Java cipher加密与解密

javax.crypto.Cipher类提供加密和解密功能,该类是JCE框架的核心。
ENCRYPT_MODE,加密数据
DECRYPT_MODE,解密数据
WRAP_MODE,将一个Key封装成字节,可以用来进行安全传输
UNWRAP_MODE,将前述已封装的密钥解开成java.security.Key对象

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;
import java.security.Key;

/**
 * @author someone
 * @create 2017-10-10 9:44
 **/
public class CipherUtil {
    private String algorithm; // 算法,如DES
    private Key key; // 根据算法对应的密钥
    private String plainText; // 明文

    KeyGenerator keyGenerator;
    Cipher cipher;

    // 函数进行初始化
    CipherUtil(String alg, String msg) {
        algorithm = alg;
        plainText = msg;
    }

    // 加密函数,将原文加密成密文
    public byte[] encrypt() {
        byte[] cipherText = null;

        try {
            // 生成Cipher对象
            cipher = Cipher.getInstance(algorithm);
            // 用密钥加密明文(plainText),生成密文(cipherText)
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, key); // 操作模式为加密(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE),key为密钥
            cipherText = cipher.doFinal(plainText.getBytes()); // 得到加密后的字节数组
            // String str = new String(cipherText);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return cipherText;
    }

    // 获取密钥包装成byte[]类型的
    public byte[] getBinaryKey(Key k) {
        byte[] bk = null;
        try {
            bk = cipher.wrap(k);
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
        return bk;
    }

    // 解密函数,将密文解密回原文
    public String decrypt(byte[] cipherText, Key k) {
        byte[] sourceText = null;

        try {
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, k); // 操作模式为解密,key为密钥
            sourceText = cipher.doFinal(cipherText);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return new String(sourceText);

    }

    // 生成密钥
    public Key keyGenerator() {
        try {
            // 初始化密钥key
            keyGenerator = KeyGenerator.getInstance(algorithm);
            keyGenerator.init(56); // 选择DES算法,密钥长度必须为56位
            key = keyGenerator.generateKey(); // 生成密钥
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
        return key;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String algorithm = "DES"; // 定义加密算法,可用 DES,DESede,Blowfish
        String message = "Hello morning. 这是待加密的信息"; // 生成个DES密钥
        Key key;

        CipherUtil cm = new CipherUtil(algorithm, message);
        key = cm.keyGenerator();
        byte[] msg = cm.encrypt();
        System.out.println("加密后的密文为:" + new String(msg));
        //System.out.println(cm.getBinaryKey(key));
        System.out.println("解密密文为:" + cm.decrypt(msg, key));

    }

}

参考:http://www.cnblogs.com/langtianya/archive/2013/01/31/2883867.html

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