Search a 2D Matrix II(LeetCode)

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Write an efficient algorithm that searches for a value in an m x n matrix. This matrix has the following properties:

  • Integers in each row are sorted in ascending from left to right.
  • Integers in each column are sorted in ascending from top to bottom.

Consider the following matrix:

[
  [1,   4,  7, 11, 15],
  [2,   5,  8, 12, 19],
  [3,   6,  9, 16, 22],
  [10, 13, 14, 17, 24],
  [18, 21, 23, 26, 30]
]

Example 1:

Input: matrix, target = 5
Output: true

Example 2:

Input: matrix, target = 20
Output: false

思路:

充分利用有序。

列是有序的,那么只有当要查找的数>=一行的第一个数,且<=最后一个数时才可能位于这一行。此时利用行有序进行二分查找。

class Solution {
public:
	bool searchMatrix(vector<vector<int>>& matrix, int target) {
		if(matrix.empty() || matrix[0].empty())
			return false;
		int m = matrix.size();
		int n = matrix[0].size();
		for(int i=0;i<m;i++){
			if(matrix[i][0]<=target){
				if(matrix[i][n-1]>=target){//如果在这个一行则进行二分查找
					int left=0;
					int right=n-1;
					while(left<=right){
						int mid=left+(right-left)/2;
						if(target < matrix[i][mid]) right=mid-1;
						else if(target < matrix[i][mid]) left=mid+1;
						else return true;
					}
				}
			}
		}
		return false;
	}
};


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