C++ 演讲比赛流程代码实现

#pragma once
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;

class Speaker {
public:
	string m_Name; //姓名
	double m_Score[2]; //分数,最多有两轮得分
};


#pragma once
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <map>
#include "speaker.h"
#include <algorithm>
#include <deque>
#include <functional>
#include <numeric>
#include <string>
#include <fstream>
using namespace std;

//设计演讲管理类
class SpeechManager {
public:
	//构造函数
	SpeechManager();

	//开始比赛 比赛整个流程控制函数
	void startSpeech();

	//抽签
	void speechDraw();

	//比赛
	void speechContest();

	//显示比赛结果
	void showScore();

	//保存记录
	void saveRecord();

	//读取记录
	void loadRecord();

	//判断文件是否为空
	bool fileIsEmpty;

	//存放往届记录的容器
	map<int, vector<string>> m_Record;

	//显示往届记录
	void showRecord();

	//清空记录
	void clearRecord();

	//菜单功能
	void show_Menu();

	//退出系统
	void exitSystem();
	
	//析构函数
	~SpeechManager();

	//初始化容器和属性
	void initSpeech();

	//创建12名选手
	void createSpeaker();


	//成员属性
	//保存第一轮比赛选手编号容器
	vector<int> v1;

	//第一轮晋级选手编号容器
	vector<int> v2;

	//胜出前三名选手编号容器
	vector<int> vVictory;

	//存放编号以及对应具体选手容器
	map<int, Speaker> m_Speaker;

	//存放比赛轮数
	int m_Index;
};

#include "speechManager.h"

//构造函数
SpeechManager::SpeechManager() {
	//初始化容器和属性
	this->initSpeech();
	//创建12名选手
	this->createSpeaker();
	//加载往届记录
	this->loadRecord();
}
//开始比赛 比赛整个流程控制函数
void SpeechManager::startSpeech() {
	//第一轮比赛开始

	//1.抽签
	this->speechDraw();
	//2.比赛
	this->speechContest();
	//3.显示晋级结果
	this->showScore();
	//第二轮比赛开始
	this->m_Index++;
	//1.抽签
	this->speechDraw();
	//2.比赛
	this->speechContest();
	//3.显示最终结果
	this->showScore();
	//4.保存分数到文件中
	this->saveRecord();

	//重置比赛,获取记录
	//初始化容器和属性
	this->initSpeech();
	//创建12名选手
	this->createSpeaker();
	//加载往届记录
	this->loadRecord();

	cout << "本届比赛已完毕!" << endl;
	system("pause");
	system("cls");
}
//抽签
void SpeechManager::speechDraw() {
	cout << "第 << " << this->m_Index << " >> 轮比赛选手正在抽签" << endl;
	cout << "--------------------------" << endl;
	cout << "抽签顺序如下:" << endl;
	if (this->m_Index == 1) {
		//第一轮比赛
		random_shuffle(v1.begin(), v1.end());
		for (vector<int>::iterator it = v1.begin(); it != v1.end(); it++) {
			cout << *it << " ";
		}
		cout << endl;
	}
	else {
		//第二轮比赛
		random_shuffle(v2.begin(), v2.end());
		for (vector<int>::iterator it = v2.begin(); it != v2.end(); it++) {
			cout << *it << " ";
		}
		cout << endl;
	}
	cout << "--------------------------" << endl;
	system("pause");
	cout << endl;
}
//比赛
void SpeechManager::speechContest() {
	cout << "第 << " << this->m_Index << " >> 轮比赛正式开始 ---------------" << endl;
	cout << "--------------------------" << endl;
	//准备临时容器 存放 小组成绩
	multimap<double, int, greater<double>> groupScore;
	int num = 0; //用于记录人员 的个数 6 人一组

	vector<int> v_Src;//比赛选手容器
	if (this->m_Index == 1) {
		v_Src = v1;
	}
	else {
		v_Src = v2;
	}
	//遍历所有选手进行比赛
	for (vector<int>::iterator it = v_Src.begin(); it != v_Src.end(); it++) {
		num++;
		//评委打分
		deque<double> d;
		for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
			double score = (rand() % 401 + 600) / 10.f; // 随机数出来是600 ~ 1000	除以 10.f 得出最终分数
			//cout << score << " ";
			d.push_back(score);
		}
		//cout << endl;
		sort(d.begin(), d.end(), greater<double>()); //排序	 降序
		d.pop_front(); //去除最高分
		d.pop_back(); //去除最低分

		double sum = accumulate(d.begin(), d.end(), 0.0f); //总分
		double avg = sum / (double)d.size(); //平均分

		//打印平均分
		//cout << "编号: " << " 姓名: " << this->m_Speaker[*it].m_Name << " 平均分: " << avg << endl;
		//将平均分放入到 map容器中
		this->m_Speaker[*it].m_Score[this->m_Index - 1] = avg;

		//将打分的数据 放入到临时小组中
		groupScore.insert(make_pair(avg, *it)); //key是得分, value是具体选手编号
		//每6人取出前三名
		if (num % 6 == 0) {
			cout << "第" << num / 6 << "小组比赛名次: " << endl;
			for (multimap<double, int, greater<double>>::iterator it = groupScore.begin(); it != groupScore.end(); it++) {
				cout << "编号:" << it->second << "姓名:" << this->m_Speaker[it->second].m_Name << "成绩:"
					<< this->m_Speaker[it->second].m_Score[this->m_Index - 1] << endl;
			}
			//取走前三名
			int count = 0;
			for (multimap<double, int, greater<double>>::iterator it = groupScore.begin(); it != groupScore.end() && count < 3; it++, count++) {
				if (this->m_Index == 1) {
					v2.push_back((*it).second);
				}
				else {
					vVictory.push_back((*it).second);
				}
			}
			groupScore.clear(); //小组容器清空
			cout << endl;
		}
	}
	cout << "---------------------第" << this->m_Index << "轮比赛完毕---------------" << endl;
	system("pause");

}
//显示比赛结果
void SpeechManager::showScore() {
	cout << "---------------------第" << this->m_Index << "轮晋级选手如下:---------------" << endl;

	vector<int> v;
	if (this->m_Index == 1) {
		v = v2;
	}
	else {
		v = vVictory;
	}
	for (vector<int>::iterator it = v.begin(); it != v.end(); it++) {
		cout << "选手编号:" << *it << "姓名:" << this->m_Speaker[*it].m_Name << "得分:"
			<< this->m_Speaker[*it].m_Score[this->m_Index - 1] << endl;
	}
	cout << endl;

	system("pause");
	system("cls");
	this->show_Menu();
}
//保存记录
void SpeechManager::saveRecord() {
	ofstream ofs;
	ofs.open("speech.csv", ios::out | ios::app); //用追加的方式写文件

	//将每个选手数据,写入到文件中
	for (vector<int>::iterator it = vVictory.begin(); it != vVictory.end(); it++) {
		ofs << *it << "," << this->m_Speaker[*it].m_Score[1] << ",";
	}
	ofs << endl;
	//关闭
	ofs.close();
	cout << "记录已保存" << endl;

	//有记录了 , 文件不为空
	this->fileIsEmpty = false;
}
//读取记录
void SpeechManager::loadRecord() {
	ifstream ifs("speech.csv", ios::in); //读文件
	if (!ifs.is_open()) {
		this->fileIsEmpty = true;
		//cout << "文件不存在" << endl;
		ifs.close();
		return;
	}
	//文件清空情况
	char ch;
	ifs >> ch;
	if (ifs.eof()) {
		//cout << "文件为空" << endl;
		this->fileIsEmpty = true;
		ifs.close();
		return;
	}
	//文件不为空
	this->fileIsEmpty = false;
	ifs.putback(ch); //将上面读取的单个字符 放回来

	string data;
	int index = 0;

	while (ifs >> data) {
		//cout << data << endl;
		vector<string> v; //存放6个string字符串

		int pos = -1; //查到","位置的变量
		int start = 0;

		while (true) {
			pos = data.find(",", start);
			if (pos == -1) {
				//没有找到情况
				break;
			}
			string temp = data.substr(start, pos - start);
			//cout << temp << endl;
			v.push_back(temp);
			start = pos + 1;
		}	
		this->m_Record.insert(make_pair(index, v));
		index++;
	}
	ifs.close();

	/*for (map<int, vector<string>>::iterator it = m_Record.begin(); it != m_Record.end(); it++) {
		cout << it->first << "冠军编号: " << it->second[0] << " 分数: " << it->second[1] << endl;
	}*/
}
//显示往届记录
void SpeechManager::showRecord() {
	if (this->fileIsEmpty) {
		cout << "文件不存在,或记录为空!" << endl;
	}
	else {
		for (int i = 0; i < this->m_Record.size(); i++) {
			cout << "第" << i + 1 << "界"
				<< "冠军编号:" << this->m_Record[i][0] << "得分:" << this->m_Record[i][1] << " "
				<< "亚军编号:" << this->m_Record[i][2] << "得分:" << this->m_Record[i][3] << " "
				<< "季军编号:" << this->m_Record[i][4] << "得分:" << this->m_Record[i][5] << " " << endl;
		}
	}
	
	system("pause");
	system("cls");
}
//清空记录
void SpeechManager::clearRecord() {
	cout << "是否确定清空记录?" << endl;
	cout << "1.Yes!" << endl;
	cout << "2.No!" << endl;

	int select = 0;
	cin >> select;
	if (select == 1) {
		//确认清空
		ofstream ofs("speech.csv", ios::trunc);
		ofs.close();
		//初始化容器和属性
		this->initSpeech();
		//创建12名选手
		this->createSpeaker();
		//加载往届记录
		this->loadRecord();

		cout << "清空成功!" << endl;
	}
	system("pause");
	system("cls");
}
//菜单功能
void SpeechManager::show_Menu() {
	cout << "******************************************" << endl;
	cout << "************ 欢迎参加演讲比赛 ************" << endl;
	cout << "***********  1.开始演讲比赛   ************" << endl;
	cout << "***********  2.查看往届记录   ************" << endl;
	cout << "***********  3.清空比赛记录   ************" << endl;
	cout << "***********  0.退出比赛程序   ************" << endl;
	cout << "******************************************" << endl;
	cout << endl;
}
//退出系统
void SpeechManager::exitSystem() {
	cout << "欢迎下次使用!" << endl;
	system("pause");
	exit(0);
}
//初始化容器和属性
void SpeechManager::initSpeech() {
	//容器都置空
	this->v1.clear();
	this->v2.clear();
	this->vVictory.clear();
	this->m_Speaker.clear();
	//初始化比赛轮数
	this->m_Index = 1;

	//将记录的容器 也清空
	this->m_Record.clear();
}
//创建选手
void SpeechManager::createSpeaker() {
	string nameSeed = "ABCDEFGHIJKL";
	for (int i = 0; i < nameSeed.size(); i++) {
		string name = "选手";
		name += nameSeed[i]; //字符串拼接
		
		//创建具体选手
		Speaker sp;
		sp.m_Name = name;
		for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
			sp.m_Score[i] = 0;
		}

		//创建选手编号 并且放入到v1容器中
		this->v1.push_back(i + 10001);

		//选手编号以及对应的选手放入map容器中
		this->m_Speaker.insert(make_pair(i + 10001, sp));
	}	
}
//析构函数
SpeechManager::~SpeechManager() {

}

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
#include "speechManager.h"
#include <ctime>

int main() {
	//随机数种子
	srand((unsigned int)time(NULL));
	//创建管理类对象
	SpeechManager sm;
	
	int choice = 0;//存储用户输入
	while (true) {
		sm.show_Menu();
		cout << "请输入您的选择:" << endl;
		cin >> choice;

		switch (choice) {
		case 1: //开始比赛
			sm.startSpeech();
			break;
		case 2: //查看往届比赛记录
			sm.showRecord();
			break;
		case 3: //清空比赛记录
			sm.clearRecord();
			break;
		case 0: //退出系统
			sm.exitSystem();
			break;
		default: //清屏
			system("cls");
			break;
		}
	}
	return 0;
}
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