spring学习笔记(14)——泛型依赖注入

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/u010837612/article/details/45582043

泛型依赖注入

spring 4.x以上版本才有

写一个baseRepository,可以将DAO层相同的操作给封装起来,比如一般的增删改查,所有的DAO一般都有这些操作,因此可以写到父类中,并且使用泛型

package com.zj.generic;

public class BaseRepository<T> {

    public void add() {
        System.out.println("reponsitory add ....");
    }

}

baseService

package com.zj.generic;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

public class BaseService<T> {
    @Autowired
    private BaseRepository<T> repository;

    public void add(){
        repository.add();
    }
}

在BaseService中装配了BaseRepository

写两个子类分别继承他们两

package com.zj.generic;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

@Repository
public class UserReponsitory extends BaseRepository<User>{

}
package com.zj.generic;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

@Service
public class UserService extends BaseService<User>{

}

配置文件配置扫描包

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd">

<context:component-scan base-package="com.zj.generic"></context:component-scan>

</beans>

测试方法

package com.zj.generic;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) {

        ApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("beans-generic.xml");
        UserService userService = (UserService) ctx.getBean("userService");
        userService.add();
    }
}
  • 在以上的代码中,BaseService中引用了BaseReponsitory,并且在BaseService的add方法中调用了BaseReponsitory的add方法
  • 在他们的子类中,继承了这种关系,因此我们在测试方法中调用userService.add(); 也是可以成功地调用UserReponsitory中的add方法
  • 根据泛型T自动注入相应的Reponsitory
阅读更多

扫码向博主提问

君君要上天

博客专家

非学,无以致疑;非问,无以广识
去开通我的Chat快问
换一批

spring DAO泛型依赖注入

11-11

java.lang.IllegalStateException: Autowired annotation requires at least one argument: public void com.strogit.assetsmanagement.service.impl.AlarmServiceImpl.setAlarmDao()rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$2.doWith(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:307)rn at org.springframework.util.ReflectionUtils.doWithMethods(ReflectionUtils.java:466)rn at org.springframework.util.ReflectionUtils.doWithMethods(ReflectionUtils.java:443)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.findAutowiringMetadata(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:299)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessMergedBeanDefinition(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:179)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.applyMergedBeanDefinitionPostProcessors(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:745)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:448)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory$1.run(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:409)rn at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:380)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:264)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:222)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:261)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:185)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:164)rn at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:429)rn at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:728)rn at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:380)rn at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader.createWebApplicationContext(ContextLoader.java:255)rn at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoader.initWebApplicationContext(ContextLoader.java:199)rn at org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener.contextInitialized(ContextLoaderListener.java:45)rn at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.listenerStart(StandardContext.java:3934)rn at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContext.start(StandardContext.java:4429)rn at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChildInternal(ContainerBase.java:791)rn at org.apache.catalina.core.ContainerBase.addChild(ContainerBase.java:771)rn at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHost.addChild(StandardHost.java:526)rn at org.apache.catalina.startup.HostConfig.deployDirectory(HostConfig.jrnrn怎么会出现这样的问题rnrnrn public BaseDAOImpl alarmDao;rn rn @Autowiredrn public void setAlarmDao() rn alarmDao=new BaseDAOImpl(Alarm.class);rn rnrn用的是注解配置rn

没有更多推荐了,返回首页