修改UITextField的placeholder颜色

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修改UITextField的placeholder颜色

  • 1.使用属性
@property(nonatomic,copy)   NSAttributedString     *attributedPlaceholder;

// 文字属性
NSMutableDictionary *attrs = [NSMutableDictionary dictionary];
attrs[NSForegroundColorAttributeName] = [UIColor grayColor];

// NSAttributedString : 带有属性的文字(富文本技术)
NSAttributedString *placeholder = [[NSAttributedString alloc] initWithString:@"手机号" attributes:attrs];
self.phoneField.attributedPlaceholder = placeholder;

NSMutableAttributedString *placehoder = [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] initWithString:@"手机号"];
[placehoder setAttributes:@{NSForegroundColorAttributeName : [UIColor whiteColor]} range:NSMakeRange(0, 1)];
[placehoder setAttributes:@{
                            NSForegroundColorAttributeName : [UIColor yellowColor],
                            NSFontAttributeName : [UIFont systemFontOfSize:30]
                            } range:NSMakeRange(1, 1)];
[placehoder setAttributes:@{NSForegroundColorAttributeName : [UIColor redColor]} range:NSMakeRange(2, 1)];
self.phoneField.attributedPlaceholder = placehoder;
  • 2.重写方法
- (void)drawPlaceholderInRect:(CGRect)rect
{
    [self.placeholder drawInRect:CGRectMake(0, 10, rect.size.width, 25) withAttributes:@{
                                                       NSForegroundColorAttributeName : [UIColor grayColor],
                                                       NSFontAttributeName : self.font}];
}
  • 3.使用KVC
[self setValue:[UIColor grayColor] forKeyPath:@"_placeholderLabel.textColor"];

运行时(Runtime)

  • 苹果官方一套C语言库
  • 能做很多底层操作(比如访问隐藏的一些成员变量\成员方法….)
  • 访问成员变量举例
unsigned int count = 0;

// 拷贝出所有的成员变量列表
Ivar *ivars = class_copyIvarList([UITextField class], &count);

for (int i = 0; i<count; i++) {

    // 取出成员变量
    // Ivar ivar = *(ivars + i);
    Ivar ivar = ivars[i];

    // 打印成员变量名字
    XMGLog(@"%s", ivar_getName(ivar));
}

// 释放
free(ivars);

这里写图片描述

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