java.util.Objects 及内含的判空方法

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目录

1.判空操作

2. 源码

3. 好处

3.1  @NonNull 与 Objects.requireNonNull()

@NonNull

Objects.requireNonNull()

 3.2 java.util.Objects.isNull 与 object== null区别


1.判空操作

  /**
     * Returns {@code true} if the provided reference is non-{@code null}
     * otherwise returns {@code false}.
     *
     * @apiNote This method exists to be used as a
     * {@link java.util.function.Predicate}, {@code filter(Objects::nonNull)}
     *
     * @param obj a reference to be checked against {@code null}
     * @return {@code true} if the provided reference is non-{@code null}
     * otherwise {@code false}
     *
     * @see java.util.function.Predicate
     * @since 1.8
     */
    public static boolean nonNull(Object obj) {
        return obj != null;
    }

可以使用Objects.nonNull 来进行判空操作

当然也有

public static boolean isNull(Object obj) {
        return obj == null;
    }

这个Objects的工具类方法并不多,接下来分析一下好处

2. 源码

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2009, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * ORACLE PROPRIETARY/CONFIDENTIAL. Use is subject to license terms.
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 *
 */

package java.util;

import java.util.function.Supplier;

/**
 * This class consists of {@code static} utility methods for operating
 * on objects.  These utilities include {@code null}-safe or {@code
 * null}-tolerant methods for computing the hash code of an object,
 * returning a string for an object, and comparing two objects.
 *
 * @since 1.7
 */
public final class Objects {
    private Objects() {
        throw new AssertionError("No java.util.Objects instances for you!");
    }

    /**
     * Returns {@code true} if the arguments are equal to each other
     * and {@code false} otherwise.
     * Consequently, if both arguments are {@code null}, {@code true}
     * is returned and if exactly one argument is {@code null}, {@code
     * false} is returned.  Otherwise, equality is determined by using
     * the {@link Object#equals equals} method of the first
     * argument.
     *
     * @param a an object
     * @param b an object to be compared with {@code a} for equality
     * @return {@code true} if the arguments are equal to each other
     * and {@code false} otherwise
     * @see Object#equals(Object)
     */
    public static boolean equals(Object a, Object b) {
        return (a == b) || (a != null && a.equals(b));
    }

   /**
    * Returns {@code true} if the arguments are deeply equal to each other
    * and {@code false} otherwise.
    *
    * Two {@code null} values are deeply equal.  If both arguments are
    * arrays, the algorithm in {@link Arrays#deepEquals(Object[],
    * Object[]) Arrays.deepEquals} is used to determine equality.
    * Otherwise, equality is determined by using the {@link
    * Object#equals equals} method of the first argument.
    *
    * @param a an object
    * @param b an object to be compared with {@code a} for deep equality
    * @return {@code true} if the arguments are deeply equal to each other
    * and {@code false} otherwise
    * @see Arrays#deepEquals(Object[], Object[])
    * @see Objects#equals(Object, Object)
    */
    public static boolean deepEquals(Object a, Object b) {
        if (a == b)
            return true;
        else if (a == null || b == null)
            return false;
        else
            return Arrays.deepEquals0(a, b);
    }

    /**
     * Returns the hash code of a non-{@code null} argument and 0 for
     * a {@code null} argument.
     *
     * @param o an object
     * @return the hash code of a non-{@code null} argument and 0 for
     * a {@code null} argument
     * @see Object#hashCode
     */
    public static int hashCode(Object o) {
        return o != null ? o.hashCode() : 0;
    }

   /**
    * Generates a hash code for a sequence of input values. The hash
    * code is generated as if all the input values were placed into an
    * array, and that array were hashed by calling {@link
    * Arrays#hashCode(Object[])}.
    *
    * <p>This method is useful for implementing {@link
    * Object#hashCode()} on objects containing multiple fields. For
    * example, if an object that has three fields, {@code x}, {@code
    * y}, and {@code z}, one could write:
    *
    * <blockquote><pre>
    * &#064;Override public int hashCode() {
    *     return Objects.hash(x, y, z);
    * }
    * </pre></blockquote>
    *
    * <b>Warning: When a single object reference is supplied, the returned
    * value does not equal the hash code of that object reference.</b> This
    * value can be computed by calling {@link #hashCode(Object)}.
    *
    * @param values the values to be hashed
    * @return a hash value of the sequence of input values
    * @see Arrays#hashCode(Object[])
    * @see List#hashCode
    */
    public static int hash(Object... values) {
        return Arrays.hashCode(values);
    }

    /**
     * Returns the result of calling {@code toString} for a non-{@code
     * null} argument and {@code "null"} for a {@code null} argument.
     *
     * @param o an object
     * @return the result of calling {@code toString} for a non-{@code
     * null} argument and {@code "null"} for a {@code null} argument
     * @see Object#toString
     * @see String#valueOf(Object)
     */
    public static String toString(Object o) {
        return String.valueOf(o);
    }

    /**
     * Returns the result of calling {@code toString} on the first
     * argument if the first argument is not {@code null} and returns
     * the second argument otherwise.
     *
     * @param o an object
     * @param nullDefault string to return if the first argument is
     *        {@code null}
     * @return the result of calling {@code toString} on the first
     * argument if it is not {@code null} and the second argument
     * otherwise.
     * @see Objects#toString(Object)
     */
    public static String toString(Object o, String nullDefault) {
        return (o != null) ? o.toString() : nullDefault;
    }

    /**
     * Returns 0 if the arguments are identical and {@code
     * c.compare(a, b)} otherwise.
     * Consequently, if both arguments are {@code null} 0
     * is returned.
     *
     * <p>Note that if one of the arguments is {@code null}, a {@code
     * NullPointerException} may or may not be thrown depending on
     * what ordering policy, if any, the {@link Comparator Comparator}
     * chooses to have for {@code null} values.
     *
     * @param <T> the type of the objects being compared
     * @param a an object
     * @param b an object to be compared with {@code a}
     * @param c the {@code Comparator} to compare the first two arguments
     * @return 0 if the arguments are identical and {@code
     * c.compare(a, b)} otherwise.
     * @see Comparable
     * @see Comparator
     */
    public static <T> int compare(T a, T b, Comparator<? super T> c) {
        return (a == b) ? 0 :  c.compare(a, b);
    }

    /**
     * Checks that the specified object reference is not {@code null}. This
     * method is designed primarily for doing parameter validation in methods
     * and constructors, as demonstrated below:
     * <blockquote><pre>
     * public Foo(Bar bar) {
     *     this.bar = Objects.requireNonNull(bar);
     * }
     * </pre></blockquote>
     *
     * @param obj the object reference to check for nullity
     * @param <T> the type of the reference
     * @return {@code obj} if not {@code null}
     * @throws NullPointerException if {@code obj} is {@code null}
     */
    public static <T> T requireNonNull(T obj) {
        if (obj == null)
            throw new NullPointerException();
        return obj;
    }

    /**
     * Checks that the specified object reference is not {@code null} and
     * throws a customized {@link NullPointerException} if it is. This method
     * is designed primarily for doing parameter validation in methods and
     * constructors with multiple parameters, as demonstrated below:
     * <blockquote><pre>
     * public Foo(Bar bar, Baz baz) {
     *     this.bar = Objects.requireNonNull(bar, "bar must not be null");
     *     this.baz = Objects.requireNonNull(baz, "baz must not be null");
     * }
     * </pre></blockquote>
     *
     * @param obj     the object reference to check for nullity
     * @param message detail message to be used in the event that a {@code
     *                NullPointerException} is thrown
     * @param <T> the type of the reference
     * @return {@code obj} if not {@code null}
     * @throws NullPointerException if {@code obj} is {@code null}
     */
    public static <T> T requireNonNull(T obj, String message) {
        if (obj == null)
            throw new NullPointerException(message);
        return obj;
    }

    /**
     * Returns {@code true} if the provided reference is {@code null} otherwise
     * returns {@code false}.
     *
     * @apiNote This method exists to be used as a
     * {@link java.util.function.Predicate}, {@code filter(Objects::isNull)}
     *
     * @param obj a reference to be checked against {@code null}
     * @return {@code true} if the provided reference is {@code null} otherwise
     * {@code false}
     *
     * @see java.util.function.Predicate
     * @since 1.8
     */
    public static boolean isNull(Object obj) {
        return obj == null;
    }

    /**
     * Returns {@code true} if the provided reference is non-{@code null}
     * otherwise returns {@code false}.
     *
     * @apiNote This method exists to be used as a
     * {@link java.util.function.Predicate}, {@code filter(Objects::nonNull)}
     *
     * @param obj a reference to be checked against {@code null}
     * @return {@code true} if the provided reference is non-{@code null}
     * otherwise {@code false}
     *
     * @see java.util.function.Predicate
     * @since 1.8
     */
    public static boolean nonNull(Object obj) {
        return obj != null;
    }

    /**
     * Checks that the specified object reference is not {@code null} and
     * throws a customized {@link NullPointerException} if it is.
     *
     * <p>Unlike the method {@link #requireNonNull(Object, String)},
     * this method allows creation of the message to be deferred until
     * after the null check is made. While this may confer a
     * performance advantage in the non-null case, when deciding to
     * call this method care should be taken that the costs of
     * creating the message supplier are less than the cost of just
     * creating the string message directly.
     *
     * @param obj     the object reference to check for nullity
     * @param messageSupplier supplier of the detail message to be
     * used in the event that a {@code NullPointerException} is thrown
     * @param <T> the type of the reference
     * @return {@code obj} if not {@code null}
     * @throws NullPointerException if {@code obj} is {@code null}
     * @since 1.8
     */
    public static <T> T requireNonNull(T obj, Supplier<String> messageSupplier) {
        if (obj == null)
            throw new NullPointerException(messageSupplier.get());
        return obj;
    }
}

这个是JAVA 1.7开始的一个工具类。

3. 好处

这是一个被final修饰的类。

https://docs.oracle.com/javase/8/docs/api/java/util/Objects.html#isNull-java.lang.Object-

可以阅读java的doc

These utilities include null-safe or null-tolerant methods for computing the hash code of an object, returning a string for an object, and comparing two objects.

//null-safe或null-tolerant方法

requireNonNull
  requireNonNull(T obj)

  检查指定类型的对象引用不为空null。当参数为null时,抛出空指针异常。设计这个方法主要是为了在方法、构造函数中做参数校验。

  源码如下:

   public static <T> T requireNonNull(T obj) {
        if (obj == null)
            throw new NullPointerException();
        return obj;
    }

  举个例子:

  当我们通过带参的构造函数创建对象时,创建对象的同时就可以进行参数校验。同时也简化了很多代码。
 public class Foo {
          public Foo(Bar bar) {
               this.bar = Objects.requireNonNull(bar);
          }

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.1  @NonNull 与 Objects.requireNonNull()

@NonNull

在引入@NonNull之前,我们要求使用非null值时,往往需要在javadoc里做说明。编译器是没有办法对javadoc进行干预。使用注解类型@NonNull后,编译器就可以在编译时对代码做检查。这也有利于一些ide根据注解类型,对null值的代码给出提示。

@NonNull更多的是用于编译时对代码做校验。

Objects.requireNonNull()

Objects.requireNonNull()则是在运行时对对象做非null检查。如果对象为null值,则抛出NullPointException。

 3.2 java.util.Objects.isNull 与 object== null区别

public static boolean isNull(Object obj)

Returns true if the provided reference is null otherwise returns false.

API Note:

This method exists to be used as a Predicatefilter(Objects::isNull)

 在Api中提示的java8中的Predicate接口中提到的

   /**
     * Returns a predicate that tests if two arguments are equal according
     * to {@link Objects#equals(Object, Object)}.
     *
     * @param <T> the type of arguments to the predicate
     * @param targetRef the object reference with which to compare for equality,
     *               which may be {@code null}
     * @return a predicate that tests if two arguments are equal according
     * to {@link Objects#equals(Object, Object)}
     */
    static <T> Predicate<T> isEqual(Object targetRef) {
        return (null == targetRef)
                ? Objects::isNull
                : object -> targetRef.equals(object);
    }

Java8中引入了lambda

所以filter(Objects::isNull)这样的写法,显然比filter(x -> x == null). 更好

所以平时其实写起来是没有差别的,个人感觉

if(Objects.isNull(object)){

}

if(null == object){

}

在代码中的使用其实没有差别= =

只是方便实用filter(java8 新特性)

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