SQL Server探索

探索SQL Server,分享知识

如何向视图插入数据


/*
drop table a
drop table b
go
*/

create table A(ID int identity(1,1) primary key,Avalue varchar(10))
create table B(ID int identity(1,1) primary key,AID int,Bvalue varchar(10))
go


/*
drop view AB_view
go
*/


create view AB_view
as
select A.*, B.Bvalue from A join B on (A.ID = B.AID)
go
 

--drop trigger  AB_tr on AB_view
 
create trigger AB_tr on AB_view instead of insert
as
begin

insert into a(Avalue)
select Avalue
from 
(
select distinct id,Avalue
from inserted i
)t

insert into b(aid,Bvalue)
select  scope_identity(),Bvalue
from inserted i

end
go

 

insert into AB_view (Avalue, Bvalue) values ('A3', 'B3')


select * from a
/*
ID	Avalue
1	A3
*/

select * from b
/*
ID	AID	Bvalue
1	1	B3
*/


/*
--建立2个表
create table t1(id int not null primary key,tbl varchar(5) not null)

create table t2(id int not null primary key,tbl varchar(5) not null)

go


--插入数据
insert into t1
select object_id,'01'
from sys.objects

insert into t2
select OBJECT_ID ,'02'
from sys.objects

if exists(select * from sys.views where name = 'v_t')
   drop view v_t
go


--创建视图
create view v_t
as

select * from t1
union all
select * from t2
go

*/



if exists(select * from sys.triggers where name = 'trigger_t')
   drop trigger dbo.trigger_t
go

--1.通过判断区分列tbl的值是'01'或'02',把数据分别插入t1或t2   
create trigger dbo.trigger_t
on dbo.v_t
instead of insert
as

declare @t varchar(8);
set @t = '';


if @t = '01'
	insert into dbo.t1
	select * from inserted
else 
    insert into dbo.t2
    select * from inserted

go


--1.测试
insert into v_t
select 115,'02'

select *
from dbo.t2
where ID = 115



if exists(select * from sys.triggers where name = 'trigger_t')
   drop trigger dbo.trigger_t
go

--2.通过判断区分列tbl的值是'01'或'02',来动态生成语句实现插入数据 
create trigger dbo.trigger_t
on dbo.v_t
instead of insert
as

declare @t varchar(8);
declare @sql varchar(max);
declare @id int ;
set @t = '';

select @t = tbl,@id = ID
from inserted

set @sql = 'insert into dbo.t' + RIGHT(@t,1) + 
           '(id,tbl) values(' +
           + CAST(@id as varchar) + ',''' + @t +''')' 

exec(@sql)

go


--2.测试
insert into v_t
select 116,'01'

select *
from dbo.t1
where ID = 116



if exists(select * from sys.triggers where name = 'trigger_t')
   drop trigger dbo.trigger_t
go

--3.前两种是通过insted of触发器来实现的,接下来通过check约束来实现

--先删除原来的主键,因为分区列必须包含在主键中
alter table t1 
drop constraint PK__t1__3213E83F7F60ED59

--可以不加check约束,但会导致查询优化器必须要搜索所有的表
--加了check约束后,会直接搜索符合分区依据列的表.
alter table t1
add constraint ck_t1_tbl check(tbl='01')

--加上主键约束
alter table t1
add constraint pk_t1 primary key(id,tbl)


alter table t2
drop constraint PK__t2__3213E83F03317E3D

alter table t2
add constraint ck_t2_tbl check(tbl='02')

alter table t2
add constraint pk_t2 primary key(id,tbl)


--3.测试
insert into v_t
select 12345,'01'

select *
from dbo.t1
where ID = 12345



--4.建立索引视图

if exists(select * from sys.views where name = 'v_t')
   drop view v_t
go


--创建视图
--必须加上架构,以及明确指定列
create view dbo.v_t
with schemabinding
as

select ID,tbl from dbo.t1
union all
select id,tbl from dbo.t2

go


select * from v_t


/*
报错:

消息 10116,级别 16,状态 1,第 1 行
无法对视图 'WC.dbo.v_t' 创建 索引,
因为其中包含一个或多个 UNION、INTERSECT 或 EXCEPT 运算符。
如果将查询作为原始视图的 UNION、INTERSECT 或 EXCEPT 运算符的输入,
请考虑为每个这样的查询创建一个单独的索引视图。

说明当视图中有union all时,无法建立索引视图
*/
create unique clustered index idx_v_t on dbo.v_t(id)


阅读更多
版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/yupeigu/article/details/10728185
想对作者说点什么? 我来说一句

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

不良信息举报

如何向视图插入数据

最多只允许输入30个字

加入CSDN,享受更精准的内容推荐,与500万程序员共同成长!
关闭
关闭