python 实例8 日常记账本小程序

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实现收支的自动计算

能够查询每笔账款的消费详情

1、函数需要两个文件:一个类似钱包功能,存放钱;另一个用于记录每笔花销的用途

#!/usr/bin/env python
import cPickle as p

with open('wallet.data','w') as f:
    p.dump(10000,f)

with open('record.txt','w') as f:
    pass

2、功能实现

#!!/usr/bin/env python
#coding:utf8

import cPickle as p
import time

date = time.strftime('%Y%m%d')

def save_money():
    sav_count=int(raw_input('save money: '))
    sav_comment = raw_input('doing what: ')

    with open('wallet.data') as f:
        balance = p.load(f)

    new_bal = balance + sav_count
    with open('wallet.data','w') as f:
        p.dump(new_bal,f)

    content = '%-12s%-8s%-8s%-10s%-25s\n'%(date,'N/A',sav_count,new_bal,sav_comment)
    with open('record.txt','a')as f:
        f.write(content)



def spend_money():
    spe_count=int(raw_input('spend money: '))
    spe_comment = raw_input('doing what: ')

    with open('wallet.data') as f:
        balance = p.load(f)

    new_bal = balance - spe_count
    with open('wallet.data','w') as f:
        p.dump(new_bal,f)

    with open('record.txt','a')as f:
        content = '%-12s%-8s%-8s%-10s%-25s\n'%(date,spe_count,'N/A',new_bal,spe_comment)
        f.write(content)

def query_info():
    line = '='*63
    content = '%s\n%-12s%-8s%-8s%-10s%-25s'%(line,'Date','Cost','Save','Balance','Comment')

    with open('wallet.data') as f:
        new_bal = p.load(f)

    print 'new balance: ',new_bal

    print content
    with open('record.txt') as f:
        for line in f:
             print line



def show_menu():
    prompt = '''
    '0':'spend_money'
    '1':'save_money'
    '2':'query_info'
    '3':'quit'
'''
    while True:
        CMDs={'0':spend_money,'1':save_money,'2':query_info}
        choice = raw_input('which do you want to do ?%s: '%prompt)
        if choice not in '012':
            break
        CMDs[choice]()


if __name__=='__main__':
    show_menu()

3、程序还有改进处,例如将两个文件以参数的形式传入,会简化代码

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