Windows平台Unity3d下如何同时播放多路RTSP或RTMP流

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好多开发者在做AR、VR或者教育类产品时,苦于如何在windows平台构建一个稳定且低延迟的RTSP或者RTMP播放器,如果基于Unity3d完全重新开发一个播放器,代价大、而且周期长,不适合快速出产品,我们认为当前最好的方式就是集成现有Native平台上成熟稳定播放器,回调rgb/yuv数据到上层,上层做绘制即可。

废话不多说,以Windows平台多路播放为例:

1.Native播放器SDK支持吐RGB/YUV420/NV12等其中的一种未压缩的图像格式

比如Windows平台,我们回调YUV上来(NT_SP_E_VIDEO_FRAME_FROMAT_I420),本文以调用大牛直播SDK(Github)的Windows平台RTSP、RTMP播放器SDK为例,具体代码如下:

    public void Play(int sel)
    {
        if (videoctrl[sel].is_running)
        {
            Debug.Log("已经在播放..");
            return;
        }

        lock (videoctrl[sel].frame_lock_)
        {
            videoctrl[sel].cur_video_frame_ = null;
        }

        OpenPlayer(sel);

        if (videoctrl[sel].player_handle_ == IntPtr.Zero)
            return;

        //设置播放URL
        NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetURL(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, videoctrl[sel].videoUrl);

        /* ++ 播放前参数配置可加在此处 ++ */

        int play_buffer_time_ = 100;
        NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetBuffer(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, play_buffer_time_);                 //设置buffer time

        int is_using_tcp = 0;        //TCP模式
        NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetRTSPTcpMode(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, is_using_tcp);

        int timeout = 10;
        NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetRtspTimeout(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, timeout);

        int is_auto_switch_tcp_udp = 1;
        NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetRtspAutoSwitchTcpUdp(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, is_auto_switch_tcp_udp);

        Boolean is_mute_ = false;
        NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetMute(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, is_mute_ ? 1 : 0);                    //是否启动播放的时候静音

        int is_fast_startup = 1;
        NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetFastStartup(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, is_fast_startup);              //设置快速启动模式

        Boolean is_low_latency_ = false;
        NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetLowLatencyMode(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, is_low_latency_ ? 1 : 0);    //设置是否启用低延迟模式

        //设置旋转角度(设置0, 90, 180, 270度有效,其他值无效)
        int rotate_degrees = 0;
        NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetRotation(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, rotate_degrees);
		
		int volume = 100;
		NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetAudioVolume(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, volume);	//设置播放音量, 范围是[0, 100], 0是静音,100是最大音量, 默认是100
		

        // 设置上传下载报速度
        int is_report = 0;
        int report_interval = 1;
        NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetReportDownloadSpeed(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, is_report, report_interval);
        /* -- 播放前参数配置可加在此处 -- */

        //video frame callback (YUV/RGB)
        videoctrl[sel].video_frame_call_back_ = new SP_SDKVideoFrameCallBack(NT_SP_SetVideoFrameCallBack);
        NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_SetVideoFrameCallBack(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_, (Int32)NT.NTSmartPlayerDefine.NT_SP_E_VIDEO_FRAME_FORMAT.NT_SP_E_VIDEO_FRAME_FROMAT_I420, window_handle_, videoctrl[sel].video_frame_call_back_);

        UInt32 flag = NTSmartPlayerSDK.NT_SP_StartPlay(videoctrl[sel].player_handle_);

        if (flag == DANIULIVE_RETURN_OK)
        {
            videoctrl[sel].is_need_get_frame_ = true;
            Debug.Log("播放成功");
        }
        else
        {
            videoctrl[sel].is_need_get_frame_ = false;
            Debug.LogError("播放失败");
        }

        videoctrl[sel].is_running = true;
    }

2. 处理回调上来的数据

    private void SDKVideoFrameCallBack(UInt32 status, IntPtr frame, int sel)
    {
        //这里拿到回调frame,进行相关操作
        NT_SP_VideoFrame video_frame = (NT_SP_VideoFrame)Marshal.PtrToStructure(frame, typeof(NT_SP_VideoFrame));

        VideoFrame  u3d_frame = new VideoFrame();

        u3d_frame.width_  = video_frame.width_;
        u3d_frame.height_ = video_frame.height_;

        u3d_frame.timestamp_ = (UInt64)video_frame.timestamp_;

        int d_y_stride = video_frame.width_;
        int d_u_stride = (video_frame.width_ + 1) / 2;
        int d_v_stride = d_u_stride;

        int d_y_size = d_y_stride * video_frame.height_;
        int d_u_size = d_u_stride * ((video_frame.height_ + 1) / 2);
        int d_v_size = d_u_size;

        int u_v_height = ((u3d_frame.height_ + 1) / 2);

        u3d_frame.y_stride_ = d_y_stride;
        u3d_frame.u_stride_ = d_u_stride;
        u3d_frame.v_stride_ = d_v_stride;

        u3d_frame.y_data_ = new byte[d_y_size];
        u3d_frame.u_data_ = new byte[d_u_size];
        u3d_frame.v_data_ = new byte[d_v_size];


        CopyFramePlane(u3d_frame.y_data_, d_y_stride,
            video_frame.plane0_, video_frame.stride0_, u3d_frame.height_);

        CopyFramePlane(u3d_frame.u_data_, d_u_stride,
           video_frame.plane1_, video_frame.stride1_, u_v_height);

        CopyFramePlane(u3d_frame.v_data_, d_v_stride,
           video_frame.plane2_, video_frame.stride2_, u_v_height);

        lock (videoctrl[sel].frame_lock_ )
        {
            videoctrl[sel].cur_video_frame_ = u3d_frame;
            //Debug.LogError("sel: " + sel + " w:" + u3d_frame.width_ + "h:" + u3d_frame.height_);
        }
    }

3.Unity3D创建相应的RGB/YUV420等Shader,获取图像数据来填充纹理即可

    private void UpdateYUVTexture(VideoFrame video_frame, int sel)
    {
        if (video_frame.y_data_ == null || video_frame.u_data_ == null || video_frame.v_data_ == null)
        {
            Debug.Log("video frame with null..");
            return;
        }

        if (videoctrl[sel].yTexture_ != null)
        {
            videoctrl[sel].yTexture_.LoadRawTextureData(video_frame.y_data_);
            videoctrl[sel].yTexture_.Apply();
        }

        if (videoctrl[sel].uTexture_ != null)
        {
            videoctrl[sel].uTexture_.LoadRawTextureData(video_frame.u_data_);
            videoctrl[sel].uTexture_.Apply();
        }

        if (videoctrl[sel].vTexture_ != null)
        {
            videoctrl[sel].vTexture_.LoadRawTextureData(video_frame.v_data_);
            videoctrl[sel].vTexture_.Apply();
        }
    }

4. 具体播放效果如下

总结

Unity3d下,做多路播放的话,首先确保调用的拉流解码数据的模块具备回调yuv/rgb数据能力,回上来后,再上层直接刷新显示即可,是不是没有你想的那么复杂?

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