java项目模板-Netty

  1. gradle
    implementation 'io.netty:netty-all:4.1.31.Final'
  1. 常用服务端辅助代码:
import io.netty.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap;
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelPipeline;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioServerSocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.codec.DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder;
import io.netty.util.ResourceLeakDetector;

/**
 * @author Vant
 * @version 2018/11/28 下午 9:09
 */
public class Server {
    private int port;
    public static final byte[] DELIMITER = "~$`8^".getBytes();

    public Server(int port) {
        this.port = port;
    }

    public void run() throws InterruptedException {
        EventLoopGroup bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        EventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();

        try {
            ServerBootstrap bootstrap = new ServerBootstrap();
            bootstrap.group(bossGroup, workerGroup)
                    .channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class)
                    .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
                        @Override
                        protected void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
                            ChannelPipeline pipeline = ch.pipeline();

                            pipeline.addLast(new DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder(4096, Unpooled.copiedBuffer(DELIMITER)));
                            pipeline.addLast(new ServerInHandler());

                            pipeline.addLast(new ServerOutHandler());
                        }
                    })
                    .option(ChannelOption.SO_BACKLOG, 128)
                    .childOption(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, true);

            ChannelFuture channelFuture = bootstrap.bind(port).sync();
            channelFuture.channel().closeFuture().sync();
        } finally {
            workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
            bossGroup.shutdownGracefully();
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
        ResourceLeakDetector.setLevel(ResourceLeakDetector.Level.ADVANCED);//生产环境注释掉这行,其功能是检测资源泄露,检测到会打印出资源泄露位置
        new Server(5566).run();
    }
}
  1. 常用客户端代码:
import io.netty.bootstrap.Bootstrap;
import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelPipeline;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioSocketChannel;
import io.netty.handler.codec.DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder;

/**
 * @author Vant
 * @version 2018/12/3 下午 3:53
 */
public class OhMyNettyClient {
    private int port;

    public OhMyNettyClient(int port) {
        this.port = port;
    }

    public void run() throws InterruptedException {
        NioEventLoopGroup eventExecutors = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        try {
            Bootstrap bootstrap = new Bootstrap();
            bootstrap.group(eventExecutors)
                    .channel(NioSocketChannel.class)
                    .handler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
                        @Override
                        protected void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
                            ChannelPipeline pipeline = ch.pipeline();
                            ByteBuf delimiter = Unpooled.copiedBuffer("~$`8^".getBytes());
                            pipeline.addLast(new DelimiterBasedFrameDecoder(1024, delimiter));
                            pipeline.addLast(new OhMyNettyHandler());
                        }
                    })
                    .option(ChannelOption.SO_BACKLOG, 128)
                    .option(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, true);
            ChannelFuture future = bootstrap.connect("127.0.0.1", port);
            future.channel().closeFuture().sync();
        } finally {
            eventExecutors.shutdownGracefully();
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
        new OhMyNettyClient(15025).run();
    }

}
  1. 常用Handler举例:
import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.buffer.Unpooled;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter;
import io.netty.util.CharsetUtil;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

/**
 * @author Vant
 * @version 2018/12/3 下午 4:08
 */
public class OhMyNettyHandler extends ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter {
    Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(OhMyNettyHandler.class.getName());

    @Override
    public void channelActive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
        ctx.writeAndFlush(Unpooled.copiedBuffer("123".getBytes(CharsetUtil.UTF_8)));
        logger.debug("channelActive: 客户端已发送");
    }

    @Override
    public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception {
        ByteBuf message = (ByteBuf) msg;
        logger.debug("channelRead");
        String s = message.toString(CharsetUtil.UTF_8);
        logger.debug("s = " + s);
    }


    @Override
    public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable cause) throws Exception {
        cause.printStackTrace();
        ctx.close();
    }
}

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