# 大学英语二听说文本

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11.1International Clock TalkGood evening, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to "International Clock Talk", our weekly radio program about cultural differences.
Today we are honored to have invited a number of people from different countries to give us their views.^
You may be interested to know that some of our guests arrived at the studio very early, while others turned up at the last minute!^
Time, and how different cultures deal with it, is what we are going to talk about first.
Please stay with us and hear more about the different views of time.
u01_1.mp3People have been invited to the radio program to discuss different views of time.^There is likely to be conflict during the radio show because everyone is late.^People who arrive at the last moment are unhappy about the radio program.    T^F^NG
11.2International Clock TalkGood evening, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to "International Clock Talk", our weekly radio program about cultural differences.
Today we are honored to have invited a number of people from different countries to give us their views.^
You may be interested to know that some of our guests arrived at the studio very early, while others turned up at the last minute!^
Time, and how different cultures deal with it, is what we are going to talk about first.
Please stay with us and hear more about the different views of time.
u01_1.mp3Do you have any communicative problems when dealing with people whose interpretation of punctuality is different from your culture's? If yes, describe them.
Do you agree that Chinese people are very relaxed about time? Give your reasons.

12.1International Clock TalkW: It's time for "International Clock Talk"! Time to discuss how you feel about time!^
M: Well, since we all come from the same country, I think our views will be similar.^
Q: Why does the man believe the people will have similar views?
u01_2.1_1n.mp3 A) Because they are all in the same country.B) Because they are all from the same culture.C) Because they have already discussed their views.D) Because there is no time difference in the country.B
12.1 W: It annoys me the way my foreign friends treat time.^
Q: Which problem is the book about?
u01_2.1_2n.mp3 A) Making foreign friends in different ways.B) Coping with all the problems caused by foreigners.C) Thinking just like foreigners about problems.D) Dealing with how foreigners think about time.D
12.1 M: Australians are so relaxed about time! It drives me mad!^
W: That's the way they are. While you're here, you'll have to get used to it.^
Q: What advice does the woman give the man?
u01_2.1_3n.mp3 A) Learning more Australian traditions.B) Telling Australians what he's used to.C) Relaxing more when dealing with Australians.D) Getting mad every time he is kept waiting.C
12.1 M: Have you noticed differences between our cultures?^
W: Sure. In my country, people don't care about time very much. Here, you take it seriously.^
Q: How do people in the woman's country feel about time?
u01_2.1_4n.mp3 A) They are very serious about time.B) They notice time differences.C) They feel people care too much.D) They don't think time matters much.D
12.1 W: Can you explain why you're always five minutes late for conferences?^
M: Oh, I'm sorry. In my country, people are often late.^
Q: Why is the man late for conferences?
u01_2.1_5n.mp3 A) Because he knows he's in another country where rules are different.B) Because he has made a habit of it since moving to another country.C) Because he is used to being late in his own country.D) Because he thinks people in this country are always late.C
12.1 W: What do you appreciate most about life in Germany?^
M: German people are rarely late for meetings. I never have to deal with latecomers.^
Q: What does the man like best about life in Germany?
u01_2.1_6n.mp3 A) He never worries about being late.B) He appreciates being late for meetings.C) Germans don't turn up late for meetings.D) Germans don't care if he's late.C
12.1 M: I've heard that Chinese people are very relaxed about time.^
W: That used to be true. Nowadays, people are increasingly bothered by lateness.^
Q: According to the woman, how have Chinese people changed?
u01_2.1_7n.mp3 A) They are more relaxed about time.B) They are more likely to be annoyed if people are late.C) They relax more often than before.D) They are more likely to tell the truth about time.B
12.1 M: Why did you walk out of the restaurant abruptly? We had just started talking.^
W: Just started? We were there for two hours! In my country, meals take 15 minutes!^
Q: Why did the woman walk out of the restaurant so abruptly?
u01_2.1_8n.mp3 A) Because she had been in the restaurant for 15 minutes.B) Because she had been there for two hours which she thought was too long.C) Because she had to meet someone for a meal in 15 minutes.D) Because she hoped to meet someone from her country on time.B
12.1 W: What did Mom think about her trip to Russia?
I'm so looking forward to hearing about it.^
M: She didn't say much. When I picked her up at the airport this morning, she was just eager to get home to see Dad.
She just said the food was great there.^
Q: What is the relationship between the two speakers?
u01_2.1_9n.mp3 A) Brother and sister.B) Mother and son.C) Father and daughter.D) Close friends.A
12.1 M: It's only 6:30, and you're done! I won't finish work till 10.
You're very efficient.^
W: Well, Tom finished two hours earlier than me.
That's a sign of efficiency in my country.^
Q: How many hours earlier did the woman finish her work than the man?
u01_2.1_10n.mp3 A) Two hours.B) Four hours.C) Three and a half hours.D) Two and a half hours.C
12.2The Most Time-Conscious PeopleM: You travel a lot. Which people do you think are the most time-conscious?^
W: I think it's probably the Swedes.^
M: Really, what makes you say that?^
W: Well, on my last trip to Sweden, I ordered a taxi to pick me up at my hotel at 6:25 am.
I got to the street at 6:27, but the taxi had already left.^
M: That's a little hard to believe. Is it true?^
W: Absolutely, everything runs on time there. There's no room for mistakes.
Everyone is very time-conscious!^
M: They must seem very stiff and serious!^
W: Sure, but once you get to know them, you find kind, caring people behind their serious faces.^
M: This is very different from my experiences traveling in South America.
Of course, people there are very kind, but they don't care much about time.^
W: I agree. South Americans don't put very much stress on time.
They're always late for everything, but no one seems to mind.
u01_2.2_n.mp31. What does the woman think about Swedish people?A) They take taxis more often than others.B) They keep themselves busier than others.C) They are the most serious people.D) They are the most time-conscious people.D
12.2   2. How long did the taxi driver wait for the woman?A) More than five minutes.B) About five minutes.C) About two minutes.D) No more than two minutes.D
12.2   3. Why does the woman say "there's no room for mistakes" in Sweden?A) Because everything seems to happen on time.B) Because everyone is too stiff and serious.C) Because they are the most caring people in the world.D) Because people in Sweden are always right.A
12.2   4. According to the woman, what are Swedes usually like?A) Stiff and serious.B) Kind and caring.C) Serious and different.D) Ordinary and stressful.B
12.2   5. What do the man and the woman say about people in South America?A) They get stressed because they are always late.B) They are always late because life has too much stress.C) They are not very time-conscious and are often late.D) They have a habit of being different and kind.C
12.3No One Came to the MeetingThe biggest problem in my company has to do with culture, in particular our different ways of looking at time.
People from some countries think it is OK to show up late for a meeting and some people even don't think they need to come at all!
As president of the company, however, it is my responsibility to tell them that this is not acceptable.
Whereas in some other countries attending meetings is not considered very important, in this country, and especially in this company, meetings must be attended on time.
Not being on time causes inefficiency.
I spent all night thinking about the exact words that I would use to explain my feelings.
I even wrote my words down.
I planned to discuss this problem at the meeting today, and entitled my speech "International Clock Talk".
Unfortunately, I have a problem -- no one came to the meeting!
u01_2.3_n.mp31. What is the company's greatest problem?A) Meetings are too long and too frequently held.B) People often come to work late.C) Employees don't attend meetings on time.D) The company president has too much responsibility.C
12.3   2. Which of the following does the speaker consider is his duty as president of the company?A) To have more important meetings at work.B) To think of the right words to use in advising his people.C) To employ people from many different countries.D) To tell people they must come to meetings on time.D
12.3   3. Why does lateness cause a decrease in efficiency?A) Because it causes meetings to run late into the night.B) Because it means people spend time waiting for latecomers.C) Because it means the president has to repeat his explanation.D) Because it causes workers to do things that are unimportant.B
12.3   4. What did the company president do the previous night?A) He considered his feelings and thought about his problems.B) He thought about whether he should say something.C) He planned how he was going to tell his workers.D) He wrote out the different habits of different peoples.C
12.3   5. Why couldn't the president do what he had planned?A) Because no one approved of his ideas.B) Because no one appeared at the meeting.C) Because he decided not to have meetings.D) Because he decided not to talk to his employees.B
12.4The Sixth DaySecretary: Natalie's on line one.^
Adam: What's up, honey? You look upset.^
Natalie: Oh, Adam, I just talked to the vet and made them... they had to put Oliver to sleep.^
Adam: What? He wasn't even that sick.^
Natalie: Oh, I know. But apparently he had some kind of, I don't know... highly infectious canine virus or something. And, and they had to put him down. It's the law.^
Adam: Oliver was licking Clara's face this morning.^
Natalie: Don't worry, because I asked the same thing, and the virus is harmless to humans. So um... So she's fine.^
Adam: This is going to break her heart, and you know that.^
Natalie: No, it won't. I want you to go down to RePet... and get Oliver replaced.^
Adam: I'm not going to have some freak of science sleep in my daughter's bed.^
Natalie: Oh, Adam, for heaven's sake. It's not dangerous.^
Adam: No, yes, no, no. Oliver can live on in our memories.^
Natalie: She's only eight. She won't understand that, honey.^
Adam: Look, it's the natural process of life. You're born, you live and you die. She has to learn about it some day.^
Natalie: Yeah, but she doesn't have to learn about it on your birthday. It's hard...^
Adam: I really appreciate that, honey.^
Natalie: Will you do it?^
Natalie: Thank you, darling. And Clara thanks you too. I love you. Bye, bye.^
Adam: But I won't do it. No, no, no, listen. Natalie, I just won't...
u01_2.4.mp3Secretary: Natalie's on line one.
Adam: What's up, honey? You look upset .
Natalie: Oh, Adam, I just talked to the vet and made them... they had to put Oliver to sleep.
Adam: What? He wasn't even that sick .
Natalie: Oh, I know. But apparently he had some kind of, I don't know... highly infectious canine virus or something. And, and they had to put him down. It's the law .
Adam: Oliver was licking Clara's face this morning.
Natalie: Don't worry, because I asked the same thing, and the virus is harmless to humans. So um... So she's fine.
Adam: This is going to break her heart, and you know that.
Natalie: No, it won't. I want you to go down to RePet... and get Oliver replaced .
Adam: I'm not going to have some freak of science sleep in my daughter's bed.
Natalie: Oh, Adam, for heaven's sake. It's not dangerous.
Adam: No, yes, no, no. Oliver can live on in our memories .
Natalie: She's only eight. She won't understand that, honey.
Adam: Look, it's the natural process of life. You're born, you live and you die. She has to learn about it some day.
Natalie: Yeah, but she doesn't have to learn about it on your birthday . It's hard...
Adam: I really appreciate that, honey.
Natalie: Will you do it?
Natalie: Thank you, darling. And Clara thanks you too. I love you. Bye, bye.
Adam: But I won't do it. No, no, no, listen. Natalie, I just won't...
upset^sick^law^harmless^break^replaced^memories^natural^birthday^appreciate
12.5The Silent StudentsIt was not until his third day of class that the professor realized no one understood what he was saying.
In his home country, the U.K., students would often sit quietly and listen to him.
But if they had problems, they would speak up.
He soon found out that Japanese students could be very different.^
In his third day of classes, he asked a student a question.
The student just gave the professor a blank stare.
It was obvious that the student didn't understand the question, so he put it a different way.
When the student still didn't understand, he asked another student.
And when she didn't understand, the professor asked a third, a fourth and a fifth.^
Later that day, after talking to other people at the school, he discovered that often Japanese students don't speak up in class, even when they don't understand something.^
In the months that followed, the professor learned how to encourage his students to speak up more.
And he, in turn, changed his teaching style so his students could gradually understand more.
But it took a great deal of work.
u01_2.5_n.mp31. In his home country, the U.K., students would often _______________ him.
2. In his third day of classes, he asked a student a question. The student just gave the professor _______________ .
3. It was obvious that the student didn't understand the question, so he _______________ .
4. Later that day, after talking to other people at the school, he discovered that often Japanese students don't _______________ , even when they don't understand something.
5. In the months that followed, the professor learned how to encourage his students to speak up more. And he, _______________ , changed his teaching style so his students could gradually understand more. But it took _______________ work.
sit quietly and listen to^a blank stare^put it a different way^speak up in class^in turn^a great deal of
12.6Beautiful LifeYou can do what you want^
Just seize the day^
What you're doing tomorrow's^
Don't you ever consider giving up^
You will find, oooh^
It's a beautiful life, oh-oh-oh-oh^
It's a beautiful life, oh-oh-oh-oh^
It's a beautiful life, oh-oh-oh-oh^
I just wanna be here beside you^
And stay until the break of dawn^
Take a walk in the park^
When you feel down^
There're so many things there^
That's gonna lift you up^
See the nature in bloom, a laughing child^
Such a dream, oooh^
It's a beautiful life, oh-oh-oh-oh^
It's a beautiful life, oh-oh-oh-oh^
It's a beautiful life, oh-oh-oh-oh^
I just wanna be here beside you^
Oh, yeah, all right^
I just wanna be here beside you^
And stay until the break of dawn^
You're looking for somewhere to belong^
You're standing all alone^
For someone to guide you on your way^
Now and forever^
It's a beautiful life, oh-oh-oh-oh^
It's a beautiful life, oh-oh-oh-oh^
It's a beautiful life, oh-oh-oh-oh^
I just wanna be anybody^
We're living in different ways^
It's a beautiful life^
I'm gonna take you to a place^
I've never been before, oh yeah^
It's a beautiful life^
I'm gonna take you in my arms and fly away^
With you tonight^
Oh, yeah, all right^
It's a beautiful life,^
Yeah, all right^
It's a beautiful life
u01_2.6.mp3
13.1Maximum and MinimumA: What does the National Minimum Wage Act provide for?^
B: It ensures that the minimum wage for an adult employee is 7 euros per hour.^
A: How much do you earn a week?^

13.1 A: How much money is allowed for entertaining guests when on official business?^
B: The standard is 25 dollars per person.^
A: What, even for entertaining senior executives?
What is the maximum expense for lunch per-person, then?^
B: 35 dollars.

13.1 A: What is the maximum speed for cars on this road?^
B: One hundred and twenty kilometers an hour.^
A: What about the minimum speed?^
B: 80 kilometers an hour.

13.1Comparison and ContrastA: Who are more time-conscious, Americans or Arabs?^
B: On the whole, I think Americans are.^
A: So, do you think American culture is better in this respect?^
B: No, I don't think so. I think Arab culture is as good as American culture.

13.1 A: We believe that if we treat people decently, they will do the same to us in return.^
B: Yes, but some people ignore this idea.^
A: Really? I think the majority of people believe in the concepts of love, harmony, and peace.^
B: But, in some parts of the world, they don't.

13.1 A: Richard is optimistic, at least most of the time.^
B: Yes, he expects things to go well.^
A: But, John is pessimistic and expects things to go badly.

13.2Retall a Story: The Silent StudentsIt was not until his third day of class that the professor realized no one understood what he was saying.
In his home country, the U.K., students would often sit quietly and listen to him.
But if they had problems, they would speak up.
He soon found out that Japanese students could be very different.^
In his third day of classes, he asked a student a question.
The student just gave the professor a blank stare.
It was obvious that the student didn't understand the question, so he put it a different way.
When the student still didn't understand, he asked another student.
And when she didn't understand, the professor asked a third, a fourth and a fifth.^
Later that day, after talking to other people at the school, he discovered that often Japanese students don't speak up in class, even when they don't understand something.^
In the months that followed, the professor learned how to encourage his students to speak up more.
And he, in turn, changed his teaching style so his students could gradually understand more.
But it took a great deal of work.
u01_2.5_n.mp3 It was not until his third day of class that the professor realized no one understood what he was saying.^He asked a student a question. The student just gave the professor a blank stare.^He discovered that often Japanese students don't speak up in class.^In the months that followed, the professor learned how to encourage his students.
13.3Cultural DifferencesHere are some differences in customs you may notice in America.^
Most people will be friendly.
They'll talk about current events, science, hobbies, and sports.
However, personal matters such as finances or family problems are rarely spoken about unless you are very close friends.^
Clothing is usually informal, unless you have been asked or told otherwise.
It's not necessary to wear Western-style clothing.
Wearing what you have brought from home is acceptable.^
When Americans greet each other, whether male or female, they usually shake hands.
Physical distances can be different.
When speaking to someone, most Americans will stand about three feet apart.^
Americans place a high priority on being punctual.
The phrase "Time is money" is very common.
You will be expected to be on time at events that have clear starting times, such as class, dinners, meetings, appointments, etc.^
The relationship between student and professor is usually open and informal.
Most professors want students to be direct when they talk about any problems they have.
Some professors count classroom participation into the final grade, so be ready to share your opinions in class.
u01_3.3.mp3What kinds of things do Americans usually not talk about in public?Personal matters like finances and family problems.
13.3   When should you wear formal clothing in America?When asked or told to.
13.3   How far away will most Americans stand when they talk to you?Three feet.
13.3   Have you ever studied abroad? If you have, share your experience. If you haven't, which country would you choose to study in? Why?I have never been abroad, but I've always dreamt of studying in Britain. It can improve my English. People always say the best way to learn a language is to live in the country where the language is spoken. I agree with that. Besides, the old buildings there are quite unique. Most of all, I will be able to enjoy a relaxing and refreshing afternoon tea in a quaint and cozy tea room. It's quite common on the street in this particular country.
13.3   Is there any difference between what students are expected to do in class in China and in America?Yes, I believe there is. In China, students are not encouraged to speak out in class, especially if they disagree with the teacher. That'll be seen as disrespectful. But nowadays, teachers seem to become more tolerant. Many of them are encouraging students to express what they think or believe.
14.1Different Concepts of TimeHi. My name is Andrew. I'm from the United States.
And today we're going to be talking about "international clock talk."
In the United States, we have a saying that "time is money,"
which means that we like to do things efficiently and we like to do things quickly.
But, on the other hand, we don't like to rush through things.
We like to make sure that we have enough time to get things done right, and that we take the time to do them correctly.
Now, as far as showing up late goes, usually it's okay if you show up a little bit late.
We don't really mind or stress out about it too much.
You know, five or ten minutes is okay.
But if you show up twenty minutes, half an hour late that's usually a bigger problem.
Now, Americans will usually be polite and say, "Oh, it's okay. We don't mind. It's okay that you showed up late."
But, usually they might be mad but just don't want to say anything.
So, in America, we like to do things quickly and efficiently, but we don't stress about time too much.^
Hi. My name is Betsy, and I am from Hong Kong.
Right now we're talking about time.
Um, there are different concepts of time in different cultures.
Um, for example, in Chinese culture, uh, tardiness is usually allowed and expected in daily life.
As opposed to in probably American culture people have to be very punctual and, uh, on time.
Um, so, one example is that, uh, I was working with a an American director.
Um, oftentimes this director would be very on time, you know, on the clock, ready for rehearsal.
Uh, while, you know, local Hong Kong actors would tend to be twenty or thirty minutes late.
And that, uh, always makes the director very nervous or kind of, um, unhappy about it.
So, that's a good example about different concepts of time.^
Hello. I'm Kaushal. I'm from India.
I can say that Indian people are not very punctual.
I'm very sorry to say that but, uh, Indian peoples, Indian people are not very punctual at their time.
And they are always late for their appointments.
They, the whole system is actually late.
Um, all the buses, trains... is, is all late.
The government never finish their, their five-year per plans on time.
Um, and Indian people give a lot of time watching cricket.
It's like, cricket is like an eight-hour game.
They watch from the first ball of the game to the last ball of the game.
So, it's... and like Indian people give a lot of time to their friends, to their neighbors. They meet them.
So, it's good. Like the Indian people make a lot of good friends.
But, the negative thing is that, like, we lose a lot of time.^
Hi. I'm Noon. I'm from Thailand.
When we talk about time in Thailand, I'm from Bangkok mostly, there's not much of an issue.
We don't really care about being punctual.
We just enjoy our time. When we finish, we finish.
The traffic is horrible in Bangkok.
That when we tell someone we're gonna meet at two, maybe we'll get there at four, maybe at six, maybe never.
So, it's very different from where my father grew up which is Switzerland.
And my father is Swiss-German.
So, things there are very punctual. He's a very punctual man.
And it's a very big cultural difference, because when I went to visit my father's family in Switzerland,
I realized the lifestyle is very different.
Time is everything.
Um, I had to get used to it.
It was very difficult to make friends in Switzerland because I would be late for everything.
Um, I, I think I prefer living in Bangkok.^
Hello. I'm Toby.
Today, we're going to talk about cultural interpretations of time.
It's quite common if you go to America to hear the phrase "time is money."
And that's because as they work harder and harder they become less concerned with relaxing and indulging.
And I think this is reflected in their holidays.
Therefore, they, only, every year they just have two weeks holiday.
If you look at Europe, on the other hand, it's very different.
And they have eight weeks holiday because they cares, they care less about money
and more about time they spend with their family.
Uh, in England, we're in the middle, and we have about four weeks' holiday a year,
which means that we're, well, it shows that we're maybe closer to American than we are to Europe.
Obviously, I would like us to shift closer to Europe so we could have longer holidays.
Um, so, the phrase "time is money" is much more useful when looking at American interpretations of time.^
Hello. My name is Ted and I'm from the United States.
Now, today we're going to talk about time, and the way people in different cultures see time, or understand time.
Now, in America, I think time is pretty important.
In fact, we have a saying "time is money, and money is time."
So that means simply you wouldn't want to waste your money so you probably wouldn't want to waste your time.
This can be seen in a lot of ways.
For example, in my case, if I go to see the doctor or go for an appointment or for a business meeting,
I always try to be punctual or on time.
In fact, in my case I even try to be early, ten minutes early.
Now, also in negotiations, I think Americans like to get down to business.
Negotiate first. Take care of the problem.
And then afterwards you can go and celebrate and have fun.
So, first you take care of business because you don't want to waste time.
Remember, time is money, and money is time.
Andrew.jpg^Betsy.jpg^Kaushal.jpg^Noon.jpg^Toby.jpg^Ted.jpg
14.2   Andrew: If you are late twenty minutes for an appointment in the US, it is no big problem.
Betsy: Being late is usually acceptable in Chinese culture.
Kaushal: Indian people are not very punctual at their time.
Noon: In Switzerland Noon makes many friends because she is never late for anything.
Toby: In Europe, people prefer to spend more time with their family. They care not so much about making money.
Ted: Ted is always ten or twenty minutes early when he goes to an appointment.
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Andrew1.jpg^Betsy1.jpg^Kaushal1.jpg^Noon1.jpg^Toby1.jpg^Ted1.jpg
14.3
15.1Culture ShockW: I always thought that culture shock was something that would happen to other people, not to me.^
M: Actually, I'm not totally certain what the words "culture shock" refer to.^
W: Culture shock is the anxiety that occurs when a person moves to completely new surroundings.^
M: Does it include a lack of direction and not knowing what is appropriate or inappropriate?^
W: It sure does. And, it generally sets in a few weeks after arriving in a new place.^
M: Is it a physical or mental discomfort?^
W: It's both. Most people suffer stress in their body and mind.
It can result in feeling very tired, getting sick, becoming depressed and doing things you might otherwise think are wrong.^
M: I think I've experienced all of those symptoms.^
W: It's only natural.
When you first arrive, you don't speak the language, don't know how to use banking machines, don't know how to use the telephone and so forth.^
M: At the same time it can also be an opportunity.^
W: I agree. It can help you develop a better understanding of yourself and encourage a sense of creativity.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What did the woman first think about culture shock?^
2. Which of the following statements is NOT true about people experiencing culture shock?^
3. How may culture shock affect people's lives?^
4. When the woman talks about the newcomer's inability, which of the following is NOT mentioned?^
5. How can culture shock also be an opportunity?
u01_5.1_n.mp3 Q1: What did the woman first think about culture shock?
Ans: D
Q2: Which of the following statements is NOT true about people experiencing culture shock?
Ans: C
Q3: How may culture shock affect people's lives?
Ans: B
Q4: When the woman talks about the newcomer's inability, which of the following is NOT mentioned?
Ans: D
Q5: How can culture shock also be an opportunity?
Ans: B

15.2Solutions for Culture ShockEven though you may not be able to eliminate culture shock, there are ways to ease the stress.
The following are some activities that can help:^
Get out of your room or apartment, so you are able to experience first-hand what Americans are doing.^
Make friends so you can talk to them and ask about what you don't understand.^
Find an activity that you can enjoy so you will be able to reduce stress and depression.
Americans like to jog and they also like to play sports.^
Find out from your host family or other Americans about community activities, religious services, or volunteer opportunities.
Make the most of this opportunity to become a member of their community.^
Don't be afraid to make mistakes.
Someone will be happy to put you right.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. Why is it advised to get out of your room or apartment?^
2. To whom can you talk when you want to understand the American culture?^
3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a way to reduce your stress and depression?^
4. How might you become a member of the community?^
5. What should you do if you are NOT sure about how to say something?
u01_5.2_n.mp3 Q1: Why is it advised to get out of your room or apartment?
Ans: C
Q2: To whom can you talk when you want to understand the American culture?
Ans: A
Q3: Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a way to reduce your stress and depression?
Ans: B
Q4: How might you become a member of the community?
Ans: A
Q5: What should you do if you are NOT sure about how to say something?
Ans: C

15.3Age of the UniverseScientists using measurements from the Hubble Space Telescope think they have found the speed at which the universe is expanding.
The expansion rate is important for estimating the age, size and future of the universe.^
For years, scientists have been seeking an exact measurement of the expansion rate.
Seventy years ago, American scientist Edwin Hubble provided evidence that the universe is not peaceful and unchanging, but developing.
He proposed that galaxies in space were moving away from each other at speeds which increase with distance.^
Earlier estimates of the expansion rate differ widely.
Some researchers say the universe is 10,000 million years old.
Others say it could be as much as 20,000 million years old.^
Late last month, 27 scientists representing 13 research groups announced what they believe is the most exact estimate.
They used the Hubble Space Telescope to observe 18 galaxies as far as 65 million light years from Earth.
A light year is how far light travels in one year -- almost ten-million-million kilometers.^
The international team of scientists discovered 800 very bright stars in those galaxies.
The scientists used the stars to compare several other methods of measuring distances in space.^
The scientists say their findings show that our universe has been expanding for at least 12,000 million years.
However, they say the universe could be as much as 1,500 million years older, depending on other measurements.^
Some experts say the findings support the idea that the expansion of the universe is speeding up and will continue.
This means that the universe will not slow down and break up, as some scientists had believed.^
However, other researches immediately disputed the new findings.
For example, Allan Sandage of the Carnegie Observatories in California has been studying the expansion-rate question for more than 20 years.
His group's findings show the universe is closer to 15,000 million years old -- or possibly even older.
u01_5.3.mp3  1) the age, size and future
2) Seventy years ago
3) increase with distance
4) Late last month
5) A light year
6) distances in space
7) other measurements
8) support the idea
9) slow down and break up
10) or possibly even older

15.4 Can you can a can as a canner can can a can?^
If you can't can any candy can, how many candy cans can a candy canner can if he can can candy cans?
u01_5.4_n.mp3
15.5 Better be an hour too early than a minute too late.^
Footprints on the sand of time are not made by sitting down.^
Opportunity seldom knocks twice.^
The morning sun never lasts a day.^
Time and tide wait for no man.
u01_5.5.mp3
21.1All that Glitters Is Olympic GoldThank you for listening to "All that Glitters Is Olympic Gold", our report on Olympic heroes and in particular, Liu Xiang.
An Olympic hero must have determination, power, and passion.
He or she must persist even when tired.
This ability to make sacrifices for the sake of glory is what being an Olympic hero is all about.^
Liu Xiang, a Chinese athlete, showed all of these virtues when he won his gold medal.
Though it would have been easy for him to quit, he worked hard every day to accomplish his goal.^
Liu Xiang is a true Olympic hero.
Every four years, athletes, like Liu Xiang, teach us the meaning of greatness.
And by following their lead, we can also be great.
This is why we keep watching.
u02_1.mp3What must an Olympic hero have?
What is being a champion all about?
What did Liu Xiang work hard to accomplish?
What do Olympic athletes teach us?
He must have determination, power, and passion .
The ability to make sacrifices for the sake of glory.
His dream.
0
He must have determination, power, and passion.
The ability to make sacrifices for the sake of glory.
His dream.
The meaning of greatness.
21.2All that Glitters Is Olympic GoldThank you for listening to "All that Glitters Is Olympic Gold", our report on Olympic heroes and in particular, Liu Xiang.
An Olympic hero must have determination, power, and passion.
He or she must persist even when tired.
This ability to make sacrifices for the sake of glory is what being an Olympic hero is all about.^
Liu Xiang, a Chinese athlete, showed all of these virtues when he won his gold medal.
Though it would have been easy for him to quit, he worked hard every day to accomplish his goal.^
Liu Xiang is a true Olympic hero.
Every four years, athletes, like Liu Xiang, teach us the meaning of greatness.
And by following their lead, we can also be great.
This is why we keep watching.
u02_1.mp3Among the virtues mentioned above, which one do you value most? Give your reasons.
Could you think about other virtues or qualities that may make a person an Olympic hero?

22.1All that Glitters Is Olympic GoldW: What did your coach tell you about running in tomorrow's race?^
M: He said, "All that glitters is Olympic gold," to remind me of the Olympic spirit.^
Q: What was the coach's advice to the man?
u02_2.1_1n.mp3 A) He should learn the Olympic spirit in tomorrow's race.B) He should remember the Olympic spirit.C) He should relax and not worry about tomorrow's race.D) He should compete fairly in the Olympic Games.B
22.1 M: I watched a TV show last night, called "All that Glitters Is Olympic Gold".^
W: I watched that too.
It was about the training and sacrifice necessary for athletes to compete in the Olympics.^
Q: What was the TV show about?
u02_2.1_2n.mp3 A) The competitive nature of the Olympic Games.B) The huge effort Olympic athletes must make.C) The lives of Olympic sports stars.D) The gold medals awarded to Olympic winners.B
22.1 W: Running the hundred-meter dash is nothing compared to the passion necessary to run longer races.^
M: Are you kidding? I've run both and I know they both require determination.^
Q: Why does the man disagree with the woman?
u02_2.1_3n.mp3 A) Because he thinks the hundred-meter dash doesn't involve much effort.B) Because he thinks the longer races involve much greater effort.C) Because he thinks the hundred-meter dash involves as much effort as longer races.D) Because he thinks the longer races don't involve great effort, either.C
22.1 M: Do you think drug taking is widespread among amateur athletes trying to get stronger?^
W: It's hard to say whether it's true or not. So much of what we hear seems to be rumors.^
Q: Does the woman believe that there is a problem with amateur athletes taking drugs?
u02_2.1_4n.mp3 A) She doesn't believe it.B) She believes much of it.C) She isn't sure whether it is true.D) She believes it is completely true.C
22.1 W: Do you think that he could have run in the Olympics if things had turned out differently?^
M: Definitely. He had the heart. It was just his injury that cost him the opportunity to compete.^
Q: Did the athlete compete in the Olympics?
u02_2.1_5n.mp3 A) Yes, he was good enough to do so.B) Yes, he had an opportunity to do so.C) No, he lost his chance because he was hurt.D) No, he never had the heart to compete.C
22.1 M: I heard that when the athlete accepted the gold medal, he thanked his mom.^
W: That's right. He swore that she was responsible for him developing the strength to win the race.^
Q: Why was the athlete able to win the race?
u02_2.1_6n.mp3 A) Because his mother helped him get strong.B) Because his mother said so.C) Because he swore he would.D) Because his mind was on the medal.A
22.1 W: Come on, you can eat this cake.
You don't have to deny yourself sweet food just because you're in the Olympics.^
M: Yes I do! With the games coming so soon, I have to stay on a healthy diet.^
Q: Why does the man refuse the woman's offer?
u02_2.1_7n.mp3 A) Because he wants to be ready for the Olympics.B) Because he is used to denying himself.C) Because he doesn't like healthy food.D) Because he doesn't like sweet food.A
22.1 M: Most people who watch the Olympics would like to be like the athletes they see.^
W: Maybe they would. But I don't think most of them have the determination to work so hard to get there.^
Q: What does the woman think about people who watch the Olympic Games?
u02_2.1_8n.mp3 A) Most people don't want to put in so much effort.B) Most people don't want to enter the Olympics.C) Most people don't know how to get there at all.D) Most people don't want to be like the athletes.A
22.1 W: Are you noticing the frowns on the faces of the runners?
Not one of them looks happy.^
M: You can be sure the two runners from our country are happy.
Out of the five races, they've won four.^
Q: How many races have the runners from the speakers' country won?
u02_2.1_9n.mp3 A) One.B) Two.C) Four.D) Five.C
22.1 M: Just hearing the Olympic song fills me with determination to go out and win.^
W: It was first played in 1896, but it wasn't the official song until 1958. I like it too.^
Q: In which year did the Olympic song become official?
u02_2.1_10n.mp3 A) 1958.B) 1975.C) 1896.D) 1869.A
22.2The Olympics Ended YesterdayW: Wow, you really look great. Have you been working out?^
M: Every day. I'm preparing for the Olympic Games.^
W: Oh, no.^
M: What? What's the matter? You don't think I can do it?^
W: I don't know how to tell you.^
M: You don't think I'm strong enough to enter, do you?
Well, I'll have you know I'm plenty strong.
And if you say otherwise, you don't know what you're talking about.^
W: I know you're strong. That's not the problem.^
M: Then you think my heart is weak.
But that isn't so! I have amazing determination.
I swear, my passion is unmatched by any other amateur athlete in the world.
I defy you to say otherwise.^
W: I wouldn't dare. I've seen you run and not quit, and I know your heart is strong.
But that isn't the problem.^
M: What's the problem then?^
W: The Olympics ended yesterday.
u02_2.2_n.mp31. Why does the man look great?A) Because he is excited about the upcoming Olympics.B) Because he is the world's greatest amateur athlete.C) Because he is going to compete in the Olympics.D) Because he is exercising every day.D
22.2   2. How does the man feel about his own strength?A) He is so strong that he'll win in the Games.B) He is strong enough to enter the Olympics.C) He isn't sure whether he is strong enough.D) He isn't strong enough for the competition.B
22.2   3. What does the man say about his passion?A) It's greater than the woman thinks.B) It's as strong as his heart.C) It's unequaled among amateurs.D) It's his only problem.C
22.2   4. How does the woman know the man has a strong heart?A) She heard it from some other athletes.B) She believes he has no problems.C) She has seen him win races in the past.D) She has seen him run without stopping.D
22.2   5. What is the man's problem, according to the woman?A) The Olympics will never accept him.B) His determination is not strong enough.C) He needs more passion to compete.D) The Games have already finished.D
22.3Jesse OwensIn the summer of 1936, Jesse Owens became famous all over the world.
That summer, Jesse Owens, a black American, joined the best athletes from 50 nations to compete in the Olympics in Berlin, Germany.^
There was special interest in the Olympic Games that year because Adolph Hitler was then the leader of Germany.
He and his Nazi party believed that white people were better than other races, especially those with dark skin.
They were all very surprised when Owens won four gold medals and set new world records.^
Years later, Jesse Owens wrote that he was most proud of showing Hitler and the world how great a black man could be.
Through everything, he never lost confidence in himself.
Nor did he ever lose pride in himself.
To this day, Jesse Owens is remembered as an amazing man who fully expressed the Olympic spirit.
u02_2.3_n.mp31. Why were so many people interested in the 1936 Olympic Games?A) Because the Olympics were in Germany that year.B) Because many countries and athletes would participate.C) Because a black athlete was competing in Hitler's Germany.D) Because the world's greatest athletes would participate.C
22.3   2. According to the passage, what did the Nazi party believe?A) They believed Germany would win the most gold medals.B) They believed white people were better than black people.C) They believed Hitler was Germany's greatest leader ever.D) They believed Jesse Owens could win many gold medals.B
22.3   3. What surprised Hitler and the Nazis?A) Jesse Owens was a black.B) Americans beat Germans.C) Owens won four events.D) Germans set no world records.C
22.3   4. What made Jesse Owens most proud?A) He participated in the Olympics in 1936.B) He won four gold medals in a single Olympics.C) He was known all over the world.D) He demonstrated that black people were as good as people of other races.D
22.3   5. Why is Jesse Owens remembered as a great man?A) Because he set many world records in his sport.B) Because he won four gold medals in 1936.C) Because he wrote great books after the Games.D) Because he showed the true Olympic spirit.D
22.4Million Dollar BabyFrankie: I'm gonna need that speed bag back.^
Maggie: This bag?^
Frankie: Yes, that bag. That's my bag. And if you're hitting it, people will think I'm training you.^
Maggie: Is that such a bad thing, boss?^
Frankie: Yes. Yes, it is. Every time you touch it, you're losing me business out here.^
Maggie: I gotta agree. I am embarrassing myself.^
Frankie: Well, I can't just lend it to anybody, you know?^
Maggie: I understand.^
Frankie: Look, you seem like a nice girl. Can I give you some advice?^
Maggie: I'd appreciate that.^
Frankie: You're gonna find a trainer either in this gym or somewhere else that's gonna want to train a girl.
It's the latest freak show out there.
But the only trouble is they're gonna be wasting your time because you're too old.^
Maggie: I don't feel that old.^
Frankie: Well, neither do I, but you don't see me fighting 21-year-olds, do you?
Takes about four years to train a fighter.
How old are you?^
Maggie: Thirty-one until my next birthday.^
Frankie: There you go, 31.
You wouldn't start training to be a ballerina at 31 now, would you?^
Maggie: Already been working it for three years.^
Frankie: And you can't hit a speed bag? What kind of training is that?^
Maggie: I've never had any, boss.^
Frankie: I hate to say it, but it shows. Somebody's gotta be honest with you.
I hate to be the one to tell you the truth.^
Maggie: Yeah. Well, sorry for using your bag, Mr. Dunn.^
Frankie: You're not gonna cry now, are you?^
Maggie: No, sir.^
Frankie: Yeah... Here. Keep the goddamn thing.^
Maggie: No, you need it.^
Frankie: No, take the bag. I haven't seen it in 20 years, anyway.
I've had three since then. Just, uh... just enjoy it, will you?^
Maggie: I'll just borrow it till I buy my own.^
Frankie: Yeah. Just don't lose it.
u02_2.4.mp3Frankie: I'm gonna need that speed bag back.
Maggie: This bag?
Frankie: Yes, that bag. That's my bag. And if you're hitting it, people will think I'm training you.
Maggie: Is that such a bad thing, boss?
Frankie: Yes. Yes, it is. Every time you touch it, you're losing me business out here.
Maggie: I gotta agree. I am embarrassing myself.
Frankie: Well, I can't just lend it to anybody, you know?
Maggie: I understand .
Frankie: Look, you seem like a nice girl. Can I give you some advice?
Maggie: I'd appreciate that.
Frankie: You're gonna find a trainer either in this gym or somewhere else that's gonna want to train a girl. It's the latest freak show out there. But the only trouble is they're gonna be wasting your time because you're too old.
Maggie: I don't feel that old.
Frankie: Well, neither do I, but you don't see me fighting 21-year-olds, do you? Takes about four years to train a fighter. How old are you?
Maggie: Thirty-one until my next birthday.
Frankie: There you go, 31. You wouldn't start training to be a ballerina at 31 now, would you?
Maggie: Already been working it for three years.
Frankie: And you can't hit a speed bag? What kind of training is that?
Maggie: I've never had any, boss.
Frankie: I hate to say it, but it shows. Somebody's gotta be honest with you. I hate to be the one to tell you the truth.
Maggie: Yeah. Well, sorry for using your bag, Mr. Dunn.
Frankie: You're not gonna cry now, are you?
Maggie: No, sir.
Frankie: Yeah... Here. Keep the goddamn thing.
Maggie: No, you need it.
Frankie: No, take the bag. I haven't seen it in 20 years, anyway. I've had three since then. Just, uh... just enjoy it, will you?
Maggie: I'll just borrow it till I buy my own.
Frankie: Yeah. Just don't lose it.
training^touch^understand^appreciate^trouble^fighting^three^honest^cry^borrow
22.5An Olympic ChampionAn Olympic champion walked into a classroom to meet a group of students.
He expected them to ask a lot of questions, but they were silent.
"Don't you wonder how I became the successful man that you see before you?"^
He looked around at the children, who were still silent.
"I'll tell you what makes me a winner. I never quit and I start each day by making promises to myself. I tell myself that I will be the best. And in the Olympics, I was the best."^
He expected the children to say something, but nobody said a word.
"Don't you have something to say? Don't you have something to ask?" he said.^
One child raised his hand and began to speak.^
"I'm sorry, we don't like sport. We thought that we were going to see a famous writer today."
u02_2.5_n.mp31. An Olympic champion _______________ to meet a group of students.
3. "Don't you wonder how I became the successful man that _______________ ?"
4. "I'll tell you what makes me a winner. I never quit and I start each day by _______________ . I tell myself that I will be the best."
5. "Don't you have something to say? Don't you have something to ask?" he said. One child _______________ and began to speak.
walked into a classroom^how I achieved such glory^you see before you^making promises to myself^raised his hand
22.6Hand in HandSee the fire in the sky,^
We feel the beating of our hearts together.^
This is our time to rise above.^
We know the chance is here to live forever, for all time.^
Hand in hand we stand all across the land.^
We can make this world a better place in which to live.^
Hand in hand we can start to understand.^
Breaking down the walls that come between us for all time.^
Arirang.^^
Every time we give it all,^
We feel the flame eternally inside us.^
Lift our hands up to the sky.^
The morning calm helps us to live in harmony, for all time.^
Hand in hand we stand all across the land.^
We can make this world a better place in which to live.^
Hand in hand we can start to understand.^
Breaking down the walls that come between us for all time.^
Arirang.^^
Hand in hand we stand all across the land.^
We can make this world a better place in which to live.^
Hand in hand we can start to understand.^
Breaking down the walls that come between us for all time.^
Hand in hand. Hand in hand. Breaking down the walls between us.^
Hand in hand. Hand in hand. Breaking down the walls.
u02_2.6.mp3
23.1HappinessA: It gives me a lot of satisfaction to hear of your success in the English speaking contest.^
B: Thank you. I owe much of my success to your advice.^
A: Keep working hard!^
B: I surely will.^
A: Good luck.

23.1 A: Hi, I've been dying to tell you something. I'm getting married next month!^
B: Oh, that's great! I'm so glad to hear the two of you have finally decided to go through with it.^
A: Thank you. I'm really happy.^
B: Am I invited to your wedding?^
A: Of course you are. In fact, I was wondering whether you'd like to be my bridesmaid.

23.1 A: You're all smiles today. Did you strike gold or something?^
B: Well, kind of! I've just received a letter telling me that I've been admitted to Peking University.^
A: Wonderful! Congratulations!
Have you told your parents? They must be very proud of you.^
B: Yeah. I've never felt so good.
I'll be working even harder in order not to let them down.^
A: You're going to do well!

23.1UnhappinessA: I hate to bring this up, but your son Mike's been making too much noise lately.^
B: I'm very sorry. I'll tell him to behave himself.^
A: Don't be too hard on him. Boys are boys, after all.^
B: Thanks. I'll keep that in mind.

23.1 A: You look miserable. What's happened?^
B: My laptop has been infected with some unknown virus and all of my files have vanished. ^
A: The same thing happened to me. I'm fed up with this sort of thing.^
B: So am I.^
A: Computer trouble makes me mad!

23.1 A: What's the matter? You look so gloomy.^
B: My wallet was stolen on the bus again.^
A: That's awful! But, it won't do you any good to get so upset.^
B: I suppose you're right.^
A: All you can do is to be more careful next time.

23.1WorryA: I failed my math test last semester, and I'll have to take a make-up test before the end of August.
I'm just worried about whether I can pass this time.^
B: You shouldn't worry.
You've made a lot of progress in recent months. Trust yourself.^
A: Yeah, I guess. Even if I fail the make-up exam,
I can still comfort myself with the idea that I've done my best.^
B: Good attitude! Good luck!

23.1 A: This is the first time for me to give a speech in English in front of so many people.
To be honest with you, I'm really worried.^
B: I wouldn't worry about it if I were you.
No one in our class speaks better English than you, you know?^
A: Thank you. It's very nice of you to say that.^
B: I'm sure your speech will turn out to be a great success.

23.1 A: I'm very worried about my health. I'm afraid this illness is getting worse.^
B: Try not to worry. There's really no cause for alarm.
You'll be OK in a month.^
A: But this new pain in my head is worrying.^
B: You just need to rest. Try and take things easy and soon everything will be fine.

23.2Retall a Story: Heaven and HellAn Olympic champion walked into a classroom to meet a group of students.
He expected them to ask a lot of questions, but they were silent.
"Don't you wonder how I became the successful man that you see before you?"^
He looked around at the children, who were still silent.
"I'll tell you what makes me a winner. I never quit and I start each day by making promises to myself. I tell myself that I will be the best. And in the Olympics, I was the best."^
He expected the children to say something, but nobody said a word.
"Don't you have something to say? Don't you have something to ask?" he said.^
One child raised his hand and began to speak.^
"I'm sorry, we don't like sport. We thought that we were going to see a famous writer today."
u02_2.5_n.mp3 An Olympic champion walked into a classroom to meet a group of students.^"Aren't you curious about how I achieved such glory?" he asked.^He expected the children to say something.^"I'm sorry, we don't like sport. We thought that we were going to meet a famous writer today."
23.3Good SportsmanshipEmily was crying by the time the softball game finished because her dad had yelled at her in front of all her teammates for missing a fly ball that could have ended the game.
Emily was only eight years old.^
If your child has ever participated in a sport, you've undoubtedly met people like Emily's dad.
They, expect too much from their children and upset them by putting too much pressure on them.
These parents get so wrapped up in winning and losing or in how well their own children perform that they lose sight of what's really important.
They forget that the most important goal is helping children develop a sense of good sportsmanship.^
Good sportsmanship occurs when teammates, opponents, coaches, and officials treat each other with due respect.
Kids learn the basics of sportsmanship from the adults in their lives, especially their parents and their coaches.
Kids who see adults demonstrating good sportsmanship finally come to understand that the real winners are those who know how to be strong and to act with self-respect -- whether they win or lose a game.
A child who treats others with respect on the playing field will likely carry this attitude into the classroom and other social situations.
u02_3.3.mp3Why was Emily crying by the time the softball game ended?Because her dad had yelled at her.
23.3   What is the most important goal in children's sports?Helping children develop a sense of good sportsmanship.
23.3   When do athletes demonstrate good sportsmanship?When people treat each other with due respect.
23.3   What, in your opinion, is sportsmanship?In my opinion, sportsmanship refers to an attitude an athlete holds while playing a sport. It's about the respect for teammates, opponents, coaches, and especially the game itself.
23.3   Please give some examples of how sportsmanship is displayed in daily life.In school, for example, good sportsmanship means that you can cooperate well with your classmates to complete a project no matter what your position is on the team. You are able to appreciate the contributions made by other members.
24.1The OlympicsHello, my name's Bill. I'm from North Dakota, and uh, I'd like to talk to you about the Olympics today.
Now, when I was a younger man, I, I enjoyed the Olympics. It was fun to watch.
I got excited about seeing people from many different countries, and as I got older I heard a lot of hype about,
"Oh yes, because people are battling in the sports field, they won't go to war and use guns."
Now that I'm in my 40's, I see that's really a big dream, and I don't quite believe that anymore.
Yeah, people-we compete every 4 years in the Olympics but I think
every other year we're still going to fight each other with guns and bullets and bombs.
Uh, does that mean we should stop going to the Olympics and enjoying sports?
Of course not, it's fun to play games.
It's fun to watch this on TV, but I think it's pretty much just a nice thing to see every four years.
There's going to be no great world changing thing come from it.^
Hi. I'm Jae. I'm from the United States. Right now, we're talking about the Olympics.
In the United States, Olympics has a huge influence.
Most of the franchises, the fast-food chains, and other such franchises have Olympic tie-ins.
You see that on their beverages they have Olympic cups.
I believe McDonald's has an Olympic Happy Meal.
Um, you see a lot of commercials on the television that are tied in to the Olympics,
especially with franchises such as McDonald's and Burger King.
The irony in this is that I don't know anybody who watches the Olympics.
My friends don't watch the Olympics and my family don't watch the Olympics.
But it's clear that people do watch the Olympics
or there would not be the ability to have such a huge tie-in with all the franchises.
Sometimes I think the Olympics is just a very large marketing scheme that takes place in the United States every four years.^
My name is Joel, and I'm from Canada.
So, today, we're talking a little bit about the Olympics and, uh, what the Olympics mean to other people all over the world.
First of all, I think the Olympics are a fantastic way for different countries
to get together and compete and learn about each other
and show the best people that they have to offer in terms of sports at one event in the same place.
Of course the Olympics probably mean different things to different countries.
For example, when a developing nation such as China, which is developing, gets the Olympics it means a lot to them.
It's good for their economy.
It starts things up and it recognizes the nation as a place that's capable of hosting such an enormous event.
I think that that's the best thing about the Olympics. It shows a country at its very best.^
Hi, there. My name is Kim. I was born in Korea and raised in the United States.
And today we are going to talk about the Olympics.
I understand the Olympics of 2008 will be in Beijing. Very exciting.
I'm sure all of you are looking forward to it. And so am I.
Now, the way that I look at the Olympics it's a way of communication between countries.
Now, usually, you know, we have to communicate through political means.
But this way, we could communicate with each other through sports and games and competition.
Now, nowadays, it's, you know, people talk on the Internet or over the phone very, very frequently and very, very easily.
So we really don't get a lot of opportunities to really meet each other and get to know each other, um,
through games or in person, you know, eye to eye, while doing activities together.
I think, um, these days, the Olympics is a lot more about that, you know --
just really getting to know each other and recognizing each other and respecting each other through competition and games.
So, um, I think it will be very exciting.
Bill.jpg^Jae.jpg^Joel.jpg^Kim.jpg
24.2   The Olympics is a good means of communication between countries.
It is a big fun to play games.
The Olympics is an opportunity for a country to show its best to the world.
The Olympics is a big marketing opportunity.
2^4^3^1   Bill1.jpg^Jae1.jpg^Joel1.jpg^Kim1.jpg
24.3
25.1Let's Go Diving!M: Have you ever tried scuba diving?^
W: No, I'm kind of scared of the whole diving thing.
I mean, I hear all these stories about getting sick from coming up too fast and dangerous fish and stuff.
I don't think it's for me.^
M: I guess there's a lot that could go wrong, but if you've been trained and you follow the rules, there's really nothing to worry about.^
W: I don't know.^
M: It's really worth trying. It's a whole other world down there.
It's such an amazing experience.^
W: That's what a lot of people tell me, but I think I'd prefer to stick to surfing rather than take my chances in the deep.^
M: To be honest, I think you have more chance of meeting with an accident surfing than diving.^
W: As long as you don't do anything stupid, you'll be okay.^
M: Diving's the same. You just have to follow the rules.
Say, I'm going next weekend. Why don't you come along?
There's a pool that isn't so deep where you can see all kinds of fish and things.
It's perfect for a novice diver.^
W: Well, if it's not too deep, it can't be too bad.
Why not? Sure, I'll go with you.^
M: Great!^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. According to the woman, what makes diving scary?^
2. What measures might help ensure the safety of diving?^
3. According to the conversation, what has the woman heard about diving?^
4. What does the man think about surfing?^
5. Why does the woman decide to join the man in diving?
u02_5.1_n.mp3 Q1: According to the woman, what makes diving scary?
Ans: D
Q2: What measures might help ensure the safety of diving?
Ans: C
Q3: According to the conversation, what has the woman heard about diving?
Ans: D
Q4: What does the man think about surfing?
Ans: B
Q5: Why does the woman decide to join the man in diving?
Ans: A

25.2Aerobic DancingSome people say that aerobic dancing is a sport, and others say it's not.
I've begun a class that teaches aerobics, and I would like to tell you about it.
I think you'll be very excited about this vigorous exercise and will agree with me that it's a sport.^
Often, when doing it, you'll want to quit.
Continuing, despite your desire to stop, forces you to be strong.
The encouragement that you receive from those around you helps you to carry on for the entire 45 minutes until the end.
It's something like running a long race.^
Like swimming, aerobic dancing makes your body stronger.
It quicken your heart beat and helps you to lose fat.
Many football players, as well as athletes in other sports, do aerobic dancing to improve their fitness.
Many other people enjoy it as well.^
Aerobic dancing can change your life.
If you participate regularly, it'll make you a better person, both mentally and physically.
I recommend it to anyone who wants a little bit more out of life.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. According to the passage, how do people feel about aerobic dancing?^
2. In which way is aerobic dancing similar to other sports?^
3. Who will encourage you not to quit when doing aerobic dancing?^
4. How is aerobic dancing like swimming?^
5. According to the speaker, who should take part in aerobic dancing?
u02_5.2_n.mp3 Q1: According to the passage, how do people feel about aerobic dancing?
Ans: A
Q2: In which way is aerobic dancing similar to other sports?
Ans: B
Q3: Who will encourage you not to quit when doing aerobic dancing?
Ans: C
Q4: How is aerobic dancing like swimming?
Ans: B
Q5: According to the speaker, who should take part in aerobic dancing?
Ans: D

25.3Words and Their Stories: BaseballNow here are some common expressions from baseball.
Someone who is "on the ball" is intelligent and able to do a good job, but a person who "threw a curve ball" did something unexpected.
Someone who "steps up to the plate" is ready to do his or her job.
"A pinch hitter" takes the place of someone else at the job or activity.
A person who "strikes out" or "goes down swinging" attempted something but failed.
We also might tell the person that "three strikes and you are out", but someone who "hit a home run" or " hit it out of the park" did something extremely well.
Sometimes I have to give information quickly without time to think it over, then I would say something "right off the bat".
If someone is doing an extremely good job and is very successful, you might say he or she is "batting one thousand".
If I say I want to "touch base with you", I will talk to you from time to time about something we plan to do.
I might say I "touched all the bases", if I did what is necessary to complete a job or activity.
And if I "covered my bases" I was well prepared.
However, someone who is "way off base" did something wrong or may be even dishonest or immoral.
A person with strange ideas might be described as "out in the left field".
Let us say I want to sell my car, but I do not know exactly how much it is worth.
If someone asks me the price, I might give "a ballpark figure" or "a ballpark estimate".
If someone offers me an amount that is close to my selling price, I might say the amount is "in the ballpark".
u02_5.3.mp3  1) on the ball
2) did something unexpected
3) at the job or activity
4) hit it out of the park
5) think it over
6) is very successful
7) complete a job or activity
8) did something wrong
9) how much it is worth
10) close to my selling price

25.4 No need to light a night light on a light night like tonight.u02_5.4_n.mp3
25.5 Life is beauty, admire it.^
Life is bliss, taste it.^
Life is a dream, realize it.^
Life is a challenge, meet it.^
Life is a duty, complete it.^
Life is a game, play it.^
Life is a promise, fulfill it.^
Life is sorrow, overcome it.^
Life is a song, sing it.^
Life is a struggle, accept it.^
Life is a tragedy, confront it.^
Life is an adventure, dare it.^
Life is luck, make it.^
Life is precious, don't destroy it.^
Life is life, fight for it.
u02_5.5.mp3
31.1Pros and Cons of Mixed MarriagesHello, and welcome! Thank you for listening to this report, entitled "Pros and Cons of Mixed Marriages".
Mixed marriages are becoming more common and many people have strong opinions about them.
In this program, you'll listen to opinions on both sides of the issue.
Overall, people seem to be in favor.
One woman will tell you how happy she is to have married a foreigner.
Some will say it is OK for others but it's not for them.
However, nearly one third of the people you are going to hear on this program will say people from different cultures shouldn't get married, claiming that these individuals cannot be compatible.
u03_1.mp3The number of mixed marriages has gone up.
Most people think mixed marriages are fine.
Some people think mixed marriages have compatibility problems.
3^2^1
31.2Pros and Cons of Mixed MarriagesHello, and welcome! Thank you for listening to this report, entitled "Pros and Cons of Mixed Marriages".
Mixed marriages are becoming more common and many people have strong opinions about them.
In this program, you'll listen to opinions on both sides of the issue.
Overall, people seem to be in favor.
One woman will tell you how happy she is to have married a foreigner.
Some will say it is OK for others but it's not for them.
However, nearly one third of the people you are going to hear on this program will say people from different cultures shouldn't get married, claiming that these individuals cannot be compatible.
u03_1.mp3Have you ever thought about marrying a foreigner? Can it be an exciting experience or an awful one? Give your reasons.
In your opinion, what's the biggest problem in marrying a foreigner, the differences in languages, cultures or religions?

32.1Mixed MarriagesM: Could you tell me about the pros and cons of mixed marriages?^
W: I can tell you the pros, for sure.
After being married to a foreigner for 20 years, I've yet to discover any cons.^
Q: What can't the woman tell the man?
u03_2.1_1n.mp3 A) The secret of the success of her mixed marriage.B) The way she deals with problems in her marriage.C) The reason why she wanted to marry a foreigner.D) The problems she experiences in her mixed marriage.D
32.1 W: The wedding is next week, but I still don't know if marrying a person of a different race is right.^
M: There are a lot of pros and cons of mixed marriages, but overall they're good.^
Q: How does the man feel about mixed marriages?
u03_2.1_2n.mp3 A) They are successful in general.B) They have race problems.C) They have been discussed a lot.D) They do more harm than good.A
32.1 M: The French have a lot of charm. I think you'll enjoy being married to one.^
W: Not everything about them is charming.
And I'm going to have some trouble dealing with his culture.^
Q: What concern does the woman have about marrying a Frenchman?
u03_2.1_3n.mp3 A) She finds them too charming to get married to.B) She thinks she will have difficulty with French culture.C) She believes French culture is not as good as other cultures.D) She feels they are not as charming as people tend to think.B
32.1 W: Has anyone criticized you for marrying someone of a different race?^
M: I expected people to. But they haven't so far.
Besides, I don't care what people think. My wife and I hit it off A-OK.^
Q: What did the man expect?
u03_2.1_4n.mp3 A) To marry someone of a different race.B) To travel very far to get married.C) To receive criticism about his marriage.D) To have an easier marriage than others.C
32.1 W: That's great you're getting married, but do you have a clue about your new wife's culture?^
M: Sure. Learning about her people's way of doing things was the first thing I did when I decided to marry her.^
Q: What did the man do first when he decided to get married?
u03_2.1_5n.mp3 A) He asked about different places to get married.B) He planned ways to have a successful marriage.C) He looked for clues as to how to have a happy marriage.D) He learnt about his wife's culture.D
32.1 W: I've heard that you canceled your wedding plans. What's the problem?^
M: Money is very important to people from her culture.
She left me when she discovered I'm poor!^
Q: Why was the wedding canceled?
u03_2.1_6n.mp3 A) Because the man hasn't got enough money.B) Because the man put it off till a later time.C) Because the man is from a different culture.D) Because the man couldn't afford the wedding.A
32.1 M: I can't believe how good your Chinese language skills are!
How did you improve so quickly?^
W: I married a Chinese man. We talk every day. He's helped me a lot.^
Q: What does the woman's husband help her with?
u03_2.1_7n.mp3 A) Getting a lot of help in China.B) Understanding marriage better.C) Becoming familiar with Chinese culture.D) Learning the Chinese language.D
32.1 W: I have a question for you. Would you ever marry a person from another culture?^
M: That's a tough one! If I do, it'll probably be to someone from a culture similar to mine.^
Q: What kind of woman would the man marry?
u03_2.1_8n.mp3 A) Someone who is tougher than he is.B) Someone who is from a similar culture.C) Someone who is ready to accept his culture.D) Someone who will easily adapt to another culture.B
32.1 W: Our marriage is falling apart.
Didn't you know your family wouldn't approve of you marrying a foreigner?^
M: I never expected it to be a problem.
It's not their marriage after all; it's ours.^
Q: What is the man's relationship to the woman?
u03_2.1_9n.mp3 A) He is her husband.B) He is her brother.C) He is a friend of hers.D) He is her husband's friend.A
32.1 M: I've been thinking about getting married.
Do you know what the divorce rate of mixed marriages is?^
W: What do you mean, mixed races or mixed religions?
The rate for the first is 65 percent; the second, 70 percent.^
Q: What is the divorce rate of marriages between people of different races?
u03_2.1_10n.mp3 A) 60 percent.B) 65 percent.C) 70 percent.D) 75 percent.B
32.2My First and Second WivesW: Grandpa, Mom told me that you have been married twice. Is that true?^
M: Yes, I'm afraid so.^
W: That's a surprise. What happened to your first wife?^
M: Your grandma was my first wife.^
W: But...^
M: And your grandma is my second wife. You see, I met her while I was in Germany during the war.
We knew we loved each other from the moment we met, so we got married right away.
But we weren't ready for the resistance we received from her family.
Her mother insisted that Americans and Germans weren't compatible. So, she divorced me.^
W: Too bad. What happened then?^
M: Three years later, we met again in New York, quite by accident.
I was working at the port and she was on a boat coming to the U.S.
When we saw each other again after all that time, we decided to overlook her parents' advice.
We got married again, and we've been happy ever since.
u03_2.2_n.mp31. What did the girl hear from her mother?A) Her grandfather has been married twice.B) Her grandfather divorced her grandmother.C) Her grandparents met in Germany.D) Her grandfather fought in the war.A
32.2   2. How did the girl's grandparents feel when they first met?A) They knew her grandma's parents would give them trouble.B) They fell in love at first sight.C) They were afraid that the war would keep them apart.D) They knew they would not be a good match.B
32.2   3. Why did the girl's grandparents get divorced?A) Because they were not compatible.B) Because they were from different countries.C) Because her grandpa got a job at a New York port.D) Because her grandma's parents didn't approve of their marriage.D
32.2   4. How did the girl's grandparents meet again after their divorce?A) Her grandma came to meet her grandpa at his place of work.B) Her grandpa took a boat to see her grandma.C) They planned to meet on a boat.D) They met each other by chance.D
32.2   5. What did the girl's grandparents decide to do after they met again?A) To ignore the opinions of her grandma's parents.B) Not to spend time apart ever again.C) To have a happy life together forever.D) To obtain the approval of her grandma's parents.A
32.3Marriage Changes PeopleMarriage can change people a great deal, and marriage to a person of a different culture can change a person even more.
As someone who has married a foreigner, I know. I'm a Canadian who married a Chinese man.
At first, I harbored some reservations. I wasn't sure how compatible we'd be.
Somehow, however, we made it work. And I found myself growing to become more like him.
I started picking up Chinese characteristics and began speaking English with a Chinese accent!
My brother joked, saying I was even beginning to look Chinese!
My husband has changed a lot too, becoming more like Canadians in attitude.
I suppose this is something of a compromise wherein we met each other in the middle.
I suspect that we will continue to grow more alike as time goes by; that is exciting to me.
A person, after all, should change during his or her lifetime.
u03_2.3_n.mp31. According to the speaker, which circumstances cause the greater change in people after they're married?A) Learning about another culture's marriage customs.B) Marrying a person from another culture.C) Going to another country to get married.D) Observing marriages in a different culture.B
32.3   2. How did the woman feel when she first got married?A) She wanted to look more Chinese.B) She wanted her husband to speak better English.C) She wasn't sure if her husband and she could compromise.D) She wasn't sure if the marriage would work.D
32.3   3. What joke did the woman's brother make about her?A) She was speaking like a Chinese.B) She was compromising too much.C) She was holding on to too many reservations.D) She was beginning to look Chinese.D
32.3   4. How has the woman's husband changed?A) He has adopted some Canadian attitudes.B) He has learned to speak with her accent.C) He has begun to look like a Canadian.D) He has dropped his reservations.A
32.3   5. Why does the woman feel good about her recent changes?A) Because she thinks a person shouldn't have so many reservations.B) Because she thinks a person shouldn't stay the same for his/her whole life.C) Because she thinks a woman should become more like her husband.D) Because she thinks a person should try to compromise with others.B
32.4The BachelorJimmie: They all make it look so easy.^
Priest: Been a long night, huh?^
Jimmie: No kidding. It's grueling out there.
You, ah, definitely made the right decision as far as the whole, ah, celibacy thing.^
Priest: I believe we were put here to love and cherish one another.
Sharing your life with someone you love is a blessing.
Somebody very wise told me that.^
Jimmie: Jesus?^
Priest: My wife.^
Jimmie: You're married?^
Priest: I was happily married for 26 years.
I only put on this collar when my wife died.
I'm the father of four and the grandfather of ten.
A priest with grandchildren.
That's the youngest, took his first step last Tuesday.
Getting married was one of the best things I ever did.
You know, it's a wonderful thing as time goes by to be with someone who looks into your face when you've gotten old and still sees what you think you look like.
u03_2.4.mp3Jimmie: They all make it look so easy.
Priest: Been a long night , huh?
Jimmie: No kidding. It's grueling out there. You, ah, definitely made the right decision as far as the whole, ah, celibacy thing.
Priest: I believe we were put here to love and cherish one another. Sharing your life with someone you love is a blessing. Somebody very wise told me that.
Jimmie: Jesus?
Priest: My wife .
Jimmie: You're married?
Priest: I was happily married for 26 years. I only put on this collar when my wife died . I'm the father of four and the grandfather of ten. A priest with grandchildren. That's the youngest , took his first step last Tuesday. Getting married was one of the best things I ever did. You know, it's a wonderful thing as time goes by to be with someone who looks into your face when you've gotten old and still sees what you think you look like.
night^definitely^love^wise^My wife^26^died^youngest^goes by^gotten old
32.5Write it downA couple in their nineties are having problems remembering things, so they decide to go to the doctor for a checkup.^
The doctor tells them that they're physically OK, but they might want to start writing things down to help them remember things.^
Later that night while watching TV, the old man gets up from his chair.
His wife asks, "Where are you going?"^
"To the kitchen," he replies.^
She asks, "Will you get me a bowl of ice cream?"^
The husband says, "Sure."^
She gently reminds him, "Don't you think you should write it down so you can remember it?"^
He replies, "No, I can remember that."^
She then says, "Well, I'd like some strawberries on top."^
"You'd better write it down 'cause I know you'll forget it."
He says, "I can remember that -- you want a bowl of ice cream with strawberries."^
She adds, "I'd also like whipped cream. Now I'm certain you'll forget that, so you'd better write it down."^
Irritated, he says, "I don't need to write it down! I can remember that! Ice cream with strawberries and whipped cream!"^
Grumbling, he goes into the kitchen.^
After about 20 minutes the old man returns from the kitchen and hands his wife a plate of bacon and eggs.
She stares at the plate for a moment and says, "Where's my toast?"
u03_2.5_n.mp31. The doctor tells them that they're _______________ , but they might want to start writing things down to help them remember things.
2. Later that night while watching TV, the old man gets up from his chair. His wife asks, "Where are you going?" " _______________ ," he replies.
3. "You'd better write it down 'cause I know you'll forget it." He says, "I can remember that -- you want _______________ ."
4. Irritated, he says, " _______________ ! I can remember that! Ice cream with strawberries and whipped cream!"
5. After about 20 minutes the old man returns from the kitchen and hands his wife _______________ .
physically OK^To the kitchen^a bowl of ice cream with strawberries^I don't need to write it down^a plate of bacon and eggs
32.6More than I Can SayWhoa whoa yea yea^
I love you more than I can say^
I love you twice as much tomorrow^
Love you more than I can say^^
Whoa whoa yea yea^
I'll miss ya every single day^
Why must my life be filled with sorrow^
Love you more than I can say^
Oh, don't you know I need you so^
Oh tell me please I gotta know^
Do you mean to make me cry^
Am I just another guy^^
Oh whoa yea yea^
I'll miss you more than I can say^
Why must my life be filled with sorrow^
Love you more than I can say^
Oh, don't you know I need you so^
So tell me please I gotta know^
Do you mean to make me cry^
Am I just another guy^^
Oh whoa yea yea^
I love you more than I can say^
I'll love you twice as much tomorrow^
Whoa-oh love you more than I can say^
I love you more than I can say^
I love you more than I can say^
Oh more than I can say^
I love you twice as much tomorrow^
More than I can say I love you twice as much tomorrow^
More than I can say I love more than I can say^
More than I can say I love you more than words can say
u03_2.6.mp3
33.1VolumeA: How much gas do you have?^
B: The tank is close to empty.^
A: Why don't you fill up at the next gas station?

33.1 A: We only have half a gallon of milk left at home. Could you buy some at the supermarket?^
B: How much do you need?^

33.1DistanceA: Excuse me, how far is the grocery store from here?^
A: Thank you.

33.1 A: It's nice and quiet here, away from the dust and noise of the city.
And our apartment is new and well-furnished.^
B: It's a good place, but it's rather a long way from where we work.
Anyway, I'll talk to my husband tonight and give you a call tomorrow.

33.1TemperatureA: What's the weather like there in Berlin?^
B: We have an average temperature of about 50 degrees Fahrenheit in summer and 30 degrees in winter.^
A: That sounds good. I could live with that!

33.1 A: My heater is broken and the weatherman says the temperature is going to fall below zero tonight.
Could you send someone to fix it?^
B: This is the busiest time of the year, but I'll speak to one of our men about calling this afternoon.

33.2Retell a StoryA couple in their nineties are having problems remembering things, so they decide to go to the doctor for a checkup.^
The doctor tells them that they're physically OK, but they might want to start writing things down to help them remember things.^
Later that night while watching TV, the old man gets up from his chair.
His wife asks, "Where are you going?"^
"To the kitchen," he replies.^
She asks, "Will you get me a bowl of ice cream?"^
The husband says, "Sure."^
She gently reminds him, "Don't you think you should write it down so you can remember it?"^
He replies, "No, I can remember that."^
She then says, "Well, I'd like some strawberries on top."^
"You'd better write it down 'cause I know you'll forget it."
He says, "I can remember that -- you want a bowl of ice cream with strawberries."^
She adds, "I'd also like whipped cream. Now I'm certain you'll forget that, so you'd better write it down."^
Irritated, he says, "I don't need to write it down! I can remember that! Ice cream with strawberries and whipped cream!"^
Grumbling, he goes into the kitchen.^
After about 20 minutes the old man returns from the kitchen and hands his wife a plate of bacon and eggs.
She stares at the plate for a moment and says, "Where's my toast?"
u03_2.5_n.mp3 A couple in their nineties are having problems remembering things.^"Will you get me a bowl of ice cream?"^Irritated, he says, "I don't need to write it down! I can remember that! Ice cream with strawberries and whipped cream!"^She stares at the plate for a moment and says, "Where's my toast?"
33.3The Perfect GirlJimmy is almost 29 years old.
His friends have already gotten married, but Jimmy just dates and dates.^
Finally a friend asks him, "What's the matter, are you looking for the perfect woman?
Can't you just find someone who suits you?"^
"No," Jimmy replies.
"I meet many nice girls, but as soon as I bring them home to meet my parents, my mother doesn't like them. So I keep on looking!"^
"Listen," his friend suggests, "why don't you find a girl who's just like your mother?"^
Many weeks go by and again Jimmy and his friend get together.
"So, Jimmy, have you found the perfect girl yet? One that's just like your mother?"^
Jimmy shrugs his shoulders.
"Yes, I found one just like my mother. Mom loved her, and they quickly became friends."^
"Are you and this girl engaged, yet?"^
"I'm afraid not. My father can't stand her!"
u03_3.3.mp3In what way is Jimmy different from his friends?They have gotten married while Jimmy is still looking for a girlfriend.
33.3   What's the problem with the girls Jimmy brings home?His mother doesn't like them.
33.3   What does Jimmy's friend suggest?To find a girl who's just like Jimmy's mother.
33.3   Some people think that marriage and love are synonymous. Others think marriage is where love stops and responsibilities begin. What's your opinion of the relationship between marriage and love?In my opinion, people should only marry for love. Otherwise, their marriage will probably not be a happy one.
33.3   Do you think parents should interfere with their children's marriages?I don't think parents should impose their will on their children. But I quite agree that parents may help their children's marriage in one way or another. After all, they are much more experienced.
34.1Mixed Marriage in Different CountriesHi, I'm Betsy. Uh, I'm from Hong Kong, and we're talking about mixed marriages.
Um, in Hong Kong, the weddings now are, um, often mixed with Western and, uh, Chinese cultures,
because of its very strong Western influence in our society.
Um, um, for example, in the Chinese old, uh, tradition where, um, weddings, wedding color is red,
but now, oftentimes, brides and grooms will wear, um, you know, white wedding gowns and tuxedos.
Um, and especially to, in the example of a mixed marriage,
oftentimes, uh, if say the groom is from the United States or the bride is from Hong Kong,
then usually they'll have a more of a traditional kind of wedding or banquet
in Hong Kong and then have maybe a church wedding back in the States.
So, um, that's what happened to some of my friends.^
Hello. I'm Kaushal. I'm from India. And I'm going to talk something about marriage in India.
It's like, duh, marriage in India is a kind of very interesting,
and uh, we, we, we don't have a concept of mixed marriage, or like love marriage.
Most of the marriage are arranged -- arranged through family or matchmakers.
Or, duh, recently it's like most of the marriage are arranged through, uh, uh, Internet.
It's because, we, you know like, in, in India we have caste system.
So, um, so it's very difficult to find, uh, a suitable match.
So, and, so, it's most of the marriages are done, uh, between the people of same caste or same religion.
So, it's, um, and it's like, in India the marriages it takes like, seem like a big ceremony.
It's takes like maybe, maybe, um, few, from a few days to a few weeks.^
Hi. I'm Noon. I'm from Thailand.
The thing that's unique about me is that my mother is Thai and my father is Swiss-German
so I come directly from a mixed marriage.
Uh, traditionally in Thailand it's not very acceptable to marry somebody other than Thai.
Um, however, it's, uh, mixed marriages is getting more and more popular in Thailand because
all the Westerners are coming in and marrying these Thai women.
Um, the thing that's, uh, great about my family is that even though it was very difficult to overcome for both of them,
both families -- my mother's family and my father's family -- have decided to come as a union.
So, during the marriage, during the wedding, uh, there was a Thai ceremony in Thailand
and then everybody flew over to Switzerland and we, they were married in a church, in a Catholic church.
My mother decided to make the choice to become Christian.
And, um, that's the beauty of mixed marriages.^
Hello. My name is Ted, and I'm from the United States of America.
Now, today we're going to talk about mixed marriages, or marriages of two people from two different cultures.
This is something I have a pretty strong opinion about because I'm in a mixed marriage.
My wife is Chinese and, of course, I'm an American.
So, I think, in my case, it's a good thing. Mixed marriages can be great.
For example, we had two wedding celebrations.
and then we had a wedding banquet, that was a Chinese-style banquet.
So there was a big meal and a lot of fun and a lot of family members.
So it's great. We had two wedding banquets.
Also, we, have, get to celebrate two holidays -- Christmas, Chinese New Year, Halloween, Dragon Boat Festival.
So, I get to celebrate a lot of things with my wife.
Now, there are some challenges -- of course, in any marriage.
But I think mixed marriages can work out and they can be a lot of fun. The best of both worlds!^
Hello. I'm Toby. Today, we are going to talk about cultural interpretations on mixed marriages.
Um, I am English, and I used to live in China.
Um, from living in China,
uh, I learned to understand that when two people get married it is very much focused on two families coming together.
In England, when someone gets married, it's usually much more focused on the couple themselves.
So, if one person was, say, Jewish and the other person was, say, Christian,
there really wouldn't be an issue because the main focus is that the two people love each other.
And that is the harmony that we're talking about.
In England, this has largely come about
because of industrialization and the houses are getting smaller and family units shrinking with it.
Betsy.jpg^Kaushal.jpg^Noon.jpg^Ted.jpg^Toby.jpg
34.2   Betsy: If the groom is from the United States and the bride is from China, there tends to be two wedding ceremonies, one in China and one in the United States.
Kaushal: In India, social class and religion have big influence on marriage.
Noon: Mixed marriages are rare in Thailand today.
Ted: Ted is in favor of mixed marriage.
Toby: In England, when two people get married they focus much on the two families coming together.
T
T
F
T
F
Betsy1.jpg^Kaushal1.jpg^Noon1.jpg^Ted1.jpg^Toby1.jpg
34.3
35.1How to Pop the Question?M: Laura, I've thought long and hard and my mind is made up.
I've got a date with Selina tomorrow and I'm going to pop the question.^
W: Congratulations, David! That's earth-shaking news!
How are you going to go about it? You can't just blurt it out over coffee.^
M: Well, that's the thing. I'm stumped. I could send her an email at work.^
W: Email? You don't have a romantic bone in your body. Use your imagination.^
M: Well, I'm no Don Juan. Should I get her some flowers?^
W: Yes, that'll be OK for starters.
Why don't you take her to some exotic hideaway or propose on a secluded beach?^
M: I can't afford it, what with the ring and all.^
W: Oh, sorry, don't let it get you down. There's plenty you can do.^
M: Richard wrote his proposal to Anna on her ceiling.^
W: Now you're talking! Bake a cake and write the words with frosting.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. Who is David going to date tomorrow?^
2. What is the news Laura hears from David?^
3. What is David's problem, according to Laura?^
4. What does Laura think about sending flowers?^
5. What is Laura's final suggestion?
u03_5.1_n.mp3 Q1: Who is David going to date tomorrow?
Ans: A
Q2: What is the news Laura hears from David?
Ans: B
Q3: What is David's problem, according to Laura?
Ans: D
Q4: What does Laura think about sending flowers?
Ans: C
Q5: What is Laura's final suggestion?
Ans: D

35.2The High Divorce Rate in America TodayIn recent years, there have been an unusually large number of divorces in the United States.
In the past, when two people married each other, they intended to stay together for life.
Today, many people marry believing that they can always get a divorce if the marriage doesn't work out.
In the past, a majority of Americans frowned on the idea of divorce.
Furthermore, many people believed that getting a divorce was a luxury that only the rich could afford.
Indeed, getting a divorce was very expensive.
However, since so many people have begun to take a more casual view of marriage, it is interesting to find out that the costs of getting a divorce are lower.
In fact, in the United States today, it is not unusual to see newspaper ads providing information on how and where to get a cheap divorce.
Hollywood has always been known as the divorce capital of the world.
The divorce rate among the movie stars is so high that it's difficult to know who is married to whom.
Today, many movie stars change husbands and wives as though they were changing clothes.
Until marriage again becomes the serious and important part of people's lives that it used to be, we'll probably continue to see a high rate of divorce.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What did many Americans think of divorce in the past?^
2. What is the attitude of many Americans to marriage today?^
3. What makes divorce cheap?^
4. Why is Hollywood known as the divorce capital of the world?^
5. In the speaker's view, when will the high rate of divorce drop?
u03_5.2_n.mp3 Q1: What did many Americans think of divorce in the past?
Ans: B
Q2: What is the attitude of many Americans to marriage today?
Ans: D
Q3: What makes divorce cheap?
Ans: B
Q4: Why is Hollywood known as the divorce capital of the world?
Ans: C
Q5: In the speaker's view, when will the high rate of divorce drop?
Ans: A

35.3Valentine's DayValentine's Day is a special time for love.
Others might get just a phone call or an electronic message from someone they care about.
Still others would be happy just to have someone special in their life on Valentine's Day.
Tradition tells us that Saint Valentine was a third-century Roman who performed marriages and died for his Christian beliefs on February 14.
That was a day celebrated in ancient Rome in connection with love.^
Traditionally, young people in America lived with their parents until marriage. Some still do.
But, in general, young people have grown more independent. They wait longer to get married.
Even then, they still have to find the right person.
There are many ways for people to meet.
Some meet at work. Others meet by chance.
Still others look for help from services that bring people together.^
Friends and family members might offer to help. They might plan a blind date.
This is a meeting between two people who have never seen each other before, and, unless things go well, may never see each other again.
Some families follow their cultural traditions and plan the marriage of their child to a member of another family.
The young people might not see each other much before they are married.
Or they might see each other but never alone.^
In movies, two people often fall in love after what Hollywood calls a "cute meet".
They might be lawyers on opposite sides in a court case.
Or one person gets a letter meant for the other.
Or their dogs get into a fight on the street.
Who knows how many people really do meet this way.
In real life, finding a person and establishing a relationship is usually hard work.^
A lot of people try to improve their chances by looking in places where people with similar interests go.
This might be a place of religion or a bookstore.
Many bookstores in America offer special programs and social activities for single people.
Singles may join health clubs or sports teams where men and women play together.
If nothing else, at least they get some exercise.
But sometimes none of these efforts succeed.
So people might try to meet someone over the Internet.
Here too there are no guarantees.
2) performed marriages
3) wait longer to get married
4) bring people together
5) plan a blind date
7) meant for the other
8) establishing a relationship
9) improve their chances
10) meet someone over the Internet

35.4 How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood?u03_5.4_n.mp3
35.5 You don't love a woman because she is beautiful, but she is beautiful because you love her.^
Where there is marriage without love, there will be love without marriage.^
Absence to love is what wind is to fire.
It extinguishes the small; it inflames the great.^
Sometimes souls touch before eyes see, creating the most intimate love of all.
For love starts in the heart.
u03_5.5.mp3
41.1A Hunk of Burning LoveGood evening ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to "A Hunk of Burning Love". Are you in love?
According to a recent survey, many of your classmates are.
Sixty-seven percent of university students report that they have feelings of love for someone.
Yet 24 percent say that their feelings are unknown by the person they desire.
In the majority of cases, love for someone is known and is shared.
Young people in love share their feelings in various ways.
Sometimes, they make commitments to each other, promising to be together forever.
How do you express love? What should you be doing?
We'll get into these questions and more as we discuss love, love, love in this program, "A Hunk of Burning Love".
u04_1.mp3What percentage of university students have made their feelings known to the person they love?A) 67 percent.B) 24 percent.C) 43 percent. C
41.1   What promises are made when students make commitments to each other?A) Life-long relationships.B) Loving relationships.C) Promising relationships. A
41.1   What will be the main subject of this program?A) How love should be shown.B) What love really means.C) Why lovers should make promises. A
41.2A Hunk of Burning LoveGood evening ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to "A Hunk of Burning Love". Are you in love?
According to a recent survey, many of your classmates are.
Sixty-seven percent of university students report that they have feelings of love for someone.
Yet 24 percent say that their feelings are unknown by the person they desire.
In the majority of cases, love for someone is known and is shared.
Young people in love share their feelings in various ways.
Sometimes, they make commitments to each other, promising to be together forever.
How do you express love? What should you be doing?
We'll get into these questions and more as we discuss love, love, love in this program, "A Hunk of Burning Love".
u04_1.mp3How do you make the person you desire understand how you feel?
Have you ever heard of the sentence "Love like you've never been hurt"? Do you think it is possible?

42.1 W: Excuse me. You've been here for six hours. Are you waiting for someone?^
M: I'm afraid so. I'm supposed to meet my new girlfriend. I can't believe how late she is!^
Q: What surprises the man?
u04_2.1_1n.mp3 A) His girlfriend cannot be believed.B) His girlfriend is always late.C) His girlfriend is afraid of him.D) His girlfriend isn't on time.D
42.1 M: I heard a song on the radio by Elvis, called "A Big Hunk o'Love".^
W: I know that song. It's really happy though, which is why I don't like it. Love songs should be sad, like love.^
Q: Why does the woman NOT like the song?
u04_2.1_2n.mp3 A) Because she doesn't care about music.B) Because she thinks it doesn't express the reality of love.C) Because it's sung by Elvis.D) Because it's too sad.B
42.1 W: You found love in India? How romantic! It's my dream to fall in love in a foreign country!^
M: It was really exciting at first. After I got used to it though, it was kind of boring.^
Q: How did the man's feeling of love change?
u04_2.1_3n.mp3 A) He began to learn that Indians were romantic.B) He found it more and more romantic.C) He became bored after a period of time.D) He grew more excited about it.C
42.1 W: More than once, I thought about killing myself after I lost my boyfriend.^
M: Just about everyone gets depressed, but you can't let those feelings get the better of you.^
Q: According to the man, what does everyone experience after a breakup?
u04_2.1_4n.mp3 A) Feelings of great sadness.B) Feelings of wanting to kill oneself.C) Feelings of being bettered.D) Feelings of wanting to be in love.A
42.1 W: You look so happy! What's going on to make you smile like that?^
M: For the first time in years, my sister has found love. I'm going to meet the guy today.^
Q: Why is the man happy?
u04_2.1_5n.mp3 A) Because he has found love for the first time in years.B) Because he discovered that his sister is in love.C) Because he met a guy that loved his sister.D) Because he met a guy who helped him find love.B
M: Name, old address... that's all I can tell you.
But maybe it doesn't matter. I probably should try to forget her.^
Q: Why can the man's old girlfriend NOT be found?
u04_2.1_6n.mp3 A) Because he has forgotten her.B) Because he has forgotten her name and address.C) Because he doesn't think the matter is important.D) Because he can't provide any more information.D
42.1 M: Hey! You look great! Am I wrong, or has something changed about you?^
W: Something big! I found a man who really makes me happy. He's brightened up my life.^
Q: What do we know about the woman's new boyfriend?
u04_2.1_7n.mp3 A) He makes her feel good.B) He has changed everything.C) He looks great.D) He is very bright.A
42.1 M: You've been writing me letters for years.
W: What? Love? No, I'm just being friendly. You think everyone loves you!^
Q: According to the woman, what mistake has the man made?
u04_2.1_8n.mp3 A) He thinks she is being friendly.B) He thinks friends can be in love.C) He thinks she loves him.D) He thinks he loves her.C
42.1 W: So, what makes you think that your marriage will last, when 50 percent fail?^
M: Fifty? Nah. That number is more like 30 or 40 percent.
And in my family, there are no divorces.^
Q: What is the divorce rate in the man's family?
u04_2.1_9n.mp3 A) 50 percent.B) 30 percent.C) 0 percent.D) 40 percent.C
42.1 M: Honey, don't you have any objections to our daughter having a boyfriend?^
W: None whatsoever! Having a boyfriend will teach her how to become a loving wife someday.^
Q: What is the relationship between the man and the woman?
u04_2.1_10n.mp3 A) Father and daughter.B) Husband and wife.C) Teacher and parent.D) Son and mother.B
42.2Pink EnvelopeW: Another letter.^
M: For me?^
W: Who else? It's from...^
M: Hey, don't look at that! It's private! Give it here!^
W: OK! Sorry! I was just a bit curious.
You've been getting a lot of these letters lately. And they're always in these pink envelopes.
It makes me wonder if you've got a girlfriend. That's all.^
M: If you must know, yeah, I have a girlfriend.^
W: I thought so! So, what does she look like?^
M: I don't really know. So far, we've only communicated by mail. I've never seen her.^
W: Not much of a girlfriend, then, is she?^
M: I think I'm in love with her. Isn't that what it means to have a girlfriend?^
W: Well, that wouldn't have been enough for your father and me.
We wouldn't have fallen in love without meeting.
To be in love, you have to see a person, at least.^
M: The love I have for my girlfriend is spiritual; I don't have to see her.
You wouldn't understand.
u04_2.2_n.mp31. Why does the woman want to see the letter?A) Because it's private for her.B) Because it's unusual and she's interested.C) Because it's from a girlfriend.D) Because it's in a pink envelope.B
42.2   2. What does the woman want to know?A) Whether the man has a girlfriend.B) Whether all the letters are in pink envelopes.C) Whether the letter is private.D) Whether the man has been getting letters.A
42.2   3. According to the man, what doesn't he know?A) The meaning of love.B) The way to communicate by mail.C) The appearance of his girlfriend.D) The sender of the letters.C
42.2   4. According to the woman, what must all people in love have?A) Understanding.B) Love letters.C) Spiritual contact.D) Visual contact.D
42.2   5. What is the relationship between the speakers?A) Father and daughter.B) Mother and son.C) Wife and husband.D) Boyfriend and girlfriend.B
42.3Love in the War"Going to war was the greatest thing to have ever happened to me," said Albert Thomson, a former soldier.
Some people might find this strange, especially considering that Thomson lost an arm and the use of both legs in combat.
"Of course, I didn't like the fighting," Thomson said.
What he did like was that, by going to war, he met the woman who would become his wife and the mother of his four children.^
One effect of World War II was that it brought many young people from different countries together.
When peace was achieved, these young people often fell in love with people of different nationalities.
During World War II, an estimated 1,000,000 American soldiers married women from over 50 different countries.
In the Pacific, 16,000 of the 1,000,000 American soldiers married Australian and New Zealand women.
Of these, 12,000 went to the U.S.
Many of the relationships failed, but some were as happy as Thomson's.
u04_2.3_n.mp31. What did Thomson lose during the war?A) A leg.B) Fighting spirit.C) An arm.D) Both arms.C
42.3   2. What did Thomson enjoy about the war?A) Meeting his mother.B) Meeting a lover.C) Fighting in combat.D) Achieving peace.B
42.3   3. What is spoken of as a positive effect of World War II?A) Protecting the children.B) Creating love between countries.C) Achieving peace at last.D) Bringing people from different countries together.D
42.3   4. How many U.S. soldiers married Australian or New Zealand women?A) 1,000,000.B) 16,000.C) 12,000.D) 50,000.B
42.3   5. What do we know about these marriages?A) Some weren't successful.B) Some were happier than Thomson's.C) Most were in the Pacific.D) Most were in the U.S.A
42.4Chariots of FireEric: You know, ladies and gentlemen, one of the real compensations of achieving a certain notoriety, if only as a rugby player, is that, ah, occasionally you're asked to come along and give things away.^
It's often said that giving beats receiving.
Well, let me tell you, the look of delight on those little boys' faces is worth ten of any of the tin pots I've got gathering dust at my Edinburgh sideboard.^
When we were in China, my father, here, was always waxing lyrical about his wee home in the glen, but, ah, being oriental born myself, like my brothers and my sister, here, I suffered from a natural incredulity.
But lookin' about me now, the heather on the hills, I can see he was right.
It's very special.^
Thank you for welcoming us home.
And thank you for reminding me that I am, and will be whilst I breathe, a Scot.
u04_2.4.mp3Eric: You know, ladies and gentlemen, one of the real compensations of achieving a certain notoriety, if only as a rugby player, is that, ah, occasionally you're asked to come along and give things away.
It's often said that giving beats receiving . Well, let me tell you, the look of delight on those little boys' faces is worth ten of any of the tin pots I've got gathering dust at my Edinburgh sideboard.
When we were in China, my father, here, was always waxing lyrical about his wee home in the glen, but, ah, being oriental born myself, like my brothers and my sister, here, I suffered from a natural incredulity. But lookin' about me now, the heather on the hills, I can see he was right. It's very special .
Thank you for welcoming us home. And thank you for reminding me that I am, and will be whilst I breathe, a Scot.
certain^occasionally^come along^receiving^delight^gathering^natural^special^welcoming^reminding
42.5Keys? Kiss?A friend of mine was giving an English lesson to a class of adults who had recently come to live in the United States.
After placing quite a number of everyday objects on a table, he asked various members of the class to give him the ruler, the book, the pen and so on.^
The class went very smoothly.
The students seemed interested and serious about the work that they were engaged in until my friend turned to an Italian student and said, "Give me the keys."^
The Italian looked surprised and somewhat at a loss.
Seeing this, my friend thought that he hadn't heard him clearly, so he repeated, "Give me the keys."^
The Italian nodded his head and rolled his eyes.
Then, he threw his arms around the teacher's neck and kissed him on both cheeks.
u04_2.5_n.mp31. A friend of mine was giving an English lesson to _______________ who had recently come to live in the United States.
2. After placing quite a number of everyday objects on a table, he asked various members of the class to give him _______________ .
3. The class went very smoothly. The students seemed interested and serious about the work that they were engaged in until my friend turned to an Italian student and said, " _______________ ."
4. The Italian _______________ .
5. The Italian nodded his head and rolled his eyes. Then, he _______________ .
a class of adults^the ruler, the book, the pen and so on^Give me the keys^looked surprised and somewhat at a loss^threw his arms around the teacher's neck and kissed him on both cheeks
42.6It's Good to Be KingIt's good to be king, if just for a while^
To be there in velvet, yeah, to give 'em a smile^
It's good to get high, and never come down^
It's good to be king of your own little town^^
Yeah, the world would swing oh if I were king^
Can I help it if I still dream time to time^^
It's good to be king and have your own way^
Get a feeling of peace at the end of the day^
You're out there with winners, it's good to be king^^
Yeah, I'll be king when dogs get wings^
Can I help it if I still dream time to time^^
It's good to be king and have your own world^
It helps to make friends, it's good to meet girls^
A sweet little queen, who can't run away^
It's good to be king, whatever it pays^^
Excuse me if I have some place in my mind^
Where I go time to time
u04_2.6.mp3
43.1DemonstrationA: Can you tell me how to make fruit salad?
I'm going to throw a birthday party for my boyfriend.^
B: Sure! Actually, you can be very creative because you decide which fruits to use and how much.^
A: That's wonderful! I think I'll try strawberries, bananas, and grapes.
Oh, and apples as well. They're his favorite.^
B: OK, now you can begin.
First, peel the apples and bananas and cut them into bite-sized pieces.
Then, cut the strawberries in half.
For the grapes, just take them off their stems.
After that, put all the prepared fruits into a bowl and pour salad dressing over the top.
Don't forget to mix them together.^
A: That's not difficult, is it?^
B: No, not at all. By the way, it'll be much better if it's slightly chilled.^
A: Oh, thanks a lot.

43.1 A: Sorry to trouble you, John.^
A: I've bought a new CD player. I don't know how to work it. Can you tell me?^
B: Sure. First, you have to make sure the power is on.^
A: Ah, I see. That's what I've been doing wrong. Thank you.^
B: No problem.

43.1 A: Hi, Richard. Come over here.
Can you show me how to use the vacuum cleaner?^
B: Yep. First you have to make sure it's plugged in.^
A: OK! Then what?^
B: Then, you just turn it on. Like this.^
A: Thanks. Seems easy enough. Is that it?^
B: That's about it. Just be careful not to get it wet!^
A: Fine. Thanks.

43.1ExemplificationA: Our business has been developing rapidly.^
B: Really? Could you please give us an example?^
A: Sure. This year our sales increased by 23 percent.^
B: What caused the increase? Could you give us some details?^
A: Well, the harvest of oranges, bananas, and some other fruits was particularly good this year.
Prices dropped and so sales increased.

43.1 A: Who can give us some examples of phrasal verbs using "come"?^
B: For example, "come up", "come down", "come across", etc.^
A: Good. Can you make a sentence with one of these phrases?^
B: Mm... I came across a pretty lady on my way home yesterday.

43.1 A: A good boyfriend is hard to find.^
B: Why do you say that?^
A: I look and look, and I still can't find a good boyfriend.^
B: That's too bad! By the way, what do you mean by "a good boyfriend"?^
A: I mean, he should be smart, caring, handsome, rich...^
B: No wonder! That's too high a standard, you know.

43.2Retell a StoryA friend of mine was giving an English lesson to a class of adults who had recently come to live in the United States.
After placing quite a number of everyday objects on a table, he asked various members of the class to give him the ruler, the book, the pen and so on.^
The class went very smoothly.
The students seemed interested and serious about the work that they were engaged in until my friend turned to an Italian student and said, "Give me the keys."^
The Italian looked surprised and somewhat at a loss.
Seeing this, my friend thought that he hadn't heard him clearly, so he repeated, "Give me the keys."^
The Italian nodded his head and rolled his eyes.
Then, he threw his arms around the teacher's neck and kissed him on both cheeks.
u04_2.5_n.mp3 A friend of mine was giving an English lesson.^The class went very smoothly and the students seemed interested and serious about the work.^My friend turned to an Italian student and said, "Give me the keys."^The Italian nodded his head and rolled his eyes.
And I hope that you can give me some advice.
I've fallen in love with a teacher, and I'm not sure what to do about it.
Is it OK for me to date him?^
Here is the thing: I'm a 21-year-old college student. My math teacher is 27.
I was in his class last year, but this year, although he is still teaches at the same college, he is no longer my teacher. ^
I knew that I loved him from the first moment I saw him.
With his dark eyes and big shoulders, he seemed the most handsome man I had ever seen.
And his voice, it sounded like music to my ears.
He lectured to the class, but I dreamed he was speaking only to me.
I couldn't concentrate on my studies at all.
Now that I am no longer in his class, I look for excuses to talk to him. I go to his office almost every day to ask him for help with math problems that I can easily do myself.^
Should I tell him that I love him? Should I ask him out on a date?
Or, would it be inappropriate for us to date? I really don't know what the college's policies are on teachers dating students.^
By the way, he's not married, and I'm almost sure he hasn't had any serious relationships for the past year.^
Thanks for any advice you can give me.
u04_3.3.mp3What is the speaker's problem?She's in love with her teacher and she doesn't know whether she should tell him.
43.3   What does the speaker think about her teacher's appearance?He is the most handsome man she has ever seen.
43.3   Why does the speaker go to her teacher's office almost every day?Because she wants to talk to him.
43.3   Does your university have a policy concerning students dating teachers? What do you think of it?Yes, my university has a policy stating that teachers cannot date their students. I don't think this rule is fair. Love should never be prohibited.
43.3   What do you think about students and teachers falling in love?Well, if you love someone you can't help yourself...
44.1What Do You Do on Valentine's DayHi. My name is Estaban, and I'm from Costa Rica. And today we're going to talk about Valentine's Day.
Ah, where I come from, Valentine's Day is a little bit more than a romantic, uh, celebration.
It's also, we call it like a friendship in Spanish.
We call it like "Friendship Day" as well as Valentine's Day, right?
You can either have a date with this, with the person you like or you love.
Or, if you not that lucky you can just go out with your friends and, uh, or hang out with your family.
Uh, the most common gifts are for girls to give away chocolates and flowers.
Uh, dinners are also, are also very popular.
Uh, then we, we, we, with friends just like you know a CD, go out to the movies,
go out for something to drink, and even sometimes go party.
Um. Yeah. Right now Valentine's is a little bit of a commercial, um, celebration.
So um, I think it's more and more losing like that special meaning that it used to have.^
Hi. I'm Jae, and I'm from the United States. Now, we're talking about Valentine's Day.
Valentine's Day is what we in the United States call a "greeting card holiday" or a "Hallmark holiday."
Hallmark being the name of a major greeting card brand.
These holidays are holidays that were made so that people buy things.
And on Valentine's Day that's just what we do.
We buy cards for our friends. We buy cards for our classmates.
Our fathers and our boyfriends will buy us flowers or chocolate.
Valentine's Day is a good day where it's a good excuse for mom and dad to go out on a date.
And all the kids are supposed to behave.
Valentine's Day can be really fun if you have a boyfriend or a girlfriend.
If you don't have a boyfriend or a girlfriend, Valentine's Day is one of those days where you see couples everywhere
and are reminded of the fact that you don't have a boyfriend.
I personally love Valentine's Day, but many people don't.^
Hello. I'm Joel, and I'm from Canada.
So, we're talking about Valentine's Day -- this holiday that I think is celebrated in most countries in the world.
Well, I know that it certainly is a big day in Canada for many people.
Normally on Valentine's Day in Canada,
what happens is boyfriends and girlfriends or wives and husbands are expected to exchange gifts.
Often, they will go out for dinner.
I know for one thing in Canada, restaurants are completely sold-out on Valentine's Day.
This is really a big day for going out and sharing some food.
Men often give women chocolates or flowers for Valentine's Day.
Personally, I don't like the holiday so much.
I think it's something that the greeting card companies invented just to make people go out and spend money.
I think if you love somebody, you should take care of them every day. Every day is Valentine's Day!^
Hi. My name is Kim. I am from Korea, and I grew up in the States. Now, today we are talking about Valentine's Day.
Now, being somebody who is from, uh, originally from a very Asian background,
I think that Valentine's Day is very important, especially for Asia.
Because in Asia, most men -- especially men -- are not very, uh, often encouraged to express their feelings.
So, on Valentine's Day,
maybe, I don't think many Asian men would actually tell their lover or their girlfriend or their wives "I love you."
But, uh, a simple gesture of buying, um, a greeting card that says "Happy Valentine's Day"
or maybe taking their girlfriend out to a nice dinner or even buying them a box of chocolate can be very important
because, um, Asian men usually don't do that.
So, I think Valentine's Day is very, very influential and important to the Asian world. Thanks.
Estaban.jpg^Jae.jpg^Joel.jpg^Kim.jpg
44.2   a. Valentine's Day is becoming somewhat commercial and is losing its special meaning.
b. Valentine's Day is a great fun if you have a boyfriend or a girlfriend.
c. If you love someone, every day can be Valentine's Day.
d. Valentine's Day is important for Asia.
1^2^3^4   Estaban1.jpg^Jae1.jpg^Joel1.jpg^Kim1.jpg
44.3
45.1Let's Enjoy a Modern Art ShowM: Hi, Sandy. How are your finals going?^
W: Oh hi, Mike. I finished my last exam this morning. And I also finished my two term papers.
I finally feel like I can see the light.^
M: Great! So, how about doing something different for a change?
I've got two tickets for the new art show at the modern art museum downtown.
Do you want to go with me?^
W: Not really. I don't know anything about modern art, and I'm no artist.^
M: You don't have to be an artist to enjoy a good exhibition.
Besides, it'll be a nice change from studying.^
W: You're right. Have you been yet?^
M: No, but I've heard it's great. The show was in New York last summer, and in Chicago after that.
And next week it goes to Los Angeles.^
W: Oh. Well, it should be good then.^
M: And, besides, next door to the modern art museum is a new Asian art museum.
So, we could hit both of them at the same time -- if you want.^
W: OK. When should we go?^
M: Well, if you have nothing going on, I'm ready right now. It's 12:30.^
W: That won't do. I'm starving. Let's meet after we eat.
How 'bout we meet at 1:30 right here?^
M: Sounds good to me. See you then.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard. ^
1. How does the woman feel now?^
2. What was the woman's first response to the man's suggestion?^
3. Which city is the art show going to next?^
4. What did the man suggest they do after going to the modern art museum?^
5. What time will they meet?
u04_5.1_n.mp3 Q1: How does the woman feel now?
Ans: A
Q2: What was the woman's first response to the man's suggestion?
Ans: C
Q3: Which city is the art show going to next?
Ans: A
Q4: What did the man suggest they do after going to the modern art museum?
Ans: B
Q5: What time will they meet?
Ans: B

45.2Love-turned to HatredThere are approximately four things in this world that I love.
I'll put them in order for you, from first to fourth:
No. 1, my family; No. 2, my work; No. 3, my friends; and No. 4, my books.
On the other hand, there are three things that I hate:
No. 1, the suffering caused by war and violence; No. 2, drugs; and No. 3, my ex-boyfriend.
And my hate for my ex-boyfriend is growing.
By the end of next year, I might hate him even more than drugs.^
But how does this happen? I once loved this man.
How is it that love can change into hate? I think that hate must be grounded in love.
In my case, I loved my ex-boyfriend more than I had ever loved anyone else, ever.
I suppose that if I hadn't loved him so much, the bad things that he did to me wouldn't have disappointed me so much.
As it was, every time he did something hurtful to me, he really caused me pain.
When he lied to me, I felt as if someone had kicked me in the face.
When I found out that he was seeing another woman, I felt as though I would die.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What does the speaker love better than her job?^
2. How many things does the speaker hate?^
3. Where does the speaker think hate comes from?^
4. What is the main cause for the speaker's present feelings towards her ex-boyfriend?^
5. Why did the woman feel like she would die?
u04_5.2_n.mp3 Q1: What does the speaker love better than her job?
Ans: D
Q2: How many things does the speaker hate?
Ans: C
Q3: Where does the speaker think hate comes from?
Ans: A
Q4: What is the main cause for the speaker's present feelings towards her ex-boyfriend?
Ans: C
Q5: Why did the woman feel like she would die?
Ans: B

45.3American Higher EducationWe continue our series for students around the world who want to attend college in the United States.
This week, we answer a question from Nigeria.
Segun Badagry wants to know the general admission requirements needed to study sociology at an American university.^
Each university has its own requirements for students to be admitted.
But we will use as an example the University of Oregon in Eugene.
The University of Oregon requires an international student to send copies of all school records after the eighth grade, including translations if necessary.
A financial statement and a bank letter showing the student's ability to pay are also required.^
The student must also send the results of the TOEFL, the Test of English as a Foreign Language, or other English language tests.^
The University of Oregon says its minimum acceptable TOEFL score on the paper test is 500. On the computer test, it is 173.
Some international students must take another English test after arriving at the university.
A low score on this test will require additional English training.
Students with high TOEFL scores do not have to take this test.^
The University of Oregon says it may conditionally accept students who do not meet its English language requirement.
These students must take classes at the university's American English Institute before taking regular classes later.^
The University of Oregon does not require SAT or ACT test results for admission, except from students who plan to study architecture.
Similar information should also be found on websites of other universities.^
The sociology department is usually a part of the university called the College of Liberal Arts or College of Arts and Sciences.
Such a department requires that a student successfully pass classes taken in the first two years of university study.
After that, the student officially asks to be admitted to the department as a sociology major.
3) copies of all school records
4) the results of the TOEFL
5) minimum acceptable TOEFL score
7) conditionally accept students
8) taking regular classes
10) successfully pass classes

45.4 Many mad men manufacture maps, motors, and matches to make millions of marks in the market.u04_5.4_n.mp3
45.5 If I have seen further than most men, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.^
-- Isaac Newton^^
A wise man will make more opportunities than he finds.^
-- Francis Bacon
u04_5.5.mp3
51.1Enough of Worries and TearsThere was a time when you were overjoyed to have kids.
You had faith in them, you had hope, you loved them and you wished them health and wealth in their future.
You devoted your life and soul to them without any complaint.
Now these days are gone.
On our program, "Enough of Worries and Tears", we will discuss the pain kids can cause.
You agonize if your kids start to drop out of school, fight in the streets and become hopelessly hooked on cigarettes.
Your heart bleeds and tears roll down your cheeks if you find your kids taking drugs or staying out all night.
They may have become greedy, selfish, lazy, irresponsible and good at nothing.
On "Enough of Worries and Tears", we will discuss these difficulties.
u05_1.mp3The program, "Enough of Worries and Tears", is about the joy kids bring.^A parent's heart bleeds if their child takes drugs.^This program will talk about the problems parents face in bringing up their children.    F^T^T
51.2Enough of Worries and TearsThere was a time when you were overjoyed to have kids.
You had faith in them, you had hope, you loved them and you wished them health and wealth in their future.
You devoted your life and soul to them without any complaint.
Now these days are gone.
On our program, "Enough of Worries and Tears", we will discuss the pain kids can cause.
You agonize if your kids start to drop out of school, fight in the streets and become hopelessly hooked on cigarettes.
Your heart bleeds and tears roll down your cheeks if you find your kids taking drugs or staying out all night.
They may have become greedy, selfish, lazy, irresponsible and good at nothing.
On "Enough of Worries and Tears", we will discuss these difficulties.
u05_1.mp3Do you agree that it is parents' natural tendency to be generous to their child? Will parents' generosity spoil their child? Give your reasons.
When you have trouble, do you often seek your parents' advice? Do you benefit from their years of wisdom? If yes, give examples.

52.1Growing PainsM: I have just found out that my teenage daughter is pregnant!
I don't know what to do!^
W: It's too late for tears.
Sounds like all you can do now is to comfort her and tell her you'll support her.^
Q: What is the woman's advice to the man?
u05_2.1_1n.mp3 A) To tell his daughter not to get pregnant.B) To take comfort in knowing his daughter is OK.C) To assure his daughter he won't leave her to cope on her own.D) To order his daughter to leave the family.C
52.1 W: Have you read this book called No More Worries or Tears?
It's full of advice on raising children.^
M: I sure have! It has been a big help.
Now, I understand my two sons much better than before.^
Q: What does the man think about the book?
u05_2.1_2n.mp3 A) It's too difficult to understand.B) It's something his sons should read.C) It's much better than other parenting books.D) It helped him to understand his kids.D
52.1 M: I took our daughter to the doctor.
The doctor took one look at her lungs, and he knew she had been smoking.^
W: I knew it! But why won't she listen to us? I tell her all the time that smoking is bad.^
Q: What does the woman tell her daughter?
u05_2.1_3n.mp3 A) Smoking is harmful.B) She should go to see a doctor.C) Her lungs are dirty.D) The doctor knows best.A
52.1 W: I'm very impressed by your daughter!
She has such good manners and seems so well-behaved!^
M: She's a good girl. We've always had a good relationship.
We're able to talk about things that worry us as well.^
Q: What do the man and woman agree upon?
u05_2.1_4n.mp3 A) The man's daughter likes the woman.B) The man's daughter should be this way.C) The man's daughter is a good child.D) The man's daughter should behave herself.C
52.1 M: Thank you for meeting with me. Can you tell me how my daughter is doing in class?^
W: Since our last meeting, there has been a great improvement in her work.^
Q: What has taken place since the man and the woman met the last time?
u05_2.1_5n.mp3 A) The man's daughter has made progress in her studies.B) The man's daughter has changed a lot.C) The man and the woman have often met.D) The meetings between them have improved.A
52.1 M: I can't believe that you bought our daughter eye-liner.
Didn't we agree she was too young for it?^
I couldn't stand the constant begging and it made her happy.^
Q: What is the argument between the man and the woman about?
u05_2.1_6n.mp3 A) Their daughter is too young to wear eye-liner.B) The woman should not give in to their daughter.C) Wearing eye-liner is not so bad for their daughter.D) The man should have agreed with the woman before.B
52.1 M: Every time I teach my son a lesson, he sees something on TV that undermines what I've said.^
TV often has a bad influence on people.^
Q: What does the woman think about television?
u05_2.1_7n.mp3 A) It gives people something to think about.B) It teaches important lessons to children.C) It should be removed from every home.D) It can have a bad influence on children.D
52.1 M: My parents are very generous with me.
Sometimes, I wonder if their generosity has been bad for my character.^
W: You seem all right -- not too greedy or selfish.
I don't think it has done you any harm.^
Q: How does the woman feel about the man's parents?
u05_2.1_8n.mp3 A) They have taught him to be selfish.B) They have taught him to be greedy.C) They have been selfish toward him.D) They have not done him any harm.D
52.1 W: Do you think our son is getting into trouble? Is he violent?^
M: Our son? No way! He knows right from wrong.
We've made it clear to him that violence is never the answer to a problem.^
Q: What is the relationship between the two speakers?
u05_2.1_9n.mp3 A) Mother and son.B) Father and daughter.C) Teacher and student.D) Husband and wife.D
52.1 W: How's your reading on teenage behavior going? Have you learned anything?^
M: Yeah. It says here that 50 percent of all teenagers are from broken homes and that these children are 73 percent more likely to commit crimes.^
Q: How much more likely is it that teenagers from broken homes will commit crimes?
u05_2.1_10n.mp3 A) 15 percent.B) 50 percent.C) 73 percent.D) 75 percent.C
52.2Teenage ViolenceW: Many people are having trouble with their sons and daughters.
I was just reading a newspaper article on it this morning.
There are 190,000 teenagers in our city.^
M: Does it say anything about the causes of teenage violence?
My son has been hitting other students at school.^
W: Yes. It says TV has a major influence.
By 18, teenagers have often seen 200,000 acts of violence on TV.
And people who have seen the most violence on TV tend to be the most violent.^
M: My son doesn't watch much TV, so it must be something else.^
W: Maybe it's music. Teenagers typically listen to four hours of music every day.
Many of the songs have very violent messages.^
M: Does the article say that violence in pop music leads to violent behavior?^
W: It isn't quite clear. The article reports on two studies.
One report says teenagers who listen to pop music are almost twice as likely to become violent, while the other one says there's no significant connection between the two factors.
u05_2.2_n.mp31. How did the woman learn that people are having trouble with their kids?A) From her son.B) From the newspaper.C) From television.D) From school.B
52.2   2. What is the man's concern about his son?A) His son refuses to go to school.B) His son watches too much TV.C) His son listens to violent music.D) His son hits other students.D
52.2   3. How many acts of violence may people have seen by the time they become adults?A) 200,000.B) 20,000.C) 190,000.D) 19,000.A
52.2   4. Which of the following does the man's son NOT do very often?A) Listen to music.B) Act with violence.C) Play violent music.D) Watch television.D
52.2   5. What do the studies say about music and violence?A) They say different things about the connection between music and violence.B) They say there is a casual relationship between music and violence.C) They say there is not a connection between music and violence.D) They say it is impossible to understand the connection between music and violence.A
52.3What Is the Biggest Problem?It's odd that parents are so worried about their teenagers smoking, especially since smoking isn't a teenager's biggest problem.
Then what is? Shockingly, a teenager's biggest problem is his own mother and father!
Today's teenagers know they should not smoke, but they don't know when not to listen to their parents.
They don't know they should say no to their parents when their parents are being too generous.
Therefore, as they receive more and more from their parents, the teenagers become greedy and selfish.
Studies show that spoiled teenagers are much more likely to take drugs and do poorly in school.
They may also develop poor manners and get pregnant at an earlier age.
However, this is not what parents want to hear.
They think they are being kind to their teenagers, and they have a tendency to ignore the damage they are really doing.
u05_2.3_n.mp31. According to the speaker, what seems strange?A) Parents worry too much about their teenagers.B) Parents raise teenagers with very bad manners.C) Parents don't listen to their teenagers.D) Parents are so concerned about their teenagers smoking.D
52.3   2. What does the speaker think causes a teenager's problems?A) Smoking heavily since childhood.B) Getting pregnant at an earlier age.C) Parents being too generous.D) Not really understanding their parents.C
52.3   3. What does the speaker suggest that parents should NOT do?A) Worry about smoking.B) Spoil their teenagers.C) Be selfish with teenagers.D) Take drugs.B
52.3   4. What might teenagers do as a result of being spoiled?A) Use drugs.B) Become poor.C) Leave school.D) Be poor in health.A
52.3   5. What are parents likely to ignore?A) The concerns they have about their youngsters.B) The tears their youngsters are shedding.C) The harm they are doing to their youngsters.D) The harm their youngsters are doing to them.C
52.4The Lion KingMufasa: Look, Simba. Everything the light touches is our kingdom.^
Simba: Wow!^
Mufasa: A king's time as ruler rises and falls like the sun.
One day, Simba, the sun will set on my time here and will rise with you as the new king.^
Simba: And this'll all be mine?^
Mufasa: Everything!^
Simba: Everything the light touches?
Mufasa: That's beyond our borders. You must never go there, Simba.^
Simba: But I thought a king can do whatever he wants.^
Mufasa: Oh, there's more to being king than getting your way all the time.^
Simba: There's more?^
Mufasa: Ha, ha, Simba.
Everything you see exists together in a delicate balance.
As king, you need to understand that balance and respect all the creatures from the crawling ant to the leaping antelope.^
Simba: But, Dad, don't we eat the antelope?^
Mufasa: Yes, Simba. But let me explain.
When we die, our bodies become the grass and the antelope eat the grass, and so we are all connected in the great circle of life.
u05_2.4.mp3Mufasa: Look, Simba. Everything the light touches is our kingdom.
Simba: Wow!
Mufasa: A king's time as ruler rises and falls like the sun. One day, Simba, the sun will set on my time here and will rise with you as the new king.
Simba: And this'll all be mine?
Mufasa: Everything!
Mufasa: That's beyond our borders. You must never go there , Simba.
Simba: But I thought a king can do whatever he wants.
Mufasa: Oh, there's more to being king than getting your way all the time.
Simba: There's more?
Mufasa: Ha, ha, Simba. Everything you see exists together in a delicate balance. As king, you need to understand that balance and respect all the creatures from the crawling ant to the leaping antelope.
Simba: But, Dad, don't we eat the antelope?
Mufasa: Yes, Simba. But let me explain . When we die, our bodies become the grass and the antelope eat the grass, and so we are all connected in the great circle of life .
Everything the light touches^rises and falls^will rise with you^shadowy place^never go there^getting your way^exists together^respect all the creatures^let me explain^in the great circle of life
52.5Words from a Loving FatherIn the doorway of my home, I looked closely at the face of my 23-year-old son, Daniel.
We were saying goodbye. In a few hours, he will be flying to France.
He will stay there for at least a year to learn another language and experience life in a different country.^
I wanted to say something to him, but nothing came from my lips.
What made it more difficult was that I knew this was not the first time I had let such a moment pass.
When Daniel was five, I took him to the school bus stop on his first day of kindergarten.
I felt that he was very nervous when the school bus stopped in front of him.
What is it going to be like, Dad? Can I do it? Will I be OK?
He seemed to have all these doubts. The bus drove away. And I had said nothing.^
How fast the years had passed. Now, I could feel my hands sweat and my throat tighten.
Why is it so hard to tell a son something from the heart? My mouth turned dry.^
"Daniel," I said, "If I could have picked, I would have picked you."^
That's all I could say. I wasn't sure he understood what I meant.
Then, he came toward me and threw his arms around me.
For a moment, the world, and all the other people disappeared, and there was just Daniel and me.
u05_2.5_n.mp31. I looked closely at the face of my _______________ , Daniel.
2. He will stay there for at least a year to learn another language and _______________ .
3. What's it going to be like, Dad? Can I do it? Will I be OK? He seemed to _______________ .
4. How fast the years had passed. Now, I could feel _______________ .
5. Then, he came toward me and _______________ . For a moment, the world, and all the other people _______________ , and there was just Daniel and me.
23-year-old son^experience life in a different country^have all these doubts^my hands sweat and my throat tighten^threw his arms around me^disappeared
52.6Hey JudeHey Jude, don't make it bad^
Take a sad song and make it better^
Remember to let her into your heart^
Then you can start to make it better^
Hey Jude, don't be afraid^
You were made to go out and get her^
The minute you let her under your skin^
Then you begin to make it better^^
And anytime you feel the pain, hey Jude, refrain^
Don't carry the world upon your shoulders^
For well you know that it's a fool who plays it cool^
By making his world a little colder^
Na na na na na na na na na^^
Hey Jude, don't let me down^
You have found her, now go and get her^
Remember to let her into your heart^
Then you can start to make it better^^
So let it out and let it in^
Hey Jude, begin^
You're waiting for someone to perform with^
And don't you know that it's just you^
Hey Jude, you'll do^
The moment you need is on your shoulder^
Na na na na na na na na na^^
Hey Jude, don't make it bad^
Take a sad song and make it better^
Remember to let her under your skin^
Then you'll begin to make it better^
Better better better better better oh^
Yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah^
Na na na na na na na na na na na hey Jude^
Na na na na na na na na na na na hey Jude
u05_2.6.mp3
53.1LikesA: What kind of music do you like?^
B: I have a special fondness for classical music.
I've got a big collection of classical CDs.^
A: That's great! I'm keen on jazz and I have about 25 CDs.

53.1 A: Do you like playing tennis?^
B: I love playing tennis, but I'm not very good at it.^
A: I love it too. Maybe we could play tennis together sometime.

53.1DislikesA: What do you think of the job applicant?^
B: I don't think much of him. He seems to be lacking experience.^
A: Yes, I agree with you.

53.1 A: Why do you plan to move out of the apartment? Don't you like it?^
B: I'm finding it hard to get along with the other two guys. ^
A: Really? I thought you were good friends.^
B: They often make a lot of noise late at night. I can't get enough sleep.

53.1PreferenceA: What do you like to do after work?^
B: I like collecting stamps. It's a lot of fun.
My friends enjoy watching movies. What about you?^
A: I also like watching movies, but I like gardening best.
It doesn't cost me much and I like being out of doors.^
B: I guess so. But don't you find it tiring?

53.1 A: Shall we watch a film? What about one of the "Star Wars" films?
Do you have any preference?^
B: Well, I hate to say this, but I'm not interested in science fiction.^
A: Yeah, I'm not too keen on it either. I prefer romantic comedies.

53.2Retell a StoryIn the doorway of my home, I looked closely at the face of my 23-year-old son, Daniel.
We were saying goodbye. In a few hours, he will be flying to France.
He will stay there for at least a year to learn another language and experience life in a different country.^
I wanted to say something to him, but nothing came from my lips.
What made it more difficult was that I knew this was not the first time I had let such a moment pass.
When Daniel was five, I took him to the school bus stop on his first day of kindergarten.
I felt that he was very nervous when the school bus stopped in front of him.
What is it going to be like, Dad? Can I do it? Will I be OK?
He seemed to have all these doubts. The bus drove away. And I had said nothing.^
How fast the years had passed. Now, I could feel my hands sweat and my throat tighten.
Why is it so hard to tell a son something from the heart? My mouth turned dry.^
"Daniel," I said, "If I could have picked, I would have picked you."^
That's all I could say. I wasn't sure he understood what I meant.
Then, he came toward me and threw his arms around me.
For a moment, the world, and all the other people disappeared, and there was just Daniel and me.
u05_2.5_n.mp3 In the doorway of my home, I looked closely at the face of my 23-year-old son, Daniel.^I wanted to say something to him, but nothing came from my lips.^When Daniel was five, I took him to the school bus stop.^That's all I could say. I wasn't sure he understood what I meant.
53.3Don't Be like MeAs a child, I saw my father smoke, drink and act in a manner generally bad for his health.
One might think that his bad behavior undermined whatever lessons that he tried to teach me.
But this was not the case.
Actually, I learned to be a good person from him.^
My father would tell me not to smoke.
However, he wouldn't listen to his own advice, and would himself smoke three packets of Camel cigarettes every day.
"Don't be like me," he'd say.
And I wouldn't. I saw the damage it was doing to him. Just like the alcohol and everything else, cigarettes were killing him.
He always looked sick, was always in trouble, and was always hurting other people.^
There was always a contradiction between what my father said and what he did, but his negative behavior taught me to do the right thing.
He died early, alone and sad. Of course, I don't want the same thing for myself.^
And though he taught me important lessons, I don't think that I'm going to teach my newly born son like he did me.
Sometimes it's better to hear about this kind of thing than to actually see or experience it.
u05_3.3.mp3How did the speaker's father act?He smoked, drank, and acted in a manner generally bad for his health.
53.3   What did the speaker learn from his father?He learned how to be a good person.
53.3   In what situation did the speaker's father die?He died early, alone and sad.
53.3   How does your parents' behavior match up with their words?My father is a respectable man. He teaches me to behave honestly and he is such a kind of person. But he has given me one piece of advice that he cannot follow himself. He always tells me to control my temper. There should be a much better way of solving problems than getting angry. But usually he cannot calm down when he finds me doing something wrong.
53.3   What lessons can you learn from your parents?My mother is a pessimistic person. She is hardworking and determined, but her pessimism leads to a lack of confidence in herself. For this reason, she has missed a lot of chances. I can see how regretful she is now. So I won't lose confidence in myself and won't allow chances to be passed up.
54.1Parent-child RelationshipHi. My name is Andrew, and I'm from the United States.
Today we are going to be talking about the relationship between parents and children.
Now, in America, there's no really one set pattern for the relationship between parents and their kids.
Every family has a different way of doing things.
Some parents are very strict with their children and some parents are more relaxed.
My parents were very relaxed with me.
They didn't really tell me what to do, but they tried to make sure that I kept things in line.
If I was interested in something, they'd would try to encourage me.
Um, they also tried to let me make my own mistakes and learn my own lessons.
But, if I ever needed them, they would always be there for me.
Now, kids in America like to be independent from their parents at a very early age, I think, compared to most other countries.
Uh, for example, once we hit college we like to move out of the house.
And once we've moved out of the house, we don't want to move back in with our parents ever again.^
Hi. My name is Betsy. Uh, I'm from Hong Kong, and we're talking about parent-child relationship.
Um, some might say that, uh, in general Western parents are more open,
um, more loving towards, and more like friends with their children.
Um, and, some will say that Chinese parents are usually more strict and,
um, uh, maintain more of a, mmm, tense relationship with their ch-children.
Um, but I think my experience growing up is... maybe not, not so.
Uh, I think my parents were, they were open but they also wanted me to learn lots of things.
I remember, um, I was learning, uh, piano for a while but I just didn't really like it, or I couldn't, mmm, it just really not my thing.
So, um, my mom just let me quit.
So I felt that, for my parents, that's rather open and, and, and loving and didn't really force me to do much. So.^
Hi. My name is Noon, and I'm from Thailand.
When we speak about relationships between father, um, or parents and children in Thailand,
um, it's very interesting in Thailand because traditionally there are many strict rules -- uh, very conservative.
Uh, usually, if I came from a traditional Thai family, I would not be allowed to stay up late,
um, especially if I'm under the age of 20.
And, even if I am up to the age of 25, if I still live with my parents, uh, it would be preferred not to stay up late.
However, my father is European, and he believes in a lot of the freedom of youngsters.
So, he gives me a lot of freedom to go out late, hang out with my friends,
um, have boyfriends, which is usually not as acceptable in the Thai culture.
Um, when we go to Europe, I realize there was a big difference
because a lot of my European friends were allowed to stay up as late as they wanted to and go drinking.
Whereas in Thailand, my Thai friends, uh, they were much more careful about getting home on a curfew.^
Hi. My name is Ted, and I'm from the United States. Today, we're going to talk about parents.
And this is something that's been on my mind because my parents are getting a little bit older.
And as your parents get older, I think it's important to take care of them.
After all, they've done so much for you when you were a child: They raised you and gave you an education.
As they get older, they need care too.
But, actually, my parents are kind of interesting.
They've decided to save for their own retirement.
Actually, they've said they don't want to burden us children with taking care of them.
So, that's a little bit different than some other cultures.
My parents say they want to rely on themselves.
They've planned and saved for their retirement.
They have enough money for whatever happens.
And this is something that's really nice for us children.
We're still gonna take care of them and see them as much as possible,
but I really appreciate that they've planned and saved for their own retirement.
And, this is something I think I will definitely do for my children, because I don't want to burden them.^
Hello. I'm Toby. Today, we are going to talk about cultural interpretations on parenting.
I am English, and in England, as with many countries in the West, like the U.S. for instance,
there is a huge obsession with childhood innocence and the protection of that innocence.
Which is fair enough, I think.
If you look at two hundred years ago, however, you will see that there's a very different style of thinking.
Um, parents would have much more children, maybe like five or six children,
um, because the mortality rate was much higher.
Therefore, if children died, then they needed to be replaced with other children.
As a result of this, the whole concept of child labor, for instance,
was children could be put to work because they were a asset to the family in that sense.
Nowadays, thanks to improved, uh, medical care, children have a much more higher chance of living,
therefore, families have smaller numbers of children, maybe two or three.
And that's typical in England right now.
Andrew.jpg^Betsy.jpg^Noon.jpg^Ted.jpg^Toby.jpg
54.2   Andrew: There is no fixed pattern of parent-child relationship in the United States.
Betsy: Betsy's parents are very strict with her and force her to learn this or that.
Noon: If a girl has boyfriends, it is usually not acceptable in Thailand.
Ted: Ted dislikes it that his parents want to rely on themselves after their retirement.
Toby: Nowadays it is typical for a family to have five or six kids.
T
F
T
F
F
Andrew1.jpg^Betsy1.jpg^Noon1.jpg^Ted1.jpg^Toby1.jpg
54.3
55.1Tears of a Heart-broken MotherW: Please, leave me alone. I just don't feel like talking right now.
My son has really upset me.^
M: I know. But if you just thought a minute, you'd...^
W: I gave him everything -- literally everything he asked for.
I gave him toys and an MP3 player.
He had his own room and the best of food.
I even did all of his geometry homework for him when he was in school.^
M: I know. But you shouldn't get so angry.
Many children are the same these days.
We can do our best and hope that they finally learn from our example.^
W: Do our best? What have I done already?
When he was caught by the police for using drugs, did I stand by him?
Yes! I supported him and stood up for him!^
M: Please, calm down. You're crying.^
W: Yes, I'm crying! And I'll weep a great deal more!
That boy should be more grateful! I did so much for him, and what has come of it?
Nothing, I tell you! A whole lot of nothing!^
M: It was thoughtless of him to forget your birthday.^
W: I would've been satisfied with a phone call!
It isn't as if I were expecting a present!^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What did the woman do for her son when he was a student?^
2. What did the woman do when her son got caught using drugs?^
3. What does the woman think that her son should do because of all that she did for him?^
4. Why did the woman cry?^
5. What did the woman want her son to do?
u05_5.1_n.mp3 Q1: What did the woman do for her son when he was a student?
Ans: B
Q2: What did the woman do when her son got caught using drugs?
Ans: A
Q3: What does the woman think that her son should do because of all that she did for him?
Ans: D
Q4: Why did the woman cry?
Ans: B
Q5: What did the woman want her son to do?
Ans: C

55.2The Right Way to Bring Up a ChildHave you thought about how you will treat your child? How you will bring him up? Will you spoil him?
Really, there's nothing to it -- all you need to do is to give him everything he wants and to never say no.^
It is, of course, parents' natural tendency to be generous to their child.
They love him after all. But is this the right way to show love?
Is it the right way to bring up a child?
Will it help him to grow into a generous and happy adult and a good citizen?^
Giving a child all he wants generally leads to selfishness and greed.
By the time the parents realize their mistake, it is too late.
The damage is done. The child has become an unruly, selfish and thoughtless adult.
Therefore it's important not to wait until the child is grown up to teach him how to behave.
Always set a good example. Show your child how to behave well and do not give in to his every request.
Limit the gifts but not the love and time you give him.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. How can new parents spoil their child?^
2. What is the "natural tendency" of a new parent?^
3. Why should parents NOT give their child too much?^
4. Why is it too late after the parents learn from their mistake?^
5. Why must parents set a good example for their children?
u05_5.2_n.mp3 Q1: How can new parents spoil their child?
Ans: A
Q2: What is the "natural tendency" of a new parent?
Ans: C
Q3: Why should parents NOT give their child too much?
Ans: D
Q4: Why is it too late after the parents learn from their mistake?
Ans: D
Q5: Why must parents set a good example for their children?
Ans: B

55.3Treatment of Breast CancerMore than one million new cases of breast cancer are reported every year around the world.
But survival rates have increased in recent years in the United States, Britain and some other countries.
A new report says drug treatments have played a major part.
Researchers at Oxford University in England led a team that gathered results from nearly 200 studies.
These involved 145,000 women with early breast cancer.
When breast cancer is found early, before it has spread, doctors can operate to remove any disease they find.
But some cells may remain that can become cancerous later in life.
So additional treatments aim to prevent breast cancer from coming back.
In some cases, the new study found that drugs could reduce by half the risk of death from breast cancer within 15 years, that is, from the time the cancer is found.
This effect was shown in middle-aged women with the most common breast cancer.
u05_5.3.mp3  1) one million new cases
2) have increased
3) drug treatments
4) gathered results
5) 145,000
7) from coming back
8) reduce by half
9) within 15 years
10) middle-aged women

55.4 Silly Sally swiftly shooed seven silly sheep.^
The seven silly sheep Silly Sally shooed shilly-shallied south.^
These sheep shouldn't sleep in a shack; sheep should sleep in a shed.
u05_5.4_n.mp3
55.5 The joys of parents are secret; and so are their griefs and fears.^
-- Francis Bacon^^
The value of marriage is not that adults produce children but that children produce adults.^
-- Peter De Vries^^
For the hand that rocks the cradle Is the hand that rules the world.^
-- William Ross Wallace
u05_5.5.mp3
61.1What's in a Name?Hi, everyone! Have you ever thought about the question: "What's in a name?"
When Juliet says this, she is arguing that names are not important.
She asks Romeo to give up his family name or, if he won't do that, to swear that he will love her, in which case she will give up her family name.
However, is this possible for most people?
Do people usually accept the idea that names are unimportant?
Do they really feel free to forget the bonds and responsibilities that their names give them?
Top researchers in the fields of psychology and sociology are here with us today.
And, in just a moment, they will tell you whether they think names are important or not.
"What's in a Name?" will give you a lot to think about.
u06_1.mp3Juliet in Romeo and Juliet thinks that names are not important.^Romeo swears he will love Juliet if she gives up her family name.^The findings of the researchers are very important.    T^F^NG
61.2What's in a Name?Hi, everyone! Have you ever thought about the question: "What's in a name?"
When Juliet says this, she is arguing that names are not important.
She asks Romeo to give up his family name or, if he won't do that, to swear that he will love her, in which case she will give up her family name.
However, is this possible for most people?
Do people usually accept the idea that names are unimportant?
Do they really feel free to forget the bonds and responsibilities that their names give them?
Top researchers in the fields of psychology and sociology are here with us today.
And, in just a moment, they will tell you whether they think names are important or not.
"What's in a Name?" will give you a lot to think about.
u06_1.mp3How did your parents name you? Did they name you after some family members or did they address you in a creative way? Share the meaning of your name with your classmates.
Do you like the name your parents gave you? If not, would you like to change it? Give your reasons.

62.1What's in a Name?M: That was really something! What do you remember most about the play we watched?^
W: I remember an actor asking "What's in a name?"
Q: What does the woman remember about the play?
u06_2.1_1n.mp3 A) An actor asked for her name.B) An actor asked what names mean.C) An actor asked someone to give her a name.D) An actor asked for the name of the play.B
62.1 W: What do you think the writer of the play meant when he asked "What's in a name?"^
M: I think that he was questioning the importance of names, that is, how they affect our lives.^
Q: Why did the writer ask the question?
u06_2.1_2n.mp3 A) Because he wondered how our names affect us.B) Because he believed names were of no importance.C) Because he thought names were of great importance.D) Because he wanted a more important name.A
62.1 M: There's something I don't understand. Please tell me again why you changed your name.^
W: I wanted a name that would sound more elegant than the one my parents gave me.^
Q: Why did the woman change her name?
u06_2.1_3n.mp3 A) Because she thought her parents' names elegant.B) Because she thought it would make her better understood.C) Because she believed people didn't understand her name.D) Because she wanted a more elegant name.D
62.1 M: My English teacher discouraged us from using our Chinese names in class.^
W: That's not fair! I'm proud of my own name, and I'm not going to use another!^
Q: Why doesn't the woman want to use another name?
u06_2.1_4n.mp3 A) Because her English teacher told her not to.B) Because she is proud of her own name.C) Because the new name is not Chinese.D) Because the teacher is not at all right.B
62.1 W: In Sociology class, I learned that in many different cultures, names say a lot about people.^
M: I heard the same thing in Psychology class.
Names can have a great influence on a person's identity.^
Q: According to the man, how do names affect people?
u06_2.1_5n.mp3 A) They can make a person great.B) They can shape a person's identity.C) They can help make a person more sociable.D) They can identify a person's social class.B
62.1 W: I've heard that judging people by their names is superficial.^
M: I couldn't agree more. There are much better ways of judging people.^
Q: How does the man feel about judging people by their names?
u06_2.1_6n.mp3 A) It is the best way.B) It is reasonable.C) It is shallow.D) It is the second best way.C
62.1 M: Your name is very impressive! It sounds beautiful! Lucky you!^
W: Not really. I never thought that my name correctly expressed who I really am as a person.^
Q: What is the woman's impression of her name?
u06_2.1_7n.mp3 A) It is very impressive.B) It is a name that gives her luck.C) It does not express her identity.D) It sounds very beautiful to others.C
62.1 W: If our child is a boy, I think we should give him your name. What do you think?^
M: Let's not. I don't agree with parents doing that.
Naming a child after a parent seems uncreative.^
Q: Why wouldn't the man like to name his son after himself?
u06_2.1_8n.mp3 A) Because he thinks the act of naming a child after a parent isn't creative.B) Because he thinks his name isn't creative and he doesn't like it.C) Because he agrees that parents should do that.D) Because there are many creative names that they could choose.A
62.1 M: I always thought my name was unique, but this book says 17% of babies born in the same year as me had the same first name.^
W: But it also says only 50 of those 600,000 babies also had the same middle name.^
Q: How many people, born in the same year as the man, were given the same first and middle names?
u06_2.1_9n.mp3 A) 17.B) 50.C) 600.D) 600,000.B
62.1 W: If we name our son after someone in the Bible, maybe he'll become more religious.^
M: I doubt it. My brother has a name from the Bible, and he isn't at all religious.
Q: What is the relationship between the two speakers?
u06_2.1_10n.mp3 A) Brother and sister.B) Teacher and student.C) Husband and wife.D) Mother and son.C
62.2Does Name Matter?W: There sure is a lot of pressure on Chinese to take a foreign name, don't you agree?^
M: I'm not sure. Many people don't use foreign names even when they go abroad or meet foreigners.
W: Yes, but many internationally famous actors, writers and artists do.
Some of them feel they won't be successful abroad if they use their Chinese names.^
M: What does it matter? What's in a name, anyway?^
W: Names are important, and I feel people are turning their backs on their culture when they take a foreign name.^
M: I don't think so. Names to me are superficial things.
I use a foreign name in my English class just for the sake of convenience.
When speaking to people in another language, it's simpler to use a name that belongs to that language.^
W: Maybe you're right, but I still feel the way I do.
Using a foreign name doesn't seem right to me.
u06_2.2_n.mp31. How does the woman feel about Chinese taking foreign names?A) She thinks people are pressured into using them.B) She is unhappy because so few people use them.C) She thinks it's necessary so she decided to have one.D) She is glad to have one as a sign of being international.A
62.2   2. What are people doing when they take foreign names according to the woman?A) Winning quick success.B) Thinking too little.C) Being superficial.D) Disrespecting their culture.D
62.2   3. What does the man think of names?A) They are of great importance.B) Chinese names are more important than foreign names.C) Foreign names are simpler than Chinese names.D) Foreign names can be convenient sometimes.D
62.2   4. When does the man use a foreign name?A) When he is negotiating with foreigners.B) When he is meeting foreign friends.C) When he is in his English class.D) When he is going abroad.C
62.2   5. What does the woman decide in the end?A) She will continue to argue for her beliefs.B) She will not change her mind.C) She definitely prefers a foreign name.D) She will use another foreign name.B
62.3Changing NameI'm going to change my name tomorrow.
Does this sound odd? Let me explain.
Since I was a baby, my name has been a label that has identified me as I grew.
However, I have changed a lot.
Most of all, my ideas on life have developed.
By the time I became an adult, I was clearly not the same person I was as a baby.
So why should my name be the same?
I've decided to change it to reflect my changes as a person.
Some people tell me they don't approve of this plan.
They think I am disrespecting my parents, who named me.
But I've spoken with my parents, and they agree with me.
Keeping the same name throughout life is nonsense.
The only real problem for me is that it will take people a long time to get used to my new name.
u06_2.3_n.mp31. What does the speaker plan to do tomorrow?A) To name her new baby.B) To form new ideas on life.C) To give herself a new name.D) To explain her feelings about names.C
62.3   2. What does the speaker say has changed about her the most?A) Her ideas regarding life.B) Her respect for parents.C) Her thoughts about being an adult.D) Her opinions about names.A
62.3   3. Why don't some people agree with her plan?A) Because they think she's acting like a baby.B) Because they think she's failing to respect her parents.C) Because they think she's making too many changes.D) Because they think she's doing things that'll cause problems.B
62.3   4. What do her parents think of her plan?A) It's disrespectful.B) It's nonsense.C) It's fine with them.D) It's a real problem.C
62.3   5. What problem does the speaker anticipate after changing her name?A) People will think she's disrespectful.B) People will think it's nonsense.C) People will not use the name at all.D) People will take time to get used to it.D
62.4FriendsRoss Geller: So, um -- so how's this, uh, how's this gonna work?
Y'know, with us? Y'know, when, like, important decisions have to be made?^
Carol Willick: Give me a "for instance".^
Ross Geller: Well, uh, uh, I don't know, OK. OK, how about with the, uh, with the baby's name?^
Carol Willick: Marlon --^
Ross Geller: Marlon?!^
Carol Willick: -- if it's a boy, Minnie if it's a girl.^
Ross Geller: ... As in Mouse?^
Carol Willick: As in my grandmother.^
Ross Geller: Still, you -- you say Minnie, you hear Mouse.
Carol Willick: Julia...^
Susan Bunch: We agreed on Minnie.^
Ross Geller: That's funny, um, uh, we agreed we'd spend the rest of our lives together. Things change, roll with the punches.
I believe Julia's on the table...?^
Susan Bunch: Oh, please! What's wrong with Helen?^
Ross Geller: Helen Geller? I don't think so.^
Carol Willick: Hello? It's not gonna be Helen Geller.^
Ross Geller: Thank you!^
Carol Willick: No, I mean it's not Geller.^
Ross Geller: What, it's gonna be Helen Willick?^
Carol Willick: No, actually, um, we talked about Helen Willick-Bunch.^
Ross Geller: Well, wait a minute, wha -- why is she in the title?^
Susan Bunch: It's my baby too.^
Ross Geller: Oh, that's funny, really? Um, I don't remember you making any sperm.^
Susan Bunch: Yeah, and we all know what a challenge that is!^
Ross Geller: Uh huh. See? See?^
Carol Willick: All right, you two, stop it!^
Ross Geller: No no no, she gets a credit. Hey, I'm in there too.^
Carol Willick: Ross. You're not actually suggesting Helen Willick-Bunch-Geller? 'Cause I think that borders on child abuse.^
Ross Geller: Of course not, I'm... suggesting Geller-Willick-Bunch.^
Susan Bunch: Oh, no, nonononono. You see what he's doing? He knows no one's gonna say all those names.
He knows they'll wind up calling her Geller. Then he gets his way!^
Ross Geller: My way?! You -- you think this is my way?
Believe me, of all the ways I ever imagined this moment in my life being, this is not my way -- you know what?
Uh, um, this is too hard. I'm not, I can't do --
u06_2.4.mp3Ross Geller: So, um -- so how's this, uh, how's this gonna work? Y'know, with us? Y'know, when, like, important decisions have to be made?
Carol Willick: Give me a "for instance".
Ross Geller: Well, uh, uh, I don't know, OK. OK, how about with the, uh, with the baby's name?
Carol Willick: Marlon --
Ross Geller: Marlon?!
Carol Willick: -- if it's a boy, Minnie if it's a girl.
Ross Geller: ... As in Mouse?
Carol Willick: As in my grandmother.
Ross Geller: Still, you -- you say Minnie, you hear Mouse. Um, how about, um... how about Julia?
Carol Willick: Julia...
Susan Bunch: We agreed on Minnie.
Ross Geller: That's funny, um, uh, we agreed we'd spend the rest of our lives together. Things change, roll with the punches. I believe Julia's on the table...?
Susan Bunch: Oh, please! What's wrong with Helen?
Ross Geller: Helen Geller? I don't think so.
Carol Willick: Hello? It's not gonna be Helen Geller.
Ross Geller: Thank you!
Carol Willick: No, I mean it's not Geller.
Ross Geller: What, it's gonna be Helen Willick?
Carol Willick: No, actually, um, we talked about Helen Willick-Bunch.
Ross Geller: Well, wait a minute , wha -- why is she in the title?
Susan Bunch: It's my baby too.
Ross Geller: Oh, that's funny, really? Um, I don't remember you making any sperm.
Susan Bunch: Yeah, and we all know what a challenge that is!
Ross Geller: Uh huh. See? See?
Carol Willick: All right, you two, stop it!
Ross Geller: No no no, she gets a credit. Hey, I'm in there too.
Carol Willick: Ross. You're not actually suggesting Helen Willick-Bunch-Geller? 'Cause I think that borders on child abuse.
Ross Geller: Of course not, I'm... suggesting Geller-Willick-Bunch.
Susan Bunch: Oh, no, nonononono. You see what he's doing ? He knows no one's gonna say all those names. He knows they'll wind up calling her Geller. Then he gets his way !
Ross Geller: My way?! You -- you think this is my way? Believe me, of all the ways I ever imagined this moment in my life being, this is not my way -- you know what? Uh, um, this is too hard. I'm not, I can't do --
important decisions^As in^agreed on^What's wrong with^I mean^wait a minute^what a challenge^what he's doing^gets his way^ever imagined
62.5Take Care of the Important ThingsWhen his class began, a professor filled a jar with golf balls.
He then asked the students if the jar was full.
They agreed that it was.^
The professor picked up a box of sand and poured it into the jar.
He then asked once more if the jar was full.
The students responded, all agreeing that the jar was full.^
The professor then produced two cans of beer from under the table and proceeded to pour the entire contents into the jar filling the empty spaces between the grains of sand.^
"Now," said the professor,
"I want you to recognize that this jar represents your life. The golf balls are the important things -- your family, your partner, your children. The sand is everything else -- the small stuff."^
"Take care of the golf balls first -- the things that really matter. Set your priorities. The rest is just sand."
One of the students asked what the beer represented. The professor smiled.
"I'm glad you asked. It just goes to show you that no matter how full your life may seem, there's always room for a couple of beers!"
u06_2.5_n.mp31. A professor began his class by filling a jar with golf balls. He then asked the students if the _______________ .
2. Then the professor picked up a box of sand and _______________ the jar.
3. The professor continued to pour _______________ into the jar.
4. The professor told his class that the jar represented our life and the golf balls were the _______________ -- your family, your partner, your children.
5. The professor, through the experiment, tried to show his class that no matter how full their life may seem, _______________ !
jar was full^poured it into^two cans of beer^important things^there's always room for a couple of beers
62.6No Matter WhatNo matter what they tell us^
No matter what they do^
No matter what they teach us^
What we believe is true^^
No matter what they call us^
However they attack^
No matter where they take us^
We'll find our own way back^^
I can't deny what I believe^
I can't be what I'm not^
I know our love forever^
I know, no matter what^^
If only tears were laughter^
If only night was day^
Then we would hear God say^^
No matter what they tell you^
No matter what they do^
No matter what they teach you^
What you believe is true^^
And I will keep you safe and strong^
Shelter from the storm^
No matter where it's barren^
A dream is being born^^
No matter who they follow^
No matter how they judge us^
I'll be everyone you need^^
No matter if the sun don't shine (sun don't shine)^
Or if the skies are blue (skies are blue)^
No matter what the end is^
My life began with you^^
I can't deny what I believe (what I believe)^
I can't be what I'm not^
(I know, I know) I know this love's forever^
That's all that matters now^
No matter what^^
No matter what (no, no matter, what)^
No, no matter^
That's all that matters to me
u06_2.6.mp3
63.1Approximation and AverageA: Did you understand what he was saying to us?^
B: Yes, kind of. I understood what he meant more or less.

63.1 A: How much is this cup?^
B: 100 yuan.^
A: What a rip-off! It is only worth about 10 yuan.

63.1 A: How many words can you translate an hour?^
B: I average approximately 300 words an hour.

63.1 A: How did you survive with so little money?^
B: You're right. It wasn't much, but I did it somehow.
I usually managed on an average of 45 dollars a day for expenses.

B: Not bad. I work 8 hours a day on average, and I get a 2-day break after working 3 days.

63.1Proportion and RatioA: Can you tell me what's so strange about that man?^
B: Oh, his head is very big in proportion to his body.

63.1 A: The key point in making this dish is to get the correct proportion of oil and vinegar in the dressing.^
B: Now I know why I failed last time.

63.1 A: Do you think the result of this survey is believable?^
B: Yes, I do. The ages ranged from 17 to 79, and the female to male ratio was 1 to 1.

63.1 A: Many things are not going smoothly.^
B: Maybe that's because the faculty-student ratio is too low. We need more teachers.

63.2Retell a StoryWhen his class began, a professor filled a jar with golf balls.
He then asked the students if the jar was full.
They agreed that it was.^
The professor picked up a box of sand and poured it into the jar.
He then asked once more if the jar was full.
The students responded, all agreeing that the jar was full.^
The professor then produced two cans of beer from under the table and proceeded to pour the entire contents into the jar filling the empty spaces between the grains of sand.^
"Now," said the professor,
"I want you to recognize that this jar represents your life. The golf balls are the important things -- your family, your partner, your children. The sand is everything else -- the small stuff."^
"Take care of the golf balls first -- the things that really matter. Set your priorities. The rest is just sand."
One of the students asked what the beer represented. The professor smiled.
"I'm glad you asked. It just goes to show you that no matter how full your life may seem, there's always room for a couple of beers!"
u06_2.5_n.mp3 When his class began, a professor filled a jar with golf balls.^The professor picked up a box of sand and poured it into the jar.^The professor then produced two cans of beer.^"Take care of the golf balls first -- the things that really matter. Set your priorities. The rest is just sand."
63.3Names of DishesThe names of Chinese dishes are very complicated.
Often foreigners are puzzled by why we talk so much when we order food in a restaurant.
One reason is that we need to clarify what the dish is because sometimes the name just doesn't give us a clue as to what the dish is until it is put on the table.
Sometimes the food is very simple but the name is still unclear.
For example, one dish is called "Ants Climb the Trees".
But the food is simply potato noodles with bits of meat in it.
Most Western food has a simple and clear name and you know what it will be when you hear the name.
For instance, there is the traditional "fish and chips" in the U.K.
Obviously, it is fried fish and potato chips.
The reason for the complicated names of Chinese dishes is probably, on the one hand, that they show the way the food is cooked and, on the other, that the imaginative names may help to stimulate a good appetite.
u06_3.3.mp3What often puzzles foreigners when Chinese people are ordering in a restaurant?Why Chinese talk so much.
63.3   In China, when might you find out what type of food you have ordered?When it is put on our table.
63.3   What is "Ants Climb the Trees"?It's a dish of potato noodles with bits of meat in it.
63.3   Do you prefer dish names that are simple and clear or complicated and loaded?I like complicated ones better. They can set my imagination free and stimulate my appetite. Besides, it usually has an interesting story behind it.
63.3   What name given to a Chinese dish confuses you most? Describe the dish.I've often seen the dish "The Buddha Jumps over the Wall" on menus, but I've only recently come to realize that it has nothing to do with Buddhism, which teaches people to be vegetarians. It's a dish of shark's fin, shark's lip, fish maw, abalone, squid, and sea cucumber simmered together with a local liquor. It has the name "The Buddha Jumps over the Wall" because people used to think it was so delicious that the Buddha might actually jump over the temple wall to have the chance to try it.
64.1How People Name Their ChildrenHello. My name is Estaban, and I'm from Costa Rica. Today we're gonna to talk about what's in a name.
Well, basically, the way we address people back home if they're older, we call them Miss or Mister.
Ah, to your mom and your father you just call them, um, you know, Dad or, or Mom.
Uh, to your friends, you have a little bit of a nickname, which is like, in general, for boys and girls, it's something called Mai.
So, you can just call whoever, whoever's in the same age group, and whoever you like, you can call them that.
Um... basically, we use two names.
We use, um, a regular name and then a saint name and then we use your father's last name and your mother's last name.
So, sometimes names are a little bit long where I come from, right?
And, at the end we use, use like the first-name, ah, abbreviation, which is just like a, a nickname.
Um, the way mothers usually choose names is just,
you know, by books or by suggestion of the father or any other family member.^
Hi. I'm Jae, and I'm from the United States.
One of the major differences I have seen between the United States and China
is that in China, when you give someone a nickname,
you give them a nickname that has a description of their looks: Xiaohei, Xiaopeng, Xiaobai.
Sometimes you have a nickname that has a small part of their name: Xiaowei, Xiaoxi. Things like this.
But it's not very often that you have people's names just shortened.
In the United States, nicknames are often just shortened names.
Jonathan becomes Johnny or John.
Janice becomes Jay or Jan.
Jamie becomes Jay.
And it's many things such as this.
Another major difference is that when naming their children, people in the United States often look for names with meaning.
My middle name is Ruth after my grandmother.
Whereas oftentimes in Asia, the names are supposed to sound good.^
Hello. My name is Joel, and I'm from Canada. Now, today I've been asked to talk a little bit about names.
In Canada, when parents name their children, I think these days they often choose traditional names --
names that have been around for a long time like Christopher or David, uh, Joseph.
All of these names seem to have their origins in the Bible as well. They're biblical names.
These are often the most traditional names.
Now, it is true that other names like Matt and Kirk --
these names that are not so much biblical in nature -- are also very popular.
The other thing that happens sometimes in Canada is that people get nicknames.
If someone's short they call him Shorty.
But of course, their original name is still the official name that you would see on their passport.
It's really tough to choose a name for a child, but there sure are many choices.^
Hi. This is Kim, and, uh, I'm originally from Korea and I was raised in the United States.
And today we will be talking about names.
Now, I think this is very interesting because, um, well, here's how it goes.
Korean names are very similar to Chinese names.
Your family name comes first and then usually is, you know, one or two characters that, well, it's your name.
But, we're encouraged to be very creative.
We could use many, many words, or many characters to choose from.
And it's usually something about virtue or, or responsibility or moral or, or, you know.
So, you could be very, very creative. Hmm, hmm.
But, in the Western world, uh, usually people get names from, you know,
Bibles or stories or, or family, you know -- grandfathers, ancestors.
So, in that sense, that, um, in the East, you're actually, you know, encouraged to be more creative.
And in the West, you do things more by the book, which is usually the other way around, you know.
So that's very interesting about names.
Estaban.jpg^Jae.jpg^Joel.jpg^Kim.jpg
64.2   Estaban: In Costa Rica, mothers may consult books to give names to their children.
Jae: In the United States, when parents name their children, they look for names that sound good.
Kim: In Korea, people like to choose names that reflect virtue, moral etc.
T
F
F
T
Estaban1.jpg^Jae1.jpg^Joel1.jpg^Kim1.jpg
64.3
65.1An Interesting ArtistJim: Your painting is fantastic, Roger!^
Roger: I'm happy you like it, Jim. It's for a competition. Here's the application form.^
Jim: Right. Your hands are dirty...^
Roger: ... from painting! What are the questions? Here's a pen.^
Jim: OK, here are the questions. What's your name?^
Roger: Oh, that's difficult... Roger!^
Jim: Ha, ha. What's your surname?^
Roger: I'm not sure...^
Jim: Very funny! OK, surname -- Tailor.^
Roger: Yes, Jim, that's it!^
Jim: Next question, please. Are you married or single?^
Roger: Single. I'm sure about that!^
Jim: And what are your hobbies?^
Roger: Hmmm... painting, windsurfing and watching TV.^
Jim: ... OK, last question. What's your telephone number?^
Roger: 0775-27789574.^
Jim: 0775-27789574 -- Got it. Do you have an envelope?^
Roger: There's one over there...^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What has Roger done?^
2. What's Roger's surname?^
3. What do you know about Roger's marital status?^
4. Which is NOT one of Roger's hobbies?^
5. What is Jim's last question?^
u06_5.1_n.mp3 Q1: What has Roger done?
Ans: B
Q2: What's Roger's surname?
Ans: C
Q3: What do you know about Roger's marital status?
Ans: B
Q4: Which is NOT one of Roger's hobbies?
Ans: C
Q5: What is Jim's last question?
Ans: C

65.2PubsBritish pubs often sell food or snacks as well as drinks.
Typical pub food is scampi (a kind of shellfish) and chips (fried potatoes), pie and chips, chicken and chips, salads, sandwiches, etc.
Pubs have special names, such as The Angel, The Black Swan, The Crown, The King's Arms, The Red Lion or The White Horse and people usually refer to the pub by its name.
For instance, a person will tell his friend, "I'll meet you at the Rose and Crown."
There is often a sign outside the pub with a picture showing the name of the pub.
Many pubs have two or more different bars.
The public bar is usually plainly furnished and sometimes has a pool table and dartboard.
The saloon bar is more comfortable, quieter and better furnished.
People can decide which bar to go to depending on whether they want to chat in comfort or to meet friends over a game of darts or to chat to strangers while standing.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What kinds of food can be often found in pubs?^
2. What is often hanging outside a pub?^
3. How many bars do pubs generally have?^
4. Which of the following is characteristic of a public bar?^
5. What do people in saloon bars usually want to do?
u06_5.2_n.mp3 Q1: What kinds of food can be often found in pubs?
Ans: B
Q2: What is often hanging outside a pub?
Ans: C
Q3: How many bars do pubs generally have?
Ans: D
Q4: Which of the following is characteristic of a public bar?
Ans: B
Q5: What do people in saloon bars usually want to do?
Ans: D

65.3No Child Left BehindSchool governing organizations in three states and the nation's largest teacher's union recently brought legal action against the federal government.^
Nine school districts and the National Education Association criticize a federal education reform law.
They say that the Department of Education has failed to provide enough money for schools to carry out the law called "No Child Left Behind".
They accused the Department of Education of violating a part of the law that says states cannot be forced to spend their own money to meet the federal requirements.
They say fully obeying the law would cost the states thousands of millions of dollars to test students.^
The state of Utah also criticized the law.
State lawmakers voted to place top importance on Utah's own school performance system when it conflicts with the federal government.
Utah and several other states say they want to use their own educational reform plans.^
The "No Child Left Behind" law forms the main part of the Bush Administration's education policy.
It calls for every student in every school to meet reading and mathematics requirements by 2014.
United States education secretary Margaret Spellings says the law's main goal is to improve education for minority students.
She says "No Child Left Behind" does not harm states financially.
Secretary Spellings notes that the federal government has increased educational spending by 40 percent over the past three years.
She says this pays for testing and other expenses under the law.^
Miss Spellings has promised to work with states to carry out the law.
She says schools must show progress in tests by special groups including low-income and minority students.
The idea of reporting their test scores is to keep schools from hiding the scores of poorly performing students.
That can happen when schools average low test scores with those of students with higher scores.
Under "No Child Left Behind", a school can receive a poor rating and be punished if some groups of students score poorly.
If bad performance continues, struggling students get free after-school help.
And parents can send their children to a better school.
u06_5.3.mp3  1) federal government
2) education reform law
3) be forced to
4) place top importance on
5) calls for
6) main goal
7) by 40 percent
8) low-income and minority
9) poorly performing students
10) free after-school help

65.4 Fancy Nancy did not fancy doing fancy work.^
But fancy Nancy's fancy auntie did fancy Nancy doing fancy work.
u06_5.4_n.mp3
65.5 To love is nothing.^
To be loved is something.^
To love, and be loved, is everything.
u06_5.5.mp3
71.1Relax or DieThank you for tuning in to our program on this very sad day.
It is on this day that we will review the life of a great artist, Chen Yifei, and consider the example set by him.
For many people, it may come as a surprise that he is dead.
Chen Yifei seemed so active during his life.
And he did so much. He was a man with many interests.
He worked tirelessly to spread his ideas about art, he created many beautiful pictures and he was a success in business.
However, the actors who worked with him said he would work for days without rest.
According to doctors, his busy work schedule finally overwhelmed him.
Once again, thank you for listening.
In the next hour, we will discuss the life of this great artist, Chen Yifei and the lesson we can learn from him about overwork in "Relax or Die".
u07_1.mp31. Many people find it hard to believe the great artist, Chen Yifei, is dead, because he appeared so _______________ .
2. According to actors working with him, Chen Yifei would _______________ without rest.
3. Chen Yifei was overwhelmed by his _______________ .
active during life^work for days^busy work schedule
71.2Relax or DieThank you for tuning in to our program on this very sad day.
It is on this day that we will review the life of a great artist, Chen Yifei, and consider the example set by him.
For many people, it may come as a surprise that he is dead.
Chen Yifei seemed so active during his life.
And he did so much. He was a man with many interests.
He worked tirelessly to spread his ideas about art, he created many beautiful pictures and he was a success in business.
However, the actors who worked with him said he would work for days without rest.
According to doctors, his busy work schedule finally overwhelmed him.
Once again, thank you for listening.
In the next hour, we will discuss the life of this great artist, Chen Yifei and the lesson we can learn from him about overwork in "Relax or Die".
u07_1.mp3Working for living or living for working, different attitudes lead to different feelings. Which one do you prefer? Give your reasons.
What did you do to fight against pressure?

72.1How Stressed Out Are You?M: You've been working so hard. I know you don't want to rest because you love your job.
But remember what people say: Relax or die.^
W: Thanks for caring so much. But, really, I'm feeling fine. I don't need time off.^
Q: Why does the woman say she doesn't need any rest?
u07_2.1_1n.mp3 A) Because she cares very little about rest.B) Because she feels well enough to work on.C) Because she cares about continuing her work.D) Because she loves her job very much.B
72.1 M: Aren't you taking on too much work? Life is meant for fun, you know?^
W: If I had less ambition, I could relax more. But I want to get a better job.^
Q: Why does the woman work so much?
u07_2.1_2n.mp3 A) Because she thinks working is fun.B) Because she likes to take on more.C) Because she wants to have a new job.D) Because she wants to relax a little later.C
72.1 W: When did it become clear to you that the company president was working himself to death?^
M: I had no idea he was overwhelmed until he quit. Before that, I always thought he was happy.^
Q: When did the man realize the company president was working too hard?
u07_2.1_3n.mp3 A) When he died.B) When he left his job.C) When he looked happy.D) When he became president.B
72.1 M: You look very tense these days! What's going on?^
W: Work! My new boss is giving me too much to do and a lot of pressure to get it done quickly.^
Q: What makes the woman feel stressed?
u07_2.1_4n.mp3 A) She has a lot more work to do in a short period of time.B) She fails to get along with her new boss.C) She has extra homework from her teacher.D) She has been criticized for her work performance.A
72.1 W: Are you sure you want the job?
The previous three managers developed psychological problems because of the stress.^
M: I think I'll be able to handle it OK because I'm much younger.^
Q: Why does the man think he can deal with the stress of the job?
u07_2.1_5n.mp3 A) Because he is younger than the previous managers.B) Because he experienced stress when he was young.C) Because he is sure that he is mentally stronger.D) Because he has few psychological problems.A
72.1 W: From my viewpoint, stress is best handled by taking regular vacations from work.^
M: Are you kidding? If I did that, my work wouldn't get done, and I'd have even more stress.^
Q: What would give the man more stress?
u07_2.1_6n.mp3 A) Kidding with people around him.B) Looking at problems from his viewpoint.C) Increasing his regular work.D) Taking regular vacations.D
72.1 M: The interviews will be tomorrow. What should we look for in a new employee?^
W: I think we need someone who looks physically healthy and able to deal with stress.^
Q: According to the woman, what kind of employee should they look for?
u07_2.1_7n.mp3 A) A person who has dealt with stress in the past.B) A person who looks healthy and able to handle stress.C) Someone who will come to an interview tomorrow.D) Someone who is either physically or psychologically strong.B
72.1 W: I've been feeling a little overwhelmed lately.
No matter how hard I work, I can't seem to catch up.^
M: Well, you can't work 24 hours a day.
Set your priorities, and only do what's the most important.^
Q: According to the man, what should the woman do?
u07_2.1_8n.mp3 A) Work more hours in a day.B) Try to do everything all at once.C) Do only what is the most important.D) Pass her work on to important people.C
72.1 W: Oh, could you give me a break once in a while?
People can be worked to death if they don't get a chance to relax.^
M: I had no idea you were having such trouble. Why don't you take a vacation?^
Q: What is the relationship between the two speakers?
u07_2.1_9n.mp3 A) Teacher and student.B) Parent and child.C) Doctor and patient.D) Employer and employee.D
M: Thanks a lot, doctor. I didn't know where else to go.
I've just been feeling so stressed out lately.^
Q: Where is this conversation taking place?
u07_2.1_10n.mp3 A) At home.B) In a classroom.C) At a doctor's office.D) In a workplace.C
72.2What Should Be Done?W: What do you think should be done about the new employee?^
M: The one that started last month? I didn't realize there was a problem.
He always gets all his work done before the deadline, and he even does extra.^
W: That's the trouble. He's doing too much.^
M: Why is that a problem?^
W: Because no one is tough enough to handle a heavy workload forever.
He's bound to crack sooner or later, either physically or psychologically.^
M: So you're worried about his welfare?^
W: I suppose so. But I'm most concerned about his work. If he gets too tired, it will suffer.^
M: OK. So what do you recommend?^
W: Giving him a vacation might be a good idea.^
M: But then we have another problem. He's the only person in this office who can do that work.^
W: Well, then what do you think should be done?^
M: How about we give him a vacation but give him some work to do while he's away?
u07_2.2_n.mp31. According to the woman, what is the new employee's problem?A) He is inexperienced in the job.B) He cannot meet the deadlines.C) He leaves extra work for others.D) He works too hard.D
72.2   2. What does the woman expect to happen?A) The new employee will be unable to meet his deadlines.B) The new employee will take on a heavier workload.C) The new employee will eventually have a breakdown.D) The new employee will be worried about his benefits.C
72.2   3. What is the woman's biggest worry concerning the new employee?A) He will fall ill because of his work.B) He will be unable to work as well as he did.C) He will be physically tired.D) He will be psychologically tired.B
72.2   4. What does the woman suggest the man do for the new employee?A) Give him a vacation.B) Find someone else to do the work.C) Give him advice on how to do his work.D) Assign him some different work to do.A
72.2   5. What does the man think about the new employee?A) He causes too many problems.B) He is the only employee who can do the work.C) He will work very hard even during his vacations.D) He will miss work when he's gone.B
72.3Cure or Problem?Sometimes a cure to a problem can become a problem in itself.
This is what I've discovered in the last year.
It all started when I went to a doctor and told him about the stress I felt because of my work.
He recommended that I take up a sport to help me relax.
At that time, it sounded like a good idea, very rational.
I would schedule some light physical activities in my life, and have some fun.
But that wasn't what happened. I joined a volleyball team.
And it was fun at first -- but we began playing important games for honors and titles.
And as the games became more and more important, I became more stressed.
Now, I have more stress due to a supposedly fun activity.
I wonder what my doctor will say next.
u07_2.3_n.mp31. What did the speaker find out during the previous year?A) He had so many problems.B) Doctors can help deal with stress.C) A solution can cause new problems.D) Stress can become a great problem.C
72.3   2. What did the doctor advise the speaker to do?A) To relax at work.B) To play volleyball.C) To play a sport.D) To consider a new idea.C
72.3   3. What did the doctor's idea sound like to the speaker?A) Something that would take a lot of work.B) Something that would take a lot of time.C) Something that would never happen.D) Something that would be good for him.D
72.3   4. What was the result of the speaker's decision?A) He lost his position at work.B) He changed his doctor.C) He failed to win an honor.D) He became more stressed.D
72.3   5. What is the speaker curious about?A) What would make him more relaxed.B) What his doctor will tell him to do next.C) What will help relieve his stress.D) What will make him feel more important.B
72.4The Family ManJack: Kate! You can't go. Don't get on that plane. Please.
Let's just go have a cup of coffee. That... That's all I'm asking for.
I'm sure there's another flight to Paris tonight.^
Kate: Jack -- Huh. What are you doing here?
Do you need closure?
Because if you do after all these years, you got it. I'm... I'm OK.
I'm fine.
I, I was heartbroken, Jack.
But I got over it. I moved on.
And, you should move on, too. OK? I... I... I'm sorry. I just can't -- I've gotta go.
I'm... I'm... I'm sorry, Jack. Sorry. Excuse me.
Can I just? I'm sorry. I just can't.^
Jack: We have a house in Jersey!
We have two kids, Annie and Josh.
Annie's not much of a violin player, but she tries real hard.
She's a little precocious, but that's only because she says what's on her mind.
And when she smiles...
And Josh -- he has your eyes.
He doesn't say much, but we know he's smart.
He's always got his eyes open. You know, he's... he's always watching us.
Sometimes you can look at him and, and you just know he's learning something new.
It's like witnessing a miracle.
The house is a mess, but it's ours -- after a 122 more payments it's gonna be ours.
And you -- you're a non-profit lawyer.
That's right, you're completely nonprofit.
But that doesn't seem to bother you.
And we're in love.
After 13 years of marriage we're still unbelievably in love.
You won't even let me touch you till I've said it.
I sing to you. Not all the time but definitely on special occasions.
And we -- we've dealt with our share of surprises and made a lot of sacrifices, but we stayed together.
You see, you're a better person than I am.
And it made me a better person to be around you.
I don't know, maybe, maybe it was all just a dream.
Maybe I, I went to bed one lonely night in December and I imagined it all.
But, I swear, nothing's ever felt more real.
And if you get on that plane right now, it'll disappear forever.
I know we could both go on with our lives, and we'd both be fine.
But I've seen what we can be like together.
And I choose us.
Please, Kate, one cup of coffee.
You can always go to Paris. Just, please, not tonight.^
Kate: Okay, Jack.^
Jack: Okay.
u07_2.4.mp3Jack: Kate! You can't go. Don't get on that plane. Please. Let's just go have a cup of coffee. That... That's all I'm asking for. I'm sure there's another flight to Paris tonight.
Kate: Jack -- Huh. What are you doing here? Do you need closure? Because if you do after all these years, you got it. I'm... I'm OK. I'm fine. I, I was heartbroken , Jack. But I got over it. I moved on. And, you should move on, too. OK? I... I... I'm sorry. I just can't -- I've gotta go. I'm... I'm... I'm sorry, Jack. Sorry. Excuse me. Can I just? I'm sorry. I just can't.
Jack: We have a house in Jersey! We have two kids, Annie and Josh. Annie's not much of a violin player, but she tries real hard . She's a little precocious, but that's only because she says what's on her mind. And when she smiles... And Josh -- he has your eyes. He doesn't say much, but we know he's smart. He's always got his eyes open. You know, he's... he's always watching us. Sometimes you can look at him and, and you just know he's learning something new. It's like witnessing a miracle . The house is a mess, but it's ours -- after a 122 more payments it's gonna be ours. And you -- you're a non-profit lawyer. That's right, you're completely nonprofit. But that doesn't seem to bother you. And we're in love. After 13 years of marriage we're still unbelievably in love. You won't even let me touch you till I've said it. I sing to you. Not all the time but definitely on special occasions . And we -- we've dealt with our share of surprises and made a lot of sacrifices , but we stayed together. You see, you're a better person than I am. And it made me a better person to be around you. I don't know, maybe, maybe it was all just a dream . Maybe I, I went to bed one lonely night in December and I imagined it all. But, I swear, nothing's ever felt more real. And if you get on that plane right now, it'll disappear forever. I know we could both go on with our lives, and we'd both be fine. But I've seen what we can be like together. And I choose us. Please, Kate, one cup of coffee. You can always go to Paris. Just, please, not tonight.
Kate: Okay, Jack.
Jack: Okay.
flight^heartbroken^tries real hard^witnessing a miracle^completely^marriage^special occasions^sacrifices^dream^choose
72.5GiftsThree sons left home, went out on their own and prospered.
Getting back together, they discussed the gifts they were able to give their elderly mother.^
The first said, "I built a big house for our mother."^
The second said, "I sent her a Mercedes with a driver."^
The third smiled and said, "I've got you both beat.
You remember how Mom enjoyed reading the Bible?
And you know she can't see very well.
So I sent her a remarkable parrot that recites the entire Bible.
It took elders in the church 12 years to teach him.
He's one of a kind. Mama just has to name the chapter and verse, and the parrot recites it."^
Soon thereafter, their mom sent out her letters of thanks.
"Milton," she wrote one son, "the house you built is so huge.
I live in only one room, but I have to clean the whole house."^
"Gerald," she wrote to another, "I am too old to travel. I stay most of the time at home, so I rarely use the Mercedes.
And the driver is so rude!"^
"Dearest Donald," she wrote to her third son, "you have the good sense to know what your mother likes.
The chicken was delicious."
u07_2.5_n.mp31. The gifts that the three sons gave to their mother were: ____________________ .
2. The mother sent her letter of thanks to say that she only used one room of the big house but she ____________________ .
3. As to the Mercedes, the mother wrote to say that she rarely used it. And ____________________ .
4. The mother also wrote to the third son to say that ____________________ .
a big house, a Mercedes, and a remarkable parrot^had to clean the whole house^the driver was so rude^the chicken was delicious
72.6ImagineImagine there's no heaven^
It's easy if you try^
No hell below us^
Above us only sky^
Imagine all the people^
Living for today...^^
Imagine there's no country^
It isn't hard to do^
Nothing to kill or die for^
And no religion too^
Imagine all the people^
Living life in peace...^^
You may say I'm a dreamer^
But I'm not the only one^
And the world will be as one^^
Imagine no possessions^
I wonder if you can^
No need for greed or hunger^
A brotherhood of man^
Imagine all the people^
Sharing all the world...^^
You may say I'm a dreamer^
But I'm not the only one^
And the world will live as one
u07_2.6.mp3
73.1Assumptions and SuppositionA: Who do you think murdered the man?^
B: Well, I don't know. But I assume that his wife killed him.^
A: I think she is innocent, but the police have a strong case against her.^
B: Let's just wait and see.

73.1 A: What do you think of his research proposal?^
B: Let's assume that he has all the necessary funds.
He still does not have enough time to carry it out.^
A: You've got a point there. He has a lot of other commitments.^
B: Yes, I think it's going to be a problem.

73.1 A: The bus is late again.^
B: Yes, it should have arrived at 7:15, but it's 7:30 now.^
A: How annoying! I'm afraid I'll be late for class again.^
B: Well, let's assume that it will arrive in the next 10 minutes.
Will you be able to make it?

73.1 A: Mary, it looks as if it's going to rain.^
B: It is. I hope the bus will come soon.^
A: Suppose it rains before the bus comes. What shall we do?^
B: Don't worry. In that case, we'll take a taxi home.

73.1 A: Hey, Ann, what are you going to do during the summer vacation?^
B: Well, John, I haven't decided yet.
I suppose I'll go to the countryside to visit my grandparents.
I haven't seen them for a whole year.^
A: That sounds good.^
B: Do you have any plans for the summer?^
A: I'm going to take a trip abroad, provided that I find a high-paying part-time job first!

73.1EliminationA: Your paper contains a number of colloquial words and phrases.
Remember that academic papers should be written in a formal style.^
B: Oh, I'm sorry.^
A: You should go through your paper again and eliminate all the inappropriate words.^
B: Yes, thanks. I'll do that.

73.1 A: Hey, Peter, do you know that our school soccer team was eliminated in the semifinal?^
B: No, I hadn't heard. What was the score?^
A: We lost the match four to three.^
B: What a pity! That was close. It must have been a very exciting match.

73.1 A: The track meet is coming tomorrow. I'm excited to take part in the 4*100 meter relay!^
B: Good for you! Do you think we have a chance of breaking the school record?^
A: No. We won't set a new record in this cold, windy weather.^
B: Mm, yes, I guess it'll work against us.^
A: Still who knows. We can try our best.

73.1RestrictionA: Hey, Mike, it looks as if you've cut down on your smoking.^
B: Yeah, I've had a bad cold and a sore throat since last Monday,
and my doctor has limited me to three cigarettes a day.^
A: That's good. Why not quit smoking altogether?^
B: It's easier said than done. I've tried to give it up a dozen times in the past month alone.

73.1 A: Calm down! Calm down, Bob! Don't get so angry.^
B: Their behavior is intolerable. There's a limit to what people can bear.^
A: Yes, I know, but you shouldn't make a scene in public. You need to show restraint!^
B: How can I restrain myself when they were calling me a liar?

73.1 A: The emission of ozone-depleting substances is really problematic.^
B: Yeah. The government is now planning to place stricter restrictions on it. Do you know that?^
A: Oh, really? That's good news for everyone.^
B: Yes, the use of these substances is causing the ozone layer to thin.^
A: Mmm. We'll have to find alternatives.

73.2Retell a StoryThree sons left home, went out on their own and prospered.
Getting back together, they discussed the gifts they were able to give their elderly mother.^
The first said, "I built a big house for our mother."^
The second said, "I sent her a Mercedes with a driver."^
The third smiled and said, "I've got you both beat.
You remember how Mom enjoyed reading the Bible?
And you know she can't see very well.
So I sent her a remarkable parrot that recites the entire Bible.
It took elders in the church 12 years to teach him.
He's one of a kind. Mama just has to name the chapter and verse, and the parrot recites it."^
Soon thereafter, their mom sent out her letters of thanks.
"Milton," she wrote one son, "the house you built is so huge.
I live in only one room, but I have to clean the whole house."^
"Gerald," she wrote to another, "I am too old to travel. I stay most of the time at home, so I rarely use the Mercedes.
And the driver is so rude!"^
"Dearest Donald," she wrote to her third son, "you have the good sense to know what your mother likes.
The chicken was delicious."
u07_2.5_n.mp3 Three sons discussed the gifts they were able to give their elderly mother.^The first said, "I built a big house for our mother." The second said,...^Soon thereafter, their mom sent out her letters of thanks...
73.3Stressed out at Work?Stressed out at work? You are not alone.
According to a survey by Northwestern National Life, 40 percent of American workers say their job is "very or extremely stressful".
Among the leading causes of increased workplace stress are:
1. Longer hours.
The average number of hours that people say they work has actually risen from 41 a week in the early 1970s to 50 in 2004, according to Harris Interactive.
Meanwhile, leisure time has dropped from 26 to 19 hours a week over the same period.
2. Overtime all the time.
Many people feel liberated by innovations like mobile phones and wireless Internet access.
People now have the ability to work anywhere -- but the use of these devices increasingly blurs the line between work and personal time.
3. Career concerns.
Job insecurity is also a major source of workplace stress.
The rise in outsourcing together with the trend toward temporary employment contributes to that feeling of insecurity.
A growing body of research indicates strong links between stress and disease.
Stress has been linked to colds and flu attacks, muscular problems, psychological disorders, workplace injuries, suicide and cancer.
According to the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, health care expenditure is 50 percent greater for workers who report high levels of stress.
While it is no secret that stress can harm our health, a 2004 University of California (San Francisco) study shed light on how that process might work on a cellular level.
The study found that stress actually causes immune cells to age prematurely.
In a study of mothers of chronically ill children, researchers discovered that the cells of the most stressed-out women showed signs of about ten years' accelerated aging.
Fortunately, researchers have made strides in the field of health, especially concerning job stress.
But in a new twist on an old issue, they're not suggesting behavioral changes for alleviating on-the-job stress.
Instead, they recommend that employees alter their work conditions -- by reducing workload, increasing control over their work environment and seeking more social support.
u07_3.3.mp3What is the percentage of U.S. workers who say their job is "very or extremely stressful"?40 percent.
73.3   What are the three leading causes of increased on-the-job stress?Longer hours, overtime and career concerns.
73.3   What are some of the factors that lead to job insecurity?The rise in outsourcing and the trend toward temporary employment.
73.3   What kinds of jobs do you think are more stressful? Why?I find jobs that requires me to travel stressful. I'm a family man. I hate being unable to spend time with my children in the evenings. And I have difficulty falling asleep in hotel beds. These things will make me feel the working pressure unbearable.
73.3   If you found your job stressful, how would you improve your situation: by changing your behavior or by finding another job? Explain.I would like to find another job. First off, I don't think it's easy to change my behaviors after so many years of living the way I do. Even if I changed my behaviors, there would be new problems which made the job just as stressful as before. So I don't think it really helps to change my behaviors if the job is really stressful.
74.1Do You Have PressureHi. My name is Andrew, and I'm from the United States.
Today, we are going to be talking about relaxation.
Americans are a very relaxed people. We take our relaxation very seriously.
Even when we are at work we like to be more casual and relaxed.
That's not to say that we don't work hard. We do work hard.
But, when it's time to relax, it's time to relax.
We like to work from nine to five and then after that five o'clock we don't like to take our homework, our work home with us.
We like to have our relaxing time, our relaxation time to ourselves,
and then worry about our work problems the next morning at nine o'clock.
Now, what we do to relax? We basically do the same things that people all over the world do to relax.
We like to play sports. We like to spend time with our families.
We go shopping, go out to dinners, spend time with our friends.
Uh, students in America, lead very relaxed lives.
Not so much time is spent studying as in other countries, and a lot of spent, time is spent having fun.^
Hi. I'm Betsy. I'm from Hong Kong. And we're talking about how to deal with pressure at work.
Um, there are many different ways to deal with pressure at work.
Some are healthier than the others. Some are not so healthy.
Some of the, I think the healthier ones would be exercising, you know go, go to the gym, do some workouts after work.
And, maybe the not-so-healthier kinds are like, you know, going for a drink at happy hour at some bar with your coworkers.
That's always very nice.
Um, but I found out that lately there's some, um, even more immediate, uh, release to deal with, you know,
pressure at work, is that when you're in the office if you're online and, you know, using computers,
a lot of people have, use, you know, MSN Messengers.
Then, if you have run into troubles or you, you, you know your boss has just, you know,
said something to you that makes you not feel good.
Then you can immediately get online and, you know, either talk to your friends online or your coworker on, workers,
and to talk about how you feel.
And that's also another way to deal with pressure at work.^
Hi. My name is Noon. I'm from Thailand. Um, I guess I can also say I'm also from Switzerland because my father's Swiss.
Let's see. How do we relax in Thailand? Well, we go to the beach.
Um, there's many beaches: Phuket, uh, Krabi, all of these amazing, uh, Koh Samui.
Or, we just like to go singing and just going crazy in a KTV place.
Or, um, sometimes watch movies.
It's very hot outside in Thailand, um, usually, so we like to do something indoors or outside doing nothing, just relaxing.
Now, in Switzerland, when we relax, we go, um, snowboarding or skiing or ice skating or,
you know, go around a campfire and roast marshmallows.
Um, something much more countryside. It's a very different lifestyle.
With my Swiss friends, we love to go in the mountains and play with the snow.^
Hello. My name is Ted, and I'm from the United States of America.
Today, I'm going to talk about something a lot of people don't want to talk about: pressure.
Some people say, "Oh, if I didn't have any pressure in my life, everything would be OK."
But I kind of disagree with this.
I think we'll always have pressure in our lives.
So, we have to learn how to handle this pressure.
You're always gonna have pressure, but what are you going to do about it?
For me, in my case, I think one great way to handle pressure is to exercise.
Now, you might say, "Oh, I'm so busy. I've got a lot of pressure."
But, if you go out and exercise, you'll feel better. I always feel better after a run.
Now you'll always be busy in life.
But, sometimes you become more efficient even if you're very busy in life, with your daily schedule.
So busy, being busy, and also having pressure, it's not a bad thing.
It's part of life. You have to handle it.
Exercise. Become efficient. You can do it. Don't worry.^
Hello. I'm Toby. Today we are going to talk about cultural interpretations on relaxing.
I am English, and the English person has two basic institutions, which allow him to relax.
The first one being the pub, which is where we go most Friday and Saturday nights as well as during the week after work
to socialize with our workmates and cozy up to our bosses and get promotions.
The second place that we relax is the church.
Uh, the church in England is a very relaxed religious institution.
And in some ways you could say it's more about drinking cups of tea with your friends than it is about praying to God.
Ah, uh, um, so the vicar at these churches, for instance,
is a person who you can relate to probably more as your friend and less as someone who's going to judge you on a moral level.
Therefore, you can relax and enjoy yourself.
Andrew.jpg^Betsy.jpg^Noon.jpg^Ted.jpg^Toby.jpg
74.2   a. Going to the beaches is a good way of relaxing.
b. Americans take relaxation seriously.
c. Exercise is a good way to deal with pressure in life.
d. One way to deal with pressure at work is to talk to someone online and let them know how you feel.
e. The church and the pub are the two places where people relax themselves.
2^4^1^3^5   Andrew1.jpg^Betsy1.jpg^Noon1.jpg^Ted1.jpg^Toby1.jpg
74.3
75.1Let's Go Camping!W: Hey, David, what are you going to do during the spring break?^
M: I don't know. I don't have any plans yet.^
W: Well, Lisa, George and I are planning to go up to the mountains for three days.^
M: That sounds like fun. I might join you guys. How are you going to get there?^
W: Since none of our cars are very reliable, we're going to rent a car.
There's a campsite where we can rent a large tent. It's almost like a little house.
M: Plus, we can take turns driving.^
W: Sounds like you've already decided to come. Have you been there before?^
M: No, I haven't.^
W: Well, then you should definitely join us. We'll only be gone three days.
And when you come back, you'll be relaxed and ready to study again.
I've been up there twice, and each time I felt great just being close to nature.
After the trip, I was like a new person, totally refreshed mentally and physically.
That's why they call it recreation -- "re-creation", get it?^
M: Yeah. I need some of that! Let me think it over. I'll let you know tonight.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. Who were originally planning to go on the trip?^
2. How are they going there?^
3. Where will they sleep in the mountains?^
4. Why does the woman think it is important to go to the mountains?^
5. What will the man probably do that night?
u07_5.1_n.mp3 Q1: Who were originally planning to go on the trip?
Ans: D
Q2: How are they going there?
Ans: D
Q3: Where will they sleep in the mountains?
Ans: A
Q4: Why does the woman think it is important to go to the mountains?
Ans: C
Q5: What will the man probably do that night?
Ans: A

75.2Good Stress versus Bad OneStress is a natural part of life.
Stress is when you are worried about getting laid off from your job, or worried about not having enough money to pay your bills.
In fact, to most of us, stress is synonymous with worry.^
Plenty of things can cause stress in a person's life.
The trick is to remember that some types of stress are good and others are bad.
Good or normal stress might show up when you're called on in class to answer a question or to give a report.
For example, you may do a better job on your book report if the anxiety inspires you to prepare well before you get up and read it to the class.^
But bad stress can happen if the stressful feelings continue for a long time.
You may not feel well if you are worried about a family member who is sick, if you're having problems at school, or if you're going through anything else that makes you upset every day.
That kind of stress isn't going to help you, and it can actually make you sick.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What does "stress" mean to most people?^
2. What is the trick of dealing with stress?^
3. What can stress cause you to do when giving a book report?^
4. When can bad stress occur?^
5. Which of the following might cause bad stress according to the passage?
u07_5.2_n.mp3 Q1: What does "stress" mean to most people?
Ans: D
Q2: What is the trick of dealing with stress?
Ans: B
Q3: What can stress cause you to do when giving a book report?
Ans: D
Q4: When can bad stress occur?
Ans: A
Q5: Which of the following might cause bad stress according to the passage?
Ans: D

75.3Development Report on Mental HealthA study has found that most people with severe mental health problems go untreated in developing countries.
The World Health Organization says between 75 and 85 percent had no treatment within the past year.
In developed nations, between 35 and 50 percent went untreated.^
The Journal of the American Medical Association published the findings.
Ronald Kessler of Harvard University and Bedirhan Ustun of the WHO led the study.
They examined the results of questions asked of more than 60,000 adults in 14 countries.
The most developed nations were Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Spain and the United States.
The less developed ones were Colombia, China, Lebanon, Mexico, Nigeria and Ukraine.^
Researchers gathered the information between 2001 and 2003.
They asked the same questions in every interview.
They wanted to estimate how many people have mental disorders and what kind.
They also wanted to learn what treatment, if any, the people had received within the past year.^
The problems considered included nervous anxiety and uncontrolled anger.
Others were such things as eating disorders and disorders related to the use of alcohol and illegal drugs.^
The percentage of people who said they had a mental disorder differed greatly from country to country.
The researchers found that for most countries the rate was between nine and 20 percent.
The United States had the highest, at 26 percent of those questioned.
The Chinese city of Shanghai had the lowest, at four percent.
The researchers say they believe this difference shows how mental health is seen differently around the world.
They say people in many non-Western countries are often less likely to admit they have problems.^
In almost every country, the more severe a problem was, the more likely it was to be treated.
Still, the researchers say many people with minor mental health problems are treated, while many with serious disorders are not.
They say this is not simply a problem of limited treatment resources.
It also shows that resources are not being used well.
The researchers call for new efforts at early intervention.
They say early treatment of minor disorders could prevent many serious cases later.
u07_5.3.mp3  1) severe mental health
2) published the findings
3) examined the results
4) gathered the information
5) learn what treatment
6) nervous anxiety
7) illegal drugs
9) with serious disorders
10) prevent many serious cases later

75.4Recite the PoemThings That Never Die^^
The pure, the bright, the beautiful^
That stirred our hearts in youth,^
The impulses to wordless prayer,^
The streams of love and truth,^
The longing after something lost,^
The spirit's longing cry,^
The striving after better hopes -- ^
These things can never die.^^
The timid hand stretched forth to aid^
A brother in his need;^
A kindly word in grief's dark hour^
That proves a friend indeed;^
The plea for mercy softly breathed,^
When justice threatens high,^
The sorrow of a contrite heart -- ^
These things shall never die.^^
Let nothing pass, for every hand^
Must find some work to do,^
Lose not a chance to waken love -- ^
Be firm and just and true.^
So shall a light that cannot fade^
Beam on thee from on high,^
And angel voices say to thee -- ^
"These things shall never die."
u07_5.4.mp3
81.1Life Outside of WorkLadies and gentlemen, "Life Outside of Work" is our daily television program for discovering the meaning of life.
Mostly, we try to get people to think of life's purpose as being something other than related to work.
We consider art, music, love and more.
And we try to develop and learn more about the passions that control our lives, such as the longing for love, the search for knowledge and compassion for the suffering of others.
Yes, such interests may not bring you money or status but many people believe them to be among the essential ingredients of a rich and meaningful existence.
A life spent only striving for money and status may not be considered meaningful in any way.
Keep this in mind as you listen to our program, "Life Outside of Work".
u08_1.mp3This program is concerned with finding meaning in life.^Discussions in this program will help you earn a lot.^Most people never learn how to live a meaningful life.    T^F^NG
81.2Life Outside of WorkLadies and gentlemen, "Life Outside of Work" is our daily television program for discovering the meaning of life.
Mostly, we try to get people to think of life's purpose as being something other than related to work.
We consider art, music, love and more.
And we try to develop and learn more about the passions that control our lives, such as the longing for love, the search for knowledge and compassion for the suffering of others.
Yes, such interests may not bring you money or status but many people believe them to be among the essential ingredients of a rich and meaningful existence.
A life spent only striving for money and status may not be considered meaningful in any way.
Keep this in mind as you listen to our program, "Life Outside of Work".
u08_1.mp3Which one do you prefer, work overtime to get a better pay or spend more time with your family?
What do you usually do to spend time outside work?

82.1The Important Things in LifeM: You seem to be in the office all of the time! Don't you have a life outside of work?^
W: Sure I do! I involve myself in many different fun activities.
What I don't do much of, however, is looking after my husband and kids.^
Q: What doesn't the woman make much time for?
u08_2.1_1n.mp3 A) Her work.B) Her family.C) Office work.D) Fun activities.B
82.1 W: How is your life outside of work? Are things going all right at home?^
M: No complaints. My wife has just had a baby, and I'm enjoying life as a new father with all its responsibilities.^
Q: What has recently happened in the man's life?
u08_2.1_2n.mp3 A) He has just become a father.B) He has heard many new complaints.C) His wife has taken on many responsibilities.D) His wife has gotten a new father.A
82.1 M: I have a friend who earns a high salary but works all the time. I'm not like that, am I?^
W: No, you don't need to worry.
You do the most important thing in life: You always have time for your family.
Maybe your friend misses out on that?^
Q: What does the woman think about the man's friend?
u08_2.1_3n.mp3 A) He bothers her a lot.B) He earns a high salary.C) He may not spend time with his family.D) He doesn't bother about his pay.C
82.1 W: My father is a man who knows what's important in life -- he has a demanding job, but he still makes time for his children.^
M: That's really very special. Most people with important jobs aren't able to do that.^
Q: Why is the girl's father special?
u08_2.1_4n.mp3 A) Because he has an important job.B) Because he is really very special.C) Because he makes time for himself.D) Because he finds time for his kids.D
82.1 M: My work has forced me to eliminate all fun activities from my life.
I can't even see my friends on the weekend.^
W: That doesn't seem so bad.
You have a good job, and you seem to be really happy with it. Who needs friends?^
Q: What does the woman think about having friends?
u08_2.1_5n.mp3 A) It can be bad sometimes.B) It can take up her time.C) It is really happy.D) It is unnecessary. D
82.1 W: Hey! I've heard that you've built your own house in your spare time. Is that right?^
M: I'm still working on it. Every day I do a little bit more. It's a way to show I love my family.^
Q: How does the man feel about his activity outside of work?
u08_2.1_6n.mp3 A) It gives him a little bit more spare time.B) It makes him feel much better when he's at work.C) It provides him with a chance to build a house to live in.D) It is a way to express his love to his family.D
82.1 M: My life feels so empty. I have a good job with a good salary, but it doesn't make me as happy as it did in the old days.^
W: I think you've come to discover that having a good job is not enough to create happiness.
There's more to life than having a good job.^
Q: According to the woman, why isn't the man happy?
u08_2.1_7n.mp3 A) Because his life is empty without a creative job.B) Because the man no longer has a good job with a good salary.C) Because he has realized that life is more than having a good job.D) Because he hasn't made discoveries in a long time.C
82.1 W: What happened to that friend of yours who lived only for his job?^
M: He's had a change of heart. He's become a very active volunteer in his community.
He says it feels great to be contributing to our society.^
Q: What makes his friend feel great?
u08_2.1_8n.mp3 A) Starting to work harder than before.B) Committing himself to helping others.C) Having an operation on his heart.D) Becoming more active at his work.B
82.1 W: A recent poll said 70-80 percent of all college students are studying what they enjoy rather than what will get them work.^
M: That's surprising. When I was young, only 25 percent of college students were studying what they enjoyed.^
Q: What percentage of college students studied what they enjoyed when the man was young?
u08_2.1_9n.mp3 A) 25 percent.B) 30 percent.C) 70 percent.D) 80 percent.A
82.1 W: For years, I've tried to teach you that the most important thing in life is love, not money.^
M: I don't think I've ever listened to you or Dad very much. I only cared about what my friends thought.^
Q: What is the relationship between the two speakers?
u08_2.1_10n.mp3 A) Boss and employee.B) Mother and son.C) Father and daughter.D) Wife and husband.B
82.2Give Your Life a ChangeW: I had a dream that you wouldn't believe.^
W: Get this -- in my dream, I was at work.^
M: OK, was there anything more to it?^
W: No. I was just at work, doing the things I usually do -- paperwork, typing, and so on.^
M: That sounds boring.^
W: It was boring! But don't you see what this means?
All I think about is work. It's all I do!
And, now, I'm even dreaming about work!
The dream really motivated me to develop outside interests.^
M: Like what?^
W: Well, like my love life. I haven't had a date in years.
And I think it's high time I went out and found someone.^
W: No! Of course not! Your life is almost as boring as mine!
I want to find someone really exciting, someone with whom I can learn more about love and everything that's important in life.
u08_2.2_n.mp31. What did the woman do in her dream? A) She left her job.B) She did her usual work.C) She found love.D) She bored her friends.B
82.2   2. What's wrong with the woman's life? A) She does nothing but work.B) She knows only boring people.C) She dreams instead of working.D) She fails in finding love.A
82.2   3. What interests does the woman want to develop? A) Interests that will take her outdoors.B) Interests that will help her work better.C) Interests that will bring her friends like herself.D) Interests that will be different from work.D
82.2   4. What does the woman want to do next? A) To have a date.B) To have another dream.C) To do more typing.D) To read more books.A
82.2   5. What does the woman think of the man?A) He's her next love.B) He's an exciting guy.C) He has a boring life.D) He's important to her.C
82.3There Is more to Life Than just WorkI made a big mistake.
You see, ever since my junior middle school I dreamed of becoming a businessman, working for a company, maybe even becoming the president of a corporation.
It was all I thought about.
And so I was never interested in studying classical music, art or literature in school.
I was more interested in things like accounting, subjects that would help me make big money.
Well, after making my way through high school and university, I accomplished my dream.
In time, I may run my own company.
But I'm not happy.
Life is about more than work. I know this because my life is empty, and I have no understanding of the beautiful things in the world as I would have if I had studied art in school.
I wish someone would've told me when I was young that there is more to life than just work.
u08_2.3_n.mp31. What did the man want to become when he was a junior middle school student? A) A great artist.B) A businessman.C) A famous writer.D) The country's president.B
82.3   2. Which of the following is a subject the man enjoyed studying in school? A) Art.B) Language.C) Accounting.D) Music.C
82.3   3. What does the man think will happen in the future? A) He will become a happy man.B) He will learn money-making subjects.C) He will have his own company.D) He will make contributions to accounting.C
82.3   4. How does he feel about his life? A) It's empty and he is not happy.B) It's much too busy.C) It's full of beautiful things.D) It's meaningful.A
82.3   5. What does the man wish he had done?A) Having studied art and become an artist.B) Having understood the meaning of life much earlier.C) Having entered a business school when he was young.D) Having enjoyed life when he was young.B
82.4NixonNixon: Now, however, we look to the future.
I remember something Theodore Roosevelt wrote when his first wife died in his 20s.
He thought the light had gone from his life forever.
But he went on and he not only became President, but as an ex-President he served his country, always in the arena, tempestuous, strong, sometimes right, sometimes wrong, but he was a man.
And as I leave, that's an example I think all of us should remember.^
You see we think sometimes when things happen that don't go the right way, we think that when someone dear to us dies, when we lose an election, or when we suffer defeat, that all is ended. Not true.
It's only a beginning, always, because the greatness comes not when things go always good for you, but the greatness comes when you're really tested, when you take some knocks, some disappointments, when sadness comes.
Because only if you have been in the deepest valley can you ever know how magnificent it is to be on the highest mountain.^
So, I say to you on this occasion, we leave, proud of the people who have stood by us and worked for us, and served this government and this country.
We want you to continue to serve in government, if that is what you wish.
Remember, always give your best; never get discouraged; never be petty.
And always remember: Others may hate you, but those who hate you don't win unless you hate them, and then, you destroy yourself.^
And so we leave with high hopes and good spirits and deep humility.
And I say to each and every one of you, not only will we always remember you, but always you will be in our hearts, and you will be in our prayers.
u08_2.4.mp3Nixon: Now, however, we look to the future. I remember something Theodore Roosevelt wrote when his first wife died in his 20s. He thought the light had gone from his life forever. But he went on and he not only became President, but as an ex-President he served his country, always in the arena, tempestuous, strong, sometimes right, sometimes wrong, but he was a man. And as I leave, that's an example I think all of us should remember .
You see we think sometimes when things happen that don't go the right way , we think that when someone dear to us dies, when we lose an election, or when we suffer defeat , that all is ended. Not true. It's only a beginning, always, because the greatness comes not when things go always good for you, but the greatness comes when you're really tested , when you take some knocks, some disappointments, when sadness comes. Because only if you have been in the deepest valley can you ever know how magnificent it is to be on the highest mountain .
So, I say to you on this occasion, we leave, proud of the people who have stood by us and worked for us, and served this government and this country . We want you to continue to serve in government, if that is what you wish. Remember, always give your best ; never get discouraged; never be petty. And always remember: Others may hate you, but those who hate you don't win unless you hate them, and then, you destroy yourself.
And so we leave with high hopes and good spirits and deep humility. And I say to each and every one of you, not only will we always remember you, but always you will be in our hearts , and you will be in our prayers.
the light had gone^should remember^don't go the right way^when we suffer defeat^you're really tested^on the highest mountain^served this government and this country^always give your best^high hopes and good spirits^in our hearts
82.5A Retired Man and a CopWorking people frequently ask retired people what they do to make their days interesting.
You might like to hear what I did last week.
I went to the store the other day but I was only inside for about five minutes.
When I came out there was a city cop writing out a parking ticket.
I went up to him and said, "Come on, buddy, how about giving a guy a break?"
He ignored me and continued writing the ticket. I called him a Nazi.
He glared at me and started writing another ticket for having worn tires.
So, I called him a rude name.
He finished writing the second ticket and put it on the windshield with the first.
Then he started writing a third ticket.
This went on for about 20 minutes.
The more I abused him, the more tickets he wrote.
I didn't care! My car was parked around the corner.
I try to have a little fun each day. It's important at my age.
u08_2.5_n.mp31. Working people frequently ask retired people what they do ____________________ .
2. I went up to him and said, "Come on, buddy, how about ____________________ ?"
3. I called him a Nazi. He ____________________ and started writing another ticket for having worn tires.
4. Then he started ____________________ .
5. My car was parked around the corner. I try to ____________________ .
to make their days interesting^giving a guy a break^glared at me^writing a third ticket^have a little fun each day
82.6Fields of GoldYou'll remember me when the west wind moves^
Upon the fields of barley^
You'll forget the sun in his jealous sky^
As we walk in fields of gold^^
So she took her love^
For to gaze awhile^
Upon the fields of barley^
In his arms she fell as her hair came down^
Among the fields of gold^^
Will you stay with me, will you be my love^
Among the fields of barley^
We'll forget the sun in his jealous sky^
As we lie in fields of gold^^
See the west wind move like a lover so^
Upon the fields of barley^
Feel her body rise when you kiss her mouth^
Among the fields of gold^^
And there have been some that I've broken^
But I swear in the days still left^
We'll walk in fields of gold^
We walk in fields of gold^^
Many years have passed since those summer days^
Among the fields of barley^
See the children run as the sun goes down^
Among the fields of gold^
You'll remember me when the west wind moves^
Upon the fields of barley^
You can tell the sun in his jealous sky^
When we walked in fields of gold^
When we walked in fields of gold^
When we walked in fields of gold
u08_2.6.mp3
B: Yes. Do you have these shoes in size 7?^
A: I'm not sure. If you can't find them on the rack, they may be out of stock.
But let me look in the stockroom.^
B: Thanks. I'd like to try on a pair if you have them.^
A: I'll be right back.

83.1 A: Good afternoon, what can I do for you?^
B: I'd like to have some pictures taken.^
A: Certainly, which kind would you like to have, ordinary or fine art?^
B: Ordinary.^
A: What size?^
A: Do you want full-length or half-length, standing or sitting?^
B: I'd like them taken with me standing, full-length, please.

83.1ColorA: Good afternoon, Miss. What can I do for you?^
B: I'd like to have a look at the dresses.^
A: We have several styles in the latest fashion. Which do you prefer?^
B: May I try this one on?^
A: Is pink OK for you?^
B: Do you have other colors?^
A: Yes, we also have it in white, red, and green.^
B: I'll try the white one, please.^
A: Here you are. Miss, this way please.

83.1 A: Look at the girl in pink!^
B: She's really pretty.^
A: Who's she?^
B: I think she's a friend of the bride.

B: Yes, I'd like to buy a birthday cake for my girlfriend.^
A: We have three sizes, small, medium, and large.
Which would you prefer?^
B: The size doesn't matter much. But I want something special.
Do you have a birthday cake... um... in the shape of a rose?^
B: That's good. I'll take it.

83.1 A: Can you describe your CD player?^
B: It's a football-shaped Sony with a silver case.^
A: Just a moment, I will check for you.
Is this yours?^
B: Oh, yes. Thanks a lot.

83.1MaterialA: Good morning, Madam. What can I do for you?^
B: I want to buy an evening dress.^
A: Some of these are made of silk, but we have other kinds as well.^
B: The dark blue taffeta feels good.^
A: Absolutely. And I think it will suit you wonderfully.

B: I'd like to see your necklaces.^
A: What do you have in mind? These are our new styles.^
B: Yes, thank you. I'd like to have a look at the second one on the right.^
A: Here you are. It's 18 karat gold with diamonds. It's beautiful!

83.2Retell a StoryWorking people frequently ask retired people what they do to make their days interesting.
You might like to hear what I did last week.
I went to the store the other day but I was only inside for about five minutes.
When I came out there was a city cop writing out a parking ticket.
I went up to him and said, "Come on, buddy, how about giving a guy a break?"
He ignored me and continued writing the ticket. I called him a Nazi.
He glared at me and started writing another ticket for having worn tires.
So, I called him a rude name.
He finished writing the second ticket and put it on the windshield with the first.
Then he started writing a third ticket.
This went on for about 20 minutes.
The more I abused him, the more tickets he wrote.
I didn't care! My car was parked around the corner.
I try to have a little fun each day. It's important at my age.
u08_2.5_n.mp3 Working people frequently ask retired people what they do to make their days interesting.^I went to the store the other day.^When I came out there was a city cop writing out a parking ticket.^The more I abused him, the more tickets he wrote.
83.3A CarpenterJohn is a carpenter. His father is a carpenter. His grandfather is a carpenter.
You might say that John was born into the trade.^
John became a carpenter because he wanted to.
He found, early in life, that he had the four characteristics of a person who can do well in that very busy trade.^
1. He likes to work with his hands.^
2. He can sense the steps needed to change a piece of wood into a finished product.^
3. He works safely with tools.^
4. He is patient and willing to take time to learn the necessary skills.^
John is 21 years old. He lives in a small town called Sugar Hill in the White Mountains of New Hampshire.
From the time he was eight he followed his father around, watching and trying to help as that skilled carpenter did his work.
John remembers sitting nearby, watching his father and a group of workers build a house from the ground up.
He knew then that one day he too would be a carpenter.^
Many people feel that they are being pressured to take up the same trade as other family members in order to make a living.
This isn't the case with John.
"My father never suggested that I follow in his footsteps. Instead, he exposed me to his work. And that was all I needed."
u08_3.3.mp3What kind of family does John come from? A family of carpenters.
83.3   Who wanted John to be a carpenter? John himself.
83.3   When did John learn about the job of a carpenter? Early in life.
83.3   What do you wish to become? Do your parents' careers influence your own choice?I wish to be a high school teacher. I think my parents' careers do have some influence on my decision. My father is an officer, and my mother is a doctor of Chinese medicine. They both have very regular working hours and their jobs are by no means adventurous. I find they love their jobs and are really happy to do jobs of that type. So, I guess a stable job would suit me as well.
83.3   How did you develop your interest in a specific career?I'm interested in becoming an English teacher because I've had many good English teachers. They were knowledgeable, humorous, caring and patient, and all of their students loved them. So I'd like to be a teacher like them.
84.1Let's RelaxUh, hello. My name is Estaban. I'm from Costa Rica, and today we're gonna talk about life outside work.
Where I come from, a lot of people after work, what they do is they go out for a drink, for a beer.
Um, it's very common for people to go out for a happy hour after maybe five or six o'clock
until maybe dinnertime, which is around eight.
Then go home and spend time with their families. And then so on.
On the weekends, people like to practice sports or go to the beach
since the beaches are about half hour away from the city, which is where most people work.
Um, in Costa Rica, we're very lucky that we are able to choose any career we want to study.
And therefore, you know, there's a lot of work possibilities.
Many people, maybe, most young people, they, uh, they follow their interest instead of,
you know, a family obligation when, when it comes to choosing a career.
So, basically, yeah, the field is very diverse and people just, um, you know, have a good time,
you know, while they work, and, outside and inside work.^
Hi. I'm Jae, and I'm from the United States. Now, we're talking about work.
One of the major differences that I have noticed between Asia and the United States is how much people work.
In the United States, the average workweek is forty hours.
Anything over forty hours gets paid overtime. Overtime is a higher pay rate than the one for forty hours.
If you get paid $10 an hour you will often get paid$15 an hour for overtime.
This is a good incentive for employers not to have their employees working so much.
In Asia, on the other hand, people tend to be at work very, very long.
Sometimes, my friends have twelve-hour workdays.
If you add this up, in the United States, that would be 20 hours of overtime.
People here also work on Saturday. In the United States, it is not very common to work on Saturday.
I would say that people here spend a lot more time at work and a lot less time outside.^
Hello. My name's Joel, and I'm from Canada.
Now, today, uh, I'm talking about the idea of life outside work.
Now, I think there is definitely a difference between how people view their free time, outside of work, in Canada than in Asia.
Hmm, I think it's definitely true that in some countries like Japan, for example,
people probably work a lot longer days than they do in Canada.
I think a lot of Canadians feel it's really important to have free time
to be able to spend with your kids and to be able to enjoy nature.
Personally, I think it's insane to simply make enough money to pay for the car that gets you to work.
And you never have time to do anything else except pay your bills and work, work, work.
Life's too short to not enjoy oneself.
So, I think the most important thing, for me anyway, would be to also choose a job that you enjoy.
So it doesn't feel like work.^
Hi, there. This is Kim, and I was born in Korea and raised in the United States.
Now, from my understandings about work, well, Asian people are usually very serious.
You know, work comes first, you know. Everything is about your job.
You have to spend more time at work than you do at home, you know.
Usually people work from, anywhere between 12 to sss, you know, 16 hours a day.
Now, I think, uh, in the West, people are a lot more relaxed about it, especially in Europe.
Um, I think you could find a good balance between the two.
Um-hmm, you know, uh, uh, if you rest well of course you're gonna work better the next day
so I think ultimately everybody should get plenty of rest, right?
Before they, so they could really work.
Um, but I think that they're other things that, that are important in life other than work, you know.
Um, spending time with your family, you know, um, learning new things.
But, I think it's up to each individual to find that balance.
Estaban.jpg^Jae.jpg^Joel.jpg^Kim.jpg
84.2   Estaban: In Costa Rica young people don't have to worry about work opportunities.
Jae: The average workweek in the United States is forty hours.
Joel: The most important thing in choosing a job is how much you get paid.
Kim: Spending time with your family is more important than work.
T
T
F
T
Estaban1.jpg^Jae1.jpg^Joel1.jpg^Kim1.jpg
84.3
85.1Higher Education in the U.S.W: Mike, would you tell us something about higher education in the U.S., please?^
M: OK. Most American university students study for four years or more to get a college degree.
During this time, they are called undergraduate students.
When a student completes his course, he earns a bachelor's degree that will help him find a job.
Many students postpone finding jobs. They stay at university and work for a higher degree.
Other students take a job for a few years, then they quit working, and they resume studying at the university.
These students work to earn higher degrees -- a master's degree or a doctorate. They are called graduate students. ^
Graduate students specialize in a particular field of study.
They study to become experts in their field and to learn about new advances while they earn an M.A. or Ph.D.
They hope that when they get their graduate degrees they will succeed in finding interesting jobs with good salaries.^
The life of a graduate student is often difficult. They are usually too busy studying.
Often they have to pay high tuition fees.
Some give up studying before they get their degrees.
But most keep on working at their studies until they graduate.
In today's world, most graduate students don't regret spending time on their studies.
They are finding that things are changing very fast.
New developments are occurring in all fields.
For many, graduate study has become a necessity.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. How many years do most American university students study for a bachelor's degree?^
2. What are students who study at the university to earn higher degrees called?^
3. What kind of jobs do graduate students hope to find?^
4. What is the life of a graduate student like?^
5. In today's world, what do most graduate student think about spending time on their studies?
u08_5.1_n.mp3 Q1: How many years do most American university students study for a bachelor's degree?
Ans: C
Q2: What are students who study at the university to earn higher degrees called?
Ans: D
Q3: What kind of jobs do graduate students hope to find?
Ans: D
Q4: What is the life of a graduate student like?
Ans: D
Q5: In today's world, what do most graduate student think about spending time on their studies?
Ans: B

85.2Misdirected NotesFor a long time Dr. Jackson had wanted to get a permanent job in a certain big modern hospital, and at last he was successful.
He was appointed to the position that he wanted, and he and his wife moved into a new house.
The day after they moved in, however, some beautiful flowers were delivered with a note which said, "In deepest sympathy."
Naturally, Dr. Jackson was annoyed to receive such a note, and he telephoned the shop which had sent the flowers to find out what the note meant.
When the owner of the shop heard what had happened, he apologized to Dr. Jackson for having made the mistake.
"But what really worries me," he added, "is that the flowers that should have gone to you were sent to a funeral with a card that said, 'Congratulations on your new position.'"^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What did Dr. Jackson succeed in doing?^
2. Why was he annoyed when he received the flowers?^
3. What did Dr. Jackson do after receiving the flowers?^
5. Where were Dr. Jackson's flowers sent to?
u08_5.2_n.mp3 Q1: What did Dr. Jackson succeed in doing?
Ans: A
Q2: Why was he annoyed when he received the flowers?
Ans: C
Q3: What did Dr. Jackson do after receiving the flowers?
Ans: B
Ans: B
Q5: Where were Dr. Jackson's flowers sent to?
Ans: C

85.3Economics ReportMany companies provide earnings guidance.
They tell their shareholders how much they expect to earn in the future.
Often companies report expected earnings for each three-month period.^
Earnings are usually measured in terms of earnings-per-share.
That is, the amount of earnings divided by the number of shares in a company.
Companies usually have millions, even thousands of millions, of shares.
So even earnings-per-share of one cent can add up to a lot of money.^
But not everyone supports the idea of earnings guidance.
First of all, some say the pressure to report earnings growth can lead to dishonest reporting.
One example they point to is the case of the failed energy-trading company Enron.^
Its two former leaders, Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling, are currently on trial in Houston, Texas.
They are charged with letting company officers make false business deals to give the appearance of earnings growth.
They deny any wrongdoing.^
Companies are under pressure to report growth.
It can increase the price of their shares.
Stock prices largely show how much investors are willing to pay for growth over time.
But another reason many experts dismiss quarterly earnings guidance is that companies are often wrong.^
In fact, most official statements from companies include a warning that it might be a "forward-looking statement".
In other words, a statement about the future.
It means the company should not be held responsible if the statement is wrong because something unexpected happens.^
At the end of 2002, the Coca-Cola Company announced a decision to stop giving quarterly or even yearly earnings guidance.
The investor Warren Buffet is believed to have influenced that decision.
Since then, a number of large companies have moved away at least from quarterly guidance.
They include AT&T, McDonald's, Ford and Motorola.^
Some experts see no reason to stop.
They say the pressure for growth will remain because stock market analysts will continue to estimate earnings for large companies.
They say investors would have less information about smaller ones.^
Critics say earnings guidance supports short-term business thinking.
But others say ending it could give the appearance that a company is trying to hide bad news.
u08_5.3.mp3  1) how much they expect to earn
2) dishonest reporting
3) are charged with
4) under pressure
5) include a warning
6) should not be held responsible
7) have influenced that decision
8) no reason to stop
9) estimate earnings

85.4 A twister of twists once twisted a twist;^
A twist that he twisted was a three-twisted twist;^
If in twisting a twist one twist should untwist,^
The untwisted twist would untwist the twist.
u08_5.4_n.mp3
85.5 To know the pains of power, we must go to those who have it;
to know its pleasure, we must go to those who are seeking it:
The pains of power is real, its pleasures imaginary.^
-- Charles Caleb Colton^^
The important thing in life is to have a great aim, and the determination to attain it.^
-- Johan Wolfgang von Goethe
u08_5.5.mp3
91.1Only Losers QuitGreetings, folks and welcome to our program, "Only Losers Quit".
In the early to mid 1970s, a man had a dream to make the greatest boxing movie ever made.
Everyone told him he couldn't do it -- but they were all wrong.
His movie was made, came out, and remains one of the greatest movies of all time.
Maybe you've guessed who we're talking about.
Or maybe you haven't heard of him.
Well, we have something special for you.
Right here on this program, you'll hear from this famous film-maker himself.
In the interview, we'll ask him about how he realized his dreams, why he didn't give up, and the thrill of becoming successful.
And he'll tell you about the determination you need in order to succeed.
u09_1.mp31. The film-maker had a dream to make the best movie about ____________________ .
2. People told him that he ____________________ .
3. In order to become great, you must have ____________________ .
boxing^couldn't do it^determination
91.2Only Losers QuitGreetings, folks and welcome to our program, "Only Losers Quit".
In the early to mid 1970s, a man had a dream to make the greatest boxing movie ever made.
Everyone told him he couldn't do it -- but they were all wrong.
His movie was made, came out, and remains one of the greatest movies of all time.
Maybe you've guessed who we're talking about.
Or maybe you haven't heard of him.
Well, we have something special for you.
Right here on this program, you'll hear from this famous film-maker himself.
In the interview, we'll ask him about how he realized his dreams, why he didn't give up, and the thrill of becoming successful.
And he'll tell you about the determination you need in order to succeed.
u09_1.mp3Do you think perseverance is vital to one's success? Give your examples.
Have you ever lost your confidence and given up? Describe it.

92.1Quitting Is for LosersM: Come on! Keep it up! You need to keep going until you've finished! Quitting is for losers!^
W: Yeah, you're right. I'll try not to quit. But keeping going is really hard.^
Q: What does the woman consider difficult?
u09_2.1_1n.mp3 A) Quitting.B) Losing.C) Keeping going.D) Getting right.C
92.1 M: My mother always told me never to give up -- quitting is for losers and winners never give up.^
W: My teacher always told me the same thing. And I've always tried to follow his advice.^
Q: What has the woman tried to do?
u09_2.1_2n.mp3 A) To advise people to keep going: Never quit.B) To tell people the same thing: Winners never give up.C) To take her mother's advice: Only losers quit.D) To follow her teacher's advice: Never give up.D
92.1 M: If I keep going, and don't quit, can you guarantee that I'll become successful in the end?^
W: Of course not! But if you give up now, you won't have the chance to become successful.^
Q: What does the woman refuse to guarantee?
u09_2.1_3n.mp3 A) Keeping going will bring success.B) The man has a chance.C) The man will have a chance.D) Being successful is worth the chance.A
92.1 W: It has been six months since the official promised to end corruption in the city.^
M: He hasn't been successful so far, but I hope he keeps trying. It's very serious.^
Q: What does the man hope the official will do?
u09_2.1_4n.mp3 A) Keep on trying to end corruption.B) Promise to find success in all fields.C) Make more serious promises.D) Try to keep his word.A
92.1 M: I give up! I hate to admit this, but getting a job at a newspaper is just impossible.^
W: No, it isn't! You've wanted this your whole life.
You can be a journalist if you just keep trying!^
Q: What has the man always wanted to do?
u09_2.1_5n.mp3 A) To keep on writing journals.B) To get a newspaper.C) To do something impossible.D) To work for a newspaper.D
92.1 W: When my uncle lost his leg, he was depressed, stayed at home and refused to go outside.^
M: I've heard stories like that before.
Some people give up on life when they become disabled, but they should try not to use it as an excuse.^
Q: What isn't an excuse for giving up according to the man?
u09_2.1_6n.mp3 A) Losing a leg.B) Becoming disabled.C) Getting depressed.D) Refusing to do anything.B
92.1 M: You are one of those abnormal people who refuse to give up when life gets difficult.^
W: Thank you. But I think that most people are like me in not quitting. So I'm not really abnormal.^
Q: What is common in people according to the woman?
u09_2.1_7n.mp3 A) A reluctance to give up.B) A desire to quit.C) A desire to meet difficulty.D) A wish to be successful.A
92.1 W: I've never seen anyone as ambitious as your brother.
He has big dreams and works so hard to accomplish them.^
M: He's a special person. He's been like that ever since he was in kindergarten.^
Q: How long has his brother been ambitious?
u09_2.1_8n.mp3 A) Since he had a big dream.B) Since he attended kindergarten.C) Since he accomplished his dreams.D) Since he started working hard.B
92.1 M: Immigrants coming into the city spend about \$500 a month.
W: Twenty percent of the 150 richest people in the city are immigrants.
They become rich by not resting until they reach their goals.^
Q: How many of the richest people in the city are immigrants?
u09_2.1_9n.mp3 A) 500.B) 150.C) 30.D) 20.C
92.1 W: When you set your goals for life, you swore you wouldn't quit until you had reached them.^
M: What are you, my mother? Leave me alone, or I'll tell Dad you didn't go to school today.^
Q: What is the relationship between the two speakers?
u09_2.1_10n.mp3 A) Mother and son.B) Father and daughter.C) Brother and sister.D) Teacher and student.C
92.2Don't QuitW: You look sad. What's up?^
M: I failed another English exam. I'm never going to learn this language well!^
W: Oh, come on. Don't say that.
In the past, my English was very poor. But now it's pretty good.^
M: I wish that would happen to me. How did you do it?^
W: I read more, spoke more, listened more and wrote more.
I took every chance to practice, such as going to English Corner, talking to foreigners, reading English aloud in the morning and even speaking to myself, from time to time.^
M: I've done the same. But it's useless.
My English hasn't improved. I don't think it ever will.^
W: You should have confidence in yourself.
You can learn English OK so long as you persist. Believe me.^
M: Perhaps, you're right. Anyway, thanks a lot for the advice.^
W: You're welcome. Good luck.
u09_2.2_n.mp31. Why does the man look sad?A) Because he hasn't learned any English.B) Because he has failed an English test.C) Because he doesn't know how to study English.D) Because he doesn't want to study English.B
92.2   2. What does the woman think about her English now?A) She believes she needs more practice.B) She thinks it's useless for her to try.C) She feels it's very poor.D) She thinks it's pretty good.D
92.2   3. What is one of the ways in which the woman improved her English?A) Reading aloud in the morning.B) Going to a foreign country.C) Refusing to lose confidence.D) Starting an English Corner.A
92.2   4. What does the woman suggest to the man?A) He should improve his English.B) He should talk with foreigners.C) He should not lose hope.D) He should not continue studying English.C
92.2   5. What does the man think about the woman's advice?A) He thinks it will help build up his confidence.B) He feels it will help him right away.C) He believes it may be correct.D) He considers it to be of no help.C
92.3I Had to Try HarderMy daughter, Ellen, is ten years old. She was born with a hearing problem.
She has been diagnosed as half-deaf as she has poor hearing and a slow response-time to sounds.
She came home one spring day to tell me she had competed in a sports meet, where they had lots of races and other competitive events.
Because of her listening disability, I tried to think of words to encourage her.
I didn't want to let her down. I have heard many famous coaches do so when the athletes are faced with defeat.
But before I could speak, she looked up and said, "Daddy, I won two of the races." I couldn't believe it.
Ah, I knew it. She must have been given a head start -- some kind of physical advantage.
But before I could say anything, she said, "Daddy, I didn't get a head start... My advantage was I had to try harder."
u09_2.3_n.mp31. What is Ellen's problem?A) She can't believe she can win.B) She can't hear very well.C) She can't respond to sounds.D) She can't hear at all.B
92.3   2. What did Ellen tell her father when she came home one spring day?A) She was encouraged by her friends.B) She would let her father down.C) She had a good coach.D) She took part in the sports meet.D
92.3   3. Why did her father try to encourage Ellen?A) Because many other athletes failed in the race.B) Because the coaches were unlikely to encourage her.C) Because he thought Ellen was unlikely to win.D) Because Ellen couldn't run very fast.C
92.3   4. How did Ellen perform?A) She won almost all the races.B) She was faced with defeat.C) She won two races.D) She won three races.C
92.3   5. Why was Ellen able to perform so well?A) She was given a head start.B) She tried harder to run fast.C) Her physical advantage helped her.D) Her father's encouragement helped her.B
92.4Forrest GumpForrest: What's the matter, mama?^
Mrs. Gump: I'm dyin', Forrest.
Come on in, sit down over here.^
Forrest: Why are you dyin', mama?^
Mrs. Gump: It's my time. It's just my time.
Oh, now, don't you be afraid, sweetheart.
Death is just a part of life, somethin' we're all destined to do.
I didn't know it, but I was destined to be your mama. I did the best I could.^
Forrest: You did good, mama.^
Mrs. Gump: Well, I happen to believe you make your own destiny.
You have to do the best with what God gave you.^
Forrest: What's my destiny, mama?^
Mrs. Gump: You're gonna have to figure that out for yourself.
Life is a box of chocolates, Forrest. You never know what you're gonna get.^
Forrest: Mama always had a way of explaining things so I could understand them.^
Mrs. Gump: I will miss you, Forrest.^
Forrest: She had got the cancer and died on a Tuesday.
I bought her a new hat with little flowers on it.
u09_2.4.mp3Forrest: What's the matter, mama?
Mrs. Gump: I'm dyin', Forrest. Come on in , sit down over here.
Forrest: Why are you dyin', mama?
Mrs. Gump: It's my time. It's just my time. Oh, now, don't you be afraid, sweetheart . Death is just a part of life , somethin' we're all destined to do. I didn't know it, but I was destined to be your mama. I did the best I could.
Forrest: You did good, mama.
Mrs. Gump: Well, I happen to believe you make your own destiny . You have to do the best with what God gave you .
Forrest: What's my destiny, mama?
Mrs. Gump: You're gonna have to figure that out for yourself. Life is a box of chocolates , Forrest. You never know what you're gonna get.
Forrest: Mama always had a way of explaining things so I could understand them.
Mrs. Gump: I will miss you, Forrest.
Forrest: She had got the cancer and died on a Tuesday. I bought her a new hat with little flowers on it .
Come on in^sweetheart^a part of life^your own destiny^God gave you^figure that out^a box of chocolates^explaining^had got the cancer^with little flowers on it
92.5PaddyThere was a small boy who had been given a little dog for his very own.
He named it Paddy, and loved it very much.
The little boy went on holiday with some relatives in the country, but he was very sad that he could not take his pet with him.^
While he was away, Paddy's young life was cut short by an unfortunate accident with a car.
The boy's mother was afraid that he would take the news very hard on his return so she broke it to him very gently.
She was rather surprised that the little boy did not seem very sad.
Later, however, she heard him weeping loudly in his bed.
"But," said the mother, "I told him about it this morning, and he did not seem to mind!"^
The brother explained, "Yes, but he thought you said Petty, the pet cat of our neighbor."
u09_2.5_n.mp31. There was a small boy who had been given a little dog ____________________ .
2. While he was away, Paddy's young life was ____________________ by an unfortunate accident with a car.
3. The boy's mother was afraid that he would take the news very hard ____________________ so she broke it to him very gently.
4. Later, however, she heard him ____________________ .
5. "But," said the mother, "I told him about it this morning, and he ____________________ !"
for his very own^cut short^on his return^weeping loudly in his bed^did not seem to mind
92.6Strong EnoughGod, I feel like hell tonight^
Tears of rage I cannot fight^
Are you strong enough to be my man?^
My man?^^
Nothing's true and nothing's right^
So let me be alone tonight^
Cause you can't change the way I am^
Are you strong enough to be my man?^^
Lie to me^
I promise I'll believe^
Lie to me^
Don't leave.^^
I have a face I cannot show^
I make the rules up as I go^
Just try and love me if you can^
Are you strong enough to be my man?^
My man?^^
Are you strong enough to be my man?^
Are you strong enough to be my man?^
Are you strong enough, my man?^^
When I've shown you that I just don't care^
Or when I'm throwing punches in the air^
When I'm broken down and I can't stand^
Would you be man enough to be my man?^^
Lie to me^
I promise I'll believe^
Lie to me^
u09_2.6.mp3
93.1SimilaritiesA: Have you finished reading this story?^
B: Yes, I've read it through.^
A: What do you think of it?^
B: It isn't very interesting.
The plot is very similar to that of a book I read last year.

93.1 A: What do you think of these two dictionaries, Peter?^
B: They seem to be very much the same. Either will be fine with me. And you?^
A: Personally, I'm also OK with either one, although the red one uses more difficult vocabulary.

93.1 A: Have you ever been to Liverpool?^
B: Yes, I went there last week.^
A: What do you think of it?^
B: Well, it's very similar to Shanghai.^
A: Really? In what way is it like Shanghai?^
B: Their buildings are alike and both have a wharf.

93.1DifferencesA: Have you ever been to London or Cambridge?^
B: Yes, I visited both cities just three weeks ago.^
A: What is the difference between them?^
B: Well, London is bigger and busier. Cambridge is very peaceful.^
A: Which did you like better?^
B: I enjoyed them both.

93.1 A: What do you think of your new job?^
B: Well, it's entirely different from my last job.^
A: So... do you like it?^
B: Yes, I do. It's very challenging.

93.1 A: What do you think about Sichuan food?^
B: To tell the truth, I like Shanghai food better.^
A: What's the biggest difference between them?^
B: Sichuan food is very hot and spicy while Shanghai food is sweet.

93.1EstimationsA: Is the room ready for our guest speaker?^
B: I don't know. We estimate we'll need 50 more chairs.^
A: But we already have over 100 seats set up.^
B: I expect a big crowd. 3,000 people watch her on TV every week.^
A: I guess I'd better go find some more chairs then!

93.1 A: Have you heard about yesterday's disaster in Mexico?^
B: Yes, the government estimated the death toll at 4,000.^
A: How about the economic losses?^
B: The economic losses are estimated to be as high as 20 billion dollars.

93.1 A: This car must be cheap. It looks so old.^
B: The dealer estimated the cost at 50,000 yuan.^
A: What kind of gas mileage does it get?^
B: The mileage is pretty good. I estimate that you'll save 500 yuan a month.^
A: I'll have to think about it.

93.2Retell a StoryThere was a small boy who had been given a little dog for his very own.
He named it Paddy, and loved it very much.
The little boy went on holiday with some relatives in the country, but he was very sad that he could not take his pet with him.^
While he was away, Paddy's young life was cut short by an unfortunate accident with a car.
The boy's mother was afraid that he would take the news very hard on his return so she broke it to him very gently.
She was rather surprised that the little boy did not seem very sad.
Later, however, she heard him weeping loudly in his bed.
"But," said the mother, "I told him about it this morning, and he did not seem to mind!"^
The brother explained, "Yes, but he thought you said Petty, the pet cat of our neighbor."
u09_2.5_n.mp3 There was a small boy who had been given a little dog for his very own.^While he was away, Paddy's young life was cut short by an unfortunate accident with a car.^She was rather surprised that the little boy did not seem very sad.^"Yes, but he thought you said Petty, the pet cat of our neighbor."
93.3Self-relianceAmericans believe that individuals must learn to rely on themselves or risk losing their freedom.
This means they achieve both financial and emotional independence from their parents as early as possible, usually by the age of 18.
It means that Americans believe they should take care of themselves, solve their own problems and stand on their own two feet.
The strong belief in self-reliance continues today as a basic American value.
This is perhaps one of the most difficult aspects of the American personality to understand, but it is important.
Americans believe that they must be self-reliant in order to keep their freedom.
If they rely too much on their families or the government or any organizations they may not be free to do what they want.
By being dependent, they will not only risk losing freedom, but also risk losing the respect of others.
Even if they are not really self-reliant, most Americans believe they must appear to be so.
Although receiving financial support from family or government is allowed, it is never admired.
Many people regard it as setting a bad example.
u09_3.3.mp3According to this passage, what is one of the most important aspects of the American character?Self-reliance.
93.3   By what age do Americans usually become independent from their parents?Usually by the age of 18.
93.3   Why do Americans dislike relying too much on their families or the government?Because they may not be free to do what they want.
93.3   Do you plan to become financially independent during your four years of study?Yes, I do. Actually, I have already thought about this for a long time. I'm doing a tutoring job on weekends. I'll save the money I earn to pay my tuition. I also work in the school library every Wednesday afternoon. I use the money I earn from this part-time job to pay for my daily expenses.
93.3   Is receiving financial support from family or government admired in China? Why or why not?No, I don't think it's admired in China. In the past, students usually got financial support from their families. Nowadays, more and more students work part-time jobs to be financially independent. Some would like to seek the help of the government by applying for government-subsidized student loans. They plan to pay the loans back after graduation.
94.1Never Give UpHi. My name's Andrew, and I'm from the United States.
Today, we are going to be talking about perseverance, which is one of the biggest American values there is.
Perseverance is very important in American culture.
Uh, we have a lot of sayings about it. For example, if you fall off a horse, just get right back on again.
And, if at first you don't succeed, try, and try again.
What these things basically mean is, if you don't do something right the first time, if you fail the first time,
it's okay, don't worry about it.
Brush off your shoulders and just try again.
Now, in American we think it's important to keep trying.
But, if you fail, that's okay, as long as you keep trying again.
What we think is the worst thing -- worse than failing -- is just giving up.
So, if you keep trying and in the end it doesn't work out the way you wanted it, we think that's okay,
as long as you keep trying, or try to find a new way that's the best way that you can do it.^
Hi. My name is Betsy. I'm from Hong Kong.
Um, today we're talking about the meaning of, uh, perseverance.
Um, I have a perfect example for this word because, um, I'm sure you all know the movie star Jackie Chan from Hong Kong.
Um, back when, uh, in the earlier days when he was, uh, just a background fighter in, in the movies,
um, he kept trying and kept fighting.
And then eventually, when he did become a star, um, he was still doing his own stunt, even today.
So, that really shows, uh, his perseverance, um, in his work.
Um, especially when he's injured, um, he keeps going and he continues to do his own stunt.
And it's really, uh, earns a lot of respect in the industry, and that's why he becomes a big star internationally.
So, there you go. Jackie Chan -- perseverance.^
Hi. I'm Noon, and I'm from Thailand and Switzerland.
When we speak of this word perseverance, it's very interesting in both these countries.
Because in Thailand, during the war, um, Thailand was never colonized.
Um, there was strong perseverance against colonialism.
And in that, I'm very proud to be Thai.
And in Switzerland, um, even during the war, Switzerland press, persevered to remain neutral.
And in that, it's, uh, never giving up your identity -- um, never choosing one side or the other.
Even it this brink of the world falling apart.
So, these two countries really persevered, and I think that says a lot for our culture.
Um, no matter how fast or how slow it is, uh, this is actually a very strong foundation of both these countries and cultures.^
Hi. My name is Ted, and I'm from the United States of America.
Today, we're going to talk about something that's very important -- perseverance.
Now, this means you don't give up, even if things are tough.
There is an old saying. It's a bit harsh, but I think it's true.
"Quitters never win, and winners never quit." This means you don't give up, no matter what.
For me, I've seen this in my life. In running, I like to run or jog every morning.
Now, sometimes I'm a little bit tired. I don't want to do it, but I keep on going.
I get out there and run, and I don't stop once I've started.
So, sometimes the race doesn't always go to the person who's the fastest.
It goes to the person who keeps on running, who doesn't give up.
Also, I think learning a language, you have to have perseverance. I'm learning Chinese.
I've been learning for about two years now, three years.
But, I'm not as good as I should be. I'm not going to give up.
Remember, don't give up. You'll be successful if you don't give up.^
Hello. I'm Toby, and today we're going to talk about cultural interpretations of perseverance.
I am English, and it's quite common to hear people talk about English people and say that they have a "stiff upper lip,"
which refers to the fact that they try and stop it from trembling in the face of adversity.
Um, this is a phrase, we, that became particularly well used after the second world war in relation to the blitz in London,
which was the German war, bombing campaign over the capital city.
It was quite common to walk the streets of London at that time and see people walking around looking very happy.
And this was seen as a way that the British people could fight mentally against the German war effort.
And maintaining a stiff upper lip, and, by doing so, not bow down to Germany.
Andrew.jpg^Betsy.jpg^Noon.jpg^Ted.jpg^Toby.jpg
94.2   Andrew: As long as you keep trying, it will be OK whether you succeed or not in the end.
Betsy: Betsy explains perseverance by giving an example.
Noon: Thailand remained neutral during the war.
Ted: Ted has been studying Chinese for four years.
Toby: People in Britain try to look happy even when they are facing hard times.
T
T
F
F
T
Andrew1.jpg^Betsy1.jpg^Noon1.jpg^Ted1.jpg^Toby1.jpg
94.3
95.1Help! A Baby Is on the WayW: Hello. This is the emergency 911 operator.^
W: Yes, sir. Please calm down and explain exactly what is happening.^
M: Calm down? My car is stalled on the freeway.
I have a female passenger, and she's going into labor.^
W: Now relax sir. Can you tell me where exactly you are?^
M: I'm... I'm in the southbound lane of the Lincoln Expressway, about 15 miles from the Washington Tunnel, and this lady isn't going to wait.^
W: OK. What's your name sir. I also need your passenger's name?^
M: It's... it's Bob, and I have no idea about the woman. She's in no condition to tell me.^
W: OK, now what's the nearest landmark?^
M: Um, I see the Golden Arches... McDonald's.^
W: OK, is there anyone else with you?^
M: No, and I've already tried to get someone else to stop. (The sound of car horns and screeching brakes.)^
W: Hey, what was that?^
M: The traffic's terrible and I'm blocking the lane. It's all piling up behind me but no one will help.
How soon can someone get here?^
W: I've just dispatched an ambulance to your location. They should be there any second.^
M: Oh, good! Hey, is there anything I can do while we wait for the ambulance?^
W: Yes, uh, keep her calm and warm.^
M: OK. Please hurry. Oh! The ambulance is too late. It's a boy!^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. What is the man?^
2. What is the problem with the woman?^
3. Where is the man now?^
4. What did the operator tell the man to do?^
5. What happened in the end?
u09_5.1_n.mp3 Q1: What is the man?
Ans: A
Q2: What is the problem with the woman?
Ans: C
Q3: Where is the man now?
Ans: D
Q4: What did the operator tell the man to do?
Ans: B
Q5: What happened in the end?
Ans: B

95.2When Kids Are OutAs a mother of three children, not yet teenagers, I often found myself complaining.^
I complained to anyone who would listen that I needed some peace and quiet.^
I longed for it. I would think about what I would do if I had some hours to myself to do whatever I wanted.^
However, with three children there was never any peace and quiet.^
I always found myself taking someone somewhere, picking someone up, or baking for someone.^
But throughout everything, I really wished for some peace and quiet.^
Eventually, my time came. Last month, for the first time, my kids went away together on vacation for a whole week.^
I finally had my peace and quiet.^
I could do whatever I wanted, whenever I wanted.^
I slept late. I didn't make breakfast and it was certainly quiet.^
But to my surprise, I found that there is a thing as too much quiet.^
The first few days were wonderful.^
But later I felt lonely and missed my kids very much.^
I looked forward to them coming back.^
When they did return, I was only too pleased to drive them, pick them up and bake for them.^
After all, one day they'll go for more than just a week's vacation.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What did the mother complain about?^
2. What did the mother long for?^
3. What happened last month?^
4. What did the mother feel in the first few days?^
5. What did the mother hope later on?
u09_5.2_n.mp3 Q1: What did the mother complain about?
Ans: C
Q2: What did the mother long for?
Ans: A
Q3: What happened last month?
Ans: B
Q4: What did the mother feel in the first few days?
Ans: C
Q5: What did the mother hope later on?
Ans: A

95.3Health ReportThe World Health Organization has established an international committee of cancer experts.
The experts will develop a plan to fight what the WHO calls "the global epidemic of cancer".
They held their first meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, earlier this month.^
The advisory committee is expected to develop the WHO Global Cancer Control Strategy by early next year.
The goal is to reduce cancer rates and improve quality of life for cancer patients and their families.^
The WHO is the United Nations' health agency.
Delegates at the World Health Assembly meeting last month approved a resolution on cancer prevention and control.
They agreed on the need to do more to fight increases in cancer deaths. The committee is a first step.^
The World Health Organization says more than 20 million people are living with cancer.
The disease is a leading cause of death. Cancer kills almost seven million people a year.
By comparison, AIDS-related conditions kill three million people a year.^
The WHO expects the number of cancer deaths to increase 50 percent within 15 years.
The agency says cancer rates are on the rise in both developing and developed countries.
It says the increase is linked to such things as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and a lack of exercise.^
Infections and cancer-producing chemicals are also responsible.
Medical experts say at least one-third of all cancers can be prevented.^
In some developing countries, people are living longer because of better treatments for infectious diseases.
But cancer risk increases with age.
As a result, aging populations play a part in the increase in cancer rates.^
Worldwide, the most common cancers in men are in the lungs and stomach.
In women, the most common are breast and cervical cancer.
The WHO notes that some of the most common forms of cancer are curable with operations, drugs or radiation treatment.^
Many countries have national cancer policies and programs.
However, health officials say more action is needed.^
The World Health Assembly resolution calls on all member states to develop national cancer programs.
These would include prevention measures, early cancer testing, and improved treatment and care for those living with cancer.
u09_5.3.mp3  1) develop a plan
2) reduce cancer rates
3) cancer prevention and control
4) a leading cause of death
5) on the rise
6) cancer-producing chemicals
7) aging populations
8) most common forms
9) more action is needed
10) early cancer testing

95.4 Mr. Mathew might merrily marry^
Mary on Monday morning.
u09_5.4_n.mp3
95.5 The secret of success is constancy to purpose.^
-- Benjamin Disraeli^^
Don't part with your illusions. When they are gone,^
you may still exist, but you have ceased to live.^
-- Mark Twain
u09_5.5.mp3
101.1The Tragedy of WarLook at how World War II changed the world.
Sixty million people died; bombing destroyed cities; the United States and the Soviet Union became superpowers;
new technologies were developed; and nations discovered the need to work together to avoid further wars.
The United Nations was formed and most governments have tried to solve problems through discussion, rather than by violence.^
These are only a few of the effects that have come about because of World War II.
In this special program, "The Tragedy of War", we will discuss the war, its causes and its effects, as well as the terrible events that occurred.^
As we commemorate the 60th anniversary of this conflict, we should remember the terrible effects of war.
Hopefully, we will never allow another world war to occur.
u10_1.mp3One effect of World War II was that the United States became less powerful.^The United Nations was formed in an effort to use violence to stop wars.^By remembering the terrible effects of World War II, we can help to prevent another world war.    F^F^T
101.2The Tragedy of WarLook at how World War II changed the world.
Sixty million people died; bombing destroyed cities; the United States and the Soviet Union became superpowers;
new technologies were developed; and nations discovered the need to work together to avoid further wars.
The United Nations was formed and most governments have tried to solve problems through discussion, rather than by violence.^
These are only a few of the effects that have come about because of World War II.
In this special program, "The Tragedy of War", we will discuss the war, its causes and its effects, as well as the terrible events that occurred.^
As we commemorate the 60th anniversary of this conflict, we should remember the terrible effects of war.
Hopefully, we will never allow another world war to occur.
u10_1.mp3How do you know about war, from war movies or from your own experiences?
War is a horrible thing, and very few positive things come from it. But could you think about some exceptions where war can actually cause positive influences on society?

102.1 W: I've heard you are going to teach students about World War II in class next week.^
M: That's right -- I am. Above everything, I'm going to tell them never to forget the tragic effects of war.
War is such a terrible and sad thing.^
Q: What is the man going to tell his students to remember most of all?
u10_2.1_1n.mp3 A) The sad things that happen in the world.B) The disasters that led up to World War II.C) The terrible events of World War II.D) The awful nature of wars, including World War II.D
102.1 M: World War II brought so much good to the world -- freedom, technology, and more.^
W: But at what cost? The two atomic bombs alone killed more than 200,000 people.
Altogether, the war killed about 35 million people who weren't soldiers.^
Q: Who were the 35 million people killed?
u10_2.1_2n.mp3 A) Soldiers during World War II.B) Civilians during World War II.C) Victims of the atomic bombs.D) Victims of all bombings.B
102.1 M: The heroes of World War II fought through the greatest nightmare the world has ever seen.^
W: That's true. And even though those great heroes are growing old, we shouldn't forget them.^
Q: What shouldn't we forget?
u10_2.1_3n.mp3 A) The nightmares that occur during wars.B) The brave fighters of World War II.C) The old people in danger during wars.D) The terrible deeds of World War II.B
102.1 W: Did you see the war film on television last night? It was so exciting I couldn't sleep afterwards.^
M: I saw it. It was on World War II, and it reminded me of how important the war was in bringing peace to the world.^
Q: What was the man reminded of?
u10_2.1_4n.mp3 A) Avoiding wars is important.B) Wars can be very exciting.C) A film will be on television.D) World War II brought peace.D
102.1 W: I've learned about World War II in my classes.
How could Germany and Japan have been so terrible?^
M: Many people think the peoples of those countries were deceived by their leaders.
I don't think it will happen again though.^
Q: According to the man, why did Germany and Japan do terrible things?
u10_2.1_5n.mp3 A) Because they didn't learn the lessons of World War II.B) Because they thought they could cheat the world.C) Because they were deceived by their leaders.D) Because they were very terrible people.C
102.1 M: Could you clarify your statement? What did you mean when you said history could repeat itself?^
W: I meant that if we did not learn from the lesson of World War II, we might repeat the mistakes that led to it.^
Q: What does the woman think of World War II?
u10_2.1_6n.mp3 A) The causes were not very clear.B) Its lessons should be repeated.C) People should learn lessons from it.D) The mistakes made in it have been repeated.C
102.1 W: By the time they returned from war, millions of boys had been transformed into men.^
M: I guess seeing death and destruction had a terrible impact on them and made them grow up.
Hopefully, they learned how to avoid war.^
Q: What caused millions of boys to grow up?
u10_2.1_7n.mp3 A) Seeing people die.B) Destroying things.C) Returning from war.D) Being frightened by the war.A
102.1 M: Part of the public has a positive perception of war. Some even think it is a game of some sort.^
W: That's because they have never seen war for themselves.
Having lived through World War II, I know that war is a terrible thing.^
Q: How does the woman know about war?
u10_2.1_8n.mp3 A) She played a war game of some sort.B) She lived through World War II.C) She spoke with a person who had seen a war.D) She did terrible things during a war.B
102.1 W: Why did World War II have such far-reaching effects?^
M: Well, many people think it was the first truly global war because nearly all the major powers of the world were involved.
Fifty-six countries had soldiers fighting and about 35 million people were killed.^
Q: How many nations took part in World War II?
u10_2.1_9n.mp3 A) 100.B) All countries of the world.C) 56.D) 35.C
102.1 M: Have you been paying attention? Can you tell me what I just said about World War II?^
W: Yes, sir. I have been listening carefully.
You said, "Soldiers protested other wars after returning from World War II."^
Q: Where is the conversation taking place?
u10_2.1_10n.mp3 A) In a classroom.B) On a battlefield.C) At a war protest.D) At home.A
102.2My First Day of NursingM: Good evening! For today's program, we have invited a lady who worked as a nurse during World War II.^
W: Good evening! At the outbreak of World War II, the government called on all its citizens 18 years old and over to help out.
I started training as a nurse in November, 1940.
It was two months of being taught basic skills in the School of Nursing.^
M: What happened to you during the blitz?
You know, when Nazi Germany bombed Britain?^
W: Manchester was bombed on the 22nd and 23rd of December, 1940.
On December 24, I received a telegram requesting my immediate return from leave for nursing duties.
Many volunteers in the Manchester Social Services had taken a week's leave for the Christmas holidays, so the Manchester City Rest Centres were short of staff.
Christmas Day was therefore my first day of nursing.
We worked almost without sleep for days until the crisis eased.
u10_2.2_n.mp31. What sort of work did the woman do during World War II?A) Government work.B) Fighting in the war.C) Training nurses.D) Working as a nurse.D
102.2   2. What did the government ask all adults to do?A) To enter a nursing school.B) To learn special skills.C) To help in some way.D) To become nurses.C
102.2   3. How did she prepare for her job?A) She took a couple months of training.B) She received telegrams about the war.C) She took a week's leave for Christmas.D) She took her duties seriously during the war.A
102.2   4. Why were the Manchester City Rest Centres short of staff?A) Because people were killed during the Nazi blitz.B) Because people were away on their Christmas holidays.C) Because people hadn't received the telegrams asking them to return.D) Because people hadn't volunteered in great numbers.B
102.2   5. When were they finally able to relax?A) When Christmas Day finally came.B) When the others returned from holiday.C) When the Social Services sent new people.D) When the crisis was over.D
102.3Liverpool in World War III was born in Liverpool in February, 1938, so I was only 18 months old when World War II broke out.
During the bombings, my family lived in an air raid shelter in the back garden of our house.
My father did his normal work during the day and Home Guard duties at night.
After the terrific pounding that Liverpool endured in May, 1941, from German bombers, my family had to move away to the countryside.
I started school in 1943 but I had to carry a gas mask with me everywhere I went.
Liverpool suffered heavily in the bombing and it became quite common to see the horrible bomb sites.
But everyone remained tough in the face of so much danger, and Britain won in the end.
u10_2.3_n.mp31. How old was the speaker when World War II started?A) Under one year old.B) One and a half years old.C) Eighteen years old.D) Six years old.B
102.3   2. Where did they live during the bombing of their city?A) In another city near Liverpool.B) In a Home Guard Centre.C) In a shelter behind their house.D) In the house where he was born.C
102.3   3. Why did his family move away?A) Because his father entered the Home Guard.B) Because his home was destroyed by bombs.C) Because his school was located there.D) Because the city was being attacked.D
102.3   4. What did he carry to school with him?A) Very small bombs.B) Pictures of the bomb sites.C) Memories of his suffering.D) Masks to protect him from gas attacks.D
102.3   5. What was common for him to see during that difficult time?A) Bomb sites.B) People wearing gas masks.C) Tough people who finally won.D) People moving away from home.A
102.4A Few Good MenCol. Nathan R. Jessep: Son, we live in a world that has walls. And those walls have to be guarded by men with guns.
Who's gonna do it? You? You, Lt. Weinberg?
I have a greater responsibility than you can possibly fathom.
You weep for Santiago and you curse the Marines.
You have that luxury. You have the luxury of not knowing what I know: that Santiago's death, while tragic, probably saved lives.
And my existence, while grotesque and incomprehensible to you, saves lives...
You don't want the truth. Because deep down, in places you don't talk about at parties, you want me on that wall.
You need me on that wall.^
We use words like honor, code, loyalty...
We use these words as the backbone of the life spent defending something. You use them as a punchline.
I have neither the time nor the inclination to explain myself to a man who rises and sleeps under the blanket of the very freedom that I provide, and then questions the manner in which I provide it!
I would rather you just said thank you and went on your way.
Otherwise, I suggest you pick up a weapon and stand a post.
u10_2.4.mp3Col. Nathan R. Jessep: Son, we live in a world that has walls. And those walls have to be guarded by men with guns. Who's gonna do it? You? You, Lt. Weinberg? I have a greater responsibility than you can possibly fathom. You weep for Santiago and you curse the Marines . You have that luxury. You have the luxury of not knowing what I know: that Santiago's death, while tragic, probably saved lives . And my existence , while grotesque and incomprehensible to you, saves lives... You don't want the truth. Because deep down, in places you don't talk about at parties , you want me on that wall. You need me on that wall.
We use words like honor , code, loyalty... We use these words as the backbone of the life spent defending something . You use them as a punchline. I have neither the time nor the inclination to explain myself to a man who rises and sleeps under the blanket of the very freedom that I provide, and then questions the manner in which I provide it! I would rather you just said thank you and went on your way. Otherwise , I suggest you pick up a weapon and stand a post.
guarded^a greater responsibility^Marines^probably saved lives^existence^parties^honor^spent defending something^freedom^Otherwise
102.5The Horrible Four-letter WordsA young couple got married and left for their honeymoon.
When they got back, the bride immediately called her mother.^
Her mother asked, "How was the honeymoon?"^
"Oh, Mama," she replied, "the honeymoon was wonderful! So romantic..."
Suddenly, she burst out crying.
"But Mama, as soon as we returned, Sam started using the most horrible language... words I had never heard before! I mean, all these awful four-letter words! You've got to come and take me home... Please, Mama!"^
"Sarah, Sarah," her mother said, "calm down! Tell me, what could be so awful? What four-letter words?"^
"Please don't make me tell you, Mama," wept the daughter.
"I'm so embarrassed. They're just too awful! Come and get me, please!"^
"Darling, baby, you must tell me what has made you so upset... Tell your mother these horrible four-letter words!"^
Still sobbing, the bride said, "Oh, Mama... words like DUST, WASH, IRON, COOK...!"
u10_2.5_n.mp31. A young couple got married and ____________________ .
2. Suddenly, she ____________________ .
3. I mean, all these ____________________ !
4. "Please don't make me tell you, Mama," wept the daughter. "I'm so ____________________ . They're just too awful! Come and get me, please!"
5. Still sobbing, the bride said, "Oh, Mama... words like ____________________ ...!"
left for their honeymoon^burst out crying^awful four-letter words^embarrassed^DUST, WASH, IRON, COOK
That you said we were to gain...^
Is there a time^
That you said was yours and mine...^
Did you ever stop to notice^
All the blood we've shed before^
Did you ever stop to notice^
This crying Earth this weeping shores?^
Aaaaaaaaaah Aaaaaaaaaah^
What have we done to the world^
Look what we've done^
That you pledge your only son...^
Is there a time^
That you said was yours and mine...^
Did you ever stop to notice^
All the children dead from war^
Did you ever stop to notice^
This crying Earth this weeping shores^
Aaaaaaaaaaah Aaaaaaaaaaah^^
I used to dream^
I used to glance beyond the stars^
Now I don't know where we are^
Although I know we've drifted far^
Aaaaaaaaaaah Aaaaaaaaaaaah^
Aaaaaaaaaaah Aaaaaaaaaaaah^
The heavens are falling down (What about us)^
I can't even breathe (What about us)^
Can't we feel its wounds (What about us)^
It's our planet's womb (What about us)^
We've turned kingdoms to dust (What about us)^
Have we lost their trust (What about us)^
We're ravaging the seas (What about us)^
What about forest trails (ooo, ooo)^
Burnt despite our pleas (What about us)^
Torn apart by creed (What about us)^
Can't we set him free (What about us)^
Can't you hear them cry (What about us)^
Where did we go wrong (ooo, ooo)^
Someone tell me why (What about us)^
What about death again (ooo, ooo)^
Do we give a damn^
Aaaaaaaaaaaaah Aaaaaaaaaaaaah
u10_2.6.mp3
103.1AdditionA: Have you bought the CDs?^
B: Yes. Here you are.^
A: How much did they cost?^
B: Let me see. One is 15 yuan and the other is 12 yuan. All together, they're 27 yuan.

103.1 A: Jim, how many people are coming to your birthday party?^
B: My 7 roommates in college will all come. And I also have invited 6 high school classmates.^
A: 7 and 6... So there'll be 13 guests.

103.1SubtractionA: I heard President Bush will be staying in Shanghai for 5 days.^
B: Really? It's been reported that he'll return home a day ahead of schedule.^
A: 5 minus 1 equals 4. You mean he'll only stay for 4 days?^
B: Exactly!

103.1 A: Have you heard about the plane crash in Canada last week?^
B: Yes. There were 357 passengers on board the plane, but only 7 survived.^
A: How terrible! Subtract 7 from 357 and 350 people's lives were lost in a moment!

103.1MultiplicationA: These sweaters are wonderful. How much do they cost?^
B: 57 yuan each.^
A: I'll take 3. How much will that be?^
B: 57 times 3... They will cost you 171 yuan.

103.1 A: How many lessons do you have every week?^
B: 4 lessons every working day.^
A: 4 times 5 equals 20. So you have 20 lessons a week!

103.1DivisionA: How fast can you type?^
B: It took me 5 minutes to type this passage.^
A: This passage has 300 words. Divide 300 by 5 and you get 60.
So you can type 60 words a minute!

103.1 A: Do you know how many scholarly articles Dr. Xiao publishes a year?^
B: He graduated from college 10 years ago and has published 50 articles.^
A: 50 divided by 10 is 5. So he publishes on average 5 articles a year.^
B: That's right.

103.2Retell a StoryA young couple got married and left for their honeymoon.
When they got back, the bride immediately called her mother.^
Her mother asked, "How was the honeymoon?"^
"Oh, Mama," she replied, "the honeymoon was wonderful! So romantic..."
Suddenly, she burst out crying.
"But Mama, as soon as we returned, Sam started using the most horrible language... words I had never heard before! I mean, all these awful four-letter words! You've got to come and take me home... Please, Mama!"^
"Sarah, Sarah," her mother said, "calm down! Tell me, what could be so awful? What four-letter words?"^
"Please don't make me tell you, Mama," wept the daughter.
"I'm so embarrassed. They're just too awful! Come and get me, please!"^
"Darling, baby, you must tell me what has made you so upset... Tell your mother these horrible four-letter words!"^
Still sobbing, the bride said, "Oh, Mama... words like DUST, WASH, IRON, COOK...!"
u10_2.5_n.mp3 A young couple got married and left for their honeymoon. When they got back, the bride immediately called her mother.^Suddenly, the bride burst out crying.^"Calm down! Tell me, what could be so awful? What four-letter words?"^Still sobbing, the bride said, "Oh, Mama... words like DUST, WASH, IRON, COOK...!"
103.3A Letter from EinsteinPreviously unpublished letters by Albert Einstein to a Japanese pen pal show the physicist condemned the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The widow of Einstein's Japanese pen pal chose to go public with the letters on the 60th anniversary of the world's only nuclear attacks.^
Einstein's opposition to nuclear warfare has already been recorded, but his letters also show him defending himself on a personal level.
The correspondence began in 1953 when the Japanese individual sent a letter to Einstein criticizing the physicist over his role in developing nuclear weapons.^
Einstein responded by hand on the back of the typed letter.
"I have always criticized the use of the atomic bomb against Japan, but I could not do anything at all to prevent that fateful decision," Einstein wrote in German in a letter dated June 23, 1953.^
The Hiroshima bombing killed around 140,000 people (almost half the city's population) immediately or in the months afterward from radiation injuries or horrific burns.
u10_3.3.mp3To whom did Albert Einstein write the letters?A Japanese pen pal.
103.3   According to what he wrote on the back of one letter, how did Einstein feel about the nuclear attacks?He had always criticized the nuclear attacks.
103.3   How many people were killed in the Hiroshima bombing?Around 140,000 people.
103.3   What do you think of nuclear energy? Do its benefits outweigh its dangers?I think nuclear energy is one of the greatest discoveries in human history. As long as we don't use it for evil ends, it will help human beings greatly. It can help us solve the energy shortage: It's efficient, it's plentiful, and it's cheap. Most of all, nuclear energy preserves the environment. It has perhaps the lowest impact of any of the energy sources.
103.3   What are the major threats to world peace nowadays?There are various threats to world peace. Nuclear weapons is one. They can bring irrevocable devastation to the world. However, I believe people's irrational hatred and voracious appetite for power should be considered the largest threat to world peace. It is these factors that push people to use destructive weapons and start wars.
104.1What Does War Mean to YouHello. My name is Estaban, and I'm from Costa Rica. Today we're gonna talk about war.
Uh, for me, as a Costa Rican, war is something that it has, has always been very distant for me and my culture.
Uh, it's something that we see in the movies. It's something that we see in the news.
But it has never affect us in, uh, in our real lives.
Uh, an example of that is that Costa Rica doesn't even have a military.
We have never had problems with our neighbor, neighbor countries.
And, um, and yeah, I think wars are really bad.
Um, you know, it's a shame that this point in history,
we still, you know, countries cannot solve their problems by communicating or talking or agreeing to something
instead of using, you know, weapons, and, um, and, you know, having wars. Right?
I mean, I think wars, you know, they destruct the world, they kill people, they separate families.
And, they're just, you know, overall, they're not good.^
Hi. I'm Jae, and I'm from the United States. Today, we're talking about war.
War is, of course, a horrible thing, and very few positive things come from it.
But there are a very rare exception where war can actually cause positive influences on society.
One of these examples is the Vietnam War.
The Vietnam War was a horrible war. Many people died for pointless reasons.
But, the Vietnam War was one of the first wars in American history where the people stood up and said,
"This is a pointless war. Many people are dying, and there is no reason."
The Vietnam War caused what is now a normal cultural aspect of the American life, which is political protest.
Before the Vietnam War, many people would not question the government and say, "This is wrong."
But, because of the Vietnam War, many Americans feel that it is their duty and right to question the powers that be.^
My name is Joel, and I'm from Canada. Now, today, the topic I am speaking about is the tragedy of war.
It seems to me that wars continue to happen all over the world.
I wonder sometimes if we've learned anything from our history and from the past.
Wars have been happening since ancient times, we know that.
And we know that they cause a lot of damage; a lot of people die because of war.
And it seems to me that we just haven't learned our lesson.
We still feel that it's necessary to go to war to solve our problems.
I know that the war had a real impact on Canada, both the First and the Second World War.
A lot of young men were killed fighting in that war.
But, on the other hand, I have to remember that that's the reason we have our personal freedoms in many ways.
So, while war is probably a tragic thing and a sad, terrible thing it's also something that needs to happen in some cases.^
Hi. This is Kim. I was originally from Korea, and grew up in the United States.
Now, you know, being from Korea, of course, I'm not completely, uh, estranged to warfare;
but, that happened well before I was born.
But, um, what I know about war is, well, my father was a big, you know, war movie fanatic.
He loved war movies and cowboy movies.
So, I watched them, uh, like with John Wayne and Clint Eastwood, uh, when I, uh, as I grew up.
And, you know, I think a lot of what I saw in those films, uh, really glamorized and glorified warfare.
So, growing up, I thought, ooh, you know, going out, running with guns, and, shh,
pretending that I'm shooting people was fun.
But, after getting a little education,
um, in the West, uh, and watching a film that I want to share with you called Saving Private Ryan,
um, I never knew that, you know, wow, war is really that bloody.
So, I think, you know, film, watching the film, does change how people feel and how people look at things. So, take a look.
Estaban.jpg^Jae.jpg^Joel.jpg^Kim.jpg
104.2   Estaban: Costa Rica has a military though it was not involved in war.
Jae: Before the Vietnam War, people tended to believe in the government's policy.
Joel: One result of war is that it may bring about many personal freedoms.
Kim: Kim's father was once a soldier during the war and he told Kim many war stories.
F
T
T
F
Estaban1.jpg^Jae1.jpg^Joel1.jpg^Kim1.jpg
104.3
105.1Never the Same When They ReturnW: When my brother came back from fighting in the war, he was a changed man.^
M: He doesn't seem any different to me.^
W: He's changed. Believe me.^
M: OK. So, what have you noticed?^
W: He seems tougher now, not so gentle.^
M: Can you give me some examples?^
W: Yeah. Just the other day, he beat his dog for not listening to him.^
M: That doesn't sound like your brother at all.^
W: That's what I've been trying to tell you. He seems like a different person.^
M: Have you thought about talking to him?^
W: I've tried. But he only yelled at me. I was hoping you could say something to him.^
M: Me?^
W: You're his closest friend. I think he'd listen to you if you talked to him.
You're probably the only person who could get through to him. Would you please give it a shot?^
M: All right. I'll try. I'll speak to him when he gets home from work.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.^
1. How has the woman's brother changed?^
2. Why did the woman's brother beat his dog?^
3. What happened when the woman tried talking to her brother?^
4. Why is the man a good person to talk to the woman's brother?^
5. When will the man talk to the woman's brother?
u10_5.1_n.mp3 Q1: How has the woman's brother changed?
Ans: D
Q2: Why did the woman's brother beat his dog?
Ans: D
Q3: What happened when the woman tried talking to her brother?
Ans: C
Q4: Why is the man a good person to talk to the woman's brother?
Ans: A
Q5: When will the man talk to the woman's brother?
Ans: B

105.2A PassageMany years ago, when I worked as a volunteer at Stanford Hospital, I got to know a little girl named Liz who was suffering from a rare and serious disease.
Her only chance of recovery seemed to be a blood transfusion from her five-year-old brother, who had miraculously survived the same disease and had developed the antibodies.
The doctor explained the situation to her little brother, and asked the boy if he would be willing to give his blood to his sister.
I saw him hesitate for only a moment before taking a deep breath and saying, "Yes, I'll do it if it will save Liz."^
As the transfusion progressed, he lay in bed next to his sister and smiled.
Then, his face grew pale and his smile faded.
He looked up at the doctor and asked with a trembling voice, "Will I start to die right away?"^
As a little boy, he had misunderstood the doctor; he thought he was going to give his sister all of his blood.^^
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the passage you have just heard.^
1. What happened to little Liz?^
2. What was the only way for Liz to recover?^
3. What had happened to Liz's brother?^
4. Why did the little boy hesitate for a while?^
5. What do you think is the best title for this passage?
u10_5.2_n.mp3 Q1: What happened to little Liz?
Ans: C
Q2: What was the only way for Liz to recover?
Ans: B
Q3: What had happened to Liz's brother?
Ans: D
Q4: Why did the little boy hesitate for a while?
Ans: B
Q5: What do you think is the best title for this passage?
Ans: A

105.3Social Security SystemThe Social Security System in the United States provides monthly payments to retired people and the disabled.
Most of the money comes from a wage tax paid by workers and employers.^
For now, Social Security collects more money than it pays out.
The surplus goes into a trust fund for workers who will retire in the future.
But the future will have more retirees and fewer workers to support them.
Last June, the Congressional Budget Office said Social Security is expected to have a deficit beginning in 2019.^
President Bush says "now is the time to act".
On Wednesday, at the first news conference of his second term, he said the program will be out of money in 2042.
Mr. Bush wants Congress to make changes.
But there is intense debate about how much fixing this popular program needs.^
Social Security was born out of the Great Depression.
Poverty spread during this period from 1929 to the beginning of World War II.
Many leaders spoke of creating a system to guarantee payments to the disabled and the retired.^
Some states created their own plans.
President Franklin Roosevelt wanted a national system that could pay for itself.
He proposed the Social Security Act in January of 1935.^
Congress passed the law that year.
But payments did not start until 1940.
Until then, money gathered in the trust fund so the program could start with a surplus.^
At first, Social Security was meant to provide a small amount of money to retired industrial workers.
In time, other jobs were added.
The government also offered benefits to people who survived the death of someone on Social Security.^
In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson and Congress added two programs to offer medical benefits.
Medicare, for older Americans, and Medicaid, for the poor, are no longer under the Social Security Administration.^
In 1983, Social Security faced a deficit.
Congress agreed to increase the retirement age and Social Security taxes.
Lawmakers also required all federal workers to be in the system.
These changes were meant to fix the system for 75 years, until around 2060.
u10_5.3.mp3  1) monthly payments
2) more money than
3) is expected to
4) be out of money
5) born out of
6) pay for itself
8) survived the death
9) for the poor
10) all federal workers

105.4 The great Greek grape growers grow great Greek grapes.u10_5.4_n.mp3
105.5 A fall into a pit,^
u10_5.5.mp3

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