# 图的BFS算法和DFS的递归非递归算法

#include<iostream>
#include<fstream>
#include<queue>
#include<stack>
using namespace std;
#define MAX 10
typedef struct graph
{
int n;   //顶点数
int e;  //边数
int edge[MAX][MAX];  //标识边，0为没有该边，不为0则有边，且标识边的权值
}Graph;
int visit[MAX] = { 0 };    //表示该顶点有没有访问过，没有为0，有为1

void InitGraph(Graph *G)
{
for (int i = 0; i < MAX;i++)
for (int j = 0; j < MAX; j++)
(*G).edge[i][j] = 0;
}

//广度优先搜索算法
void BFS(Graph G, int num)  //num为从该点开始进行搜索
{
queue<int>Queue;
cout << num <<" ";
visit[num] = 1;
Queue.push(num);  //访问完该点后入队列
while (!Queue.empty())  //队列不为空时
{
num = Queue.front();  //出队
Queue.pop();
for (int i = 0; i < G.n; i++)
{
if (G.edge[num][i] != 0 && visit[i] == 0)   //找到与之相连的顶点入队
{
cout << i << " ";
Queue.push(i);
visit[i] = 1;
}
}
}
cout << endl;
}

void DFS1(Graph G, int num) //深度优先搜索递归算法
{
int i;
cout << num << " ";
visit[num] = 1;
for (i = 0; i < G.n; i++)
{
if (G.edge[num][i] != 0 && visit[i] == 0)
DFS1(G, i);
}
}
void DFS2(Graph G, int num) //深度优先搜索非递归算法
{
stack<int> Stack;
visit[num] = 1;
Stack.push(num);
while (!Stack.empty())
{
num = Stack.top();
Stack.pop();
cout << num << " ";
for (int i = G.n - 1; i >= 0; i--)
{
if (G.edge[num][i] != 0 && visit[i] == 0)
{
Stack.push(i);
visit[i] = 1;
}
}
}
cout << endl;
}
int main()
{
int a, b, v, i;
Graph G;
ifstream cin("data.txt");
cin >> G.n >> G.e;   //n,e为顶点个数，边个数
InitGraph(&G);   //对G进行初始化，整个MAX范围初始化
for (i = 0; i < G.e; i++)   //建图
{
cin >> a >> b >> v;  //a,b为顶点，v为权值
G.edge[a][b] = v;
G.edge[b][a] = v;
}
BFS(G, 0); //0为开始搜索的顶点序号
for (i = 0; i < MAX; i++)
visit[i] = 0;
DFS1(G, 0);
cout << endl;
for (i = 0; i < MAX; i++)
visit[i] = 0;
DFS2(G, 0);
system("pause");
return 0;
}