CountDownTimer的使用

今天突然要写了个启动页后边广告页面就整理了下,这倒计时类,记得倒计时能用很多方法写,今天就总结下这个


Android中有个countDownTimer类,从名字上就可以看出来,它的功能是记录下载时间,将后台线程的创建和Handler队列封装成为了一个方便的调用。‘’

CountDownTimer由系统提供
查资料的时候 发现了CountDownTimer这个类之后 果断抛弃了以前的倒计时做法
功能:
30秒倒计时 每次间隔1秒
参数:
mc.start();方法开始
mc.cancel();方法结束
new MyCountDownTimer(30000, 1000); 第一个参数表示 总的时间为30000毫秒,间隔1000毫秒

直接上代码:

public class MainActivity extends Activity { 

  private MyCountDownTimer mc; 
  private TextView tv; 

  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) { 
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState); 
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main); 
    tv = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.show); 
    mc = new MyCountDownTimer(30000, 1000); 
    mc.start(); 
  } 

  public void oncancel(View view) { 
    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "取消", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();// toast有显示时间延迟 
    mc.cancel(); 
  } 

  public void restart(View view) { 
    Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "重新开始", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();// toast有显示时间延迟 
    mc.start(); 
  } 

  /** 
   * 继承 CountDownTimer 防范 
   * 
   * 重写 父类的方法 onTick() 、 onFinish() 
   */

  class MyCountDownTimer extends CountDownTimer { 
    /** 
     * 
     * @param millisInFuture 
     *      表示以毫秒为单位 倒计时的总数 
     * 
     *      例如 millisInFuture=1000 表示1秒 
     * 
     * @param countDownInterval 
     *      表示 间隔 多少微秒 调用一次 onTick 方法 
     * 
     *      例如: countDownInterval =1000 ; 表示每1000毫秒调用一次onTick() 
     * 
     */
    public MyCountDownTimer(long millisInFuture, long countDownInterval) { 
      super(millisInFuture, countDownInterval); 
    } 

    @Override
    public void onFinish() { 
      tv.setText("done"); 
    } 

    @Override
    public void onTick(long millisUntilFinished) { 
      Log.i("MainActivity", millisUntilFinished + ""); 
      tv.setText("倒计时(" + millisUntilFinished / 1000 + ")..."); 
    } 
  } 
} 

布局文件

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
  xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="match_parent"
  android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
  android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
  android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
  android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
  tools:context=".MainActivity" > 

  <TextView
    android:id="@+id/show"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:text="@string/hello_world" /> 

  <Button
    android:id="@+id/button1"
    android:onClick="oncancel"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/show"
    android:layout_below="@+id/show"
    android:layout_marginLeft="50dp"
    android:layout_marginTop="106dp"
    android:text="cancel" /> 

  <Button
    android:id="@+id/button2"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/button1"
    android:layout_below="@+id/button1"
    android:layout_marginTop="63dp"
    android:onClick="restart"
    android:text="restart" /> 

</RelativeLayout> 

附:
CountDownTimer源码:

/* 
 * Copyright (C) 2008 The Android Open Source Project 
 * 
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); 
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. 
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at 
 * 
 *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 
 * 
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software 
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, 
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. 
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and 
 * limitations under the License. 
 */ 

package android.os; 

import android.util.Log; 

/** 
 * Schedule a countdown until a time in the future, with 
 * regular notifications on intervals along the way. 
 * 
 * Example of showing a 30 second countdown in a text field: 
 * 
 * 
 * new CountDownTimer(30000, 1000) { 
 * 
 *   public void onTick(long millisUntilFinished) { 
 *     mTextField.setText("seconds remaining: " + millisUntilFinished / 1000); 
 *   } 
 * 
 *   public void onFinish() { 
 *     mTextField.setText("done!"); 
 *   } 
 * }.start(); 
 * 
 * 
 * The calls to {@link #onTick(long)} are synchronized to this object so that 
 * one call to {@link #onTick(long)} won't ever occur before the previous 
 * callback is complete. This is only relevant when the implementation of 
 * {@link #onTick(long)} takes an amount of time to execute that is significant 
 * compared to the countdown interval. 
 */ 
public abstract class CountDownTimer { 

  /** 
   * Millis since epoch when alarm should stop. 
   */ 
  private final long mMillisInFuture; 

  /** 
   * The interval in millis that the user receives callbacks 
   */ 
  private final long mCountdownInterval; 

  private long mStopTimeInFuture; 

  /** 
   * @param millisInFuture The number of millis in the future from the call 
   *  to {@link #start()} until the countdown is done and {@link #onFinish()} 
   *  is called. 
   * @param countDownInterval The interval along the way to receive 
   *  {@link #onTick(long)} callbacks. 
   */ 
  public CountDownTimer(long millisInFuture, long countDownInterval) { 
    mMillisInFuture = millisInFuture; 
    mCountdownInterval = countDownInterval; 
  } 

  /** 
   * Cancel the countdown. 
   */ 
  public final void cancel() { 
    mHandler.removeMessages(MSG); 
  } 

  /** 
   * Start the countdown. 
   */ 
  public synchronized final CountDownTimer start() { 
    if (mMillisInFuture <= 0) { 
      onFinish(); 
      return this; 
    } 
    mStopTimeInFuture = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() + mMillisInFuture; 
    mHandler.sendMessage(mHandler.obtainMessage(MSG)); 
    return this; 
  } 


  /** 
   * Callback fired on regular interval. 
   * @param millisUntilFinished The amount of time until finished. 
   */ 
  public abstract void onTick(long millisUntilFinished); 

  /** 
   * Callback fired when the time is up. 
   */
  public abstract void onFinish(); 


  private static final int MSG = 1; 


  // handles counting down 
  private Handler mHandler = new Handler() { 

    @Override
    public void handleMessage(Message msg) { 

      synchronized (CountDownTimer.this) { 
        final long millisLeft = mStopTimeInFuture - SystemClock.elapsedRealtime(); 

        if (millisLeft <= 0) { 
          onFinish(); 
        } else if (millisLeft < mCountdownInterval) { 
          // no tick, just delay until done 
          sendMessageDelayed(obtainMessage(MSG), millisLeft); 
        } else { 
          long lastTickStart = SystemClock.elapsedRealtime(); 
          onTick(millisLeft); 

          // take into account user's onTick taking time to execute 
          long delay = lastTickStart + mCountdownInterval - SystemClock.elapsedRealtime(); 

          // special case: user's onTick took more than interval to 
          // complete, skip to next interval 
          while (delay < 0) delay += mCountdownInterval; 

          sendMessageDelayed(obtainMessage(MSG), delay); 
        } 
      } 
    } 
  }; 
} 

那么PhotoView和ViewPager的坑什么时候填呢,天啊,哈哈哈下周可是要发版本 的,还有个功能没写呢

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