Swift 读写 plist 文件

在MacOS项目中使用Swift管理plist,实现读写plist文件。

1. Jobs.swift
使用Jobs类管理Jobs.plist

//  Jobs.swift
//  Created by Cyril on 18/7/11.
//  Copyright © 2018年 GJ. All rights reserved.
import Foundation
class Jobs: NSObject {
    var RestoreSequence_1: Dictionary<String , AnyObject?> = [:]
    var RestoreSequence_2: Dictionary<String , AnyObject?> = [:]
    var RestoreSequence_3: Dictionary<String , AnyObject?> = [:]
    let dModel = DataModel()
    //构造方法
    override init(){
        super.init()
        print("[Jobs] 初始化...")
        onCreateData("Jobs.plist")
        let d = dModel.loadData("Jobs", dFilePath: "Jobs.plist")
        let skey:String = "RestoreStage"
        print("查找\(skey)结果:\(dModel.searchValueByKey(d, skey: skey))")
    }
    func onCreateData(fileName: String){
        print("[Jobs]: 开始创建plist文件")
        //Document path   本地数据数据路径   .plist格式
        let fileManager = NSFileManager.defaultManager()
        let localDataPath:String = dModel.dataFilePath(fileName)
        print("[Jobs]: " + localDataPath)
        var isLocalDataExisted = fileManager.fileExistsAtPath(localDataPath)
        print("isLocalDataExisted->\(isLocalDataExisted)")

        //判断.plist文件是否存在
        if isLocalDataExisted == false//文件不存在
        {
            fileManager.createFileAtPath(localDataPath, contents: nil, attributes: nil)//创建.plist文件
        }
        isLocalDataExisted = fileManager.fileExistsAtPath(localDataPath)
        print("isLocalDataExisted->\(isLocalDataExisted)")

        //设置root
        let root = NSMutableDictionary()
        //设置dictionay
        root.setValue(
            [
                "RestoreSequence_1":[
                    "RestoreStage" : "P1",
                    "Input_Type" : "Uart_Diags",
                    "TempValues" : [
                        "MLBSN" : "#ProgramWriteToIt#",
                        "FGSN" : "#ProgramWriteToIt#",
                        "Mod#" : "#ProgramWriteToIt#",
                        "Regn" : "#ProgramWriteToIt#",
                    ],
                    "Command_Device" : [
                        "TTPowerSupply" : "#TT治具上电命令#",
                        "MLBSN" : "syscfg print MLB#",
                        "Write_FGSN" : "sn #FGSN#",
                        "Print_FGSN" : "sn",
                        "Write_Mod" : "syscfg add Mod# #Mod##",
                        "Print_Mod" : "syscfg print Mod#",
                        "Write_Regn" : "syscfg add Regn #Regn#",
                        "Print_Regn" : "syscfg print Regn",
                        "LogCollection" : "#LogCollection#",
                        "Restart" : "#TT治具重新上电命令#"
                    ],
                    "Command_Host" : [
                        "暂时为空" : "暂时为空"
                    ]
                ],
                "RestoreSequence_2":[
                    "RestoreStage" : "P2",
                    "Input_Type" : "Uart_iBoot",
                    "TempValues" : [
                        "MLBSN" : "#ProgramWriteToIt#",
                        "FGSN" : "#ProgramWriteToIt#",
                        "#暂时为空#" : "#暂时为空#",
                    ],
                    "Command_Device" : "#暂时为空#",
                    "Command_Host" : [
                        "暂时为空" : "暂时为空"
                    ]
                ],
                "RestoreSequence_FG":[
                    "RestoreStage" : "FG",
                    "Input_Type" : "Uart_OS",
                    "TempValues" : [
                        "FGSN" : "#ProgramWriteToIt#",
                        "#暂时为空#" : "#暂时为空#",
                    ],
                    "Command_Device" : "#暂时为空#",
                    "Command_Host" : [
                        "暂时为空" : "暂时为空"
                    ]
                ],

            ], forKey: "Jobs")
        //将root写入.plist文件
        root.writeToFile(localDataPath, atomically: true)
        isLocalDataExisted = fileManager.fileExistsAtPath(localDataPath)
        if isLocalDataExisted == true{
            print("[Jobs]: Jobs.plist文件创建完成")
        }else{
            print("[Jobs]: Jobs.plist文件创建失败")
        }
        /*  try! fileManager.removeItemAtPath(localDataPath)//删除本地数据文件 */
    }    
}

2. DataModel.swift

//  DataModel.swift
//  Created by Cyril on 18/7/11.
//  Copyright © 2018年 GJ. All rights reserved.

import Foundation
class DataModel: NSObject {
    var userList = [UserInfo]()
   // var keyArray: Dictionary = [Int: String] ()
    //获取沙盒文件夹路径
    func documentsDirectory()->String {
        /*  let paths = NSSearchPathForDirectoriesInDomains(
         NSSearchPathDirectory.DocumentationDirectory,NSSearchPathDomainMask.UserDomainMask,true)
         let documentsDirectory:String = paths.first! as String */
        let path = "./Cyril/Anole"
        return path
    }

    /**
     获取数据文件地址
     Eg:
     fileName:userList.plist
     */
    func dataFilePath (fileName: String)->String{
        print(documentsDirectory().stringByAppendingString("/" + fileName))
        return documentsDirectory().stringByAppendingString( "/\(fileName)")
    }

    /**
     读取数据
     Eg:
     key: userList
     dFilePath: userList.plist
     */
    func loadData(key: String, dFilePath: String)-> NSDictionary{
        //判断.plist文件是否存在
        let fileManager = NSFileManager.defaultManager()
        let isLocalDataExisted = fileManager.fileExistsAtPath(self.dataFilePath(dFilePath))
        print("isLocalDataExisted->\(isLocalDataExisted)")
        if isLocalDataExisted == false//文件不存在
        {
            fileManager.createFileAtPath(self.dataFilePath(dFilePath), contents: nil, attributes: nil)//创建.plist文件
        }
        let dicFromPList: NSDictionary? = NSDictionary(contentsOfFile: "/Users/coreos/Desktop/Cyril/Anole/Jobs_P1P2FG.plist")
        print("文件 " + dFilePath + " 读取完成")
        return dicFromPList!
    }

    /**
     * 通过key查找在字典中的value值
     */
    func searchValueByKey(dic: NSDictionary, skey: String)-> String{
        var printHead = "[searchValueByKey]: "
        if (dic.count == 0){
            return printHead + "输入的参数字典为空"
        }
        //plist 四层结构遍历(尚有bug未更正)
        for (key1, value1) in (dic as! NSMutableDictionary) {
      //      keyArray.updateValue(key as! String, forKey: 1)
            print("第1层->字典 key \(key1) -  字典 value () \(value1)")
            if(key1 as! String == skey){
                print("\(printHead)\(skey)查找成功, 为根字典")
                return "查找的\(skey)的值为\(value1)"
            }
            for (key2, value2) in (value1 as! NSMutableDictionary) {
                print("第2层->字典 key \(key2) -  字典 value \(value2)")
                if(key2 as! String == skey){
                    print("\(printHead)\(skey)查找成功, 在字典\(key1)下")
                    return "查找的\(skey)的值为\(value2)"
                }
                for (key3, value3) in (value2 as! NSMutableDictionary) {

                    print("第3层->字典 key \(key3) -  字典 value \(value3)")
                    if(key3 as! String == skey){
                        print("\(printHead)\(skey)查找成功, 在字典\(key2)下")
                        return "查找的\(skey)的值为\(value3)"
                        for (key4, value4) in (value3 as! NSMutableDictionary) {

                            print("第4层->字典 key \(key4) -  字典 value \(value4)")
                            if(key4 as! String == skey){
                                print("\(printHead)\(skey)查找成功, 在字典\(key3)下")
                                return "查找的\(skey)的值为\(value4)"
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        return "\(printHead)输入的参数字典为空"
    }

    /**
     *  值类型判断
     */
    func judgeValueType(dic: AnyObject) -> String{
        if let dict1 = dic as? NSMutableDictionary{
            return "NSMutableDictionary"
        }else if let dict1 = dic as? NSDictionary{
            return "NSDictionary"
        }else if let dict1 = dic as? NSArray{
            return "NSArray"
        }else if  let dict1 = dic as? NSValue{
            return "NSValue"
        }else{
            return "\(dic)" //其他可能是字串类型
        }
    }
}
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