Matlab GUI编程,如何在一个callback回调函数中调用另一个回调函数

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一、如何在一个callback回调函数中调用另一个回调函数

  网上找了好多帖子,都是在答非所问,我最终失去了耐心,自己去写个小demo碰碰运气吧,然后非常幸运,我解决了,哈哈,看下面的小案例。
图形界面非常简单,如下图所示:
在这里插入图片描述
系统生成了一堆代码,里面也包含回调,代码如下:

function varargout = test(varargin)
% TEST MATLAB code for test.fig
%      TEST, by itself, creates a new TEST or raises the existing
%      singleton*.
%
%      H = TEST returns the handle to a new TEST or the handle to
%      the existing singleton*.
%
%      TEST('CALLBACK',hObject,eventData,handles,...) calls the local
%      function named CALLBACK in TEST.M with the given input arguments.
%
%      TEST('Property','Value',...) creates a new TEST or raises the
%      existing singleton*.  Starting from the left, property value pairs are
%      applied to the GUI before test_OpeningFcn gets called.  An
%      unrecognized property name or invalid value makes property application
%      stop.  All inputs are passed to test_OpeningFcn via varargin.
%
%      *See GUI Options on GUIDE's Tools menu.  Choose "GUI allows only one
%      instance to run (singleton)".
%
% See also: GUIDE, GUIDATA, GUIHANDLES

% Edit the above text to modify the response to help test

% Last Modified by GUIDE v2.5 12-Nov-2019 19:14:56

% Begin initialization code - DO NOT EDIT
gui_Singleton = 1;
gui_State = struct('gui_Name',       mfilename, ...
                   'gui_Singleton',  gui_Singleton, ...
                   'gui_OpeningFcn', @test_OpeningFcn, ...
                   'gui_OutputFcn',  @test_OutputFcn, ...
                   'gui_LayoutFcn',  [] , ...
                   'gui_Callback',   []);
if nargin && ischar(varargin{1})
    gui_State.gui_Callback = str2func(varargin{1});
end

if nargout
    [varargout{1:nargout}] = gui_mainfcn(gui_State, varargin{:});
else
    gui_mainfcn(gui_State, varargin{:});
end
% End initialization code - DO NOT EDIT


% --- Executes just before test is made visible.
function test_OpeningFcn(hObject, eventdata, handles, varargin)
% This function has no output args, see OutputFcn.
% hObject    handle to figure
% eventdata  reserved - to be defined in a future version of MATLAB
% handles    structure with handles and user data (see GUIDATA)
% varargin   command line arguments to test (see VARARGIN)

% Choose default command line output for test
handles.output = hObject;

% Update handles structure
guidata(hObject, handles);

% UIWAIT makes test wait for user response (see UIRESUME)
% uiwait(handles.figure1);


% --- Outputs from this function are returned to the command line.
function varargout = test_OutputFcn(hObject, eventdata, handles) 
% varargout  cell array for returning output args (see VARARGOUT);
% hObject    handle to figure
% eventdata  reserved - to be defined in a future version of MATLAB
% handles    structure with handles and user data (see GUIDATA)

% Get default command line output from handles structure
varargout{1} = handles.output;


% --- Executes on button press in pushbutton1.
function pushbutton1_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles)
% hObject    handle to pushbutton1 (see GCBO)
% eventdata  reserved - to be defined in a future version of MATLAB
% handles    structure with handles and user data (see GUIDATA)
disp('aaaaa');


% --- Executes on button press in pushbutton2.
function pushbutton2_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles)
% hObject    handle to pushbutton2 (see GCBO)
% eventdata  reserved - to be defined in a future version of MATLAB
% handles    structure with handles and user data (see GUIDATA)
disp('bbbbb');

% --- Executes on button press in pushbutton3.
function pushbutton3_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles)
% hObject    handle to pushbutton3 (see GCBO)
% eventdata  reserved - to be defined in a future version of MATLAB
% handles    structure with handles and user data (see GUIDATA)
pushbutton1_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles);
pushbutton2_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles);

其中pushbutton1_Callbackpushbutton2_Callbackpushbuton3_Callback分别对应ABC三个按钮的点击回调函数。
实现功能:
1、点击按钮A,可以打印aaaa
2、点击按钮B,可以打印bbbb
3、点击按钮C,可以执行按钮A和B的回调,打印aaaa bbbb

二、如何在自定义一个函数,然后调用按钮等控件的Callback回调函数呢?

  我进行了一系列摸索和尝试。发现方法也不难,看下面的小案例:
这个小案例的是基于上一个案例改的,代码如下:

function varargout = test(varargin)
% TEST MATLAB code for test.fig
%      TEST, by itself, creates a new TEST or raises the existing
%      singleton*.
%
%      H = TEST returns the handle to a new TEST or the handle to
%      the existing singleton*.
%
%      TEST('CALLBACK',hObject,eventData,handles,...) calls the local
%      function named CALLBACK in TEST.M with the given input arguments.
%
%      TEST('Property','Value',...) creates a new TEST or raises the
%      existing singleton*.  Starting from the left, property value pairs are
%      applied to the GUI before test_OpeningFcn gets called.  An
%      unrecognized property name or invalid value makes property application
%      stop.  All inputs are passed to test_OpeningFcn via varargin.
%
%      *See GUI Options on GUIDE's Tools menu.  Choose "GUI allows only one
%      instance to run (singleton)".
%
% See also: GUIDE, GUIDATA, GUIHANDLES

% Edit the above text to modify the response to help test

% Last Modified by GUIDE v2.5 12-Nov-2019 19:14:56

% Begin initialization code - DO NOT EDIT
gui_Singleton = 1;
gui_State = struct('gui_Name',       mfilename, ...
                   'gui_Singleton',  gui_Singleton, ...
                   'gui_OpeningFcn', @test_OpeningFcn, ...
                   'gui_OutputFcn',  @test_OutputFcn, ...
                   'gui_LayoutFcn',  [] , ...
                   'gui_Callback',   []);
if nargin && ischar(varargin{1})
    gui_State.gui_Callback = str2func(varargin{1});
end

if nargout
    [varargout{1:nargout}] = gui_mainfcn(gui_State, varargin{:});
else
    gui_mainfcn(gui_State, varargin{:});
end
% End initialization code - DO NOT EDIT


% --- Executes just before test is made visible.
function test_OpeningFcn(hObject, eventdata, handles, varargin)
% This function has no output args, see OutputFcn.
% hObject    handle to figure
% eventdata  reserved - to be defined in a future version of MATLAB
% handles    structure with handles and user data (see GUIDATA)
% varargin   command line arguments to test (see VARARGIN)

% Choose default command line output for test
handles.output = hObject;

% Update handles structure
guidata(hObject, handles);

% UIWAIT makes test wait for user response (see UIRESUME)
% uiwait(handles.figure1);


% --- Outputs from this function are returned to the command line.
function varargout = test_OutputFcn(hObject, eventdata, handles) 
% varargout  cell array for returning output args (see VARARGOUT);
% hObject    handle to figure
% eventdata  reserved - to be defined in a future version of MATLAB
% handles    structure with handles and user data (see GUIDATA)

% Get default command line output from handles structure
varargout{1} = handles.output;


% --- Executes on button press in pushbutton1.
function pushbutton1_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles)
% hObject    handle to pushbutton1 (see GCBO)
% eventdata  reserved - to be defined in a future version of MATLAB
% handles    structure with handles and user data (see GUIDATA)
disp('aaaaa');


% --- Executes on button press in pushbutton2.
function pushbutton2_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles)
% hObject    handle to pushbutton2 (see GCBO)
% eventdata  reserved - to be defined in a future version of MATLAB
% handles    structure with handles and user data (see GUIDATA)
disp('bbbbb');

function myfun(hObject, eventdata, handles)
pushbutton1_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles);
pushbutton2_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles);

% --- Executes on button press in pushbutton3.
function pushbutton3_Callback(hObject, eventdata, handles)
% hObject    handle to pushbutton3 (see GCBO)
% eventdata  reserved - to be defined in a future version of MATLAB
% handles    structure with handles and user data (see GUIDATA)
myfun(hObject, eventdata, handles);

其中pushbutton1_Callbackpushbutton2_Callbackpushbuton3_Callback分别对应ABC三个按钮的点击回调函数,myfun是我自定义的函数,我仿照回调函数的格式,传了三个参数hObject, eventdata, handles进去,结果成功调通了程序。
实现功能:
1、点击按钮A,可以打印aaaa
2、点击按钮B,可以打印bbbb
3、点击按钮C,可以执行我自定义的myfun函数,而myfun函数调用了按钮A和B的回调,打印出了aaaa bbbb。
也是项目需要才研究了这个东西,运气不错,顺利调通程序,哈哈哈。

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