JAVA --Office文件转换为PPT及PPT文件转换成图片 --支持.docx .xlsx .pptx (使用OpenOffice)

JAVA --Office文件转换为PPT及PPT文件转换成图片 --支持.docx .xlsx .pptx 使用OpenOffice


第二更,开发项目的时候遇到很这个需求,要把word、excel、ppt转换成图片,我也是借鉴了很多前辈的代码,亲测可用。一来分享给大家,二来我自己的记性也不太好,需要的时候留给自己翻看。废话不多说,直接上代码。

Maven依赖

		   <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.pdfbox</groupId>
            <artifactId>pdfbox</artifactId>
            <version>2.0.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.artofsolving</groupId>
            <artifactId>jodconverter</artifactId>
            <version>2.2.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.openoffice</groupId>
            <artifactId>juh</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.openoffice</groupId>
            <artifactId>jurt</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.openoffice</groupId>
            <artifactId>ridl</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.openoffice</groupId>
            <artifactId>unoil</artifactId>
            <version>3.2.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.1</version>
        </dependency>

我是在springboot环境下搭建的,这里的 jodconverter maven中央仓库最高版本是2.2.1,好像对office2017版的支持不太好,我找了很久找到了2.2.2版本的,这里也分享给大家,当然你也可以把版本写改成2.2.1

链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1jjyL5w90qsNWpWrgTbOFRg
提取码:pmvt

然后把下载的jar包安装到本地maven仓库中,windows下cmd运行下面的命令

mvn install:install-file -Dfile=${filePath} -DgroupId=com.artofsolving -DartifactId=jodconverter -Dversion=2.2.2 -Dpackaging=jar

其中‘filePath‘为jar包所在路径

下载 Apache_OpenOffice_4.1.2并安装

本来想去官网下载的,无奈网络太烂了,只能网上随便找了个版本,安装一路下一步,我是安装到了C:\Program Files (x86)\OpenOffice 4下。当然linux环境也有安装包。

唯一Id生成器

传说中的雪花算法生成器,本人不太喜欢用UUID,感觉这个用起来不错,粘过去直接用吧(我也看不太懂)

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import java.lang.management.ManagementFactory;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.NetworkInterface;

@Component
public class IdWorker {

    private final static long twepoch = 1288834974657L;

    private final static long workerIdBits = 5L;

    private final static long datacenterIdBits = 5L;

    private final static long maxWorkerId = -1L ^ (-1L << workerIdBits);

    private final static long maxDatacenterId = -1L ^ (-1L << datacenterIdBits);

    private final static long sequenceBits = 12L;

    private final static long workerIdShift = sequenceBits;

    private final static long datacenterIdShift = sequenceBits + workerIdBits;

    private final static long timestampLeftShift = sequenceBits + workerIdBits + datacenterIdBits;

    private final static long sequenceMask = -1L ^ (-1L << sequenceBits);

    private static long lastTimestamp = -1L;

    private long sequence = 0L;

    private final long workerId;
    // 数据标识id部分
    private final long datacenterId;

    public IdWorker(){
        this.datacenterId = getDatacenterId(maxDatacenterId);
        this.workerId = getMaxWorkerId(datacenterId, maxWorkerId);
    }

    public IdWorker(long workerId, long datacenterId) {
        if (workerId > maxWorkerId || workerId < 0) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(String.format("worker Id can't be greater than %d or less than 0", maxWorkerId));
        }
        if (datacenterId > maxDatacenterId || datacenterId < 0) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(String.format("datacenter Id can't be greater than %d or less than 0", maxDatacenterId));
        }
        this.workerId = workerId;
        this.datacenterId = datacenterId;
    }

    public synchronized long nextId() {
        long timestamp = timeGen();
        if (timestamp < lastTimestamp) {
            throw new RuntimeException(String.format("Clock moved backwards.  Refusing to generate id for %d milliseconds", lastTimestamp - timestamp));
        }

        if (lastTimestamp == timestamp) {
            sequence = (sequence + 1) & sequenceMask;
            if (sequence == 0) {
                timestamp = tilNextMillis(lastTimestamp);
            }
        } else {
            sequence = 0L;
        }
        lastTimestamp = timestamp;
        long nextId = ((timestamp - twepoch) << timestampLeftShift)
                | (datacenterId << datacenterIdShift)
                | (workerId << workerIdShift) | sequence;

        return nextId;
    }

    private long tilNextMillis(final long lastTimestamp) {
        long timestamp = this.timeGen();
        while (timestamp <= lastTimestamp) {
            timestamp = this.timeGen();
        }
        return timestamp;
    }

    private long timeGen() {
        return System.currentTimeMillis();
    }

    protected static long getMaxWorkerId(long datacenterId, long maxWorkerId) {
        StringBuffer mpid = new StringBuffer();
        mpid.append(datacenterId);
        String name = ManagementFactory.getRuntimeMXBean().getName();
        if (!name.isEmpty()) {

            mpid.append(name.split("@")[0]);
        }

        return (mpid.toString().hashCode() & 0xffff) % (maxWorkerId + 1);
    }

    protected static long getDatacenterId(long maxDatacenterId) {
        long id = 0L;
        try {
            InetAddress ip = InetAddress.getLocalHost();
            NetworkInterface network = NetworkInterface.getByInetAddress(ip);
            if (network == null) {
                id = 1L;
            } else {
                byte[] mac = network.getHardwareAddress();
                id = ((0x000000FF & (long) mac[mac.length - 1])
                        | (0x0000FF00 & (((long) mac[mac.length - 2]) << 8))) >> 6;
                id = id % (maxDatacenterId + 1);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println(" getDatacenterId: " + e.getMessage());
        }
        return id;
    }
}

转换类

import com.artofsolving.jodconverter.DocumentConverter;
import com.artofsolving.jodconverter.openoffice.connection.OpenOfficeConnection;
import com.artofsolving.jodconverter.openoffice.connection.SocketOpenOfficeConnection;
import com.artofsolving.jodconverter.openoffice.converter.OpenOfficeDocumentConverter;
import com.vergil.officedemo.utils.IdWorker;
import org.apache.commons.io.FileUtils;
import org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.PDDocument;
import org.apache.pdfbox.pdmodel.PDPageTree;
import org.apache.pdfbox.rendering.PDFRenderer;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;

@Component
public class TransformOffice2Image {
    //唯一Id生成工具
    private final IdWorker idWorker;

    //日志打印,由于是非阻塞的,性能比<code>System.out.println();</code>要好
    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(TransformOffice2Image.class);

    @Autowired
    public TransformOffice2Image(IdWorker idWorker) {
        this.idWorker = idWorker;
    }

    /**
     * 将office文件转换为pdf文件
     *
     * @param officePath office文件的路径,参数的非空校验我就不做了
     * @param dirPath    文件存放位置
     * @return 生成的pdf文件路径
     */
    public String transformOffice2Pdf(String officePath, String dirPath) {
        //创建一个唯一的临时文件夹来存放生成的文件
        String tempDirPath = dirPath + "/" + idWorker.nextId() + "/";
        String pdfPath = null;
        Process process = null;
        OpenOfficeConnection connection = null;
        try {
            //强制创建文件夹,apache的io-commons工具类就是好用
            FileUtils.forceMkdir(new File(tempDirPath));
            pdfPath = tempDirPath + idWorker.nextId() + ".pdf";
            //soffice.exe为OpenOffice的执行文件,端口8100最好不要改
            String command = "C:/Program Files (x86)/OpenOffice 4/program/soffice.exe -headless -accept=\"socket,host=127.0.0.1,port=8100;urp;\"";
            //执行这条命令,相当于在Windows的cmd里面执行
            process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(command);
            connection = new SocketOpenOfficeConnection("127.0.0.1", 8100);
            //建立连接
            connection.connect();
            DocumentConverter converter = new OpenOfficeDocumentConverter(connection);
            //开始转换
            converter.convert(new File(officePath), new File(pdfPath));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            logger.error("Office转换异常", e);
        } finally {
            //最后别忘了关连接
            connection.disconnect();
            process.destroy();
        }
        return pdfPath;
    }

    /**
     * @param pdfPath pdf文件路径
     * @param dirPath 生成的图片存放路径
     */
    public void transformPdf2Image(String pdfPath, String dirPath) {
        // 创建一个唯一的临时文件夹来存放生成的文件
        String tempDirPath = dirPath + "/" + idWorker.nextId() + "/";
        PDDocument document = null;
        try {
            FileUtils.forceMkdir(new File(tempDirPath));
            //加载Pdf文件
            document= PDDocument.load(new File(pdfPath));
            PDFRenderer renderer = new PDFRenderer(document);
            if (document != null) {
                PDPageTree pages = document.getPages();
                int startPage = 0;
                int len = pages.getCount();
                if (startPage < len) {
                    for (int i = startPage; i < len; i++) {
                        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
                        //按照页码生成图片名
                        sb.append(tempDirPath).append("page-").append(i + 1).append(".png");
                        String imagePath = sb.toString();
                        BufferedImage image = renderer.renderImage(i);
                        ImageIO.write(image, "png", new File(imagePath));
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
           logger.error("转换PDF异常",e);
        } finally {
            try {
                //最后别忘了关文档
                document.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                logger.error("关闭PDF异常",e);
            }
        }
    }
}

有什么疑问可以加我qq:540814390,大家一起来交流。

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