spring配置websocket并实现群发/单独发送消息

spring框架中自带了websocket的jar包,利用它可以实现与H5中WebSocket的对接,甚至websocket还可以通过依赖注入与http请求一同工作,详细配置实现过程如下

文件目录结构如下,主要是controller和websocket文件夹

这里写图片描述

1.配置自动扫描加载:

<!--如果使用注解,那么只需要下面的配置-->
<!--组件扫描-->
<context:component-scan base-package="com.xiaoxiaohei.ssm.websocket,com.xiaoxiaohei.ssm.controller"></context:component-scan>
<!--注解自动加载,不用配置映射器和适配器了-->
<mvc:annotation-driven validator="validator"></mvc:annotation-driven>

2.创建一个WebSocket配置类(这里也可以用配置文件来实现其实),实现接口来配置Websocket请求的路径和拦截器。

@Configuration
@EnableWebSocket
public class WebSocketConfig implements WebSocketConfigurer {

    @Override
    public void registerWebSocketHandlers(WebSocketHandlerRegistry registry) {
        registry.addHandler(myHandler(), "/myHandler").addInterceptors(new WebSocketInterceptor());
    }

    @Bean
    public WebSocketHandler myHandler() {
        return new MyHandler();
    }

}

3.拦截器主要是用于用户登录标识(userId)的记录,便于后面获取指定用户的会话标识并向指定用户发送消息,在下面的拦截器中,我在session中获取会话标识(这个标识是在登录时setAttribute进去的,后面代码会说到),你也可以通过H5在new WebSocket(url)中,在url传入标识参数,然后通过serverHttpRequest.getServletRequest().getParameterMap()来获取标识信息。

public class WebSocketInterceptor implements HandshakeInterceptor {

    @Override
    public boolean beforeHandshake(ServerHttpRequest request, ServerHttpResponse response, WebSocketHandler handler, Map<String, Object> map) throws Exception {
        if (request instanceof ServletServerHttpRequest) {
            ServletServerHttpRequest serverHttpRequest = (ServletServerHttpRequest) request;
            HttpSession session = serverHttpRequest.getServletRequest().getSession();
//            Map parameterMap = serverHttpRequest.getServletRequest().getParameterMap();
//            System.out.println(parameterMap);
            if (session != null) {
                map.put("userId", session.getAttribute("userId"));
            }

        }
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public void afterHandshake(ServerHttpRequest serverHttpRequest, ServerHttpResponse serverHttpResponse, WebSocketHandler webSocketHandler, Exception e) {

    }
}

4.实现Websocket建立连接、发送消息、断开连接等时候的处理类。

在这个类中,主要的处理流程如下:

a.在afterConnectionEstablished连接建立成功之后,记录用户的连接标识,便于后面发信息,这里我是记录将id记录在Map集合中。

b.在handleTextMessage中可以对H5 Websocket的send方法进行处理

c.sendMessageToUser向指定用户发送消息,传入用户标识和消息体

d.sendMessageToAllUsers向左右用户广播消息,只需要传入消息体

e.handleTransportError连接出错处理,主要是关闭出错会话的连接,和删除在Map集合中的记录

f.afterConnectionClosed连接已关闭,移除在Map集合中的记录。

g.getClientId我自己封装的一个方法,方便获取用户标识

@Service
public class MyHandler extends TextWebSocketHandler {
    //在线用户列表
    private static final Map<Integer, WebSocketSession> users;
    //用户标识
    private static final String CLIENT_ID = "userId";

    static {
        users = new HashMap<>();
    }

    @Override
    public void afterConnectionEstablished(WebSocketSession session) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("成功建立连接");
        Integer userId = getClientId(session);
        System.out.println(userId);
        if (userId != null) {
            users.put(userId, session);
            session.sendMessage(new TextMessage("成功建立socket连接"));
            System.out.println(userId);
            System.out.println(session);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void handleTextMessage(WebSocketSession session, TextMessage message) {
        // ...
        System.out.println(message.getPayload());

        WebSocketMessage message1 = new TextMessage("server:"+message);
        try {
            session.sendMessage(message1);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 发送信息给指定用户
     * @param clientId
     * @param message
     * @return
     */
    public boolean sendMessageToUser(Integer clientId, TextMessage message) {
        if (users.get(clientId) == null) return false;
        WebSocketSession session = users.get(clientId);
        System.out.println("sendMessage:" + session);
        if (!session.isOpen()) return false;
        try {
            session.sendMessage(message);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * 广播信息
     * @param message
     * @return
     */
    public boolean sendMessageToAllUsers(TextMessage message) {
        boolean allSendSuccess = true;
        Set<Integer> clientIds = users.keySet();
        WebSocketSession session = null;
        for (Integer clientId : clientIds) {
            try {
                session = users.get(clientId);
                if (session.isOpen()) {
                    session.sendMessage(message);
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
                allSendSuccess = false;
            }
        }

        return  allSendSuccess;
    }


    @Override
    public void handleTransportError(WebSocketSession session, Throwable exception) throws Exception {
        if (session.isOpen()) {
            session.close();
        }
        System.out.println("连接出错");
        users.remove(getClientId(session));
    }

    @Override
    public void afterConnectionClosed(WebSocketSession session, CloseStatus status) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("连接已关闭:" + status);
        users.remove(getClientId(session));
    }

    @Override
    public boolean supportsPartialMessages() {
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * 获取用户标识
     * @param session
     * @return
     */
    private Integer getClientId(WebSocketSession session) {
        try {
            Integer clientId = (Integer) session.getAttributes().get(CLIENT_ID);
            return clientId;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            return null;
        }
    }
}

封装完成后,下面是具体的使用流程:

1.可以建立一个controller用于用户登录,发送消息等(此处需要发送消息,只需要用依赖注入即可)

@Controller
public class SocketController {

    @Autowired
    MyHandler handler;


    @RequestMapping("/login/{userId}")
    public @ResponseBody String login(HttpSession session, @PathVariable("userId") Integer userId) {
        System.out.println("登录接口,userId="+userId);
        session.setAttribute("userId", userId);
        System.out.println(session.getAttribute("userId"));

        return "success";
    }

    @RequestMapping("/message")
    public @ResponseBody String sendMessage() {
        boolean hasSend = handler.sendMessageToUser(4, new TextMessage("发送一条小xi"));
        System.out.println(hasSend);
        return "message";
    }

}

2.具体的html代码:

<script type="text/javascript">
  $(function() {
    console.log("abc");
    $.ajax({url:"http://localhost:8080/login/4",success:function(result){
      console.log(result);
      var ws = new WebSocket("ws://localhost:8080/myHandler")
       ws.onopen = function () {
        console.log("onpen");
       ws.send("{}");
       }
       ws.onclose = function () {
        console.log("onclose");
       }

      ws.onmessage = function (msg) {
        console.log(msg.data);
       }
    }});
  })
</script>
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文章标签: websocket spring
相关热词: spring配置
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