java后台生成echarts图片

echarts-Java.rar

Java后台生成echarts需要的js库: 包括echarts.min.js echarts-convert.js jquery.min.js phantomjs

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写在前面的避坑指南:

命令一定要写绝对路径 ! 不然电脑cmd命令行测试执行能成功 Java里执行找不到路径:

Cannot run program "phantomjs": CreateProcess error=2, 系统找不到指定的文件

用到的js库

PhantomJS是一个基于webkit的JavaScript API。它使用QtWebKit作为它核心浏览器的功能,使用webkit来编译解释执行JavaScript代码。任何你可以在基于webkit浏览器做的事情,它都能做到。它不仅是个隐形的浏览器,提供了诸如CSS选择器、支持Web标准、DOM操作、JSON、HTML5、Canvas、SVG等,同时也提供了处理文件I/O的操作,从而使你可以向操作系统读写文件等。PhantomJS的用处可谓非常广泛,诸如网络监测、网页截屏、无需浏览器的 Web 测试、页面访问自动化等。

 

windwos为例:

  1. 下载phantomjs的windows版本--> 解压--> 配置path环境变量--> cmd 输入"phantomjs --version" 出现版本号. 成功!
  2. 下载 echarts.min.js,    echarts-convert.js;    jquery.min.js  放到同一目录下

 

 

Java代码: 

import java.io.*;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.util.Base64;
import java.util.UUID;

/**
 * @description:
 * @author: lhz
 * @time: 2020/3/25 10:32
 */
public class EchartsTest {

    private static final String JSpath = "C:\\soft\\echarts\\echarts-convert.js";

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        String options = "{\"title\":{\"text\":\"销售图\",\"subtext\":\"销售统计\",\"x\":\"left\"},\"toolbox\": {\"feature\": {\"saveAsImage\": {\"show\": true,}}},\"tooltip\": {\"show\": true},\"legend\": {\"data\":['销量']},\"xAxis\" : [{ \"type\" : \"category\",\"data\" : [\"衬衫\",\"羊毛衫\",\"雪纺衫\",\"裤子\",\"高跟鞋\",\"袜子\"]}],\"yAxis\" : [{\"type\" : \"value\"}],\"series\" : [{\"name\":\"销量\",\"type\":\"bar\",\"data\":[5, 20, 40, 10, 10, 20]}]}";
        String picPath = generateEChart(options);
        System.out.println(encryptToBase64(picPath));

    }

    /*
     * 主程序
     */
    public static  String generateEChart(String options) {
        String dataPath = writeFile(options);
        String fileName= UUID.randomUUID().toString() + ".png";
        String path = "C:/soft/" +fileName;
        try {
            File file = new File(path);     //文件路径
            if (!file.exists()) {
                File dir = new File(file.getParent());
                dir.mkdirs();
                file.createNewFile();
            }
            String cmd = "C:\\soft\\phantomjs-2.1.1-windows\\bin\\phantomjs " + JSpath + " -infile " + dataPath + " -outfile " + path;//生成命令行
            Process process = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
            BufferedReader input = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(process.getInputStream()));
            String line = "";
            while ((line = input.readLine()) != null) {
            }
            input.close();

        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }finally{

        }
        return path;
    }

    /*
     *
     * options生成文件存储
     */
    public static String writeFile(String options) {
        String dataPath="C:\\soft\\echarts\\bar.json";
        try {
            /* option写入文本文件 用于执行命令*/
            File writename = new File(dataPath);
            if (!writename.exists()) {
                File dir = new File(writename.getParent());
                dir.mkdirs();
                writename.createNewFile(); //
            }
            BufferedWriter out = new BufferedWriter(new FileWriter(writename));
            out.write(options);
            out.flush(); // 把缓存区内容压入文件
            out.close(); // 最后关闭文件
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return dataPath;
    }


    public static String encryptToBase64(String filePath) {
        if (filePath == null) {
            return null;
        }
        try {
            byte[] b = Files.readAllBytes(Paths.get(filePath));
            return Base64.getEncoder().encodeToString(b);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return null;
    }

}

 

echarts-convert.js源码:

(function () {
var system = require('system');
var fs = require('fs');
var config = {
    // define the location of js files
    JQUERY: 'jquery.min.js',
    //ESL: 'esl.js',
    ECHARTS: 'echarts.min.js',
    // default container width and height
    DEFAULT_WIDTH: '600',
    DEFAULT_HEIGHT: '700'
}, parseParams, render, pick, usage;

usage = function () {
    console.log("\nUsage: phantomjs echarts-convert.js -options options -outfile filename -width width -height height"
        + "OR"
        + "Usage: phantomjs echarts-convert.js -infile URL -outfile filename -width width -height height\n");
};

pick = function () {
    var args = arguments, i, arg, length = args.length;
    for (i = 0; i < length; i += 1) {
        arg = args[i];
        if (arg !== undefined && arg !== null && arg !== 'null' && arg != '0') {
            return arg;
        }
    }
};

parseParams = function () {
    var map = {}, i, key;
    if (system.args.length < 2) {
        usage();
        phantom.exit();
    }
    for (i = 0; i < system.args.length; i += 1) {
        if (system.args[i].charAt(0) === '-') {
            key = system.args[i].substr(1, i.length);
            if (key === 'infile') {
                // get string from file
                // force translate the key from infile to options.
                key = 'options';
                try {
                    map[key] = fs.read(system.args[i + 1]).replace(/^\s+/, '');
                } catch (e) {
                    console.log('Error: cannot find file, ' + system.args[i + 1]);
                    phantom.exit();
                }
            } else {
                map[key] = system.args[i + 1].replace(/^\s+/, '');
            }
        }
    }
    return map;
};

render = function (params) {
    var page = require('webpage').create(), createChart;

    var bodyMale = config.SVG_MALE;
    page.onConsoleMessage = function (msg) {
        console.log(msg);
    };

    page.onAlert = function (msg) {
        console.log(msg);
    };

    createChart = function (inputOption, width, height,config) {
        var counter = 0;
        function decrementImgCounter() {
            counter -= 1;
            if (counter < 1) {
                console.log(messages.imagesLoaded);
            }
        }

        function loadScript(varStr, codeStr) {
            var script = $('<script>').attr('type', 'text/javascript');
            script.html('var ' + varStr + ' = ' + codeStr);
            document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script[0]);
            if (window[varStr] !== undefined) {
                console.log('Echarts.' + varStr + ' has been parsed');
            }
        }

        function loadImages() {
            var images = $('image'), i, img;
            if (images.length > 0) {
                counter = images.length;
                for (i = 0; i < images.length; i += 1) {
                    img = new Image();
                    img.onload = img.onerror = decrementImgCounter;
                    img.src = images[i].getAttribute('href');
                }
            } else {
                console.log('The images have been loaded');
            }
        }
        // load opitons
        if (inputOption != 'undefined') {
            // parse the options
            loadScript('options', inputOption);
            // disable the animation
            options.animation = false;
        }

        // we render the image, so we need set background to white.
        $(document.body).css('backgroundColor', 'white');
        var container = $("<div>").appendTo(document.body);
        container.attr('id', 'container');
        container.css({
            width: width,
            height: height
        });
        // render the chart
        var myChart = echarts.init(container[0]);
        myChart.setOption(options);
        // load images
        loadImages();
        return myChart.getDataURL();
    };

    // parse the params
    page.open("about:blank", function (status) {
        // inject the dependency js
        page.injectJs(config.ESL);
        page.injectJs(config.JQUERY);
        page.injectJs(config.ECHARTS);


        var width = pick(params.width, config.DEFAULT_WIDTH);
        var height = pick(params.height, config.DEFAULT_HEIGHT);

        // create the chart
        var base64 = page.evaluate(createChart, params.options, width, height,config);
        fs.write("base64.txt",base64);
        // define the clip-rectangle
        page.clipRect = {
            top: 0,
            left: 0,
            width: width,

            height: height
        };
        // render the image
        page.render(params.outfile);
        console.log('render complete:' + params.outfile);
        // exit
        phantom.exit();
    });
};
// get the args
var params = parseParams();

// validate the params
if (params.options === undefined || params.options.length === 0) {
    console.log("ERROR: No options or infile found.");
    usage();
    phantom.exit();
}
// set the default out file
if (params.outfile === undefined) {
    var tmpDir = fs.workingDirectory + '/tmp';
    // exists tmpDir and is it writable?
    if (!fs.exists(tmpDir)) {
        try {
            fs.makeDirectory(tmpDir);
        } catch (e) {
            console.log('ERROR: Cannot make tmp directory');
        }
    }
    params.outfile = tmpDir + "/" + new Date().getTime() + ".png";
}

// render the image
render(params);
}());

 

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