红橙Darren视频笔记 自定义View总集篇

本节目的 了解 ActivityManagerService Activity ActivityManager Window WindowManager WindowManagerService Session ViewRootImpl等的关系
学完应该能够回答
1 Activity怎么创建的?
2 布局怎么加载
3 View绘制流程
4 View的touch事件
5 WindowManger与window的关系

第一部分 activity如何创建

我们找到MainActivity的setContentView方法 跟进去

    @Override
    public void setContentView(@LayoutRes int layoutResID) {
        getDelegate().setContentView(layoutResID);//1 想知道getDelegate是个啥
    }

    public AppCompatDelegate getDelegate() {
        if (mDelegate == null) {
            mDelegate = AppCompatDelegate.create(this, this);//2 看create方法(后面会圆回来)
        }
        return mDelegate;
    }

    public static AppCompatDelegate create(@NonNull Activity activity,
            @Nullable AppCompatCallback callback) {
        return new AppCompatDelegateImpl(activity, callback);//3 继续跟进
    }

    AppCompatDelegateImpl(Activity activity, AppCompatCallback callback) {
        this(activity, null, callback, activity);
    }

    private AppCompatDelegateImpl(Context context, Window window, AppCompatCallback callback,
            Object host) {
        mContext = context;//4 在这里打个断点 看看
        mAppCompatCallback = callback;
        mHost = host;

        if (mLocalNightMode == MODE_NIGHT_UNSPECIFIED && mHost instanceof Dialog) {
            final AppCompatActivity activity = tryUnwrapContext();
            if (activity != null) {
                // This code path is used to detect when this Delegate is a child Delegate from
                // an Activity, primarily for Dialogs. Dialogs use the Activity as it's Context,
                // so we want to make sure that the this 'child' delegate does not interfere
                // with the Activity config. The simplest way to do that is to match the
                // outer Activity's local night mode
                mLocalNightMode = activity.getDelegate().getLocalNightMode();
            }
        }
        if (mLocalNightMode == MODE_NIGHT_UNSPECIFIED) {
            // Try and read the current night mode from our static store
            final Integer value = sLocalNightModes.get(mHost.getClass());
            if (value != null) {
                mLocalNightMode = value;
                // Finally remove the value
                sLocalNightModes.remove(mHost.getClass());
            }
        }

        if (window != null) {
            attachToWindow(window);
        }

        // Preload appcompat-specific handling of drawables that should be handled in a special
        // way (for tinting etc). After the following line completes, calls from AppCompatResources
        // to ResourceManagerInternal (in appcompat-resources) will handle those internal drawable
        // paths correctly without having to go through AppCompatDrawableManager APIs.
        AppCompatDrawableManager.preload();
    }

我们学过Java都知道Java有个main函数 打断点的时候我发现了Android的main方法的入口
ActivityThread.java

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "ActivityThreadMain");

        // CloseGuard defaults to true and can be quite spammy.  We
        // disable it here, but selectively enable it later (via
        // StrictMode) on debug builds, but using DropBox, not logs.
        CloseGuard.setEnabled(false);

        Environment.initForCurrentUser();

        // Set the reporter for event logging in libcore
        EventLogger.setReporter(new EventLoggingReporter());

        // Make sure TrustedCertificateStore looks in the right place for CA certificates
        final File configDir = Environment.getUserConfigDirectory(UserHandle.myUserId());
        TrustedCertificateStore.setDefaultUserDirectory(configDir);

        Process.setArgV0("<pre-initialized>");

        Looper.prepareMainLooper();

        ActivityThread thread = new ActivityThread();
        thread.attach(false);

        if (sMainThreadHandler == null) {
            sMainThreadHandler = thread.getHandler();
        }

        if (false) {
            Looper.myLooper().setMessageLogging(new
                    LogPrinter(Log.DEBUG, "ActivityThread"));
        }

        // End of event ActivityThreadMain.
        Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
        Looper.loop();//这里时最深处的调用 我们从这里往上层走 //looper调用msg.target.dispatchMessage(msg);分发消息

        throw new RuntimeException("Main thread loop unexpectedly exited");
    }


    public void dispatchMessage(Message msg) {
        if (msg.callback != null) {
            handleCallback(msg);
        } else {
            if (mCallback != null) {
                if (mCallback.handleMessage(msg)) {
                    return;
                }
            }
            handleMessage(msg);//Handler处理消息
        }
    }

	//消息丢给ActivityThread处理
	public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
            if (DEBUG_MESSAGES) Slog.v(TAG, ">>> handling: " + codeToString(msg.what));
            switch (msg.what) {
                case LAUNCH_ACTIVITY: {
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityStart");
                    final ActivityClientRecord r = (ActivityClientRecord) msg.obj;

                    r.packageInfo = getPackageInfoNoCheck(
                            r.activityInfo.applicationInfo, r.compatInfo);
                    //有超多的消息 这里我们只关注这一个LAUNCH_ACTIVITY的msg
                    handleLaunchActivity(r, null, "LAUNCH_ACTIVITY");
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                } break;
                case RELAUNCH_ACTIVITY: {
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityRestart");
                    ActivityClientRecord r = (ActivityClientRecord)msg.obj;
                    handleRelaunchActivity(r);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                } break;
                case PAUSE_ACTIVITY: {
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityPause");
                    SomeArgs args = (SomeArgs) msg.obj;
                    handlePauseActivity((IBinder) args.arg1, false,
                            (args.argi1 & USER_LEAVING) != 0, args.argi2,
                            (args.argi1 & DONT_REPORT) != 0, args.argi3);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                } break;
                case PAUSE_ACTIVITY_FINISHING: {
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityPause");
                    SomeArgs args = (SomeArgs) msg.obj;
                    handlePauseActivity((IBinder) args.arg1, true, (args.argi1 & USER_LEAVING) != 0,
                            args.argi2, (args.argi1 & DONT_REPORT) != 0, args.argi3);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                } break;
                case STOP_ACTIVITY_SHOW: {
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityStop");
                    SomeArgs args = (SomeArgs) msg.obj;
                    handleStopActivity((IBinder) args.arg1, true, args.argi2, args.argi3);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                } break;
                case STOP_ACTIVITY_HIDE: {
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityStop");
                    SomeArgs args = (SomeArgs) msg.obj;
                    handleStopActivity((IBinder) args.arg1, false, args.argi2, args.argi3);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                } break;
                case SHOW_WINDOW:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityShowWindow");
                    handleWindowVisibility((IBinder)msg.obj, true);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case HIDE_WINDOW:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityHideWindow");
                    handleWindowVisibility((IBinder)msg.obj, false);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case RESUME_ACTIVITY:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityResume");
                    SomeArgs args = (SomeArgs) msg.obj;
                    handleResumeActivity((IBinder) args.arg1, true, args.argi1 != 0, true,
                            args.argi3, "RESUME_ACTIVITY");
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case SEND_RESULT:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityDeliverResult");
                    handleSendResult((ResultData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case DESTROY_ACTIVITY:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityDestroy");
                    handleDestroyActivity((IBinder)msg.obj, msg.arg1 != 0,
                            msg.arg2, false);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case BIND_APPLICATION:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "bindApplication");
                    AppBindData data = (AppBindData)msg.obj;
                    handleBindApplication(data);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case EXIT_APPLICATION:
                    if (mInitialApplication != null) {
                        mInitialApplication.onTerminate();
                    }
                    Looper.myLooper().quit();
                    break;
                case NEW_INTENT:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityNewIntent");
                    handleNewIntent((NewIntentData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case RECEIVER:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "broadcastReceiveComp");
                    handleReceiver((ReceiverData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case CREATE_SERVICE:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, ("serviceCreate: " + String.valueOf(msg.obj)));
                    handleCreateService((CreateServiceData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case BIND_SERVICE:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "serviceBind");
                    handleBindService((BindServiceData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case UNBIND_SERVICE:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "serviceUnbind");
                    handleUnbindService((BindServiceData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case SERVICE_ARGS:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, ("serviceStart: " + String.valueOf(msg.obj)));
                    handleServiceArgs((ServiceArgsData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case STOP_SERVICE:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "serviceStop");
                    handleStopService((IBinder)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case CONFIGURATION_CHANGED:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "configChanged");
                    mCurDefaultDisplayDpi = ((Configuration)msg.obj).densityDpi;
                    mUpdatingSystemConfig = true;
                    try {
                        handleConfigurationChanged((Configuration) msg.obj, null);
                    } finally {
                        mUpdatingSystemConfig = false;
                    }
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case CLEAN_UP_CONTEXT:
                    ContextCleanupInfo cci = (ContextCleanupInfo)msg.obj;
                    cci.context.performFinalCleanup(cci.who, cci.what);
                    break;
                case GC_WHEN_IDLE:
                    scheduleGcIdler();
                    break;
                case DUMP_SERVICE:
                    handleDumpService((DumpComponentInfo)msg.obj);
                    break;
                case LOW_MEMORY:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "lowMemory");
                    handleLowMemory();
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case ACTIVITY_CONFIGURATION_CHANGED:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityConfigChanged");
                    handleActivityConfigurationChanged((ActivityConfigChangeData) msg.obj,
                            INVALID_DISPLAY);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case ACTIVITY_MOVED_TO_DISPLAY:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "activityMovedToDisplay");
                    handleActivityConfigurationChanged((ActivityConfigChangeData) msg.obj,
                            msg.arg1 /* displayId */);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case PROFILER_CONTROL:
                    handleProfilerControl(msg.arg1 != 0, (ProfilerInfo)msg.obj, msg.arg2);
                    break;
                case CREATE_BACKUP_AGENT:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "backupCreateAgent");
                    handleCreateBackupAgent((CreateBackupAgentData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case DESTROY_BACKUP_AGENT:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "backupDestroyAgent");
                    handleDestroyBackupAgent((CreateBackupAgentData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case SUICIDE:
                    Process.killProcess(Process.myPid());
                    break;
                case REMOVE_PROVIDER:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "providerRemove");
                    completeRemoveProvider((ProviderRefCount)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case ENABLE_JIT:
                    ensureJitEnabled();
                    break;
                case DISPATCH_PACKAGE_BROADCAST:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "broadcastPackage");
                    handleDispatchPackageBroadcast(msg.arg1, (String[])msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case SCHEDULE_CRASH:
                    throw new RemoteServiceException((String)msg.obj);
                case DUMP_HEAP:
                    handleDumpHeap((DumpHeapData) msg.obj);
                    break;
                case DUMP_ACTIVITY:
                    handleDumpActivity((DumpComponentInfo)msg.obj);
                    break;
                case DUMP_PROVIDER:
                    handleDumpProvider((DumpComponentInfo)msg.obj);
                    break;
                case SLEEPING:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "sleeping");
                    handleSleeping((IBinder)msg.obj, msg.arg1 != 0);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case SET_CORE_SETTINGS:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "setCoreSettings");
                    handleSetCoreSettings((Bundle) msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case UPDATE_PACKAGE_COMPATIBILITY_INFO:
                    handleUpdatePackageCompatibilityInfo((UpdateCompatibilityData)msg.obj);
                    break;
                case TRIM_MEMORY:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "trimMemory");
                    handleTrimMemory(msg.arg1);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;
                case UNSTABLE_PROVIDER_DIED:
                    handleUnstableProviderDied((IBinder)msg.obj, false);
                    break;
                case REQUEST_ASSIST_CONTEXT_EXTRAS:
                    handleRequestAssistContextExtras((RequestAssistContextExtras)msg.obj);
                    break;
                case TRANSLUCENT_CONVERSION_COMPLETE:
                    handleTranslucentConversionComplete((IBinder)msg.obj, msg.arg1 == 1);
                    break;
                case INSTALL_PROVIDER:
                    handleInstallProvider((ProviderInfo) msg.obj);
                    break;
                case ON_NEW_ACTIVITY_OPTIONS:
                    Pair<IBinder, ActivityOptions> pair = (Pair<IBinder, ActivityOptions>) msg.obj;
                    onNewActivityOptions(pair.first, pair.second);
                    break;
                case ENTER_ANIMATION_COMPLETE:
                    handleEnterAnimationComplete((IBinder) msg.obj);
                    break;
                case START_BINDER_TRACKING:
                    handleStartBinderTracking();
                    break;
                case STOP_BINDER_TRACKING_AND_DUMP:
                    handleStopBinderTrackingAndDump((ParcelFileDescriptor) msg.obj);
                    break;
                case MULTI_WINDOW_MODE_CHANGED:
                    handleMultiWindowModeChanged((IBinder) ((SomeArgs) msg.obj).arg1,
                            ((SomeArgs) msg.obj).argi1 == 1,
                            (Configuration) ((SomeArgs) msg.obj).arg2);
                    break;
                case PICTURE_IN_PICTURE_MODE_CHANGED:
                    handlePictureInPictureModeChanged((IBinder) ((SomeArgs) msg.obj).arg1,
                            ((SomeArgs) msg.obj).argi1 == 1,
                            (Configuration) ((SomeArgs) msg.obj).arg2);
                    break;
                case LOCAL_VOICE_INTERACTION_STARTED:
                    handleLocalVoiceInteractionStarted((IBinder) ((SomeArgs) msg.obj).arg1,
                            (IVoiceInteractor) ((SomeArgs) msg.obj).arg2);
                    break;
                case ATTACH_AGENT:
                    handleAttachAgent((String) msg.obj);
                    break;
                case APPLICATION_INFO_CHANGED:
                    mUpdatingSystemConfig = true;
                    try {
                        handleApplicationInfoChanged((ApplicationInfo) msg.obj);
                    } finally {
                        mUpdatingSystemConfig = false;
                    }
                    break;
            }
            Object obj = msg.obj;
            if (obj instanceof SomeArgs) {
                ((SomeArgs) obj).recycle();
            }
            if (DEBUG_MESSAGES) Slog.v(TAG, "<<< done: " + codeToString(msg.what));
        }


	//ActivityThread启动Activity的地方
    private void handleLaunchActivity(ActivityClientRecord r, Intent customIntent, String reason) {
        // If we are getting ready to gc after going to the background, well
        // we are back active so skip it.
        unscheduleGcIdler();
        mSomeActivitiesChanged = true;

        if (r.profilerInfo != null) {
            mProfiler.setProfiler(r.profilerInfo);
            mProfiler.startProfiling();
        }

        // Make sure we are running with the most recent config.
        handleConfigurationChanged(null, null);

        if (localLOGV) Slog.v(
            TAG, "Handling launch of " + r);

        // Initialize before creating the activity
        if (!ThreadedRenderer.sRendererDisabled) {
            GraphicsEnvironment.earlyInitEGL();
        }
        WindowManagerGlobal.initialize();

        Activity a = performLaunchActivity(r, customIntent);//重点 得到了Activity

        if (a != null) {
            r.createdConfig = new Configuration(mConfiguration);
            reportSizeConfigurations(r);
            Bundle oldState = r.state;
            handleResumeActivity(r.token, false, r.isForward,
                    !r.activity.mFinished && !r.startsNotResumed, r.lastProcessedSeq, reason);

            if (!r.activity.mFinished && r.startsNotResumed) {
                // The activity manager actually wants this one to start out paused, because it
                // needs to be visible but isn't in the foreground. We accomplish this by going
                // through the normal startup (because activities expect to go through onResume()
                // the first time they run, before their window is displayed), and then pausing it.
                // However, in this case we do -not- need to do the full pause cycle (of freezing
                // and such) because the activity manager assumes it can just retain the current
                // state it has.
                performPauseActivityIfNeeded(r, reason);

                // We need to keep around the original state, in case we need to be created again.
                // But we only do this for pre-Honeycomb apps, which always save their state when
                // pausing, so we can not have them save their state when restarting from a paused
                // state. For HC and later, we want to (and can) let the state be saved as the
                // normal part of stopping the activity.
                if (r.isPreHoneycomb()) {
                    r.state = oldState;
                }
            }
        } else {
            // If there was an error, for any reason, tell the activity manager to stop us.
            try {
                ActivityManager.getService()
                    .finishActivity(r.token, Activity.RESULT_CANCELED, null,
                            Activity.DONT_FINISH_TASK_WITH_ACTIVITY);
            } catch (RemoteException ex) {
                throw ex.rethrowFromSystemServer();
            }
        }
    }



    private Activity performLaunchActivity(ActivityClientRecord r, Intent customIntent) {
        // System.out.println("##### [" + System.currentTimeMillis() + "] ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(" + r + ")");

        ActivityInfo aInfo = r.activityInfo;
        if (r.packageInfo == null) {//获取包名信息
            r.packageInfo = getPackageInfo(aInfo.applicationInfo, r.compatInfo,
                    Context.CONTEXT_INCLUDE_CODE);
        }

        ComponentName component = r.intent.getComponent();
        if (component == null) {
            component = r.intent.resolveActivity(
                mInitialApplication.getPackageManager());
            r.intent.setComponent(component);
        }

        if (r.activityInfo.targetActivity != null) {
            component = new ComponentName(r.activityInfo.packageName,
                    r.activityInfo.targetActivity);
        }

        ContextImpl appContext = createBaseContextForActivity(r);
        Activity activity = null;
        try {
            java.lang.ClassLoader cl = appContext.getClassLoader();
            //以下为重点 activity就是在这里创建的 跟踪进去可以发现activity是利用反射创建的
            activity = mInstrumentation.newActivity(
                    cl, component.getClassName(), r.intent);
            StrictMode.incrementExpectedActivityCount(activity.getClass());
            r.intent.setExtrasClassLoader(cl);
            r.intent.prepareToEnterProcess();
            if (r.state != null) {
                r.state.setClassLoader(cl);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (!mInstrumentation.onException(activity, e)) {
                throw new RuntimeException(
                    "Unable to instantiate activity " + component
                    + ": " + e.toString(), e);
            }
        }

        try {
            Application app = r.packageInfo.makeApplication(false, mInstrumentation);

            if (localLOGV) Slog.v(TAG, "Performing launch of " + r);
            if (localLOGV) Slog.v(
                    TAG, r + ": app=" + app
                    + ", appName=" + app.getPackageName()
                    + ", pkg=" + r.packageInfo.getPackageName()
                    + ", comp=" + r.intent.getComponent().toShortString()
                    + ", dir=" + r.packageInfo.getAppDir());

            if (activity != null) {
                CharSequence title = r.activityInfo.loadLabel(appContext.getPackageManager());
                Configuration config = new Configuration(mCompatConfiguration);
                if (r.overrideConfig != null) {
                    config.updateFrom(r.overrideConfig);
                }
                if (DEBUG_CONFIGURATION) Slog.v(TAG, "Launching activity "
                        + r.activityInfo.name + " with config " + config);
                Window window = null;
                if (r.mPendingRemoveWindow != null && r.mPreserveWindow) {
                    window = r.mPendingRemoveWindow;
                    r.mPendingRemoveWindow = null;
                    r.mPendingRemoveWindowManager = null;
                }
                appContext.setOuterContext(activity);
                //attach方法也很重要 在attach方法进行各种变量初始化
                activity.attach(appContext, this, getInstrumentation(), r.token,
                        r.ident, app, r.intent, r.activityInfo, title, r.parent,
                        r.embeddedID, r.lastNonConfigurationInstances, config,
                        r.referrer, r.voiceInteractor, window, r.configCallback);

                if (customIntent != null) {
                    activity.mIntent = customIntent;
                }
                r.lastNonConfigurationInstances = null;
                checkAndBlockForNetworkAccess();
                activity.mStartedActivity = false;
                int theme = r.activityInfo.getThemeResource();
                if (theme != 0) {
                    activity.setTheme(theme);
                }

                activity.mCalled = false;
                if (r.isPersistable()) {
                    mInstrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(activity, r.state, r.persistentState);
                } else {
                    mInstrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(activity, r.state);//一般情况会走这个case调用 Activity的onCreate方法
                }
                if (!activity.mCalled) {
                    throw new SuperNotCalledException(
                        "Activity " + r.intent.getComponent().toShortString() +
                        " did not call through to super.onCreate()");
                }
                r.activity = activity;
                r.stopped = true;
                if (!r.activity.mFinished) {
                    activity.performStart();
                    r.stopped = false;
                }
                if (!r.activity.mFinished) {
                    if (r.isPersistable()) {
                        if (r.state != null || r.persistentState != null) {
                            mInstrumentation.callActivityOnRestoreInstanceState(activity, r.state,
                                    r.persistentState);
                        }
                    } else if (r.state != null) {
                        mInstrumentation.callActivityOnRestoreInstanceState(activity, r.state);
                    }
                }
                if (!r.activity.mFinished) {
                    activity.mCalled = false;
                    if (r.isPersistable()) {
                        mInstrumentation.callActivityOnPostCreate(activity, r.state,
                                r.persistentState);
                    } else {
                        mInstrumentation.callActivityOnPostCreate(activity, r.state);
                    }
                    if (!activity.mCalled) {
                        throw new SuperNotCalledException(
                            "Activity " + r.intent.getComponent().toShortString() +
                            " did not call through to super.onPostCreate()");
                    }
                }
            }
            r.paused = true;

            mActivities.put(r.token, r);

        } catch (SuperNotCalledException e) {
            throw e;

        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (!mInstrumentation.onException(activity, e)) {
                throw new RuntimeException(
                    "Unable to start activity " + component
                    + ": " + e.toString(), e);
            }
        }

        return activity;
    }



    final void attach(Context context, ActivityThread aThread,
            Instrumentation instr, IBinder token, int ident,
            Application application, Intent intent, ActivityInfo info,
            CharSequence title, Activity parent, String id,
            NonConfigurationInstances lastNonConfigurationInstances,
            Configuration config, String referrer, IVoiceInteractor voiceInteractor,
            Window window, ActivityConfigCallback activityConfigCallback) {
        attachBaseContext(context);//重点 跟踪

        mFragments.attachHost(null /*parent*/);

        mWindow = new PhoneWindow(this, window, activityConfigCallback);
        mWindow.setWindowControllerCallback(this);
        mWindow.setCallback(this);
        mWindow.setOnWindowDismissedCallback(this);
        mWindow.getLayoutInflater().setPrivateFactory(this);
        if (info.softInputMode != WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_STATE_UNSPECIFIED) {
            mWindow.setSoftInputMode(info.softInputMode);
        }
        if (info.uiOptions != 0) {
            mWindow.setUiOptions(info.uiOptions);
        }
        mUiThread = Thread.currentThread();

        mMainThread = aThread;
        mInstrumentation = instr;
        mToken = token;
        mIdent = ident;
        mApplication = application;
        mIntent = intent;
        mReferrer = referrer;
        mComponent = intent.getComponent();
        mActivityInfo = info;
        mTitle = title;
        mParent = parent;
        mEmbeddedID = id;
        mLastNonConfigurationInstances = lastNonConfigurationInstances;
        if (voiceInteractor != null) {
            if (lastNonConfigurationInstances != null) {
                mVoiceInteractor = lastNonConfigurationInstances.voiceInteractor;
            } else {
                mVoiceInteractor = new VoiceInteractor(voiceInteractor, this, this,
                        Looper.myLooper());
            }
        }

        mWindow.setWindowManager(
                (WindowManager)context.getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE),
                mToken, mComponent.flattenToString(),
                (info.flags & ActivityInfo.FLAG_HARDWARE_ACCELERATED) != 0);
        if (mParent != null) {
            mWindow.setContainer(mParent.getWindow());
        }
        mWindowManager = mWindow.getWindowManager();
        mCurrentConfig = config;

        mWindow.setColorMode(info.colorMode);
    }

    @Override
    protected void attachBaseContext(Context newBase) {
        super.attachBaseContext(newBase);
        getDelegate().attachBaseContext(newBase);
    }

    @NonNull
    public AppCompatDelegate getDelegate() {
        if (mDelegate == null) {
            mDelegate = AppCompatDelegate.create(this, this);//圆回去了
        }
        return mDelegate;
    }

回答最初的问题 Activity怎么创建的:
ActivityThread main入口->Looper.loop();
loop()->msg.target.dispatchMessage(msg);
Handler.dispatchMessage->handleMessage(msg);
ActivityThread.handleMessage->handleLaunchActivity(r, null, “LAUNCH_ACTIVITY”);
ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity-> Activity a = performLaunchActivity(r, customIntent);//在performLaunchActivity中会通过反射创建activity
ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity->activity.attach(xxx)//attach方法中初始化了PhoneWindow对象
Activity.attach(xxx)->attachBaseContext(context);
AppCompatActivity.attachBaseContext->getDelegate().attachBaseContext(newBase);
AppCompatActivity.getDelegate->AppCompatDelegate.create(this, this);
省略最后简单几步
由此我们知道ActivityThread是一个关键角色 维护了Activity的生命周期,并在performLaunchActivity中会通过反射创建activity实例

第二部分 如何加载布局 setContentView分析

我们先看看MainActivity onCreate是如何被调用的
上一步performLaunchActivity中我们关注了activity.attach的方法 方法执行完毕 继续往下走 会执行到上面的487行
mInstrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(activity, r.state);

    //Instrumentation.java
	public void callActivityOnCreate(Activity activity, Bundle icicle) {
        prePerformCreate(activity);
        activity.performCreate(icicle);//跟下去
        postPerformCreate(activity);
    }

	//Activity.java
    /** @hide */
    public final IBinder getActivityToken() {
        return mParent != null ? mParent.getActivityToken() : mToken;
    }

	//Activity.java
    final void performCreate(Bundle icicle, PersistableBundle persistentState) {
        mCanEnterPictureInPicture = true;
        restoreHasCurrentPermissionRequest(icicle);
        if (persistentState != null) {
            onCreate(icicle, persistentState);
        } else {
            onCreate(icicle);//调用了onCreate方法
        }
        mActivityTransitionState.readState(icicle);

        mVisibleFromClient = !mWindow.getWindowStyle().getBoolean(
                com.android.internal.R.styleable.Window_windowNoDisplay, false);
        mFragments.dispatchActivityCreated();
        mActivityTransitionState.setEnterActivityOptions(this, getActivityOptions());
    }

下面就执行到了MainActivity的setContentView
关于这点我在之前的文章有详细分析(注意这里之前的文章是使用继承Activity的情况,和AppCompatActivity大致步骤一样)
setContentView源码分析(https://blog.csdn.net/u011109881/article/details/111085949)
主要流程:
MainActivity.java setContentView–>
Activity setContentView–>getWindow().setContentView(layoutResID);–>
PhoneWindow setContentView–>installDecor() //创建Decor并且generateLayout
–>mLayoutInflater.inflate//填充非系统布局文件
换成大白话是这样的流程
跟踪MainActivity.java setContentView进入Activity setContentView
跟踪 getWindow().setContentView(layoutResID);
跟进Window的setContentView方法发现是抽象方法 需要知道getWindow使用的哪个实例 需要看的是该window的setContentView方法
追踪到mWindow的初始化部分 发现是PhoneWindow 那么查看PhoneWindow的setContentView方法
setContentView方法重点关注installDecor方法
installDecor方法 中 我们发现DecorView是一个FrameLayout 并且是一个window的顶层View DecorView在installDecor 里面的 generateDecor进行初始化

    // This is the top-level view of the window, containing the window decor.
    private DecorView mDecor;

继续关注installDecor的的后续方法 generateLayout方法
generateLayout方法内部有一大堆if else判断 无非是根据我们设置的一些Theme或者Style类型去加载对应的android内部系统布局 系统布局存放在layoutResource 后续在

mDecor.onResourcesLoaded(mLayoutInflater, layoutResource);

发现代码中将MainActivity中的setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)的资源id的内容填充到了mContentParent的地方 也就是我们上面分析的ID_ANDROID_CONTENT的部分
至此 布局加载流程分析完毕 最终显示的结构如下
在这里插入图片描述
注意系统布局大概结构如下 以其中一个系统布局 screen_simple为例

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
    android:orientation="vertical">
    <ViewStub android:id="@+id/action_mode_bar_stub"
              android:inflatedId="@+id/action_mode_bar"
              android:layout="@layout/action_mode_bar"
              android:layout_width="match_parent"
              android:layout_height="wrap_content"
              android:theme="?attr/actionBarTheme" />
    <FrameLayout
         android:id="@android:id/content"
         android:layout_width="match_parent"
         android:layout_height="match_parent"
         android:foregroundInsidePadding="false"
         android:foregroundGravity="fill_horizontal|top"
         android:foreground="?android:attr/windowContentOverlay" />
</LinearLayout>

注意Decor View实际是一个FrameLayout Content,他加载的布局一般是LinearLayout, 该LinearLayout内部有一个 com.android.internal.R.id.content也是一个FrameLayout ,以后开发的时候可能会需要知道这一条件,在我们动态加入新的View ViewGroup的时候 要知道是加在哪里,会显示成什么样子
Android默认布局,一般都是类似结构,一部分用来显示action bar一部分为主体内容部分

第三部分 如何绘制布局

setContentView走完了 我们目前就走完了onCreate方法 到目前为止,只是加载了布局,还没有显示 那么布局如何显示的呢
这一步我之前的博客也有总结
view的绘制流程(上)https://blog.csdn.net/u011109881/article/details/111148885
view的绘制流程(下)https://blog.csdn.net/u011109881/article/details/111188621
大致流程:
首先我们要看一下onResume是何时调用的

3.1 onResume的调用时机

我们在第一部分分析activity创建的过程时走到了ActivityThread.java的handleLaunchActivity方法 我们之前的重点在performLaunchActivity,该方法是onCreate的流程,performLaunchActivity往后走几行会走到handleResumeActivity

    final void handleResumeActivity(IBinder token,
            boolean clearHide, boolean isForward, boolean reallyResume, int seq, String reason) {
        ActivityClientRecord r = mActivities.get(token);
        if (!checkAndUpdateLifecycleSeq(seq, r, "resumeActivity")) {
            return;
        }

        // If we are getting ready to gc after going to the background, well
        // we are back active so skip it.
        unscheduleGcIdler();
        mSomeActivitiesChanged = true;

        // TODO Push resumeArgs into the activity for consideration
        r = performResumeActivity(token, clearHide, reason);//先只关注这里 跟进去

        if (r != null) {
            final Activity a = r.activity;

            if (localLOGV) Slog.v(
                TAG, "Resume " + r + " started activity: " +
                a.mStartedActivity + ", hideForNow: " + r.hideForNow
                + ", finished: " + a.mFinished);

            final int forwardBit = isForward ?
                    WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_IS_FORWARD_NAVIGATION : 0;

            // If the window hasn't yet been added to the window manager,
            // and this guy didn't finish itself or start another activity,
            // then go ahead and add the window.
            boolean willBeVisible = !a.mStartedActivity;
            if (!willBeVisible) {
                try {
                    willBeVisible = ActivityManager.getService().willActivityBeVisible(
                            a.getActivityToken());
                } catch (RemoteException e) {
                    throw e.rethrowFromSystemServer();
                }
            }
            if (r.window == null && !a.mFinished && willBeVisible) {
                r.window = r.activity.getWindow();
                View decor = r.window.getDecorView();
                decor.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
                ViewManager wm = a.getWindowManager();
                WindowManager.LayoutParams l = r.window.getAttributes();
                a.mDecor = decor;
                l.type = WindowManager.LayoutParams.TYPE_BASE_APPLICATION;
                l.softInputMode |= forwardBit;
                if (r.mPreserveWindow) {
                    a.mWindowAdded = true;
                    r.mPreserveWindow = false;
                    // Normally the ViewRoot sets up callbacks with the Activity
                    // in addView->ViewRootImpl#setView. If we are instead reusing
                    // the decor view we have to notify the view root that the
                    // callbacks may have changed.
                    ViewRootImpl impl = decor.getViewRootImpl();
                    if (impl != null) {
                        impl.notifyChildRebuilt();
                    }
                }
                if (a.mVisibleFromClient) {
                    if (!a.mWindowAdded) {
                        a.mWindowAdded = true;
                        wm.addView(decor, l);//研究绘制流程的时候 需要关注这里
                    } else {
                        // The activity will get a callback for this {@link LayoutParams} change
                        // earlier. However, at that time the decor will not be set (this is set
                        // in this method), so no action will be taken. This call ensures the
                        // callback occurs with the decor set.
                        a.onWindowAttributesChanged(l);
                    }
                }

            // If the window has already been added, but during resume
            // we started another activity, then don't yet make the
            // window visible.
            } else if (!willBeVisible) {
                if (localLOGV) Slog.v(
                    TAG, "Launch " + r + " mStartedActivity set");
                r.hideForNow = true;
            }

            // Get rid of anything left hanging around.
            cleanUpPendingRemoveWindows(r, false /* force */);

            // The window is now visible if it has been added, we are not
            // simply finishing, and we are not starting another activity.
            if (!r.activity.mFinished && willBeVisible
                    && r.activity.mDecor != null && !r.hideForNow) {
                if (r.newConfig != null) {
                    performConfigurationChangedForActivity(r, r.newConfig);
                    if (DEBUG_CONFIGURATION) Slog.v(TAG, "Resuming activity "
                            + r.activityInfo.name + " with newConfig " + r.activity.mCurrentConfig);
                    r.newConfig = null;
                }
                if (localLOGV) Slog.v(TAG, "Resuming " + r + " with isForward="
                        + isForward);
                WindowManager.LayoutParams l = r.window.getAttributes();
                if ((l.softInputMode
                        & WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_IS_FORWARD_NAVIGATION)
                        != forwardBit) {
                    l.softInputMode = (l.softInputMode
                            & (~WindowManager.LayoutParams.SOFT_INPUT_IS_FORWARD_NAVIGATION))
                            | forwardBit;
                    if (r.activity.mVisibleFromClient) {
                        ViewManager wm = a.getWindowManager();
                        View decor = r.window.getDecorView();
                        wm.updateViewLayout(decor, l);
                    }
                }

                r.activity.mVisibleFromServer = true;
                mNumVisibleActivities++;
                if (r.activity.mVisibleFromClient) {
                    r.activity.makeVisible();
                }
            }

            if (!r.onlyLocalRequest) {
                r.nextIdle = mNewActivities;
                mNewActivities = r;
                if (localLOGV) Slog.v(
                    TAG, "Scheduling idle handler for " + r);
                Looper.myQueue().addIdleHandler(new Idler());
            }
            r.onlyLocalRequest = false;

            // Tell the activity manager we have resumed.
            if (reallyResume) {
                try {
                    ActivityManager.getService().activityResumed(token);
                } catch (RemoteException ex) {
                    throw ex.rethrowFromSystemServer();
                }
            }

        } else {
            // If an exception was thrown when trying to resume, then
            // just end this activity.
            try {
                ActivityManager.getService()
                    .finishActivity(token, Activity.RESULT_CANCELED, null,
                            Activity.DONT_FINISH_TASK_WITH_ACTIVITY);
            } catch (RemoteException ex) {
                throw ex.rethrowFromSystemServer();
            }
        }
    }

后面继续跟踪
ActivityThread.performResumeActivity->activity.performResume()->mInstrumentation.callActivityOnResume(this);->activity.onResume();

3.2 View的绘制时机

我们上面跟踪到handleResumeActivity方法的第14行,执行到第16行时 其实onResume已经执行完毕,我们继续往后走几行 来到63行wm.addView(decor, l);
wm实际类型是WindowManagerImpl
我们看看WindowManagerImpl的addView方法

    @Override
    public void addView(@NonNull View view, @NonNull ViewGroup.LayoutParams params) {
        applyDefaultToken(params);
        mGlobal.addView(view, params, mContext.getDisplay(), mParentWindow);
    }

我们分析它将addView的事情又交给mGlobal做 mGlobal是个啥呢

private final WindowManagerGlobal mGlobal = WindowManagerGlobal.getInstance();

发现是个单例 继续跟到WindowManagerGlobal的addView方法

    public void addView(View view, ViewGroup.LayoutParams params,
            Display display, Window parentWindow) {
        if (view == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("view must not be null");
        }
        if (display == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("display must not be null");
        }
        if (!(params instanceof WindowManager.LayoutParams)) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Params must be WindowManager.LayoutParams");
        }

        final WindowManager.LayoutParams wparams = (WindowManager.LayoutParams) params;
        if (parentWindow != null) {
            parentWindow.adjustLayoutParamsForSubWindow(wparams);
        } else {
            // If there's no parent, then hardware acceleration for this view is
            // set from the application's hardware acceleration setting.
            final Context context = view.getContext();
            if (context != null
                    && (context.getApplicationInfo().flags
                            & ApplicationInfo.FLAG_HARDWARE_ACCELERATED) != 0) {
                wparams.flags |= WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_HARDWARE_ACCELERATED;
            }
        }

        ViewRootImpl root;
        View panelParentView = null;

        synchronized (mLock) {
            // Start watching for system property changes.
            if (mSystemPropertyUpdater == null) {
                mSystemPropertyUpdater = new Runnable() {
                    @Override public void run() {
                        synchronized (mLock) {
                            for (int i = mRoots.size() - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
                                mRoots.get(i).loadSystemProperties();
                            }
                        }
                    }
                };
                SystemProperties.addChangeCallback(mSystemPropertyUpdater);
            }

            int index = findViewLocked(view, false);
            if (index >= 0) {
                if (mDyingViews.contains(view)) {
                    // Don't wait for MSG_DIE to make it's way through root's queue.
                    mRoots.get(index).doDie();
                } else {
                    throw new IllegalStateException("View " + view
                            + " has already been added to the window manager.");
                }
                // The previous removeView() had not completed executing. Now it has.
            }

            // If this is a panel window, then find the window it is being
            // attached to for future reference.
            if (wparams.type >= WindowManager.LayoutParams.FIRST_SUB_WINDOW &&
                    wparams.type <= WindowManager.LayoutParams.LAST_SUB_WINDOW) {
                final int count = mViews.size();
                for (int i = 0; i < count; i++) {
                    if (mRoots.get(i).mWindow.asBinder() == wparams.token) {
                        panelParentView = mViews.get(i);
                    }
                }
            }

            root = new ViewRootImpl(view.getContext(), display);

            view.setLayoutParams(wparams);

            mViews.add(view);
            mRoots.add(root);
            mParams.add(wparams);

            // do this last because it fires off messages to start doing things
            try {
                root.setView(view, wparams, panelParentView);//执行到这里
            } catch (RuntimeException e) {
                // BadTokenException or InvalidDisplayException, clean up.
                if (index >= 0) {
                    removeViewLocked(index, true);
                }
                throw e;
            }
        }
    }

root是一个ViewRootImpl 关注ViewRootImpl 的setView方法

    public void setView(View view, WindowManager.LayoutParams attrs, View panelParentView) {
        synchronized (this) {
            if (mView == null) {
                mView = view;

                mAttachInfo.mDisplayState = mDisplay.getState();
                mDisplayManager.registerDisplayListener(mDisplayListener, mHandler);

                mViewLayoutDirectionInitial = mView.getRawLayoutDirection();
                mFallbackEventHandler.setView(view);
                mWindowAttributes.copyFrom(attrs);
                if (mWindowAttributes.packageName == null) {
                    mWindowAttributes.packageName = mBasePackageName;
                }
                attrs = mWindowAttributes;
                setTag();

                if (DEBUG_KEEP_SCREEN_ON && (mClientWindowLayoutFlags
                        & WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_KEEP_SCREEN_ON) != 0
                        && (attrs.flags&WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_KEEP_SCREEN_ON) == 0) {
                    Slog.d(mTag, "setView: FLAG_KEEP_SCREEN_ON changed from true to false!");
                }
                // Keep track of the actual window flags supplied by the client.
                mClientWindowLayoutFlags = attrs.flags;

                setAccessibilityFocus(null, null);

                if (view instanceof RootViewSurfaceTaker) {
                    mSurfaceHolderCallback =
                            ((RootViewSurfaceTaker)view).willYouTakeTheSurface();
                    if (mSurfaceHolderCallback != null) {
                        mSurfaceHolder = new TakenSurfaceHolder();
                        mSurfaceHolder.setFormat(PixelFormat.UNKNOWN);
                        mSurfaceHolder.addCallback(mSurfaceHolderCallback);
                    }
                }

                // Compute surface insets required to draw at specified Z value.
                // TODO: Use real shadow insets for a constant max Z.
                if (!attrs.hasManualSurfaceInsets) {
                    attrs.setSurfaceInsets(view, false /*manual*/, true /*preservePrevious*/);
                }

                CompatibilityInfo compatibilityInfo =
                        mDisplay.getDisplayAdjustments().getCompatibilityInfo();
                mTranslator = compatibilityInfo.getTranslator();

                // If the application owns the surface, don't enable hardware acceleration
                if (mSurfaceHolder == null) {
                    enableHardwareAcceleration(attrs);
                }

                boolean restore = false;
                if (mTranslator != null) {
                    mSurface.setCompatibilityTranslator(mTranslator);
                    restore = true;
                    attrs.backup();
                    mTranslator.translateWindowLayout(attrs);
                }
                if (DEBUG_LAYOUT) Log.d(mTag, "WindowLayout in setView:" + attrs);

                if (!compatibilityInfo.supportsScreen()) {
                    attrs.privateFlags |= WindowManager.LayoutParams.PRIVATE_FLAG_COMPATIBLE_WINDOW;
                    mLastInCompatMode = true;
                }

                mSoftInputMode = attrs.softInputMode;
                mWindowAttributesChanged = true;
                mWindowAttributesChangesFlag = WindowManager.LayoutParams.EVERYTHING_CHANGED;
                mAttachInfo.mRootView = view;
                mAttachInfo.mScalingRequired = mTranslator != null;
                mAttachInfo.mApplicationScale =
                        mTranslator == null ? 1.0f : mTranslator.applicationScale;
                if (panelParentView != null) {
                    mAttachInfo.mPanelParentWindowToken
                            = panelParentView.getApplicationWindowToken();
                }
                mAdded = true;
                int res; /* = WindowManagerImpl.ADD_OKAY; */

                // Schedule the first layout -before- adding to the window
                // manager, to make sure we do the relayout before receiving
                // any other events from the system.
                requestLayout();//关注这里
                if ((mWindowAttributes.inputFeatures
                        & WindowManager.LayoutParams.INPUT_FEATURE_NO_INPUT_CHANNEL) == 0) {
                    mInputChannel = new InputChannel();
                }
                mForceDecorViewVisibility = (mWindowAttributes.privateFlags
                        & PRIVATE_FLAG_FORCE_DECOR_VIEW_VISIBILITY) != 0;
                try {
                    mOrigWindowType = mWindowAttributes.type;
                    mAttachInfo.mRecomputeGlobalAttributes = true;
                    collectViewAttributes();
                    res = mWindowSession.addToDisplay(mWindow, mSeq, mWindowAttributes,
                            getHostVisibility(), mDisplay.getDisplayId(),
                            mAttachInfo.mContentInsets, mAttachInfo.mStableInsets,
                            mAttachInfo.mOutsets, mInputChannel);
                } catch (RemoteException e) {
                    mAdded = false;
                    mView = null;
                    mAttachInfo.mRootView = null;
                    mInputChannel = null;
                    mFallbackEventHandler.setView(null);
                    unscheduleTraversals();
                    setAccessibilityFocus(null, null);
                    throw new RuntimeException("Adding window failed", e);
                } finally {
                    if (restore) {
                        attrs.restore();
                    }
                }

                if (mTranslator != null) {
                    mTranslator.translateRectInScreenToAppWindow(mAttachInfo.mContentInsets);
                }
                mPendingOverscanInsets.set(0, 0, 0, 0);
                mPendingContentInsets.set(mAttachInfo.mContentInsets);
                mPendingStableInsets.set(mAttachInfo.mStableInsets);
                mPendingVisibleInsets.set(0, 0, 0, 0);
                mAttachInfo.mAlwaysConsumeNavBar =
                        (res & WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_FLAG_ALWAYS_CONSUME_NAV_BAR) != 0;
                mPendingAlwaysConsumeNavBar = mAttachInfo.mAlwaysConsumeNavBar;
                if (DEBUG_LAYOUT) Log.v(mTag, "Added window " + mWindow);
                if (res < WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_OKAY) {
                    mAttachInfo.mRootView = null;
                    mAdded = false;
                    mFallbackEventHandler.setView(null);
                    unscheduleTraversals();
                    setAccessibilityFocus(null, null);
                    switch (res) {
                        case WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_BAD_APP_TOKEN:
                        case WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_BAD_SUBWINDOW_TOKEN:
                            throw new WindowManager.BadTokenException(
                                    "Unable to add window -- token " + attrs.token
                                    + " is not valid; is your activity running?");
                        case WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_NOT_APP_TOKEN:
                            throw new WindowManager.BadTokenException(
                                    "Unable to add window -- token " + attrs.token
                                    + " is not for an application");
                        case WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_APP_EXITING:
                            throw new WindowManager.BadTokenException(
                                    "Unable to add window -- app for token " + attrs.token
                                    + " is exiting");
                        case WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_DUPLICATE_ADD:
                            throw new WindowManager.BadTokenException(
                                    "Unable to add window -- window " + mWindow
                                    + " has already been added");
                        case WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_STARTING_NOT_NEEDED:
                            // Silently ignore -- we would have just removed it
                            // right away, anyway.
                            return;
                        case WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_MULTIPLE_SINGLETON:
                            throw new WindowManager.BadTokenException("Unable to add window "
                                    + mWindow + " -- another window of type "
                                    + mWindowAttributes.type + " already exists");
                        case WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_PERMISSION_DENIED:
                            throw new WindowManager.BadTokenException("Unable to add window "
                                    + mWindow + " -- permission denied for window type "
                                    + mWindowAttributes.type);
                        case WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_INVALID_DISPLAY:
                            throw new WindowManager.InvalidDisplayException("Unable to add window "
                                    + mWindow + " -- the specified display can not be found");
                        case WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_INVALID_TYPE:
                            throw new WindowManager.InvalidDisplayException("Unable to add window "
                                    + mWindow + " -- the specified window type "
                                    + mWindowAttributes.type + " is not valid");
                    }
                    throw new RuntimeException(
                            "Unable to add window -- unknown error code " + res);
                }

                if (view instanceof RootViewSurfaceTaker) {
                    mInputQueueCallback =
                        ((RootViewSurfaceTaker)view).willYouTakeTheInputQueue();
                }
                if (mInputChannel != null) {
                    if (mInputQueueCallback != null) {
                        mInputQueue = new InputQueue();
                        mInputQueueCallback.onInputQueueCreated(mInputQueue);
                    }
                    mInputEventReceiver = new WindowInputEventReceiver(mInputChannel,
                            Looper.myLooper());
                }

                view.assignParent(this);
                mAddedTouchMode = (res & WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_FLAG_IN_TOUCH_MODE) != 0;
                mAppVisible = (res & WindowManagerGlobal.ADD_FLAG_APP_VISIBLE) != 0;

                if (mAccessibilityManager.isEnabled()) {
                    mAccessibilityInteractionConnectionManager.ensureConnection();
                }

                if (view.getImportantForAccessibility() == View.IMPORTANT_FOR_ACCESSIBILITY_AUTO) {
                    view.setImportantForAccessibility(View.IMPORTANT_FOR_ACCESSIBILITY_YES);
                }

                // Set up the input pipeline.
                CharSequence counterSuffix = attrs.getTitle();
                mSyntheticInputStage = new SyntheticInputStage();
                InputStage viewPostImeStage = new ViewPostImeInputStage(mSyntheticInputStage);
                InputStage nativePostImeStage = new NativePostImeInputStage(viewPostImeStage,
                        "aq:native-post-ime:" + counterSuffix);
                InputStage earlyPostImeStage = new EarlyPostImeInputStage(nativePostImeStage);
                InputStage imeStage = new ImeInputStage(earlyPostImeStage,
                        "aq:ime:" + counterSuffix);
                InputStage viewPreImeStage = new ViewPreImeInputStage(imeStage);
                InputStage nativePreImeStage = new NativePreImeInputStage(viewPreImeStage,
                        "aq:native-pre-ime:" + counterSuffix);

                mFirstInputStage = nativePreImeStage;
                mFirstPostImeInputStage = earlyPostImeStage;
                mPendingInputEventQueueLengthCounterName = "aq:pending:" + counterSuffix;
            }
        }
    }

看84行 requestLayout();方法被调用
继续看ViewRootImpl 的requestLayout方法

    @Override
    public void requestLayout() {
        if (!mHandlingLayoutInLayoutRequest) {
            checkThread();
            mLayoutRequested = true;
            scheduleTraversals();//注意这里
        }
    }
    void scheduleTraversals() {
        if (!mTraversalScheduled) {
            mTraversalScheduled = true;
            mTraversalBarrier = mHandler.getLooper().getQueue().postSyncBarrier();
            mChoreographer.postCallback(
                    Choreographer.CALLBACK_TRAVERSAL, mTraversalRunnable, null);//关注mTraversalRunnable实现
            if (!mUnbufferedInputDispatch) {
                scheduleConsumeBatchedInput();
            }
            notifyRendererOfFramePending();
            pokeDrawLockIfNeeded();
        }
    }
    final TraversalRunnable mTraversalRunnable = new TraversalRunnable();
	final class TraversalRunnable implements Runnable {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            doTraversal();//跟进
        }
    }

    void doTraversal() {
        if (mTraversalScheduled) {
            mTraversalScheduled = false;
            mHandler.getLooper().getQueue().removeSyncBarrier(mTraversalBarrier);

            if (mProfile) {
                Debug.startMethodTracing("ViewAncestor");
            }

            performTraversals();//跟进

            if (mProfile) {
                Debug.stopMethodTracing();
                mProfile = false;
            }
        }
    }

performTraversals方法非常长 但是我们只需要关注三个方法 即
performMeasure(childWidthMeasureSpec, childHeightMeasureSpec);
performLayout(lp, mWidth, mHeight);
performDraw();
关于后续是如何测量 摆放和绘制的 参考之前的文章:
https://blog.csdn.net/u011109881/article/details/111148885
https://blog.csdn.net/u011109881/article/details/111188621

第四部分 事件分发

由于这个属于比较单独的部分 与其他流程没有上面直接关系 不在这里继续展开 有兴趣移步我之前的博客:
https://blog.csdn.net/u011109881/article/details/111416167
https://blog.csdn.net/u011109881/article/details/111602533

第五部分 Window与WindowManager

该部分参考文章:
https://www.jianshu.com/nb/15245431
借助第一步到第三步的代码 我们可以得到如下类图
在这里插入图片描述
到目前位置 我们接触到以下一些角色
Activity PhoneWindow DecorView ViewRootImpl WindowManager WindowManagerGlobal WindowManagerService 他们之间的关系大致如下
一个Activity内部有一个PhoneWindow,PhoneWindow内部有一个DecorView,DecorView是PhoneWindow的顶层View,ViewRootImpl 是一个View的视图层的根,ViewRootImpl 的职责是负责一个纽带的作用,关联WindowManager与WMS(中的Session),因此DecorView其实显示在ViewRootImpl 上,WindowManager 从名字看就是管理Window的,但实际上本质上 是通过WindowManagerService来管理Window的,而WindowManager 并不之间使用WindowManagerService管理window,而是先让WindowManagerGlobal内部包含一个WMS,WindowManager 与WindowManagerGlobal发生联系之后,WindowManagerGlobal内部调用WindowManagerService的代理对各个Window进行添加删除等等操作
在这里插入图片描述

后记

这一块真的是很复杂,尤其是到WindowManager往后。只是听红橙Darren的课程几乎无法理解这些复杂的逻辑。也找了不少文章来看,但就算到目前为止,我还是有很多地方不理解,上面的总结也可能有不少问题。我在这块已经原地停留很久了,总是想把这些东西都理解透彻再往下走。但仔细想想,也不能就这样一直停留在这里,总之脚步要先迈出去吧,也许这里我目前理解的还不够,但是也许在学习其他Android相关的知识时,多少触及AMS WMS相关的东西,之后这里慢慢就理解了呢?虽然说有些不甘心,但是这块就先这样吧,以后了解了更多之后再补充这一块知识吧。如果这些总结有什么问题也希望读者不吝赐教。

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