# 蓝桥杯 矩阵扫描

### 矩阵扫描新方法（简单）

#include <STC15F2K60S2.H>
#define uchar unsigned char
#define uint unsigned int
sbit R1 = P3^0;
sbit R2 = P3^1;
sbit R3 = P3^2;
sbit R4 = P3^3;

sbit C1 = P4^4;
sbit C2 = P4^2;
sbit C3 = P3^5;
sbit C4 = P3^4;
uchar num;
uint code SMG_duanma[] =  //数码管段选表 0~F
{0xc0 ,0xf9,0xa4,0xb0,0x99,0x92,0x82,0xf8,0x80,0x90,0x88,0x83,0xc6,0xa1,0x86,0x8e};
void HC138init (uchar n)
{
switch(n)
{
case 4:
P2 = (P2&0x1f)|0x80;
break;
case 5:
P2 = (P2&0x1f)|0xa0;
break;
case 6:
P2 = (P2&0x1f)|0xc0;
break;
case 7:
P2 = (P2&0x1f)|0xe0;
break;
}
}
void init ()	 // 关闭蜂鸣器继电器LED灯
{
HC138init (4);
P0 = 0xff;
HC138init (5);
P0 = 0x00;
}
void displaybit(uchar dat)	// 数码管静态显示一个字节
{
HC138init (6);
P0 = 0x01;
HC138init (7);
P0 = dat;
}
void matrixscan ()
{
R1 = 0; R3 = R2 = R4 = 1;	 // 让R1 = 0 判断是那个按键
C1 = C2 = C3 = C4 = 1;
if(C1 == 0)
{
while(C1 == 0);
num = 0;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else if(C2 == 0)
{
while(C2 == 0);
num = 1;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else  if(C3 == 0)
{
while(C3 == 0);
num = 2;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else  if(C4 == 0)
{
while(C2 == 0);
num = 3;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}

R2 = 0;					   // 让R2 = 0 判断是那个按键
R3 = R1 = R4 = 1;
C1 = C2 = C3 = C4 = 1;
if(C1 == 0)
{
while(C1 == 0);
num = 4;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else  if(C2 == 0)
{
while(C2 == 0);
num = 5;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else  if(C3 == 0)
{
while(C3 == 0);
num = 6;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else  if(C4 == 0)
{
while(C2 == 0);
num = 7;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}

R3 = 0;					  // 让R3 = 0 判断是那个按键
R2 = R1 = R4 = 1;
C1 = C2 = C3 = C4 = 1;
if(C1 == 0)
{
while(C1 == 0);
num = 8;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else  if(C2 == 0)
{
while(C2 == 0);
num = 9;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else  if(C3 == 0)
{
while(C3 == 0);
num = 10;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else  if(C4 == 0)
{
while(C2 == 0);
num = 11;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}

R4 = 0;						 // 让R4 = 0 判断是那个按键
R2 = R1 = R3 = 1;
C1 = C2 = C3 = C4 = 1;
if(C1 == 0)
{
while(C1 == 0);
num = 12;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else  if(C2 == 0)
{
while(C2 == 0);
num = 13;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else  if(C3 == 0)
{
while(C3 == 0);
num = 14;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
else  if(C4 == 0)
{
while(C2 == 0);
num = 15;
displaybit(SMG_duanma[num]);
}
}
void main ()
{
init ();
while(1)
{
matrixscan ();
}
}

01-26 1985

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#### 矩阵按键的两种扫描方法

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