Android 连接Wifi和创建Wifi热点 demo

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android的热点功能不可见,用了反射的技术搞定之外。
Eclipse设置语言为utf-8才能查看中文注释

上代码:

MainActivity.java

package com.widget.hotspot;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentFilter;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

	public static final String TAG = "MainActivity";
	
	private Button mBtn1, mBtn2;
	
	private WifiAdmin mWifiAdmin;
	
	private Context mContext = null;
	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		
		mContext = this;
		
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
		
		mBtn1 = (Button)findViewById(R.id.button1);
		mBtn2 = (Button)findViewById(R.id.button2);
		mBtn1.setText("点击连接Wifi");
		mBtn2.setText("点击创建Wifi热点");
		mBtn1.setOnClickListener(new Button.OnClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void onClick(View v) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub

				mWifiAdmin = new WifiAdmin(mContext) {
					
					@Override
					public void myUnregisterReceiver(BroadcastReceiver receiver) {
						// TODO Auto-generated method stub
						MainActivity.this.unregisterReceiver(receiver);
					}
					
					@Override
					public Intent myRegisterReceiver(BroadcastReceiver receiver,
							IntentFilter filter) {
						// TODO Auto-generated method stub
						MainActivity.this.registerReceiver(receiver, filter);
						return null;
					}
					
					@Override
					public void onNotifyWifiConnected() {
						// TODO Auto-generated method stub
						Log.v(TAG, "have connected success!");
						Log.v(TAG, "###############################");
					}
					
					@Override
					public void onNotifyWifiConnectFailed() {
						// TODO Auto-generated method stub
						Log.v(TAG, "have connected failed!");
						Log.v(TAG, "###############################");
					}
				};
				mWifiAdmin.openWifi();
				mWifiAdmin.addNetwork(mWifiAdmin.createWifiInfo("YOU_WIFI", "MM123456", WifiAdmin.TYPE_WPA));
				
			}
		});
		
		mBtn2.setOnClickListener(new Button.OnClickListener() {
			
			@Override
			public void onClick(View v) {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				
				WifiApAdmin wifiAp = new WifiApAdmin(mContext);
				wifiAp.startWifiAp("\"HotSpot\"", "hhhhhh123");
			}
		});
		
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
		// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
		getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.activity_main, menu);
		return true;
	}

	 @Override
	    public void onResume() {
	        super.onResume();
	        
	        Log.d("Rssi", "Registered");
	    }

	    @Override
	    public void onPause() {
	        super.onPause();
	        
	        Log.d("Rssi", "Unregistered");
	    }
	
}


WifiAdmin.java

参考了://http://blog.csdn.net/yuanbohx/article/details/8109042

package com.widget.hotspot;

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Timer;
import java.util.TimerTask;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentFilter;
import android.net.ConnectivityManager;
import android.net.NetworkInfo;
import android.net.NetworkInfo.DetailedState;
import android.net.wifi.ScanResult;
import android.net.wifi.WifiConfiguration;
import android.net.wifi.WifiInfo;
import android.net.wifi.WifiManager;
import android.net.wifi.WifiManager.WifiLock;
import android.util.Log;


public abstract class WifiAdmin {
	
	private static final String TAG = "WifiAdmin";
	
	private WifiManager mWifiManager;
	private WifiInfo mWifiInfo;
	// 扫描出的网络连接列表
	private List<ScanResult> mWifiList;
	private List<WifiConfiguration> mWifiConfiguration;

	private WifiLock mWifiLock;
	
	private String mPasswd = "";
	private String mSSID = "";
	
	private Context mContext = null;

	public WifiAdmin(Context context) {
		
		mContext = context;
		
		// 取得WifiManager对象
		mWifiManager = (WifiManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
		// 取得WifiInfo对象
		mWifiInfo = mWifiManager.getConnectionInfo();
		
		Log.v(TAG, "getIpAddress = " + mWifiInfo.getIpAddress());
	}

	// 打开WIFI
	public void openWifi() {
		if (!mWifiManager.isWifiEnabled()) {
			mWifiManager.setWifiEnabled(true);
		}
	}

	// 关闭WIFI
	public void closeWifi() {
		if (mWifiManager.isWifiEnabled()) {
			mWifiManager.setWifiEnabled(false);
		}
	}

    public abstract Intent myRegisterReceiver(BroadcastReceiver receiver, IntentFilter filter);
    
    public abstract void myUnregisterReceiver(BroadcastReceiver receiver);
    
    public abstract void onNotifyWifiConnected();
    
    public abstract void onNotifyWifiConnectFailed();
	
	// 添加一个网络并连接
	public void addNetwork(WifiConfiguration wcg) {
		
		register();
		
		WifiApAdmin.closeWifiAp(mContext);
		
		int wcgID = mWifiManager.addNetwork(wcg);
		boolean b = mWifiManager.enableNetwork(wcgID, true);
	}
	
	public static final int TYPE_NO_PASSWD = 0x11;
	public static final int TYPE_WEP = 0x12;
	public static final int TYPE_WPA = 0x13;
	
	public void addNetwork(String ssid, String passwd, int type) {
		if (ssid == null || passwd == null || ssid.equals("")) {
			Log.e(TAG, "addNetwork() ## nullpointer error!");
			return;
		}
		
		if (type != TYPE_NO_PASSWD && type != TYPE_WEP && type != TYPE_WPA) {
			Log.e(TAG, "addNetwork() ## unknown type = " + type);
		}
		
		stopTimer();
		unRegister();
		
		addNetwork(createWifiInfo(ssid, passwd, type));
	}

	private BroadcastReceiver mBroadcastReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {

		@Override
		public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			if (intent.getAction().equals(WifiManager.RSSI_CHANGED_ACTION)) {
				Log.d(TAG, "RSSI changed");
				
				//有可能是正在获取,或者已经获取了
				Log.d(TAG, " intent is " + WifiManager.RSSI_CHANGED_ACTION);
				
				if (isWifiContected(mContext) == WIFI_CONNECTED) {
					stopTimer();
					onNotifyWifiConnected();
					unRegister();
				} else if (isWifiContected(mContext) == WIFI_CONNECT_FAILED) {
					stopTimer();
					closeWifi();
					onNotifyWifiConnectFailed();
					unRegister();
				} else if (isWifiContected(mContext) == WIFI_CONNECTING) {
					
				}
			}
		}
	};
	
	private final int STATE_REGISTRING = 0x01;
	private final int STATE_REGISTERED = 0x02;
	private final int STATE_UNREGISTERING = 0x03;
	private final int STATE_UNREGISTERED = 0x04;
	
	private int mHaveRegister = STATE_UNREGISTERED;
	private synchronized void register() {
		Log.v(TAG, "register() ##mHaveRegister = " + mHaveRegister);

		if (mHaveRegister == STATE_REGISTRING 
				|| mHaveRegister == STATE_REGISTERED) {
			return ;
		}
		
		mHaveRegister = STATE_REGISTRING;
		myRegisterReceiver(mBroadcastReceiver, new IntentFilter(WifiManager.RSSI_CHANGED_ACTION));
		mHaveRegister = STATE_REGISTERED;
		
		startTimer();
	}
	
	private synchronized void unRegister() {
		Log.v(TAG, "unRegister() ##mHaveRegister = " + mHaveRegister);
		
		if (mHaveRegister == STATE_UNREGISTERED 
				|| mHaveRegister == STATE_UNREGISTERING) {
			return ;
		}
		
		mHaveRegister = STATE_UNREGISTERING;
		myUnregisterReceiver(mBroadcastReceiver);
		mHaveRegister = STATE_UNREGISTERED;
	}
	
	private Timer mTimer = null;
	private void startTimer() {
		if (mTimer != null) {
			stopTimer();
		}
		
		mTimer = new Timer(true);
//		mTimer.schedule(mTimerTask, 0, 20 * 1000);// 20s
		mTimer.schedule(mTimerTask, 30 * 1000);
	}
	
	private TimerTask mTimerTask = new TimerTask() {
		
		@Override
		public void run() {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			Log.e(TAG, "timer out!");
			onNotifyWifiConnectFailed();
			unRegister();
		}
	};
	
	private void stopTimer() {
		if (mTimer != null) {
			mTimer.cancel();
			mTimer = null;
		}
	}
	
	@Override
	protected void finalize() {
		try {
			super.finalize();
			unRegister();
		} catch (Throwable e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
	
	public WifiConfiguration createWifiInfo(String SSID, String password, int type) {
		
		Log.v(TAG, "SSID = " + SSID + "## Password = " + password + "## Type = " + type);
		
		WifiConfiguration config = new WifiConfiguration();
		config.allowedAuthAlgorithms.clear();
		config.allowedGroupCiphers.clear();
		config.allowedKeyManagement.clear();
		config.allowedPairwiseCiphers.clear();
		config.allowedProtocols.clear();
		config.SSID = "\"" + SSID + "\"";

		WifiConfiguration tempConfig = this.IsExsits(SSID);
		if (tempConfig != null) {
			mWifiManager.removeNetwork(tempConfig.networkId);
		}
		
		// 分为三种情况:1没有密码2用wep加密3用wpa加密
		if (type == TYPE_NO_PASSWD) {// WIFICIPHER_NOPASS
			config.wepKeys[0] = "";
			config.allowedKeyManagement.set(WifiConfiguration.KeyMgmt.NONE);
			config.wepTxKeyIndex = 0;
			
		} else if (type == TYPE_WEP) {  //  WIFICIPHER_WEP 
			config.hiddenSSID = true;
			config.wepKeys[0] = "\"" + password + "\"";
			config.allowedAuthAlgorithms
					.set(WifiConfiguration.AuthAlgorithm.SHARED);
			config.allowedGroupCiphers.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.CCMP);
			config.allowedGroupCiphers.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.TKIP);
			config.allowedGroupCiphers.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.WEP40);
			config.allowedGroupCiphers
					.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.WEP104);
			config.allowedKeyManagement.set(WifiConfiguration.KeyMgmt.NONE);
			config.wepTxKeyIndex = 0;
		} else if (type == TYPE_WPA) {   // WIFICIPHER_WPA
			config.preSharedKey = "\"" + password + "\"";
			config.hiddenSSID = true;
			config.allowedAuthAlgorithms
					.set(WifiConfiguration.AuthAlgorithm.OPEN);
			config.allowedGroupCiphers.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.TKIP);
			config.allowedKeyManagement.set(WifiConfiguration.KeyMgmt.WPA_PSK);
			config.allowedPairwiseCiphers
					.set(WifiConfiguration.PairwiseCipher.TKIP);
			// config.allowedProtocols.set(WifiConfiguration.Protocol.WPA);
			config.allowedGroupCiphers.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.CCMP);
			config.allowedPairwiseCiphers
					.set(WifiConfiguration.PairwiseCipher.CCMP);
			config.status = WifiConfiguration.Status.ENABLED;
		} 
		
		return config;
	}
	
	public static final int WIFI_CONNECTED = 0x01;
	public static final int WIFI_CONNECT_FAILED = 0x02;
	public static final int WIFI_CONNECTING = 0x03;
	/**
	 * 判断wifi是否连接成功,不是network
	 * 
	 * @param context
	 * @return
	 */
	public int isWifiContected(Context context) {
		ConnectivityManager connectivityManager = (ConnectivityManager) context
				.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
		NetworkInfo wifiNetworkInfo = connectivityManager
				.getNetworkInfo(ConnectivityManager.TYPE_WIFI);
		
		Log.v(TAG, "isConnectedOrConnecting = " + wifiNetworkInfo.isConnectedOrConnecting());
		Log.d(TAG, "wifiNetworkInfo.getDetailedState() = " + wifiNetworkInfo.getDetailedState());
		if (wifiNetworkInfo.getDetailedState() == DetailedState.OBTAINING_IPADDR
				|| wifiNetworkInfo.getDetailedState() == DetailedState.CONNECTING) {
			return WIFI_CONNECTING;
		} else if (wifiNetworkInfo.getDetailedState() == DetailedState.CONNECTED) {
			return WIFI_CONNECTED;
		} else {
			Log.d(TAG, "getDetailedState() == " + wifiNetworkInfo.getDetailedState());
			return WIFI_CONNECT_FAILED;
		}
	}
	
	private WifiConfiguration IsExsits(String SSID) {
		List<WifiConfiguration> existingConfigs = mWifiManager.getConfiguredNetworks();
		for (WifiConfiguration existingConfig : existingConfigs) {
			if (existingConfig.SSID.equals("\"" + SSID + "\"") /*&& existingConfig.preSharedKey.equals("\"" + password + "\"")*/) {
				return existingConfig;
			}
		}
		return null;
	}
	


	// 断开指定ID的网络
	public void disconnectWifi(int netId) {
		mWifiManager.disableNetwork(netId);
		mWifiManager.disconnect();
	}
	
	// 检查当前WIFI状态
	public int checkState() {
		return mWifiManager.getWifiState();
	}

	// 锁定WifiLock
	public void acquireWifiLock() {
		mWifiLock.acquire();
	}

	// 解锁WifiLock
	public void releaseWifiLock() {
		// 判断时候锁定
		if (mWifiLock.isHeld()) {
			mWifiLock.acquire();
		}
	}

	// 创建一个WifiLock
	public void creatWifiLock() {
		mWifiLock = mWifiManager.createWifiLock("Test");
	}

	// 得到配置好的网络
	public List<WifiConfiguration> getConfiguration() {
		return mWifiConfiguration;
	}

	// 指定配置好的网络进行连接
	public void connectConfiguration(int index) {
		// 索引大于配置好的网络索引返回
		if (index > mWifiConfiguration.size()) {
			return;
		}
		// 连接配置好的指定ID的网络
		mWifiManager.enableNetwork(mWifiConfiguration.get(index).networkId,
				true);
	}

	public void startScan() {
		mWifiManager.startScan();
		mWifiList = mWifiManager.getScanResults();
		mWifiConfiguration = mWifiManager.getConfiguredNetworks();
	}

	// 得到网络列表
	public List<ScanResult> getWifiList() {
		return mWifiList;
	}

	// 查看扫描结果
	public StringBuilder lookUpScan() {
		StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
		for (int i = 0; i < mWifiList.size(); i++) {
			stringBuilder
					.append("Index_" + new Integer(i + 1).toString() + ":");
			// 将ScanResult信息转换成一个字符串包
			// 其中把包括:BSSID、SSID、capabilities、frequency、level
			stringBuilder.append((mWifiList.get(i)).toString());
			stringBuilder.append("/n");
		}
		return stringBuilder;
	}

	// 得到MAC地址
	public String getMacAddress() {
		return (mWifiInfo == null) ? "NULL" : mWifiInfo.getMacAddress();
	}

	// 得到接入点的BSSID
	public String getBSSID() {
		return (mWifiInfo == null) ? "NULL" : mWifiInfo.getBSSID();
	}

	// 得到IP地址
	public int getIPAddress() {
		return (mWifiInfo == null) ? 0 : mWifiInfo.getIpAddress();
	}

	// 得到连接的ID
	public int getNetworkId() {
		return (mWifiInfo == null) ? 0 : mWifiInfo.getNetworkId();
	}

	// 得到WifiInfo的所有信息包
	public String getWifiInfo() {
		return (mWifiInfo == null) ? "NULL" : mWifiInfo.toString();
	}
}


WifiApAdmin.java

参考了 http://blog.csdn.net/cxlmax/article/details/7827102

package com.widget.hotspot;

import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.util.Timer;
import java.util.TimerTask;

import android.content.Context;
import android.net.wifi.WifiConfiguration;
import android.net.wifi.WifiManager;
import android.util.Log;

/**
 * 创建热点
 *
 */
public class WifiApAdmin {
	public static final String TAG = "WifiApAdmin";
	
	public static void closeWifiAp(Context context) {
		WifiManager wifiManager = (WifiManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE); 
		closeWifiAp(wifiManager);
	}
	
	private WifiManager mWifiManager = null;
	
	private Context mContext = null;
	public WifiApAdmin(Context context) {
		mContext = context;
		
		mWifiManager = (WifiManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);  
		
		closeWifiAp(mWifiManager);
	}
	
	private String mSSID = "";
	private String mPasswd = "";
	public void startWifiAp(String ssid, String passwd) {
		mSSID = ssid;
		mPasswd = passwd;
		
		if (mWifiManager.isWifiEnabled()) {
			mWifiManager.setWifiEnabled(false);
		} 
		
		stratWifiAp();
		
		MyTimerCheck timerCheck = new MyTimerCheck() {
			
			@Override
			public void doTimerCheckWork() {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				
				if (isWifiApEnabled(mWifiManager)) {
					Log.v(TAG, "Wifi enabled success!");
					this.exit();
				} else {
					Log.v(TAG, "Wifi enabled failed!");
				}
			}

			@Override
			public void doTimeOutWork() {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				this.exit();
			}
		};
		timerCheck.start(15, 1000);
		
	}

	public void stratWifiAp() {
		Method method1 = null;
		try {
			method1 = mWifiManager.getClass().getMethod("setWifiApEnabled",
					WifiConfiguration.class, boolean.class);
			WifiConfiguration netConfig = new WifiConfiguration();

			netConfig.SSID = mSSID;
			netConfig.preSharedKey = mPasswd;

			netConfig.allowedAuthAlgorithms
					.set(WifiConfiguration.AuthAlgorithm.OPEN);
			netConfig.allowedProtocols.set(WifiConfiguration.Protocol.RSN);
			netConfig.allowedProtocols.set(WifiConfiguration.Protocol.WPA);
			netConfig.allowedKeyManagement
					.set(WifiConfiguration.KeyMgmt.WPA_PSK);
			netConfig.allowedPairwiseCiphers
					.set(WifiConfiguration.PairwiseCipher.CCMP);
			netConfig.allowedPairwiseCiphers
					.set(WifiConfiguration.PairwiseCipher.TKIP);
			netConfig.allowedGroupCiphers
					.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.CCMP);
			netConfig.allowedGroupCiphers
					.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.TKIP);

			method1.invoke(mWifiManager, netConfig, true);

		} catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (SecurityException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

	private static void closeWifiAp(WifiManager wifiManager) {
		if (isWifiApEnabled(wifiManager)) {
			try {
				Method method = wifiManager.getClass().getMethod("getWifiApConfiguration");
				method.setAccessible(true);

				WifiConfiguration config = (WifiConfiguration) method.invoke(wifiManager);

				Method method2 = wifiManager.getClass().getMethod("setWifiApEnabled", WifiConfiguration.class, boolean.class);
				method2.invoke(wifiManager, config, false);
			} catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
				// TODO Auto-generated catch block
				e.printStackTrace();
			} catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
				// TODO Auto-generated catch block
				e.printStackTrace();
			} catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
				// TODO Auto-generated catch block
				e.printStackTrace();
			} catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
				// TODO Auto-generated catch block
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
		}
	}

	private static boolean isWifiApEnabled(WifiManager wifiManager) {
		try {
			Method method = wifiManager.getClass().getMethod("isWifiApEnabled");
			method.setAccessible(true);
			return (Boolean) method.invoke(wifiManager);

		} catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

		return false;
	}

}


MyTimeCheck.java

package com.widget.hotspot;


public abstract class MyTimerCheck {
	private int mCount = 0;
	private int mTimeOutCount = 1;
	private int mSleepTime = 1000; // 1s
	private boolean mExitFlag = false;
	private Thread mThread = null;
	
	/**
	 * Do not process UI work in this.
	 */
	public abstract void doTimerCheckWork();
	
	public abstract void doTimeOutWork();
	
	public MyTimerCheck() {
		mThread = new Thread(new Runnable() {
			
			@Override
			public void run() {
				// TODO Auto-generated method stub
				while (!mExitFlag) {
					mCount++;
					if (mCount < mTimeOutCount) {
						doTimerCheckWork();
						try {
							mThread.sleep(mSleepTime);
						} catch (InterruptedException e) {
							// TODO Auto-generated catch block
							e.printStackTrace();
							exit();
						}
					} else {
						doTimeOutWork();
					}
				}
			}
		});
	}
	
	/**
	 * start
	 * @param times  How many times will check?
	 * @param sleepTime ms, Every check sleep time.
	 */
	public void start(int timeOutCount, int sleepTime) {
		mTimeOutCount = timeOutCount;
		mSleepTime = sleepTime;
		
		mThread.start();
	}
	
	public void exit() {
		mExitFlag = true;
	}
	
}

xml布局简单不上了,

效果自己试试看打印就知道了






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