java 窗体程序swing

以下代码是修改他人的源码,增加一些注释。

利用以下的功能基本可以写一个小的窗体程序了。

package test2;

import java.awt.BorderLayout;
import java.awt.GridBagConstraints;
import java.awt.GridBagLayout;
import java.awt.GridLayout;
import java.awt.Insets;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

import javax.swing.AbstractAction;
import javax.swing.Action;
import javax.swing.BorderFactory;
import javax.swing.JButton;
import javax.swing.JComponent;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JLabel;
import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.JPanel;
import javax.swing.JPasswordField;
import javax.swing.JTextField;
import javax.swing.SwingUtilities;
import javax.swing.UIManager;

 
/**
 * @author Administrator
 *
 */
public class MyFrameTow extends JPanel {

	private static final String LABEL_USERNAME = "用户账号:";
	private static final String LABEL_PASSWORD = "用户密码:";

	private static final String LABEL_OK = "确定";
	private static final String LABEL_Cancel = "取消";

	private static final int FIELD_COLS = 20;

	private JTextField fieldUsername;
	private JPasswordField fieldPassword;

	private Action actionOK;
	private Action actionCancel;
	
	
	public static void main(String[] args) {

		SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
			@Override
			public void run() {
				try {
					UIManager.setLookAndFeel(UIManager.getSystemLookAndFeelClassName());
				} catch (Exception e) {
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
				JFrame test = new JFrame("欢迎进入本系统");
				test.setContentPane(new MyFrameTow());
				test.pack();
				test.setResizable(false);
				test.setLocationRelativeTo(null);
				test.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.DISPOSE_ON_CLOSE);
				test.setVisible(true);
			}
		});
	}



	MyFrameTow() {

		super(new BorderLayout(5, 5));
		assert SwingUtilities.isEventDispatchThread();
		// 文本框
		fieldUsername = new JTextField(FIELD_COLS);
		// 密码框
		fieldPassword = new JPasswordField(FIELD_COLS);

		actionOK = new AbstractAction(LABEL_OK) {
			@Override
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
				// @TODO to be implemented. 实现确认按钮的操作
				//TODO
				String text = fieldUsername.getText();
				if (text.isEmpty()) {
					JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "用户名不能为空!", "提示", JOptionPane.ERROR_MESSAGE);
					return;
				}
				
				JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, "这是一个假登录"+text, "提示", JOptionPane.ERROR_MESSAGE); 
			}
		};

		actionCancel = new AbstractAction(LABEL_Cancel) {
			@Override
			public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
				// @TODO to be implemented. 实现取消按钮的操作
				//退出程序
				System.exit(0);
			}
		};
		//  BorderLayout.NORTH 这是指定向北浮动
		add(layoutText(Arrays.asList( "第一行文字", "第二行文字", "第三行文字")), BorderLayout.NORTH);
		add(layoutFields(), BorderLayout.CENTER);
		add(layoutControl(), BorderLayout.SOUTH);

		setBorder(BorderFactory.createEmptyBorder(5, 5, 5, 5));
	}

	private JComponent layoutControl() {
		// 控件布局  
		JComponent result = new JPanel();
		// 这里是确认 和 取消的按钮
		result.add(new JButton(actionOK));
		result.add(new JButton(actionCancel));

		return result;
	}

	private JComponent layoutFields() {
		// 布局位置
		JComponent result = new JPanel(new GridBagLayout());
		GridBagConstraints gbc = new GridBagConstraints();

		gbc.gridx = 0;
		gbc.gridy = 0;
		//固定 向西
		gbc.anchor = GridBagConstraints.WEST;
		//是否填充 
		gbc.fill = GridBagConstraints.NONE;
		gbc.insets = new Insets(5, 5, 5, 5);
		//加入文字描述
		result.add(new JLabel(getBoldHTML(LABEL_USERNAME)), gbc);
		gbc.gridy++;
		result.add(new JLabel(getBoldHTML(LABEL_PASSWORD)), gbc);

		gbc.gridx++;
		gbc.gridy = 0;
		gbc.fill = GridBagConstraints.HORIZONTAL;
		result.add(fieldUsername, gbc);
		gbc.gridy++;
		result.add(fieldPassword, gbc);

		return result;
	}

	private JComponent layoutText(List<String> lines) {

		assert lines != null;

		JComponent result = new JPanel(new GridLayout(lines.size(), 1));
		for (String line : lines)
			result.add(new JLabel(line));

		result.setBorder(BorderFactory.createEmptyBorder(5, 10, 0, 10));
		return result;
	}

	private String getBoldHTML(String s) {
		// 设置字体的大小粗细
		return "<html><b>" + s + "</b></html>";
	}
}


这里是打包jar 的教程: http://blog.csdn.net/qq_27292113/article/details/54632963

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