1064 Complete Binary Search Tree (30分)-数组,中序遍历

A Binary Search Tree (BST) is recursively defined as a binary tree which has the following properties:

  • The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than the node's key.
  • The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than or equal to the node's key.
  • Both the left and right subtrees must also be binary search trees.

A Complete Binary Tree (CBT) is a tree that is completely filled, with the possible exception of the bottom level, which is filled from left to right.

Now given a sequence of distinct non-negative integer keys, a unique BST can be constructed if it is required that the tree must also be a CBT. You are supposed to output the level order traversal sequence of this BST.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line contains a positive integer N (≤1000). Then N distinct non-negative integer keys are given in the next line. All the numbers in a line are separated by a space and are no greater than 2000.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print in one line the level order traversal sequence of the corresponding complete binary search tree. All the numbers in a line must be separated by a space, and there must be no extra space at the end of the line.

Sample Input:

10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

Sample Output:

6 3 8 1 5 7 9 0 2 4

解题思路:

因为是完全二叉树并且要求层次输出,采用数组来表示树更方便。接下来就是将输入结点数据非降序排序,采用中序遍历,将数据输入对应结点即可。

AC代码:

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;
int tree[1001],start=0,cnt=1,N;
vector<int> v;
bool cmp(int a,int b) {
	return a<b;
}
void input(int start){
	if(start*2<=N)
		input(start*2);
	tree[start]=v[cnt-1];
	cnt++;
	if(start*2+1<=N)
		input(start*2+1);			
}
int main(){
	int i;
	cin>>N;
	for(i=0;i<N;i++){
		int num;
		scanf("%d",&num);
		v.push_back(num);	
	}
	sort(v.begin(),v.end(),cmp);	
	input(1);		
	for(i=1;i<N;i++)
		printf("%d ",tree[i]);	
	printf("%d\n",tree[i]);
	return 0;
}

 

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