Liu_Arvin的芝士小栈

非计算专业的自学程序员,所以底子薄,所以再怎么努力也不为过吧~

通过Java实现url接口返回的Json数据定时入库

通过Java实现url接口返回的Json数据定时入库

一、概述

接到一个需求,需要访问url并传入参数,将url返回Json数据入库进行筛选分析。
数据的筛选分析这里掠过,主要记录通过使用Java实现数据的定时入库。

二、处理逻辑

1.通过Java访问url,得到返回的Json数据。
2.提取Json数据。
3.数据入库(效率问题)。
4.服务器配置定时任务。

三、具体实现

1.访问处理url并返回Json的类:HttpRequestUtil

package Arvin.JsonObj2;

import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;

public class HttpRequestUtil {

    public static String getJsonContent(String urlStr) {

        try {
            // obtain HttpURLConnection Object
            URL url = new URL(urlStr);
            HttpURLConnection httpCon = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();

            httpCon.setConnectTimeout(3000);
            httpCon.setDoInput(true);
            httpCon.setRequestMethod("GET");

            // 获取相应码
            int respCode = httpCon.getResponseCode();
            if (respCode == 200) {
                return ConvertStream2Json(httpCon.getInputStream());
            }

        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return "";
    }

    private static String ConvertStream2Json(InputStream inputStream) {
        String jsonStr = "";
        // ByteArrayOutputStream相当于内存输出流
        ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        byte[] buffer = new byte[1024];
        int len = 0;
        // 将输入流转移到内存输出流中
        try {
            while ((len = inputStream.read(buffer, 0, buffer.length)) != -1) {
                out.write(buffer, 0, len);
            }
            // 将内存流转换为字符串
            jsonStr = new String(out.toByteArray());
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return jsonStr;
    }
}

2.Oracle数据库操作类:InsertOrl

package Arvin.JsonObj2;

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class InsertOrl {

    private static String USERNAME = "user";
    private static String PASSWORD = "pwd";
    private static String DRIVER = "oracle.jdbc.OracleDriver";
    private static String URL = "jdbc:oracle:thin:@1127.0.0.1:1521:orcl";

    private static String timeStr = "yyyyMMdd";

    // 建立数据库连接
    Connection connection = null;
    // 预编译语句对象
    PreparedStatement pstm = null;
    // 结果集对象
    ResultSet rs = null;

    SimpleDateFormat sf = new SimpleDateFormat(timeStr);
    String pt_d = sf.format(System.currentTimeMillis());

    /**
     * 获取Connection对象
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public Connection getConnection() {
        try {
            Class.forName(DRIVER);
            connection = DriverManager.getConnection(URL, USERNAME, PASSWORD);
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            throw new RuntimeException("class not find !", e);
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            throw new RuntimeException("get connection error!", e);
        }

        return connection;
    }

    /**
     * 查询数据
     * 
     * @throws SQLException
     */
    public String SelectData(String tableName) throws SQLException {
        connection = getConnection();
        String sqlStr = "select cell_id, lac from " + tableName + " where 1 = 1";
        pstm = connection.prepareStatement(sqlStr);
        // pstm.setString(1, tableName);
        rs = pstm.executeQuery();

        String cellLac = "";
        while (rs.next()) {
            String cellId = rs.getString("cell_id");
            String lac = rs.getString("lac");
            if (cellLac == "") {
                cellLac = cellLac + cellId + "," + lac;
            } else {
                cellLac = cellLac + "|" + cellId + "," + lac;
            }

        }
        return cellLac;
    }

    /**
     * 向数据库中删除今天的数据
     * 
     */
    public void DeleteData() {
        // String sql = "delete from GY_4G_LJB where pt_d = pt_d";
        connection = getConnection();
        String sqlStr = "delete from GY_4G_LJB where pt_d=?";
        try {
            // 执行删除数据操作
            pstm = connection.prepareStatement(sqlStr);
            pstm.setString(1, pt_d);
            pstm.executeUpdate();
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            ReleaseResource();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 添加数据
     * 
     * @param cellId
     * @param lac
     * @param age
     * @param address
     * @throws SQLException
     */
    public void AddData(List<List<String>> list, int batchSize) throws SQLException {
        connection = getConnection();
        connection.setAutoCommit(false);
        // String sql = "insert into GY_4G_LJB values('1','25555','170***','2018')";
        // String sql = "select count(*) from idstapp.GY_4G_LJB where 1 = 1";

        String sqlStr = "insert into GY_4G_LJB values(?,?,?,?,?,?)";
        int count = 0;
        pstm = connection.prepareStatement(sqlStr);

        for (Object arrayList : list) {
            pstm.setString(1, (String) ((ArrayList<?>) arrayList).get(0));
            pstm.setString(2, (String) ((ArrayList<?>) arrayList).get(1));
            pstm.setString(3, (String) ((ArrayList<?>) arrayList).get(2));
            pstm.setString(4, (String) ((ArrayList<?>) arrayList).get(3));
            pstm.setString(5, (String) ((ArrayList<?>) arrayList).get(4));
            pstm.setString(6, (String) ((ArrayList<?>) arrayList).get(5));
            // 把一个SQL命令加入命令列表
            pstm.addBatch();

            if (++count % batchSize == 0) {
                pstm.executeBatch();
                count = 0;
            }
        }
        // 执行批量更新
        pstm.executeBatch();
        // 语句执行完毕,提交本事务
        connection.commit();
        pstm.close();
        connection.close();

    }

    /**
     * 释放资源
     */
    public void ReleaseResource() {
        if (rs != null) {
            try {
                rs.close();
            } catch (SQLException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        if (pstm != null) {
            try {
                pstm.close();
            } catch (SQLException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        if (connection != null) {
            try {
                connection.close();
            } catch (SQLException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
}

3.主函数,解析Json中的数据并入库:App

package Arvin.JsonObj2;

import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;

/**
 * /home/jsdxadm/jars
 * 
 * @author Arvin
 *
 */
public class App {

    private static String JSON_URL = "http:url=";

    private static String timeStr = "yyyyMMdd";

    final static int batchSize = 10000;

    public static void main(String[] args) throws SQLException {

        // 开始时间
        Long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        // 获取TimeFlag字段
        SimpleDateFormat sf = new SimpleDateFormat(timeStr);
        String pt_d = sf.format(System.currentTimeMillis());
        // 获取时间标志:时分
        String timeFlag = new SimpleDateFormat("yyMMddHHmm").format(System.currentTimeMillis());

        InsertOrl io = new InsertOrl();

        // 拼接接口URL
        String cellLac = io.SelectData("gy_cell_lac");
        String ALL_URL = JSON_URL + cellLac;

        List<List<String>> list = new ArrayList<List<String>>();
        // JSON转化为字符串
        String s = HttpRequestUtil.getJsonContent(ALL_URL);

        JSONObject ja = JSON.parseObject(s);

        // 获取JSON中的电话和时间并插入数据库
        if (ja instanceof Map) {

            Map<?, ?> mRst = (Map<?, ?>) ja.get("result");
            // System.out.println("mRst:" + mRst);

            List<?> lUser = (List<?>) mRst.get("sectorUsersList");
            // System.out.println("lUser:" + lUser);
            for (Object object : lUser) {
                // "cellId":"49","lac":"255555"
                Map<?, ?> mo = (Map<?, ?>) object;
                List<?> lPOJO = (List<?>) mo.get("userPOJOList");

                String cellId = mo.get("cellId").toString();
                String lac = mo.get("lac").toString();

                for (Object object2 : lPOJO) {
                    List<String> li = new ArrayList<String>();
                    Map<?, ?> mo2 = (Map<?, ?>) object2;
                    String uPhone = mo2.get("phone").toString();
                    String uTime = mo2.get("time").toString();

                    li.add(cellId);
                    li.add(lac);
                    li.add(uPhone);
                    li.add(uTime);
                    li.add(pt_d);
                    li.add(timeFlag);
                    list.add(li);

                }

            }
            io.AddData(list, batchSize);
            // System.out.println("数据插入完成");
            Long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
            System.out.println("Done---Time:" + timeFlag + "---Run:" + (endTime - startTime) / 1000 + "s");
        }

    }

}

4.将Java程序打包,放置在服务器,并设置定时任务。

4.1打Jar包

这里写图片描述
这里写图片描述

4.2定时任务

$ crontab -e 

添加一下定时任务,每十分钟执行一次

*/10 * * * * /etc/alternatives/java -Xms256M -Xmx256M -jar /home/vmuser/java/JO.jar >>/home/vmuser/java/JO.out 2>&1

至此任务完成。

阅读更多
版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,欢迎转载,转载请注明出处! https://blog.csdn.net/qq_36743482/article/details/80692390
文章标签: Java Json Oracle
个人分类: Java基础
想对作者说点什么? 我来说一句

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

加入CSDN,享受更精准的内容推荐,与500万程序员共同成长!
关闭
关闭