RocketMQ详解(13)——RocketMQ的消息模式

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RocketMQ详解(13)——RocketMQ的消息模式

一. RocketMQ的消息模式

  1. 在RocketMQ中,可以理解为没有ActiveMQ的createQueue()和createTopic()的用法,也就是并没有P2P和Pub/Sub类似的概念。RocketMQ不遵循JMS规范,而是使用了一套自定义的机制。可以理解为RocketMQ都是基于Pub/Sub发布订阅模式的,在此基础上提供了集群消息和广播消息两种消息模式,可通过消费端方法consumer.setMessageModel()进行设置。

    1. 集群消息——MessageModel.CLUSTERING

      这方方式可以实现类似ActiveMQ负载均衡客户端的功能,同一个ConsumerGroup下的所有Consumer已负载均衡的方式消费消息。比较特殊的是,这种方式可以支持生产端先发送消息到Broker,消费端再订阅主题进行消费,比较灵活。RocketMQ默认为该模式。

    2. 广播消息——MessageModel.BROADCASTING

      在这种模式下,生产端发送到Topic下的消息,会被订阅了该Topic的所有Consumer消费,即使它们处于同一个ConsumerGroup。

  2. 在RocketMQ中,有一个很重要的概念——GroupName。无论是Producer端还是Consumer端,都必须指定一个GroupName,这个组名称需要由应用来保证唯一性。同一个ProducerGroup下的所有Producer发送用一类消息,且发送逻辑一直。Consumer同理。

  3. Topic代表消息发送和订阅的主题,是一个逻辑上的概念,Topic并不实际存储消息。每个Topic都会维护一些MessageQueue(默认4个),这个MessageQueue则是物理上的概念,直接存储消息。

下面分别演示两种消息模式。

二. Producer端程序

使用DefaultMQProducer,发送8条消息:

package william.rmq.producer.quickstart;

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.producer.DefaultMQProducer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.Message;
import org.apache.rocketmq.remoting.common.RemotingHelper;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import william.rmq.common.constant.RocketMQConstant;
import william.rmq.producer.common.CommonSendCallback;
import javax.annotation.PostConstruct;

/**
 * @Auther: ZhangShenao
 * @Date: 2018/9/7 10:58
 * @Description:RocketMQ消息生产者
 */
@Service
@Slf4j
public class MessageProducer {
    @Value("${spring.rocketmq.namesrvAddr}")
    private String namesrvAddr;

    private static final DefaultMQProducer producer = new DefaultMQProducer("DefaultProducer");

    @PostConstruct
    public void start(){
        try {
            producer.setNamesrvAddr(namesrvAddr);
            producer.setRetryTimesWhenSendFailed(RocketMQConstant.MAX_RETRY_TIMES);
            producer.start();

            log.info("Message Producer Start...");
            System.err.println("Message Producer Start...");
        }catch (Exception e){
            log.error("Message Producer Start Error!!",e);
        }

        String message = "Message-";
        String topic = RocketMQConstant.TEST_TOPIC_NAME;
        String tags = "Tags";
        String keys = "Keys-";

        for (int i = 1;i <= 8;i++){
            sendMessage(message + i,topic,tags,keys + i);
        }
    }

    public void sendMessage(String data, String topic, String tags, String keys) {
        try {
            byte[] messageBody = data.getBytes(RemotingHelper.DEFAULT_CHARSET);

            Message mqMsg = new Message(topic, tags, keys, messageBody);

            producer.send(mqMsg, new CommonSendCallback());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("Message Producer: Send Message Error ", e);
        }

    }
}

三. Consumer端程序

package william.rmq.consumer.quickstart;

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.DefaultMQPushConsumer;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyContext;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.consumer.listener.MessageListenerConcurrently;
import org.apache.rocketmq.client.exception.MQClientException;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.consumer.ConsumeFromWhere;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.message.MessageExt;
import org.apache.rocketmq.common.protocol.heartbeat.MessageModel;
import org.apache.rocketmq.remoting.common.RemotingHelper;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import org.springframework.util.CollectionUtils;
import william.rmq.common.constant.RocketMQConstant;

import javax.annotation.PostConstruct;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * @Auther: ZhangShenao
 * @Date: 2018/9/7 11:06
 * @Description:RocketMQ消息消费者
 */
@Slf4j
@Service
public class MessageConsumer implements MessageListenerConcurrently {
    @Value("${spring.rocketmq.namesrvAddr}")
    private String namesrvAddr;

    private final DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPushConsumer("DefaultConsumer");


    @PostConstruct
    public void start() {
        try {
            consumer.setNamesrvAddr(namesrvAddr);

            //从消息队列头部开始消费
            consumer.setConsumeFromWhere(ConsumeFromWhere.CONSUME_FROM_FIRST_OFFSET);

            //设置集群消费模式
            consumer.setMessageModel(MessageModel.CLUSTERING);

            //设置消费超时时间(分钟)
            consumer.setConsumeTimeout(RocketMQConstant.CONSUMER_TIMEOUT_MINUTES);

            //订阅主题
            consumer.subscribe(RocketMQConstant.TEST_TOPIC_NAME, "*");

            //注册消息监听器
            consumer.registerMessageListener(this);

            //设置批量消费最大消息数,这里设置为逐条消费
            consumer.setConsumeMessageBatchMaxSize(1);

            //启动消费端
            consumer.start();

            log.info("Message Consumer Start...");
            System.err.println("Message Consumer Start...");
        } catch (MQClientException e) {
            log.error("Message Consumer Start Error!!",e);
        }

    }

    @Override
    public ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus consumeMessage(List<MessageExt> msgs, ConsumeConcurrentlyContext context) {
        if (CollectionUtils.isEmpty(msgs)) {
            return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
        }

        MessageExt message = msgs.get(0);
        try {
            String messageBody = new String(message.getBody(), RemotingHelper.DEFAULT_CHARSET);
            System.err.println("Message Consumer: Handle New Message: messageId: " + message.getMsgId() + ",topic: " +
                    message.getTopic() + ",tags: " + message.getTags() + ",messageBody: " + messageBody);

            return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("Consume Message Error!!", e);
            return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.RECONSUME_LATER;
        }
    }

}

先启动2个Consumer程序,再启动单个Producer程序,两个Consumer端控制台输出如下:

Consumer1:

Handle New Message: messageId: 0A0E096CA41418B4AAC259EE89E30006,topic: DefaultCluster,tags: Tags,messageBody: Message-7
Message Consumer: Handle New Message: messageId: 0A0E096CA41418B4AAC259EE89E30007,topic: DefaultCluster,tags: Tags,messageBody: Message-8
Message Consumer: Handle New Message: messageId: 0A0E096CA41418B4AAC259EE89D70002,topic: DefaultCluster,tags: Tags,messageBody: Message-1
Message Consumer: Handle New Message: messageId: 0A0E096CA41418B4AAC259EE89E30005,topic: DefaultCluster,tags: Tags,messageBody: Message-6

Consumer2:

Message Consumer: Handle New Message: messageId: 0A0E096CA41418B4AAC259EE89D80003,topic: DefaultCluster,tags: Tags,messageBody: Message-4
Message Consumer: Handle New Message: messageId: 0A0E096CA41418B4AAC259EE89D70000,topic: DefaultCluster,tags: Tags,messageBody: Message-2
Message Consumer: Handle New Message: messageId: 0A0E096CA41418B4AAC259EE89D70001,topic: DefaultCluster,tags: Tags,messageBody: Message-3
Message Consumer: Handle New Message: messageId: 0A0E096CA41418B4AAC259EE89E30004,topic: DefaultCluster,tags: Tags,messageBody: Message-5

可以看到,使用集群消息模式后,两个Consumer负载均衡消费了8条消息。

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