Median of Two Sorted Arrays

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Median of Two Sorted Arrays

题目

There are two sorted arrays nums1 and nums2 of size m and n respectively.

Find the median of the two sorted arrays. The overall run time complexity should be O(log (m+n)).

You may assume nums1 and nums2 cannot be both empty.

Example

nums1 = [1, 3]
nums2 = [2]

The median is 2.0

Example

nums1 = [1, 2]
nums2 = [3, 4]

The median is (2 + 3)/2 = 2.5

分析

这题要求时间复杂度为O(log (m+n)).所以我们需要在遍历一次的一半时间内需要将结果找出来。而且我们不需要额外的申请空间,我们采取的策略是两个数组同时遍历,遍历的过程中同时比较元素的大小,这样我们就可以找出前O(log (m+n))个元素,然后就是我们需要寻找的结果。

源码

double findMedianSortedArrays(int* nums1, int nums1Size, int* nums2, int nums2Size) {
    int totalSize = nums1Size + nums2Size;
    int medianSize = totalSize/2;
    int a1 = 0, a2 = 0;
    double result = 0;
    int t = 1;
    //当第一个数组为空的时候,再分别讨论奇偶
    if(nums1Size == 0) {
        if(totalSize%2 == 0) {
            int tag1,tag2;
            for(int i = 0; i <= medianSize; i++) {
                if(i == medianSize -1) {
                    tag1 = nums2[i];
                }
                if(i == medianSize) {
                    tag2 = nums2[i];
                }
            }
            return (double)(tag1+tag2)/2;
        } else {
            int tag1,tag2;
            for(int i = 0; i <= medianSize; i++) {
                if(i == medianSize) {
                    tag1 = nums2[i];
                }
            }
            return tag1;
        }
    }
    //当第二个数组为空的时候,再分别讨论奇偶
    if(nums2Size == 0) {
        if(totalSize%2 == 0) {
            int tag1,tag2;
            for(int i = 0; i <= medianSize; i++) {
                if(i == medianSize -1) {
                    tag1 = nums1[i];
                }
                if(i == medianSize) {
                    tag2 = nums1[i];
                }
            }
            return (double)(tag1+tag2)/2;
        } else {
            int tag1,tag2;
            for(int i = 0; i <= medianSize; i++) {
                if(i == medianSize) {
                    tag1 = nums1[i];
                }
            }
            return tag1;
        }
    }
    if(totalSize%2 == 0) {
        int tag1 = 0, tag2 = 0;
        for(int i = 0; i <= medianSize; i++) {  
            if((nums1[a1] <= nums2[a2])&&(a1 < nums1Size)||a2 == nums2Size) {
                if(i == medianSize - 1) {
                    tag1 = nums1[a1];
                }
                if(i == medianSize) {
                    tag2 = nums1[a1];
                }
                a1++;
            } else{
                if(i == medianSize - 1) {
                    tag1 = nums2[a2];
                }
                if(i == medianSize) {
                    tag2 = nums2[a2];
                }
                a2++;
            }

        }
        //printf("%d\n", tag1);
        return (double)(tag1+tag2)/2;
    } else {
        int tag1 = 0;
        for(int i = 0; i <= medianSize; i++){
            if((nums1[a1] <= nums2[a2])&&(a1 < nums1Size)||a2 == nums2Size) {
                if(i == medianSize ) {
                    tag1 = nums1[a1];
                }
                a1++;
            } else {
                if(i == medianSize) {
                    tag1 = nums2[a2];
                }
                a2++;
            }
        }
        return tag1;
    }
}
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