SSM整合

建立springmvc项目,先跑起来,再整合spring和mybatis


一.SpringMVC建立


1.新建maven工程,安装tomcat

2.导入pom

  		<!-- springmvc -->
        <dependency>
		    <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
		    <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
		    <version>4.1.3.RELEASE</version>
	    </dependency>

3.webapp下建立如下文件

web-inf的内容如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xmlns:web="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd" xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd" version="3.0">
  
	<display-name>spring_maven</display-name>
	<welcome-file-list>
		<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>
	</welcome-file-list>

	<!-- 配置DispatcherServlet -->
	<servlet>
		<servlet-name>ssm1</servlet-name>
		<servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
		<!-- 自定义servlet.xml配置文件的位置和名称,默认为WEB-INF目录下,
			名称为[<servlet-name>]-servlet.xml,此处不定义,则为ssm1.xml-->
		<init-param>
			<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
			<param-value>classpath:springmvc-servlet.xml</param-value>
		</init-param>
		<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
	</servlet>
	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>ssm1</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>

</web-app>

4.main/resources下建立,如下三个xml文件

分别为mybatis的配置文件,spring的配置文件,springmvc的配置文件,此处暂时只写springmvc-servlet的内容,剩下两个等说到的时候再填充。springmvc-servlet的内容为:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
    xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd  
            http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd  
            http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd  
            http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-3.0.xsd">

	 <!-- 让扫描spring扫描这个包下所有的类,让标注spring注解的类生效 -->
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.bd"/>
	
	<!-- 开启注解 -->
	<mvc:annotation-driven />
	
	<!-- 配置视图解析器 -->
	<bean
		class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
		<!-- 前缀 -->
		<property name="prefix" value="/views/"></property>
		<!-- 后缀 -->
		<property name="suffix" value=".jsp"></property>
	</bean>

    <!--释放静态资源  -->
	<mvc:default-servlet-handler/>

</beans>

到此为止,springmvc已经完成,此时可以跑一下springmvc,看是否出现问题


springmvc的测试


1.在main/java下建立以下四个包

并在controller包中建立一个UserController类,用于测试springmvc

pojo:实体类(用于映射数据库中的字段)

dao:数据访问层(规定接口,用于定义访问数据库中的方法)

service:操作数据访问层,返回处理后的数据给controller层

controller:控制器(功能类似于servlet,位于web层和service层之间)

 

UserController.java:

package com.bd.controller;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

@Controller
public class UserController {

	@RequestMapping("/test")
	public ModelAndView test1() {
		System.out.println("this is userTest");
		return null;
	}
}

 

2. webapp/index.jsp如下:

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"
    pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Insert title here</title>
</head>
<body>
	<a href="test">To test</a>
</body>
</html>

3.测试结果如下


二.集成spring


1.导入pom文件

由于maven会自动导入相关联的包,在导入spring-mvc的jar包的时候,spring的基本包都已经集成上去,故此处不需要导入

2.扩充web.xml中的内容,将spring继承进web.xml中

	<!-- 加载spring核心文件 -->
  	<listener>
		<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
	</listener>
  
	<!-- 指定Spring Bean的配置文件所在目录。默认配置在WEB-INF目录下 -->
	<context-param>
	    <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
	    <param-value>classpath:spring-context.xml</param-value>
	</context-param>
	
	<!--中文乱码  -->
   <filter>
    <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
    <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>encoding</param-name>
      <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <init-param>
    	<param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
    	<param-value>true</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping>

 

3.在spring-context.xml中开启注解,spring-context.xml内容:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	   xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx 
	    http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd"> 
            
	<!--开启注解自动生成bean  -->
	<context:component-scan base-package="com.bd"/>

</beans>  

spring的集成暂时完成,等下需要将mybatis集成进spring中时,再进一步进行配置


测试spring


1.在main/java下建立UserService.java

package com.bd.service;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

@Service
public class UserService {
	
	public void test() {
		System.out.println("this is UserService");
	}

}

将UserController中的内容更改为

package com.bd.controller;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

import com.bd.service.UserService;

@Controller
public class UserController {
	
	@Autowired
	UserService userService;
	
	@RequestMapping("/test")
	public ModelAndView test1() {
		System.out.println("this is userTest");
		userService.test();
		return null;
	}
}

测试结果:

    

此时spring已经成功集成,现在只剩下最后的mybatis


三.MyBatis的集成


1.导入pom.xml文件

	    <!-- spring-mybatis整合包 -->
	    <dependency>
		    <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
		    <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
		    <version>1.3.1</version>
		</dependency>
		
		<!-- mybatis相关包 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
			<artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
			<version>3.2.8</version>
		</dependency>
		
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
			<version>4.1.3.RELEASE</version>
		</dependency>
	  
	  <!-- 导入mysql连接 -->
	   	<dependency>
			<groupId>mysql</groupId>
			<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
			<version>5.1.9</version>
		</dependency>

2.在spring中整合mybatis,即在spring-context.xml添加如下内容

	<!--加载外界文件  -->
	<context:property-placeholder location="classpath:jdbc.properties"/>
	<bean name="dataSource" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource">
	    <property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
	    <property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
	    <property name="username" value="${jdbc.user}"/>
	    <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>
	</bean>
	
	<!-- 读取mybatis文件 -->
	<!-- 配置SqlSessionFactory -->
	<bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
	    <!--mybatis和数据库连接   注入数据源  -->
		<property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
		
		<!--读取mybatis的总配置  -->
		<property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml"></property>
		<!-- 类型别名扫描包 -->
		<property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.bd.pojo"></property>
		<!--配置文件和接口分离  -->
		<property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:*/*.xml"></property>
	</bean>
	
	<!--mapper.xml  -->
	<!-- 配置接口-->
	<bean id="userMapper" class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperFactoryBean">
		<property name="mapperInterface" value="com.bd.dao.UserDao" />
		<property name="sqlSessionFactory" ref="sqlSessionFactory" />
	</bean>	

2.1 在dao包和pojo包下分别建立UserDao.java接口和User.java类(注意,一个是接口,一个是类)

UserDao.java

package com.bd.dao;

import com.bd.pojo.User;

public interface UserDao {
	User getUser(String username);
}

User.java

package com.bd.pojo;

public class User {
	int id;
	String username;
	String password;
	
	
	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "User [id=" + id + ", username=" + username + ", password=" + password + "]";
	}
	public int getId() {
		return id;
	}
	public void setId(int id) {
		this.id = id;
	}
	public String getUsername() {
		return username;
	}
	public void setUsername(String username) {
		this.username = username;
	}
	public String getPassword() {
		return password;
	}
	public void setPassword(String password) {
		this.password = password;
	}

}

2.2 新建一个mapper文件夹,在里面配置UserDao的实现:UserDao.xml,并在main/resources下新建jdbc.properties文件

UserDao.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper
  PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
  "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
  
<mapper namespace="com.bd.dao.UserDao">
    <select id="getUser" resultType="User">
         select * from user where username=#{username}
    </select>
</mapper>

jdbc.properties

jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8
jdbc.user=root
jdbc.password=123456

 

3.配置mybatis-config.xml文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
  PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
  "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
  
</configuration>

此时编译一下,启动servlet,看是否有问题,若问题,此时最基本的ssm框架已经搭建成功,简单调试一下即可


Mabatis测试


1.建立test数据库,并添加一张user表,如下:

2.修改UserService中的代码

package com.bd.service;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import com.bd.dao.UserDao;
import com.bd.pojo.User;

@Service
public class UserService {
	
	@Autowired
	UserDao userDao;
	
	public void test() {
		User user=userDao.getUser("aaa");
		System.out.println(user);
	}

}

3.测试结果如下:

 


四.其他


1.mybatis.config实现分页,开启二级缓存,开启驼峰法

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
  PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
  "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>
  <settings>
  <!-- 驼峰法   只能是数据库是带下划线的时候可以匹配pojo不带下划线的字段 -->
     <setting name="mapUnderscoreToCamelCase" value="true"/>
     <!-- 开启二级缓存 -->
      <setting name="cacheEnabled" value="true"/>
  </settings>
  <plugins>
    <!-- com.github.pagehelper为PageHelper类所在包名 -->
    <plugin interceptor="com.github.pagehelper.PageInterceptor">
    </plugin>
  </plugins>
</configuration>

2.log4j.properties

log4j.rootLogger=DEBUG,A1
log4j.logger.org.mybatis=DEBUG
log4j.appender.A1=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.A1.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.A1.layout.ConversionPattern =%-d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss,SSS} %m%n

3.添加事务(spring-context.xml添加下列代码)

	<!-- 数据源事务管理平台   可以管理不同的数据库  -->
	<bean name="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
	      <!-- 注入相应的数据源 -->
	      <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
	</bean>

	<!-- 开启事务注解标签 -->
	<tx:annotation-driven/>

并在service层中需要加强的函数上,添加

@Transactional

4.pom文件

  <dependencies>
	    <!--jstl、servlet-api、-->
        <!-- jstl -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>jstl</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- servlet-api -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
            <version>3.1.0</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- jsp-api -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet.jsp</groupId>
            <artifactId>jsp-api</artifactId>
            <version>2.0</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- Jackson Json处理工具包 springmvc 处理json数据的 -->
		<dependency>
		    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
		    <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
		    <version>2.7.2</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
		    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
		    <artifactId>jackson-core</artifactId>
		    <version>2.7.2</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
		    <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
		    <artifactId>jackson-annotations</artifactId>
		    <version>2.7.2</version>
		</dependency>


     <!-- 日志 -->
     <dependency>
	    <groupId>log4j</groupId>
	    <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
	    <version>1.2.17</version>
	</dependency>
	<!-- 日志包依赖 -->
	<dependency>
	    <groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
	    <artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
	    <version>1.2</version>
	</dependency>
	 <!-- 单元测试 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>junit</groupId>
			<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
			<scope>test</scope>
			<version>3.8.2</version>
		</dependency>
     <!-- 分页插件 -->
      <dependency>
		    <groupId>com.github.pagehelper</groupId>
		    <artifactId>pagehelper</artifactId>
		    <version>5.1.4</version>
	</dependency>
</dependencies>

   <build>	
	  <plugins>
			<!-- 配置Tomcat插件 -->
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.apache.tomcat.maven</groupId>
				<artifactId>tomcat7-maven-plugin </artifactId>
				<configuration>
<!-- 				项目运行后使用的端口号 -->
					<port>80</port>
<!-- 				项目访问路径 -->
					<path>/</path>
					<uriEncoding>UTF-8</uriEncoding>
				</configuration>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>

 

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