Ubuntu之Gitlab安装

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前提

  • 创建邮箱 gitlab@vzjc.com, noreply@vzjc.com
  • 添加 gitlab.zjc.com IP映射到系统的hosts文件或者DNS
    • $ sudo vim /etc/hosts
    • 10.1.6.49 zjc.com zjc vzjc.com mail.vzjc.com gitlab.zjc.com

安装

安装依赖包

Needed to compile Ruby and native extensions to Ruby gems

$ sudo apt-get install vim # editor
$ sudo apt-get install -y build-essential zlib1g-dev libyaml-dev libssl-dev libgdbm-dev libreadline-dev libncurses5-dev libffi-dev curl openssh-server redis-server checkinstall libxml2-dev libxslt-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libicu-dev logrotate python-docutils pkg-config cmake nodejs

安装Git


$ sudo apt-get install -y git git-core gitweb git-review

# Make sure Git is version 1.7.10 or higher, for example 1.7.12 or 2.0.0
$ git --version

安装配置Ruby

Ruby的版本可以通过浏览http://cache.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/来查到

下载安装Ruby

# Remove the old Ruby 1.8 if present
$ sudo apt-get remove ruby1.8

$ mkdir /tmp/ruby && cd /tmp/ruby
$ curl -L --progress http://cache.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/ruby-2.2.2.tar.gz | tar xz
$ cd ruby-2.2.2
$ ./configure --disable-install-rdoc
$ make
$ sudo make install

配置Ruby

*修改Gem源指向taobao
https://rubygems.org/在国内被墙着
*


$ gem source -r https://rubygems.org/
$ gem source -a http://ruby.taobao.org/

安装 Bundel 命令

$ sudo gem install bundler --no-ri --no-rdoc

为 Gitlab 创建一个 git 用户

接下来Gitlab安装都用这个账户

$ sudo adduser --disabled-login --gecos 'GitLab' git

Gitlab Shell

用来 ssh 访问仓库的管理软件

下载 Gitlab Shell

$ cd /home/git
$ sudo -u git -H git clone https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlab-shell.git
$ cd gitlab-shell
$ sudo -u git -H cp config.yml.example config.yml

修改 gitlab-shell/config.yml

/etc/hosts里修改gitlab.zjc.com指向本机IP或者配置DNS
$ sudo vim /etc/hosts
10.1.6.49 zjc.com zjc vzjc.com mail.vzjc.com gitlab.zjc.com


$ sudo -u git -H vim /home/git/gitlab-shell/config.yml
gitlab_url: "http://gitlab.zjc.com/"

安装 GitLab Shell

$ cd /home/git/gitlab-shell
$ sudo -u git -H ./bin/install

Mysql

安装 Mysql 包

$ sudo apt-get install -y mysql-server mysql-client libmysqlclient-dev

给 Gitlab 创建 Mysql 数据库并授权用户访问

下面代码中gitlabuser, gitlabpassgitlabdb分配给的用户的用户名和密码,用户可以自行设置,但是在下面用到的地方要记得修改

$ sudo mysql -uroot -p
$ > create database gitlabdb;
$ > grant all on gitlabdb.* to 'gitlabuser'@'localhost' identified by 'gitlabpass';

GitLab

下载 GitLab 源代码,并切换到最新的分支上

$ cd /home/git
$ sudo -u git -H git clone https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq.git gitlab
$ cd gitlab
# 切换到的最新稳定版号可以通过浏览器浏览`https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq`,点击branch获得
$ sudo -u git -H git checkout 7-13-stable

配置 GitLab,修改 gitlab.yml

其中 host: 项和 gitlab-shell 中 gitlab_url 的主机一致
cd /home/git/gitlab
sudo -u git -H cp config/gitlab.yml.example config/gitlab.yml
sudo -u git -H vim config/gitlab.yml
host: gitlab.zjc.com
email_from: gitlab@vzjc.com
email_reply_to: noreply@vzjc.com

相关目录-权限

# Make sure GitLab can write to the log/ and tmp/ directories
$ sudo chown -R git log/
$ sudo chown -R git tmp/
$ sudo chmod -R u+rwX,go-w log/
$ sudo chmod -R u+rwX tmp/

# Create directory for satellites
$ sudo -u git -H mkdir /home/git/gitlab-satellites
$ sudo chmod u+rwx,g=rx,o-rwx /home/git/gitlab-satellites

# Make sure GitLab can write to the tmp/pids/ and tmp/sockets/ directories
$ sudo chmod -R u+rwX tmp/pids/
$ sudo chmod -R u+rwX tmp/sockets/

# Make sure GitLab can write to the public/uploads/ directory
$ sudo chmod -R u+rwX  public/uploads

修改 unicorn.rb 监听端口为:8081

$ cd /home/git/gitlab/
$ sudo -u git -H cp config/initializers/rack_attack.rb.example config/initializers/rack_attack.rb
$ sudo -u git -H cp config/unicorn.rb.example config/unicorn.rb
$ sudo -u git -H vim config/unicorn.rb
listen "gitlab.zjc.com:8081", :tcp_nopush => true

配置 GitLab 访问 mysql 数据库设置


$ cd /home/git/gitlab/
$ sudo -u git cp config/database.yml.mysql config/database.yml
$ sudo -u git -H vim config/database.yml  
修改 Production 部分,注意这里用到的gitlabdb表的用户名和密码
production:
  adapter: mysql2
  encoding: utf8
  collation: utf8_general_ci
  reconnect: false
  database: gitlabdb
  pool: 10
  username: gitlabuser
  password: "gitlabpass"
  host: localhost
  socket: /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock

设置 GitLab 使用指定邮箱发送邮件


$ cd /home/git/gitlab/
$ sudo -u git -H vim config/environments/production.rb
修改 :sendmail 为 :smtp
config.action_mailer.delivery_method = :smtp

$ sudo -u git -H cp config/initializers/smtp_settings.rb.sample config/initializers/smtp_settings.rb
$ sudo -u git -H vim config/initializers/smtp_settings.rb

地址、端口、密码等请根据实际情况配置
Gitlab::Application.config.action_mailer.delivery_method = :smtp

  ActionMailer::Base.smtp_settings = {
    address: "mail.vzjc.com",
    port: 587,
    user_name: "gitlab@vzjc.com",
    password: "111111",
    domain: "vzjc.com",
    authentication: :plain,
    enable_starttls_auto: true,
    openssl_verify_mode: 'none' # See ActionMailer documentation for other possible options
  }

安装 gem

修改 Gemfile 文件中源指向为 taobao


$ cd /home/git/gitlab/
$ sudo -u git -H vim Gemfile
source "http://ruby.taobao.org/"

安装必须的依赖项

$ cd /home/git/gitlab/
$ sudo -u git -H bundle install --deployment --without development test postgres aws kerberos

初始化数据库并激活高级功能

$ cd /home/git/gitlab/
$ sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:setup RAILS_ENV=production

输入 yes 来初始化数据库、创建相关表,最后会输出 GitLab Web 管理员用来登录的账号和密码

这里写图片描述

设置 GitLab 启动服务

$ cd /home/git/gitlab/
$ sudo cp lib/support/init.d/gitlab /etc/init.d/gitlab
$ sudo update-rc.d gitlab defaults 21

设置 GitLab 使用 Logrotate 备份 Log

$ cd /home/git/gitlab/
$ sudo cp lib/support/logrotate/gitlab /etc/logrotate.d/gitlab

检查GitLab及其环境的配置是否正确:


$ cd /home/git/gitlab/
$ sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:env:info RAILS_ENV=production

ENV=production

System information
System:     Ubuntu 14.04
Current User:   git
Using RVM:  no
Ruby Version:   2.2.3p173
Gem Version:    2.4.5.1
Bundler Version:1.10.6
Rake Version:   10.4.2
Sidekiq Version:3.3.0

GitLab information
Version:    7.14.0
Revision:   6efd0bc
Directory:  /home/git/gitlab
DB Adapter: mysql2
URL:        http://gitlab.zjc.com
HTTP Clone URL: http://gitlab.zjc.com/some-group/some-project.git
SSH Clone URL:  git@gitlab.zjc.com:some-group/some-project.git
Using LDAP: no
Using Omniauth: no

GitLab Shell
Version:    2.6.4
Repositories:   /home/git/repositories/
Hooks:      /home/git/gitlab-shell/hooks/
Git:        /usr/bin/git

启动 GitLab 服务


$ sudo /etc/init.d/gitlab restart

最后编译一下

sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake assets:precompile RAILS_ENV=production

安装配置Nginx

如果未安装Nginx,则安装它

安装方法查看本博客 Ubuntu下安装Nginx、PHP

配置Nginx


$ cd /home/git/gitlab
$ sudo cp lib/support/nginx/gitlab /etc/nginx/sites-available/gitlab
$ sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/gitlab /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/gitlab
$ sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/gitlab
server {
  listen 0.0.0.0:80;
  listen [::]:80;
  server_name gitlab.zjc.com;
[...]
 location /uploads/ {
   [...]
   proxy_pass http://gitlab.zjc.com:8081;
 }
[...]
 location @gitlab {
   [...]
   proxy_pass http://gitlab.zjc.com:8081;
 }
 

重启Nginx

$ sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart
# or
$ sudo service nginx restart

访问


用浏览器访问: `http://gitlab.zjc.com`
用户名:root
密码:5iveL!fe

Gitlab账户配置

接下来做几件事儿


  • Gitlab用root登录
  • root用户配置,修改邮箱为admin@vzjc.com

admin为主机上的账户,修改邮箱后会向此账户发送邮件,点击邮件里的验证,邮箱就算是彻底修改过来了

提示

如果在配置完后又修改了Gitlab的配置文件,那么还需要执行Gitlab初始化数据库和编译操作,不然重启后无效 (测试是这样,待考证)

参考:

http://longgeek.com/2013/12/26/ci-system-structures-ii-gitlab-installation/
https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq/blob/master/doc/install/installation.md
http://my.oschina.net/u/1158620/blog/289191

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