Binary Search Tree Iterator leetcode



Implement an iterator over a binary search tree (BST). Your iterator will be initialized with the root node of a BST.

Calling next() will return the next smallest number in the BST.

Note: next() and hasNext() should run in average O(1) time and uses O(h) memory, where h is the height of the tree.

Credits:
Special thanks to @ts for adding this problem and creating all test cases.



设计实现一个带有下列属性的二叉查找树的迭代器:

  • 元素按照递增的顺序被访问(比如中序遍历)
  • next()hasNext()的询问操作要求均摊时间复杂度是O(1)
用stack记录从根节点道当前节点的路径,初始化的时候要找到最左边的点,也就是中序遍历的第一个点,

为了记录这个过程,把从根节点道最左下方的节点之间的节点都压栈。

next返回的是stack栈定的元素,弹出最上面的元素后,还要看一下这个被返回的元素是否有右节点,

如果有,就把右节点及所有的左侧子节点都压入栈中。


/**
 * Definition for binary tree
 * public class TreeNode {
 *     int val;
 *     TreeNode left;
 *     TreeNode right;
 *     TreeNode(int x) { val = x; }
 * }
 */

public class BSTIterator {

    Stack<TreeNode> stack;
    public BSTIterator(TreeNode root) {
        stack = new Stack<TreeNode>();
        while (root != null) {
            stack.push(root);
            root = root.left;
        }
    }

    /** @return whether we have a next smallest number */
    public boolean hasNext() {
         return !stack.isEmpty();
    }

    /** @return the next smallest number */
    public int next() {
        TreeNode node = stack.pop();
        int result = node.val;
        if (node.right != null) {
            node = node.right;
            while(node != null){
                stack.push(node);
                node = node.left;
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
}

/**
 * Your BSTIterator will be called like this:
 * BSTIterator i = new BSTIterator(root);
 * while (i.hasNext()) v[f()] = i.next();
 */


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