LeetCode--Two Sum

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#Two Sum
##题目
Given an array of integers, return indices of the two numbers such that they add up to a specific target.

You may assume that each input would have exactly one solution, and you may not use the same element twice.
###Example

Given nums = [2, 7, 11, 15], target = 9,

Because nums[0] + nums[1] = 2 + 7 = 9,
return [0, 1].

##分析
这题用c和c++的做法相差很远,因为这题要用到hash的相关知识,而c++里面又直接提供了hash的包,只需要O(n)的时间复杂度,我们就可以匹配出正确答案。

##源码

class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> twoSum(vector<int> &numbers, int target)
	{
	    //Key is the number and value is its index in the vector.
		unordered_map<int, int> hash;
		vector<int> result;
		for (int i = 0; i < numbers.size(); i++) {
			int numberToFind = target - numbers[i];

            //if numberToFind is found in map, return them
			if (hash.find(numberToFind) != hash.end()) {
                    //+1 because indices are NOT zero based
				result.push_back(hash[numberToFind]);
				result.push_back(i);			
				return result;
			}

            //number was not found. Put it in the map.
			hash[numbers[i]] = i;
		}
		return result;
	}
};
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