 
	public List<Account> findAll(); 
}
@Service("accountService") 
public class AccountServiceImpl implements AccountService { 

	@Autowired 
	private AccountDao accountDao; 
	
	public void saveAccount(Account account) { 
	}
	
	public List<Account> findAll() { 
	System.out.println("业务层:查询所有账户..."); 
	return accountDao.findAll(); 
	}
}
@Controller 
@RequestMapping("/account") 
public class AccountController { 

	@Autowired 
	private AccountService accoutService; 
	
	/**
	* 查询所有的数据 
	* @return 
	*/
	@RequestMapping("/findAll") 
	public String findAll() { 
		System.out.println("表现层:查询所有账户..."); 
		List<Account> list = accoutService.findAll(); 
		for (Account account : list) { 
			System.out.println(account); 
		}
		return "list"; 
	} 
}
  1. 配置Spring的声明式事务管理
<tx:advice id="txAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
	<tx:attributes>
		<tx:method name="find*" read-only="true"/>
		<tx:method name="*" isolation="DEFAULT"/>
	</tx:attributes>
</tx:advice>
<aop:config>
	<aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice" pointcut="execution(public * cn.itcast.service..ServiceImpl.*(..))"/>
</aop:config>
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