leetcode 225:Implement Stack using Queues

题目:
Implement the following operations of a stack using queues.

push(x) -- Push element x onto stack.
pop() -- Removes the element on top of the stack.
top() -- Get the top element.
empty() -- Return whether the stack is empty.

Notes:

You must use only standard operations of a queue -- which means only push to back, peek/pop from front, size, and is empty operations are valid.
Depending on your language, queue may not be supported natively. You may simulate a queue by using a list or deque (double-ended queue), as long as you use only standard operations of a queue.
You may assume that all operations are valid (for example, no pop or top operations will be called on an empty stack).

分析:
本题是要用队列实现栈的相关操作,可以用两个队列来实现栈的四个操作,设定始终保证一个队列为空,两个队列分别为q1,q2:
1、push(x):
若q1非空,则x加入到q2中,然后将q1元素放入到q2中;若q2非空,则x加入到q1中,然后将q2元素放入到q1中.
2、pop():
若q1非空,则q1执行队列poll()操作;若q2非空,则q2执行队列poll()操作.
3、top():
若q1非空,则q1执行队列peek()操作;若q2非空,则q2执行队列peek()操作.
4、empty():
若队列q1和q2都为空,则返回true.
代码:

import java.util.ArrayDeque;
import java.util.Queue;
public class MyStack {
    Queue<Integer> q1=new ArrayDeque<Integer>(); ;
    Queue<Integer> q2=new ArrayDeque<Integer>();
    // Push element x onto stack.
    public void push(int x) {
        if(q1.isEmpty()){
            q1.offer(x);
            while(!q2.isEmpty()){
                int tmp=q2.peek();
                q2.poll();
                q1.offer(tmp);
            }
        }else{
            q2.offer(x);
            while(!q1.isEmpty()){
                int tmp=q1.peek();
                q1.poll();
                q2.offer(tmp);
            }
        }
    }

    // Removes the element on top of the stack.
    public void pop() {
       if(!q1.isEmpty())
           q1.poll();
       if(!q2.isEmpty())
           q2.poll();
    }

    // Get the top element.
    public int top() {
        if(!q1.isEmpty())
            return q1.peek();
        if(!q2.isEmpty())
            return q2.peek();
        return 0;
    }

    // Return whether the stack is empty.
    public boolean empty() {
        return q1.isEmpty()&&q2.isEmpty();
    }
    public static void main(String[] args){
        MyStack stack=new MyStack();
        boolean result=stack.empty();
        System.out.println("empty:"+result);
    }
}
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文章标签: leetcode
个人分类: leetcode
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