java 获取中文拼音首字母(缩写)

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第一种:

直接上代码(有个别中文无法识别):


import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
/**
 * 
 * @author yuki_ho
 *
 */
public class ChineseCharToEnUtil {
	  private final static int[] li_SecPosValue = { 1601, 1637, 1833, 2078, 2274,  
	            2302, 2433, 2594, 2787, 3106, 3212, 3472, 3635, 3722, 3730, 3858,  
	            4027, 4086, 4390, 4558, 4684, 4925, 5249, 5590 };  
	    private final static String[] lc_FirstLetter = { "a", "b", "c", "d", "e",  
	            "f", "g", "h", "j", "k", "l", "m", "n", "o", "p", "q", "r", "s",  
	            "t", "w", "x", "y", "z" };  
	  
	    /** 
	     * 取得给定汉字串的首字母串,即声母串 
	     * @param str 给定汉字串 
	     * @return 声母串 
	     */  
	    public String getAllFirstLetter(String str) {  
	        if (str == null || str.trim().length() == 0) {  
	            return "";  
	        }  
	  
	        String _str = "";  
	        for (int i = 0; i < str.length(); i++) {  
	            _str = _str + this.getFirstLetter(str.substring(i, i + 1));  
	        }  
	  
	        return _str;  
	    }  
	  
	    /** 
	     * 取得给定汉字的首字母,即声母 
	     * @param chinese 给定的汉字 
	     * @return 给定汉字的声母 
	     */  
	    public String getFirstLetter(String chinese) {  
	        if (chinese == null || chinese.trim().length() == 0) {  
	            return "";  
	        }  
	        chinese = this.conversionStr(chinese, "GB2312", "ISO8859-1");  
	  
	        if (chinese.length() > 1) // 判断是不是汉字  
	        {  
	            int li_SectorCode = (int) chinese.charAt(0); // 汉字区码  
	            int li_PositionCode = (int) chinese.charAt(1); // 汉字位码  
	            li_SectorCode = li_SectorCode - 160;  
	            li_PositionCode = li_PositionCode - 160;  
	            int li_SecPosCode = li_SectorCode * 100 + li_PositionCode; // 汉字区位码  
	            if (li_SecPosCode > 1600 && li_SecPosCode < 5590) {  
	                for (int i = 0; i < 23; i++) {  
	                    if (li_SecPosCode >= li_SecPosValue[i]  
	                            && li_SecPosCode < li_SecPosValue[i + 1]) {  
	                        chinese = lc_FirstLetter[i];  
	                        break;  
	                    }  
	                }  
	            } else // 非汉字字符,如图形符号或ASCII码  
	            {  
	                chinese = this.conversionStr(chinese, "ISO8859-1", "GB2312");  
	                chinese = chinese.substring(0, 1);  
	            }  
	        }  
	  
	        return chinese;  
	    }  
	  
	    /** 
	     * 字符串编码转换 
	     * @param str 要转换编码的字符串 
	     * @param charsetName 原来的编码 
	     * @param toCharsetName 转换后的编码 
	     * @return 经过编码转换后的字符串 
	     */  
	    private String conversionStr(String str, String charsetName,String toCharsetName) {  
	        try {  
	            str = new String(str.getBytes(charsetName), toCharsetName);  
	        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException ex) {  
	            System.out.println("字符串编码转换异常:" + ex.getMessage());  
	        }  
	        return str;  
	    }  
	  
	    public static void main(String[] args) {  
	    	ChineseCharToEnUtil cte = new ChineseCharToEnUtil();  
	        System.out.println("获取拼音首字母:"+ cte.getAllFirstLetter("广州"));  
	    }  
	  
}

第二种:

所需包:net.sourceforge.pinyin4j

import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.PinyinHelper;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinCaseType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinOutputFormat;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinToneType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.HanyuPinyinVCharType;
import net.sourceforge.pinyin4j.format.exception.BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination;
/**
 * 
 * @author yuki_ho
 * @time   2017-07-25
 */
public class ChineseCharToEnUtil {


   /**
     * 将字符串中的中文转化为拼音,其他字符不变
     * 
     * @param inputString
     * @return
     */
    public static String getPingYin(String inputString) {
        HanyuPinyinOutputFormat format = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();
        format.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);
        format.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);
        format.setVCharType(HanyuPinyinVCharType.WITH_V);
 
        char[] input = inputString.trim().toCharArray();
        String output = "";
 
        try {
            for (int i = 0; i < input.length; i++) {
                if (java.lang.Character.toString(input[i]).matches("[\\u4E00-\\u9FA5]+")) {
                    String[] temp = PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(input[i], format);
                    output += temp[0];
                } else
                    output += java.lang.Character.toString(input[i]);
            }
        } catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return output;
    }
    /**  
     * 获取汉字串拼音首字母,英文字符不变  
     * @param chinese 汉字串  
     * @return 汉语拼音首字母  
     */  
    public static String getFirstSpell(String chinese) {   
            StringBuffer pybf = new StringBuffer();   
            char[] arr = chinese.toCharArray();   
            HanyuPinyinOutputFormat defaultFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();   
            defaultFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);   
            defaultFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);   
            for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {   
                    if (arr[i] > 128) {   
                            try {   
                                    String[] temp = PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(arr[i], defaultFormat);   
                                    if (temp != null) {   
                                            pybf.append(temp[0].charAt(0));   
                                    }   
                            } catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {   
                                    e.printStackTrace();   
                            }   
                    } else {   
                            pybf.append(arr[i]);   
                    }   
            }   
            return pybf.toString().replaceAll("\\W", "").trim();   
    }   
    /**  
     * 获取汉字串拼音,英文字符不变  
     * @param chinese 汉字串  
     * @return 汉语拼音  
     */  
    public static String getFullSpell(String chinese) {   
            StringBuffer pybf = new StringBuffer();   
            char[] arr = chinese.toCharArray();   
            HanyuPinyinOutputFormat defaultFormat = new HanyuPinyinOutputFormat();   
            defaultFormat.setCaseType(HanyuPinyinCaseType.LOWERCASE);   
            defaultFormat.setToneType(HanyuPinyinToneType.WITHOUT_TONE);   
            for (int i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) {   
                    if (arr[i] > 128) {   
                            try {   
                                    pybf.append(PinyinHelper.toHanyuPinyinStringArray(arr[i], defaultFormat)[0]);   
                            } catch (BadHanyuPinyinOutputFormatCombination e) {   
                                    e.printStackTrace();   
                            }   
                    } else {   
                            pybf.append(arr[i]);   
                    }   
            }   
            return pybf.toString();   
    }  
	
	public static void main(String[] args)
	{
		String cnStr = "讴萘";
		System.out.println("讴萘-->" + getPingYin(cnStr));
		String s = getFirstSpell("讴萘");
		System.out.println("讴萘-->" + s);
		StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer(s);
		if (sb.length() > 1)
		{
			String ss = sb.delete(1, sb.length()).toString();
			System.out.println("讴萘-->"
					+ Character.toUpperCase(ss.toCharArray()[0]) + "");
		}
	}
}



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