通过python的matplotlib包将Tensorflow数据进行可视化

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使用matplotlib中的一些函数将tensorflow中的数据可视化,更加便于分析

import tensorflow as tf
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

def add_layer(inputs, in_size, out_size, activation_function=None):
    Weights = tf.Variable(tf.random_normal([in_size, out_size]))
    biases = tf.Variable(tf.zeros([1, out_size]) + 0.1)
    Wx_plus_b = tf.matmul(inputs, Weights) + biases
    if activation_function is None:
        outputs = Wx_plus_b
    else:
        outputs = activation_function(Wx_plus_b)
    return outputs

# Make up some real data
x_data = np.linspace(-1, 1, 300)[:, np.newaxis]
noise = np.random.normal(0, 0.05, x_data.shape)
y_data = np.square(x_data) - 0.5 + noise


# define placeholder for inputs to network
xs = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, [None, 1])
ys = tf.placeholder(tf.float32, [None, 1])
# add hidden layer
l1 = add_layer(xs, 1, 10, activation_function=tf.nn.relu)
# add output layer
prediction = add_layer(l1, 10, 1, activation_function=None)

# the error between prediction and real data
loss = tf.reduce_mean(tf.reduce_sum(tf.square(ys-prediction), reduction_indices=[1]))
train_step = tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(0.1).minimize(loss)
# important step

#initialize_all_variables已被弃用,使用tf.global_variables_initializer代替。 
init = tf.global_variables_initializer()
sess = tf.Session()
sess.run(init)

# plot the real data
fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.add_subplot(1,1,1)
ax.scatter(x_data, y_data)
plt.ion() #使plt不会在show之后停止而是继续运行
plt.show()


for i in range(1000):
    # training
    sess.run(train_step, feed_dict={xs: x_data, ys: y_data})
    if i % 50 == 0:
        # to visualize the result and improvement
        try:
            ax.lines.remove(lines[0]) #在每一次绘图之前先讲上一次绘图删除,使得画面更加清晰
        except Exception:
            pass
        prediction_value = sess.run(prediction, feed_dict={xs: x_data})
        # plot the prediction
        lines = ax.plot(x_data, prediction_value, 'r-', lw=5) #'r-'指绘制一个红色的线
        plt.pause(1) #指等待一秒钟

运行结果如下:(实际效果应该是动态的,应当使用ipython运行,使用jupyter运行则图片不是动态的)
这里写图片描述

注意:initialize_all_variables已被弃用,使用tf.global_variables_initializer代替。

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