根据错误码获取错误信息,读写文件

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/tujiaw/article/details/17840823


CString GetErrorString(int errCode, LPTSTR name = NULL)
{
	CString ret;
	LPVOID lpMsgBuf;
	FormatMessage(FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER | FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM | FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
		NULL, errCode, MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT), (LPWSTR)&lpMsgBuf, 0, NULL);
	if (lpMsgBuf) {
		ret.Format(L"%s错误码%d:%s", (name?name:L""), errCode, lpMsgBuf);
		LocalFree(lpMsgBuf);
	} else {
		ret.Format(L"%s错误码%d", (name?name:L""), errCode);
	}
	return ret;
}

class WinFile
{
public:
	WinFile(const std::wstring &filename, bool bread)
	{
		open(filename, bread);
	}

	WinFile()
	{
	}

	~WinFile()
	{
		if (isValid()) {
			CloseHandle(m_hFile);
		}
	}

	int open(const std::wstring &filename, bool bread)
	{
		int ret = 0;

		filename_ = filename;
		if (bread) {
			m_hFile = CreateFile(filename.c_str(), GENERIC_READ, FILE_SHARE_READ, 0,
				OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, 0);

		} else {
			m_hFile = CreateFile(filename.c_str(), GENERIC_WRITE, FILE_SHARE_WRITE, 0,
				CREATE_NEW, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, 0);
		}

		if (!isValid()) {
			ret = GetLastError();
		}
		
		return ret;
	}

	int read(void *buf, size_t count, size_t *result = NULL)
	{
		assert(NULL != buf);
		int ret = 0;

		DWORD nread = 0;
		if (ReadFile(m_hFile, buf, count, &nread, 0)) {
			if (result) {
				*result = nread;
			}
		} else {
			ret = GetLastError();
		}
		
		return ret;
	}

	int write(const void *buf, size_t count, size_t *result = NULL)
	{
		assert(NULL != buf);
		int ret = 0;

		DWORD nwritten = 0;
		if (WriteFile(m_hFile, buf, count, &nwritten, 0)) {
			if (result) {
				*result = nwritten;
			}
		} else {
			ret = GetLastError();
		}

		return ret;
	}

	int seek(size_t n)
	{
		LARGE_INTEGER fileSize;
		GetFileSizeEx(m_hFile, &fileSize);
		if (fileSize.QuadPart < n) {
			return -1;
		}
		
		LARGE_INTEGER li;
		li.QuadPart = n;
		li.LowPart = SetFilePointer(m_hFile, li.LowPart, &li.HighPart, FILE_BEGIN);
		if (li.LowPart == INVALID_SET_FILE_POINTER && GetLastError() != NO_ERROR) {
			return GetLastError();
		}
		return 0;
	}

	DWORD size()
	{
		return GetFileSize(m_hFile, NULL);
	}

	bool isValid() { return m_hFile != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE; }
	std::wstring filename() const { return filename_; }

private:
	HANDLE m_hFile;
	std::wstring filename_;
};

void CSmallFileDlg::OnBnClickedOk()
{
	WinFile fr(L"C:\\Users\\jiaw\\Desktop\\xyz.flv", true);
	WinFile fw(L"C:\\Users\\jiaw\\Desktop\\xyz2.flv", false);

	char buf[65536];
	size_t result;
	DWORD total = fr.size();
	DWORD nread = 0;
	while (nread != total) {
		int ret = fr.read(buf, sizeof(buf), &result);
		if (0 != ret) {
			MessageBox(GetErrorString(ret));
			break;
		}
		nread += result;
		fr.seek(nread); // 设置下次的读取位置

		ret = fw.write(buf, result);
		if (0 != ret) {
			MessageBox(GetErrorString(ret));
			break;
		} else {
			fw.seek(nread); // 设置下次的写入位置
		}
	}

	CDialogEx::OnOK();
}


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