MatLab2012b/MatLab2013b分类器大全(svm,knn,随机森林等)

转自文章MatLab2012b/MatLab2013b分类器大全(svm,knn,随机森林等)


train_data是训练特征数据, train_label是分类标签。
Predict_label是预测的标签。
MatLab训练数据, 得到语义标签向量 Scores(概率输出)。


1.逻辑回归(多项式MultiNomial logistic Regression)
Factor = mnrfit(train_data, train_label);
Scores = mnrval(Factor, test_data);
scores是语义向量(概率输出)。对高维特征,吃不消。


2.随机森林分类器(Random Forest)
Factor = TreeBagger(nTree, train_data, train_label);
[Predict_label,Scores] = predict(Factor, test_data);
scores是语义向量(概率输出)。实验中nTree = 500。
效果好,但是有点慢。2500行数据,耗时400秒。500万行大数据分析,会咋样?准备好一篇小说慢慢阅读吧^_^


3.朴素贝叶斯分类(Naive Bayes)
Factor = NaiveBayes.fit(train_data, train_label);
Scores = posterior(Factor, test_data);
[Scores,Predict_label] = posterior(Factor, test_data);
Predict_label = predict(Factor, test_data);
accuracy = length(find(predict_label == test_label))/length(test_label)*100;
效果不佳。


4. 支持向量机SVM分类
Factor = svmtrain(train_data, train_label);
predict_label = svmclassify(Factor, test_data);
不能有语义向量 Scores(概率输出)


支持向量机SVM(Libsvm)
Factor = svmtrain(train_label, train_data, '-b 1');
[predicted_label, accuracy, Scores] = svmpredict(test_label, test_data, Factor, '-b 1');


5.K近邻分类器 (KNN)
predict_label = knnclassify(test_data, train_data,train_label, num_neighbors);
accuracy = length(find(predict_label == test_label))/length(test_label)*100;
不能有语义向量 Scores(概率输出)


IDX = knnsearch(train_data, test_data);
IDX = knnsearch(train_data, test_data, 'K', num_neighbors);
[IDX, Dist] = knnsearch(train_data, test_data, 'K', num_neighbors);
IDX是近邻样本的下标集合,Dist是距离集合。
自己编写, 实现概率输出 Scores(概率输出)


Matlab 2012新版本:
Factor = ClassificationKNN.fit(train_data, train_label, 'NumNeighbors', num_neighbors);
predict_label = predict(Factor, test_data);
[predict_label, Scores] = predict(Factor, test_data);


6.集成学习器(Ensembles for Boosting, Bagging, or Random Subspace)
Matlab 2012新版本:
Factor = fitensemble(train_data, train_label, 'AdaBoostM2', 100, 'tree');
Factor = fitensemble(train_data, train_label, 'AdaBoostM2', 100, 'tree', 'type', 'classification');
Factor = fitensemble(train_data, train_label, 'Subspace', 50, 'KNN');
predict_label = predict(Factor, test_data);
[predict_label, Scores] = predict(Factor, test_data);
效果比预期差了很多。不佳。


7. 判别分析分类器(discriminant analysis classifier)
Factor = ClassificationDiscriminant.fit(train_data, train_label);
Factor = ClassificationDiscriminant.fit(train_data, train_label, 'discrimType', '判别类型:伪线性...');
predict_label = predict(Factor, test_data);
[predict_label, Scores] = predict(Factor, test_data);


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