CentOS下使用valgrind-memcheck对C语言程序进行检查

CentOS7安装valgrind教程
https://www.centoschina.cn/course/config/5987.html


CentOS7安装gcc编译器教程

https://www.centoschina.cn/course/config/10136.html


示例的hello.c文件代码为
#include <stdlib.h>  
#include <malloc.h>  
#include <string.h>  
  
void test()  
{  
    int *ptr = malloc(sizeof(int)*10);  
  
    ptr[10] = 7; // 内存越界  
  
    memcpy(ptr +1, ptr, 5); // 踩内存  
  
  
    free(ptr);   
    free(ptr);// 重复释放  
  
    int *p1;  
    *p1 = 1; // 非法指针  
}  
  
int main(void)  
{  
    test();  
    return 0;  
}  




在linux里用gcc编译为可执行文件   $ gcc -g -Wall hello.c -o hello
用valgrind的memcheck工具   valgrind --leak-check=full ./hello


输出结果


==4832== Memcheck, a memory error detector
==4832== Copyright (C) 2002-2010, and GNU GPL'd, by Julian Seward et al.
==4832== Using Valgrind-3.6.1 and LibVEX; rerun with -h for copyright info
==4832== Command: ./tmp
==4832== 
==4832== Invalid write of size 4      // 内存越界
==4832==    at 0x804843F: test (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832==    by 0x804848D: main (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832==  Address 0x41a6050 is 0 bytes after a block of size 40 alloc'd
==4832==    at 0x4026864: malloc (vg_replace_malloc.c:236)
==4832==    by 0x8048435: test (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832==    by 0x804848D: main (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832== 
==4832== Source and destination overlap in memcpy(0x41a602c, 0x41a6028, 5) // 踩内存
==4832==    at 0x4027BD6: memcpy (mc_replace_strmem.c:635)
==4832==    by 0x8048461: test (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832==    by 0x804848D: main (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832== 
==4832== Invalid free() / delete / delete[] // 重复释放
==4832==    at 0x4025BF0: free (vg_replace_malloc.c:366)
==4832==    by 0x8048477: test (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832==    by 0x804848D: main (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832==  Address 0x41a6028 is 0 bytes inside a block of size 40 free'd
==4832==    at 0x4025BF0: free (vg_replace_malloc.c:366)
==4832==    by 0x804846C: test (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832==    by 0x804848D: main (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832== 
==4832== Use of uninitialised value of size 4 // 非法指针
==4832==    at 0x804847B: test (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832==    by 0x804848D: main (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832== 
==4832== 
==4832== Process terminating with default action of signal 11 (SIGSEGV) //由于非法指针赋值导致的程序崩溃
==4832==  Bad permissions for mapped region at address 0x419FFF4
==4832==    at 0x804847B: test (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832==    by 0x804848D: main (in /home/yanghao/Desktop/testC/testmem/tmp)
==4832== 
==4832== HEAP SUMMARY:
==4832==     in use at exit: 0 bytes in 0 blocks
==4832==   total heap usage: 1 allocs, 2 frees, 40 bytes allocated
==4832== 
==4832== All heap blocks were freed -- no leaks are possible
==4832== 
==4832== For counts of detected and suppressed errors, rerun with: -v
==4832== Use --track-origins=yes to see where uninitialised values come from
==4832== ERROR SUMMARY: 4 errors from 4 contexts (suppressed: 11 from 6)
Segmentation fault

从valgrind的检测输出结果看,这几个错误都找了出来。


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