1031. Hello World for U

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1031. Hello World for U (20)

Given any string of N (>=5) characters, you are asked to form the characters into the shape of U. For example, "helloworld" can be printed as:

h  d
e  l
l  r
lowo
That is, the characters must be printed in the original order, starting top-down from the left vertical line with n1 characters, then left to right along the bottom line with n2 characters, and finally bottom-up along the vertical line with n3 characters. And more, we would like U to be as squared as possible -- that is, it must be satisfied that n1 = n3 = max { k| k <= n2 for all 3 <= n2 <= N } with n1 + n2 + n3 - 2 = N.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case contains one string with no less than 5 and no more than 80 characters in a line. The string contains no white space.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print the input string in the shape of U as specified in the description.

Sample Input:
helloworld!
Sample Output:
h   !
e   d
l   l
lowor

1. n1<=n2

2. n1=n3

3. 在这个前提下,n1尽可能大(图形要尽可能正方be as squared as possible)

#include<iostream>
#include<string>
using namespace std;
string an;
int main()
{
	int len,n1,n2,sp;
	cin >> an;
	string::iterator ib=an.begin();
	string::iterator ie=an.end();
	len=an.size();
	n1=(len+2)/3;
	n2=len+2-2*n1;
	sp=n2-2;
	for(int i=1;i<=n1;i++)
	{
		if(i!=n1)
		{
			cout << *ib;
			for(int j=0;j<sp;j++)
				cout << ' ';
			cout << *(ie-1) << endl;
			ib++,ie--;
		}
		else
		{
			for(;ib!=ie;ib++)
				cout << *ib;
		}
	}
	return 0;
} 


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