Android OTA升级(一)之Makefile文件分析

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概要:

此篇文章主要介绍Android ota包(Android L)的编译制作过程,侧重于Makefile中编译ota的流程,从指定target到编译cmd等流程。

主要流程:在这里插入图片描述
源码分析:
build/core/Makefile:

.PHONY: otapackage
otapackage: $(INTERNAL_OTA_PACKAGE_TARGET)

/otapackage 伪命令,即执行 make otapackage时,将编译$(INTERNAL_OTA_PACKAGE_TARGET)目标/

$(INTERNAL_OTA_PACKAGE_TARGET): $(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE) $(DISTTOOLS)
	@echo "Package OTA: $@"
ifneq ($(TARGET_USERIMAGES_USE_UBIFS),true)
  ifeq (yes, $(filter $(TRUSTONIC_TEE_SUPPORT) $(MTK_ATF_SUPPORT),yes))
	  $(hide) MTK_SECURITY_SW_SUPPORT=$(MTK_SECURITY_SW_SUPPORT) MKBOOTIMG=$(MKBOOTIMG) \
	     ./build/tools/releasetools/ota_from_target_files -v \
	     --block \
	     -p $(HOST_OUT) \
	     -k $(KEY_CERT_PAIR) \
	     -z $(PRODUCT_OUT)/trustzone.bin \
	     $(if $(OEM_OTA_CONFIG), -o $(OEM_OTA_CONFIG)) \
	     $(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE) $@
  else
	  $(hide) MTK_SECURITY_SW_SUPPORT=$(MTK_SECURITY_SW_SUPPORT) MKBOOTIMG=$(MKBOOTIMG) \
	     ./build/tools/releasetools/ota_from_target_files -v \
	     --block \
	     -p $(HOST_OUT) \
	     -k $(KEY_CERT_PAIR) \
	     $(if $(OEM_OTA_CONFIG), -o $(OEM_OTA_CONFIG)) \
	     $(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE) $@
  endif
else
	$(hide) MTK_SECURITY_SW_SUPPORT=$(MTK_SECURITY_SW_SUPPORT) ./build/tools/releasetools/ota_from_target_files -v \
	   -n \
	   -g \
	   -p $(HOST_OUT) \
	   -k $(KEY_CERT_PAIR) \
	   $(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE) $@
endif
ifeq ($(strip $(MTK_FW_UPGRADE)), yes)
#	@echo "Package FWUpgradePackage"
#	bash $(FWUPGRADEPACKAGE_SH) $(PRODUCT_OUT) $(KEY_CERT_PAIR)
endif

依赖两部分:

$(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE)$(DISTTOOLS)

然后先找(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE)

BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE:= ( i n t e r m e d i a t e s ) / (intermediates)/ (intermediates)/(name).zip实际为:full_p92s_hd-target_files-eng.wan.zip

# -----------------------------------------------------------------
# A zip of the directories that map to the target filesystem.
# This zip can be used to create an OTA package or filesystem image
# as a post-build step.
#
name := $(TARGET_PRODUCT)
ifeq ($(TARGET_BUILD_TYPE),debug)
  name := $(name)_debug
endif
name := $(name)-target_files-$(FILE_NAME_TAG)

以上这些步骤主要确定name变量名称name:= ( p r o j e c t − n a m e ) − t a r g e t f i l e s − (project-name)-target_files- (projectname)targetfiles(FILE_NAME_TAG) ,假设project-name=p92 FILE_NAME_TAG=eng , 则:

name := p92-target_files-eng

intermediates := $(call intermediates-dir-for,PACKAGING,target_files)

此处调用了一个函数:intermediates-dir-for,我们来解读一下它的定义,就知道这句话的意思了。它定义在build/core/definitions.mk中,如下:

 $(1): target class, like "APPS"

 $(2): target name, like "NotePad"

 $(3): if non-empty, this is a HOST target.

 $(4): if non-empty, force the intermediates to be COMMON

 $(5): if non-empty, force the intermedistes to be for the 2ndarch

define intermediates-dir-for

$(strip \

    $(eval _idfClass :=$(strip $(1))) \

    $(if $(_idfClass),, \

        $(error$(LOCAL_PATH): Class not defined in call to intermediates-dir-for)) \

    $(eval _idfName :=$(strip $(2))) \

    $(if $(_idfName),, \

        $(error$(LOCAL_PATH): Name not defined in call to intermediates-dir-for)) \

    $(eval _idfPrefix :=$(if $(strip $(3)),HOST,TARGET)) \

    $(eval_idf2ndArchPrefix := $(if $(strip $(5)),$(TARGET_2ND_ARCH_VAR_PREFIX))) \

    $(if $(filter$(_idfPrefix)-$(_idfClass),$(COMMON_MODULE_CLASSES))$(4), \

        $(eval _idfIntBase:= $($(_idfPrefix)_OUT_COMMON_INTERMEDIATES)) \

      ,$(if $(filter$(_idfClass),SHARED_LIBRARIES STATIC_LIBRARIES EXECUTABLES GYP),\

          $(eval_idfIntBase := $($(_idf2ndArchPrefix)$(_idfPrefix)_OUT_INTERMEDIATES)) \

       ,$(eval _idfIntBase:= $($(_idfPrefix)_OUT_INTERMEDIATES)) \

       ) \

     ) \

   $(_idfIntBase)/$(_idfClass)/$(_idfName)_intermediates \

)

endif

传入的参数:$1= PACKAGING , $2=target-files.$3及以后的参数为空。

所以执行下来:_idfClass := PACKAGING

                         _idfName := target_files

                          _idfPrefix := TARGET  (以为$3为空,所以if函数走到else part 为TARGET)

_idfIntBase := TARGET_OUT_INTERMEDIATES ,

由于这个宏在build/core/envsetup.mk中有定义:

TARGET_OUT_INTERMEDIATES := ( P R O D U C T O U T ) / o b j ( o u t / t a r g e t / p r o d u c t / (PRODUCT_OUT)/obj (out/target/product/ (PRODUCTOUT)/obj(out/target/product/(project)/obj)

执行结果:out/target/product/$(project)/obj/PACKAGING/target_files_intermediates

所以这个函数调用之后:intermediates := out/target/product/$(project)/obj/PACKAGING/target-files_intermeidates

BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE := $(intermediates)/$(name).zip
$(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE): intermediates := $(intermediates)
$(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE): \
		zip_root := $(intermediates)/$(name)

以上几句同样是对目标等变量赋值:

BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE := out/target/product/$(project)/obj/PACKAGING/target-files_intermeidates/p92-target_files-eng.zip (这个即是将要生成的目标文件)

然后设定两个目标指定变量:intermediates和zip_root,即这两个变量只在BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE这个目标上下文有效(类似于C语言的局部变量)

Intermediates:= out/target/product/$(project)/obj/PACKAGING/target-files_intermeidates

zip_root := out/target/product/$(project)/obj/PACKAGING/target-files_intermeidates/p92-target_files-eng

# $(1): Directory to copy
# $(2): Location to copy it to
# The "ls -A" is to prevent "acp s/* d" from failing if s is empty.
define package_files-copy-root
  if [ -d "$(strip $(1))" -a "$$(ls -A $(1))" ]; then \
    mkdir -p $(2) && \
    $(ACP) -rd $(strip $(1))/* $(2); \
  fi
endef

以上定义了一个copy文件的函数,有两个参数$1,$2 ,把$1中的内容拷到$2中

built_ota_tools := \
	$(call intermediates-dir-for,EXECUTABLES,applypatch)/applypatch \
	$(call intermediates-dir-for,EXECUTABLES,applypatch_static)/applypatch_static \
	$(call intermediates-dir-for,EXECUTABLES,check_prereq)/check_prereq \
	$(call intermediates-dir-for,EXECUTABLES,sqlite3)/sqlite3
ifeq ($(TARGET_ARCH),arm64)
  built_ota_tools += $(call intermediates-dir-for,EXECUTABLES,updater,,,t)/updater
else
  built_ota_tools += $(call intermediates-dir-for,EXECUTABLES,updater)/updater
endif

以上主要做两件事情:

  1.   把applypatch … sqlite3等可执行文件(obj/EXECUTABLES/…目录下)赋值给built_ota_tools
    
  2.   把updater可执行文件追加赋值给built_ota_tools.这里值得注意的是updater的调用参数:(EXECUTABLES,updater,,,t),存在$5,结合上文对intermediates-dir-for函数分析可得到:
    

$(eval_idfIntBase := ( ( ((_idf2ndArchPrefix)$(_idfPrefix)_OUT_INTERMEDIATES))

     可得到:idfIntBase :=$(TARGET_2ND_ARCH_VAR_PREFIX)TARGET_OUT_INTERMEDIATES:= $(PRODUCT_OUT)/obj_$(TARGET_2ND_ARCH) :=out/target/product/$(project)/obj_arm

所以最后返回:out/target/product/$(project)/obj_arm/updater_intermediates/(updater)

可发现调用intermediates-dir-for此函数,如果存在参数$5,

并且_idfClass)在(SHARED_LIBRARIES STATIC_LIBRARIES EXECUTABLES GYP)中,则idfIntBase := out/target/product/$(project)/obj_arm (而非obj)

最终built_ota_tools := applypatchapplypatch_static check_prereq sqlite3 updater这几支文件(目录忽略)

$(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE): PRIVATE_OTA_TOOLS := $(built_ota_tools)

$(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE): PRIVATE_RECOVERY_API_VERSION := $(RECOVERY_API_VERSION)
$(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE): PRIVATE_RECOVERY_FSTAB_VERSION := $(RECOVERY_FSTAB_VERSION)

ifeq ($(TARGET_RELEASETOOLS_EXTENSIONS),)
# default to common dir for device vendor
$(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE): tool_extensions := $(TARGET_DEVICE_DIR)/../common
else
$(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE): tool_extensions := $(TARGET_RELEASETOOLS_EXTENSIONS)
endif

(1).把built_ota_tools赋值给目标制定变量PRIVATE_OTA_TOOLS

(2)分别对PRIVATE_RECOVERY_API_VERSION, PRIVATE_RECOVERY_FSTAB_VERSION赋值,其中RECOVERY_API_VERSION , RECOVERY_FSTAB_VERSION这两个变量在bootable/recovery/Android.mk 中有定义:

RECOVERY_API_VERSION:= 3

RECOVERY_FSTAB_VERSION:= 2

(3)对tool_extensions赋值

# Depending on the various images guarantees that the underlying
# directories are up-to-date.
$(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE): \
		$(INSTALLED_BOOTIMAGE_TARGET) \
		$(INSTALLED_RADIOIMAGE_TARGET) \
		$(INSTALLED_RECOVERYIMAGE_TARGET) \
		$(INSTALLED_SYSTEMIMAGE) \
		$(INSTALLED_USERDATAIMAGE_TARGET) \
		$(INSTALLED_CACHEIMAGE_TARGET) \
		$(INSTALLED_VENDORIMAGE_TARGET) \
		$(INSTALLED_ANDROID_INFO_TXT_TARGET) \
		$(SELINUX_FC) \
		$(built_ota_tools) \
		$(APKCERTS_FILE) \
		$(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/fs_config \
		| $(ACP)

为目标添(out/…/obj/PACKAGING/ target-files_intermeidates/p92-target_files-eng.zip)加依赖,分为两种依赖,“|”前为普通依赖,即这些依赖(INSTALLED_BOOTIMAGE_TARGET)发生改变,maketarget时目标也要重新构建;“|”后为‘order-only’依赖,表示ACP这个变量若发生改变,而target已经存在时则不需要被重建,若第一次生成则需要重建。

ifeq ($(TARGET_USERIMAGES_USE_EXT4),true)
$(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE): $(INSTALLED_CACHEIMAGE_TARGET)
Endif

继续添加依赖 $(INSTALLED_CACHEIMAGE_TARGET)

@echo "Package target files: $@"
	$(hide) rm -rf $@ $(zip_root)
	$(hide) mkdir -p $(dir $@) $(zip_root)
	@# Components of the recovery image
	$(hide) mkdir -p $(zip_root)/RECOVERY
	$(hide) $(call package_files-copy-root, \
		$(TARGET_RECOVERY_ROOT_OUT),$(zip_root)/RECOVERY/RAMDISK)
ifdef INSTALLED_KERNEL_TARGET
	$(hide) $(ACP) $(INSTALLED_KERNEL_TARGET) $(zip_root)/RECOVERY/kernel
	$(hide) $(ACP) $(recovery_ramdisk) $(zip_root)/RECOVERY/ramdisk
ifeq ($(MTK_HEADER_SUPPORT),yes)
	$(hide) $(ACP) $(recovery_ramdisk_bthdr) $(zip_root)/RECOVERY/ramdisk-bthdr
endif
endif
ifdef INSTALLED_2NDBOOTLOADER_TARGET
	$(hide) $(ACP) \
		$(INSTALLED_2NDBOOTLOADER_TARGET) $(zip_root)/RECOVERY/second
endif
ifdef BOARD_KERNEL_CMDLINE
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_KERNEL_CMDLINE)" > $(zip_root)/RECOVERY/cmdline
endif
ifdef BOARD_KERNEL_BASE
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_KERNEL_BASE)" > $(zip_root)/RECOVERY/base
endif
ifdef BOARD_KERNEL_PAGESIZE
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_KERNEL_PAGESIZE)" > $(zip_root)/RECOVERY/pagesize
endif
ifdef BOARD_RAMDISK_OFFSET
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_RAMDISK_OFFSET)" > $(zip_root)/RECOVERY/ramdisk_offset
endif
ifdef BOARD_KERNEL_OFFSET
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_KERNEL_OFFSET)" > $(zip_root)/RECOVERY/kernel_offset
endif
ifdef BOARD_TAGS_OFFSET
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_TAGS_OFFSET)" > $(zip_root)/RECOVERY/tags_offset
endif
	$(hide) if [ -f $(PRODUCT_OUT)/custom_build_verno ]; then \
	          cat $(PRODUCT_OUT)/custom_build_verno > $(zip_root)/RECOVERY/board; \
	        fi

	@# Components of the boot image
	$(hide) mkdir -p $(zip_root)/BOOT
	$(hide) $(call package_files-copy-root, \
		$(TARGET_ROOT_OUT),$(zip_root)/BOOT/RAMDISK)
ifdef INSTALLED_KERNEL_TARGET
	$(hide) $(ACP) $(INSTALLED_KERNEL_TARGET) $(zip_root)/BOOT/kernel
	$(hide) $(ACP) $(INSTALLED_RAMDISK_TARGET) $(zip_root)/BOOT/ramdisk
endif
ifdef INSTALLED_2NDBOOTLOADER_TARGET
	$(hide) $(ACP) \
		$(INSTALLED_2NDBOOTLOADER_TARGET) $(zip_root)/BOOT/second
endif
ifdef BOARD_KERNEL_CMDLINE
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_KERNEL_CMDLINE)" > $(zip_root)/BOOT/cmdline
endif
ifdef BOARD_KERNEL_BASE
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_KERNEL_BASE)" > $(zip_root)/BOOT/base
endif
ifdef BOARD_RAMDISK_OFFSET
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_RAMDISK_OFFSET)" > $(zip_root)/BOOT/ramdisk_offset
endif
ifdef BOARD_KERNEL_OFFSET
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_KERNEL_OFFSET)" > $(zip_root)/BOOT/kernel_offset
endif
ifdef BOARD_TAGS_OFFSET
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_TAGS_OFFSET)" > $(zip_root)/BOOT/tags_offset
endif
ifdef BOARD_KERNEL_PAGESIZE
	$(hide) echo "$(BOARD_KERNEL_PAGESIZE)" > $(zip_root)/BOOT/pagesize
endif

	$(hide) if [ -f $(PRODUCT_OUT)/custom_build_verno ]; then \
	          cat $(PRODUCT_OUT)/custom_build_verno > $(zip_root)/BOOT/board; \
	        fi

	$(hide) $(foreach t,$(INSTALLED_RADIOIMAGE_TARGET),\
	            mkdir -p $(zip_root)/RADIO; \
	            $(ACP) $(t) $(zip_root)/RADIO/$(notdir $(t));)
	@# Contents of the system image
	$(hide) $(call package_files-copy-root, \
		$(SYSTEMIMAGE_SOURCE_DIR),$(zip_root)/SYSTEM)
	@# Contents of the data image
	$(hide) $(call package_files-copy-root, \
		$(TARGET_OUT_DATA),$(zip_root)/DATA)
	@# Contents of the apd image
	$(hide) $(call package_files-copy-root, \
		$(TARGET_OUT_APD),$(zip_root)/APD)
ifdef BOARD_VENDORIMAGE_FILE_SYSTEM_TYPE
	@# Contents of the vendor image
	$(hide) $(call package_files-copy-root, \
		$(TARGET_OUT_VENDOR),$(zip_root)/VENDOR)
endif
#wschen 2012-11-07
	$(if $(BOARD_CUSTOMIMAGE_PARTITION_SIZE), \
	$(hide) $(call package_files-copy-root, \
		$(TARGET_CUSTOM_OUT),$(zip_root)/CUSTOM))
	@# Extra contents of the OTA package
	$(hide) mkdir -p $(zip_root)/OTA/bin
	$(hide) $(ACP) $(INSTALLED_ANDROID_INFO_TXT_TARGET) $(zip_root)/OTA/
	$(hide) $(ACP) $(PRIVATE_OTA_TOOLS) $(zip_root)/OTA/bin/

上面内容主要是在zip_root目录下创建相应升级分区需要的目录,并把out目录下对应的文件copy到相应目录下。

如果需要添加一个新分区到ota中,则需要在上面做一些修改,可参考apd分区

@# Security information of the OTA package
	@echo "[SEC OTA] Adding Security information to OTA package"
	@echo "[SEC OTA] path : vendor/mediatek/proprietary/custom/$(MTK_BASE_PROJECT)/security/recovery/SEC_VER.txt"
	$(hide) $(ACP) vendor/mediatek/proprietary/custom/$(MTK_BASE_PROJECT)/security/recovery/SEC_VER.txt $(zip_root)/OTA/
	-$(hide) $(ACP) $(PRODUCT_OUT)/trustzone.bin $(zip_root)/OTA/
	@# Files that do not end up in any images, but are necessary to
	@# build them.
	$(hide) mkdir -p $(zip_root)/META
	$(hide) $(ACP) $(APKCERTS_FILE) $(zip_root)/META/apkcerts.txt
	$(hide) if test -e $(tool_extensions)/releasetools.py; then $(ACP) $(tool_extensions)/releasetools.py $(zip_root)/META/; fi
	$(hide)	echo "$(PRODUCT_OTA_PUBLIC_KEYS)" > $(zip_root)/META/otakeys.txt
	$(hide) echo "recovery_api_version=$(PRIVATE_RECOVERY_API_VERSION)" > $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
	$(hide) echo "fstab_version=$(PRIVATE_RECOVERY_FSTAB_VERSION)" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
fdef BOARD_FLASH_BLOCK_SIZE
	$(hide) echo "blocksize=$(BOARD_FLASH_BLOCK_SIZE)" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
endif
ifdef BOARD_BOOTIMAGE_PARTITION_SIZE
	$(hide) echo "boot_size=$(BOARD_BOOTIMAGE_PARTITION_SIZE)" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
endif
ifdef BOARD_RECOVERYIMAGE_PARTITION_SIZE
	$(hide) echo "recovery_size=$(BOARD_RECOVERYIMAGE_PARTITION_SIZE)" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
endif
ifdef TARGET_RECOVERY_FSTYPE_MOUNT_OPTIONS
	@# TARGET_RECOVERY_FSTYPE_MOUNT_OPTIONS can be empty to indicate that nothing but defaults should be used.
	$(hide) echo "recovery_mount_options=$(TARGET_RECOVERY_FSTYPE_MOUNT_OPTIONS)" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
else
	$(hide) echo "recovery_mount_options=$(DEFAULT_TARGET_RECOVERY_FSTYPE_MOUNT_OPTIONS)" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
endif
	$(hide) echo "tool_extensions=$(tool_extensions)" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
	$(hide) echo "default_system_dev_certificate=$(DEFAULT_KEY_CERT_PAIR)" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
ifdef PRODUCT_EXTRA_RECOVERY_KEYS
	$(hide) echo "extra_recovery_keys=$(PRODUCT_EXTRA_RECOVERY_KEYS)" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
endif
	$(hide) echo 'mkbootimg_args=$(BOARD_MKBOOTIMG_ARGS)' >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
	$(hide) echo "use_set_metadata=1" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
	$(hide) echo "multistage_support=1" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
	$(hide) echo "update_rename_support=1" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
	$(hide) echo "blockimgdiff_versions=1,2" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
ifeq ($(MTK_HEADER_SUPPORT),yes)
	$(hide) echo "mtk_header_support=1" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
endif
ifneq ($(OEM_THUMBPRINT_PROPERTIES),)
	# OTA scripts are only interested in fingerprint related properties
	$(hide) echo "oem_fingerprint_properties=$(OEM_THUMBPRINT_PROPERTIES)" >> $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt
endif
ifeq ($(TARGET_USERIMAGES_USE_UBIFS),true)
	$(call generate-ubifs-prop-dictionary, $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt)
endif
	$(call generate-userimage-prop-dictionary, $(zip_root)/META/misc_info.txt)
ifeq ($(TRUSTONIC_TEE_SUPPORT),yes)
	$(hide) ./build/tools/releasetools/make_recovery_patch $(zip_root) $(zip_root) $(PRODUCT_OUT)
else
	$(hide) ./build/tools/releasetools/make_recovery_patch $(zip_root) $(zip_root) $(TRUSTONIC_TEE_SUPPORT)
endif
ifeq ($(strip $(MTK_SECURITY_SW_SUPPORT)), yes)
	#security boot signature
	$(hide) $(SHELL) $(SECURITY_SIG_TOOL)
	$(hide) cp $(PRODUCT_OUT)/sig/boot.sig $(zip_root)/META/
	$(hide) cp $(PRODUCT_OUT)/sig/recovery.sig $(zip_root)/META/
	$(hide) cp $(PRODUCT_OUT)/sig/recovery.sig $(zip_root)/SYSTEM/etc/
Endif
    继续做一些copy文件的动作
@# Zip everything up, preserving symlinks
	$(hide) (cd $(zip_root) && zip -qry ../$(notdir $@) .)
	@# Run fs_config on all the system, vendor, boot ramdisk,
	@# and recovery ramdisk files in the zip, and save the output

把zip_root中的内容压缩成目标压缩包“zip –qry …/p92-target_files-eng.zip . “

$(hide) zipinfo -1 $@ | awk 'BEGIN { FS="SYSTEM/" } /^SYSTEM\// {print "system/" $$2}' | $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/fs_config -C -S $(SELINUX_FC) > $(zip_root)/META/filesystem_config.txt
	$(hide) zipinfo -1 $@ | awk 'BEGIN { FS="VENDOR/" } /^VENDOR\// {print "vendor/" $$2}' | $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/fs_config -C -S $(SELINUX_FC) > $(zip_root)/META/vendor_filesystem_config.txt
	$(hide) zipinfo -1 $@ | awk 'BEGIN { FS="APD/" } /^APD\// {print "apd/" $$2}' | $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/fs_config -C -S $(SELINUX_FC) > $(zip_root)/META/apd_filesystem_config.txt
	$(hide) zipinfo -1 $@ | awk 'BEGIN { FS="BOOT/RAMDISK/" } /^BOOT\/RAMDISK\// {print $$2}' | $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/fs_config -C -S $(SELINUX_FC) > $(zip_root)/META/boot_filesystem_config.txt
	$(hide) zipinfo -1 $@ | awk 'BEGIN { FS="RECOVERY/RAMDISK/" } /^RECOVERY\/RAMDISK\// {print $$2}' | $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/fs_config -C -S $(SELINUX_FC) > $(zip_root)/META/recovery_filesystem_config.txt
#wschen 2012-11-07
	$(if $(BOARD_CUSTOMIMAGE_PARTITION_SIZE), \
	$(hide) zipinfo -1 $@ | awk 'BEGIN { FS="CUSTOM/" } /^CUSTOM\// {print "custom/" $$2}' | $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/fs_config -C -S $(SELINUX_FC) > $(zip_root)/META/custom_filesystem_config.txt)

为需要ota升级的分区目录及其目录下的文件添加selinux权限,并把这些权限内容输出到

X_filesystem_config.txt文件中,如meta/apd_filesystem_config.txt:

     apd 0 0 755selabel=u:object_r:apd_file:s0 capabilities=0x0

apd/test.ini 0 2000 777selabel=u:object_r:apd_file:s0 capabilities=0x0

apd/apd.txt 0 2000 777selabel=u:object_r:apd_file:s0 capabilities=0x0

apd/apd.ini 0 2000 777selabel=u:object_r:apd_file:s0 capabilities=0x0

$(hide) (cd $(zip_root) && zip -q ../$(notdir $@) META/*filesystem_config.txt)

把这些*filesystem_config.txt文件一并放置目标压缩包中

$(hide) ./build/tools/releasetools/add_img_to_target_files -p $(HOST_OUT) $@

这个文件‘add_img_to_target_files.py’很重要,主要功能是生成一个images文件夹,存放着生成的各种img(包括需要添加至ota升级的分区),如下图。

如果需要把一个新分区添加至ota升级包中,这个文件则需要修改,可参考custom/vendor分区的添加方法
在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述

$(hide) ./build/tools/releasetools/replace_img_from_target_files.py $@ $(PRODUCT_OUT)

要了解这句话的主要目的,来看一下replace_img_from_target_files.py文件的注解:

/*

要了解这句话的主要目的,来看一下replace_img_from_target_files.py文件的注解:

“”"

Given a target-files zipfilethat does contain images (ie, does

have an IMAGES/ top-level subdirectory), replace the images to

the output dir.

Usage: replace_img_from_target_files target_files output

“”"

把目标压缩包out/target/product/ ( p r o j e c t ) / o b j / P A C K A G I N G / t a r g e t − f i l e s i n t e r m e i d a t e s / p 92 − t a r g e t f i l e s − e n g . z i p 中 的 i m a g e s / 路 径 下 的 各 个 i m g 输 出 到 o u t / t a r g e t / p r o d u c t / (project)/obj/PACKAGING/target-files_intermeidates/p92-target_files-eng.zip中的images/路径下的各个img输出到out/target/product/ (project)/obj/PACKAGING/targetfilesintermeidates/p92targetfileseng.zipimages/imgout/target/product/(project-name)/目录下。比如替换out…目录下原来的boot.img, system.img, apd.img等

*/

然后来看一下另外一个依赖:

DISTTOOLS :=  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/minigzip \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/mkbootfs \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/mkbootimg \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/fs_config \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/mkyaffs2image \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/zipalign \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/bsdiff \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/imgdiff \
	  $(HOST_OUT_JAVA_LIBRARIES)/dumpkey.jar \
	  $(HOST_OUT_JAVA_LIBRARIES)/signapk.jar \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/mkuserimg.sh \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/make_ext4fs \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/simg2img \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/e2fsck \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/build_verity_tree \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/verity_signer \
	  $(HOST_OUT_EXECUTABLES)/append2simg

其实就是定义disttools为:out/host/目录下的一些可执行文件.
.最后再跳到终极目标的cmd开始执行:

$(hide) MTK_SECURITY_SW_SUPPORT=$(MTK_SECURITY_SW_SUPPORT) MKBOOTIMG=$(MKBOOTIMG) \
	./build/tools/releasetools/ota_from_target_files -v \
	     --block \
	     -p $(HOST_OUT) \
	     -k $(KEY_CERT_PAIR) \
	     $(if $(OEM_OTA_CONFIG), -o $(OEM_OTA_CONFIG)) \
	     $(BUILT_TARGET_FILES_PACKAGE) $@<span style="color:#00b050;">
</span>

所以跳到ota_from_target_files python文件中,接下来就要看ota_from_target_files这个文件的作用了,

文章参考:
Android OTA升级(一)之Makefile文件分析

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