springboot 循环依赖示例


springboot 循环依赖示例

 

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循环依赖解决

 

尽量不要使用循环依赖;

当无可避免要使用循环依赖时,禁止使用构造器注入依赖属性,使用注解(@Resource、@Autowired)属性

 

 

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自循环依赖:属性注入

 

****************

pojo 层

 

Person

@Component
public class Person {

    @Resource
    private Person person;

    public void print(){
        System.out.println(this.person);
    }
}

 

****************

controller 层

 

HelloController

@RestController
public class HelloController {

    @Resource
    private Person person;

    @RequestMapping("/hello")
    public String hello(){
        person.print();

        return "success";
    }
}

 

****************

控制台输出

 

2020-07-03 18:20:11.260  INFO 13544 --- [nio-8080-exec-1] o.s.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet        : Initializing Servlet 'dispatcherServlet'
2020-07-03 18:20:11.266  INFO 13544 --- [nio-8080-exec-1] o.s.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet        : Completed initialization in 6 ms
com.example.demo.pojo.Person@2b26c8e4

使用三级缓存,解决了属性注入自循环依赖

 

 

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自循环依赖:构造器注入

 

****************

pojo 层

 

Person

@Component
public class Person {

    private Person person;

    public Person(Person person){
        this.person=person;
    }

    public void print(){
        System.out.println(this.person);
    }
}

 

****************

controller 层

 

HelloController

@RestController
public class HelloController {

    @Resource
    private Person person;

    @RequestMapping("/hello")
    public String hello(){
        person.print();

        return "success";
    }
}

 

****************

控制台输出

 

2020-07-03 18:24:33.550  INFO 19416 --- [           main] o.apache.catalina.core.StandardService   : Stopping service [Tomcat]
2020-07-03 18:24:33.668  INFO 19416 --- [           main] ConditionEvaluationReportLoggingListener : 

Error starting ApplicationContext. To display the conditions report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled.
2020-07-03 18:24:33.674 ERROR 19416 --- [           main] o.s.b.d.LoggingFailureAnalysisReporter   : 

***************************
APPLICATION FAILED TO START
***************************

Description:

The dependencies of some of the beans in the application context form a cycle:

   helloController
┌─────┐
|  person defined in file [E:\java\IdeaProjects\springboot 测试\target\classes\com\example\demo\pojo\Person.class]
└─────┘

启动报错:存在自循环依赖,使用构造器创建person,person没有添加到缓存,不能提前暴露

 

 

 

 

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自循环依赖:代理对象(@Transactional)

 

****************

service 层

 

HelloService

public interface HelloService {

    void hello();
}

 

****************

serviceImpl 层

 

HelloServiceImpl

@Service
public class HelloServiceImpl implements HelloService {

    @Resource
    private HelloService helloService;

    @Override
    @Transactional
    public void hello() {
        System.out.println(helloService);
        System.out.println("hello world");
    }
}

 

****************

controller 层

 

HelloController

@RestController
public class HelloController {

    @Resource
    private HelloService helloService;

    @RequestMapping("/hello")
    public String hello(){
        helloService.hello();

        return "success";
    }
}

 

****************

控制台输出

 

localhost:8080/hello

2020-07-03 19:09:09.017  INFO 3652 --- [nio-8080-exec-1] o.a.c.c.C.[Tomcat].[localhost].[/]       : Initializing Spring DispatcherServlet 'dispatcherServlet'
2020-07-03 19:09:09.017  INFO 3652 --- [nio-8080-exec-1] o.s.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet        : Initializing Servlet 'dispatcherServlet'
2020-07-03 19:09:09.023  INFO 3652 --- [nio-8080-exec-1] o.s.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet        : Completed initialization in 6 ms
WARNING: An illegal reflective access operation has occurred
WARNING: Illegal reflective access by org.springframework.cglib.core.ReflectUtils (file:/E:/Program%20Files/apache-maven-3.6.1-bin/apache-maven-3.6.1/repository/org/springframework/spring-core/5.2.7.RELEASE/spring-core-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar) to method java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(java.lang.String,byte[],int,int,java.security.ProtectionDomain)
WARNING: Please consider reporting this to the maintainers of org.springframework.cglib.core.ReflectUtils
WARNING: Use --illegal-access=warn to enable warnings of further illegal reflective access operations
WARNING: All illegal access operations will be denied in a future release
com.example.demo.serviceImpl.HelloServiceImpl@4aa55ed8
hello world

说明:事务Transactional可以提前暴露,可将代理对象提前注入到其他bean中

 

 

 

************************

自循环依赖:代理对象(@Async)

 

****************

service 层

 

Hello3Service

@Service
public class Hello3Service {

    @Resource
    private Hello3Service hello3Service;

    @Async
    public void test(){
        hello3Service.test2();
        System.out.println("hello3 service test");
    }

    @Async
    public void test2(){
        System.out.println("hello3 service test2");
    }
}

 

****************

config 层

 

WebConfig:开启异步功能

@EnableAsync
@Configuration
public class WebConfig {
}

 

****************

controller 层

 

Hello2Controller


@RestController
public class Hello2Controller {

    @Resource
    private Hello3Service hello3Service;

    @RequestMapping("/hello2")
    public String hello(){
        hello3Service.test();

        return "success";
    }
}

 

****************

控制台输出

 

2020-07-04 16:03:15.238  INFO 3036 --- [           main] o.a.c.c.C.[Tomcat].[localhost].[/]       : Initializing Spring embedded WebApplicationContext
2020-07-04 16:03:15.238  INFO 3036 --- [           main] w.s.c.ServletWebServerApplicationContext : Root WebApplicationContext: initialization completed in 1165 ms
2020-07-04 16:03:15.325  WARN 3036 --- [           main] ConfigServletWebServerApplicationContext : Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'hello2Controller': Injection of resource dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCurrentlyInCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'hello3Service': Bean with name 'hello3Service' has been injected into other beans [hello3Service] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using 'getBeanNamesForType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.
2020-07-04 16:03:15.329  INFO 3036 --- [           main] o.apache.catalina.core.StandardService   : Stopping service [Tomcat]
2020-07-04 16:03:15.350  INFO 3036 --- [           main] ConditionEvaluationReportLoggingListener : 

Error starting ApplicationContext. To display the conditions report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled.
2020-07-04 16:03:15.369 ERROR 3036 --- [           main] o.s.boot.SpringApplication               : Application run failed

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'hello2Controller': Injection of resource dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCurrentlyInCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'hello3Service': Bean with name 'hello3Service' has been injected into other beans [hello3Service] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using 'getBeanNamesForType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessProperties(CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:321) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1422) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:594) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:517) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.lambda$doGetBean$0(AbstractBeanFactory.java:323) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:226) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:321) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:202) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:893) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:879) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:551) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.refresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:143) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:758) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:750) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:397) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:315) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1237) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1226) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at com.example.demo.DemoApplication.main(DemoApplication.java:10) ~[classes/:na]
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCurrentlyInCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'hello3Service': Bean with name 'hello3Service' has been injected into other beans [hello3Service] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using 'getBeanNamesForType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:624) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:517) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.lambda$doGetBean$0(AbstractBeanFactory.java:323) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:226) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:321) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:207) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.resolveBeanByName(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:454) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.autowireResource(CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:527) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.getResource(CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:497) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$ResourceElement.getResourceToInject(CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:650) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata$InjectedElement.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:239) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:130) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessProperties(CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:318) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	... 18 common frames omitted

启动报错:将未创建完成的对象注入到bean中,async不支持早期引用时创建代理对象

                      

 

 

************************

循环依赖:代理对象(@Async)

 

****************

service 层

 

HelloService

@Service
public class HelloService {

    @Resource
    private Hello2Service hello2Service;

    @Async
    public void test(){
        hello2Service.test2();
        System.out.println("hello service test");
    }

    @Async
    public void test2(){
        System.out.println("hello service test2");
    }
}

 

Hello2Servcice

@Service
public class Hello2Service {

    @Resource
    private HelloService helloService;

    @Async
    public void test(){
        helloService.test2();
        System.out.println("hello2 service test");
    }

    @Async
    public void test2(){
        System.out.println("hello2 service test2");
    }
}

 

****************

config 层

 

WebConfig:开启异步功能

@EnableAsync
@Configuration
public class WebConfig {
}

 

****************

controller 层

 

HelloController

@RestController
public class HelloController {

    @Resource
    private HelloService helloService;

    @Resource
    private Hello2Service hello2Service;

    @RequestMapping("/hello")
    public String hello(){
        helloService.test();
        hello2Service.test();

        return "success";
    }
}

 

****************

控制台输出

 

2020-07-04 11:47:53.826  INFO 10168 --- [           main] o.a.c.c.C.[Tomcat].[localhost].[/]       : Initializing Spring embedded WebApplicationContext
2020-07-04 11:47:53.826  INFO 10168 --- [           main] w.s.c.ServletWebServerApplicationContext : Root WebApplicationContext: initialization completed in 941 ms
2020-07-04 11:47:53.900  WARN 10168 --- [           main] ConfigServletWebServerApplicationContext : Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'helloController': Injection of resource dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCurrentlyInCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'helloService': Bean with name 'helloService' has been injected into other beans [hello2Service] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using 'getBeanNamesForType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.
2020-07-04 11:47:53.903  INFO 10168 --- [           main] o.apache.catalina.core.StandardService   : Stopping service [Tomcat]
2020-07-04 11:47:53.917  INFO 10168 --- [           main] ConditionEvaluationReportLoggingListener : 

Error starting ApplicationContext. To display the conditions report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled.
2020-07-04 11:47:53.931 ERROR 10168 --- [           main] o.s.boot.SpringApplication               : Application run failed

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'helloController': Injection of resource dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCurrentlyInCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'helloService': Bean with name 'helloService' has been injected into other beans [hello2Service] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using 'getBeanNamesForType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessProperties(CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:321) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.populateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1422) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:594) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:517) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.lambda$doGetBean$0(AbstractBeanFactory.java:323) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:226) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:321) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:202) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:893) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:879) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:551) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.refresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:143) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:758) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:750) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:397) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:315) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1237) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:1226) ~[spring-boot-2.3.1.RELEASE.jar:2.3.1.RELEASE]
	at com.example.demo.DemoApplication.main(DemoApplication.java:10) ~[classes/:na]
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCurrentlyInCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'helloService': Bean with name 'helloService' has been injected into other beans [hello2Service] in its raw version as part of a circular reference, but has eventually been wrapped. This means that said other beans do not use the final version of the bean. This is often the result of over-eager type matching - consider using 'getBeanNamesForType' with the 'allowEagerInit' flag turned off, for example.
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:624) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:517) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.lambda$doGetBean$0(AbstractBeanFactory.java:323) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:226) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:321) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:207) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.resolveBeanByName(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:454) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.autowireResource(CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:527) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.getResource(CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:497) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor$ResourceElement.getResourceToInject(CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:650) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata$InjectedElement.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:239) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.InjectionMetadata.inject(InjectionMetadata.java:130) ~[spring-beans-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.context.annotation.CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.postProcessProperties(CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.java:318) ~[spring-context-5.2.7.RELEASE.jar:5.2.7.RELEASE]
	... 18 common frames omitted

启动报错:将未创建完成的对象当做代理对象注入,async不支持在获取早期引用的时候创建代理对象

 

 

 

************************

原型(prototype)循环依赖

 

****************

pojo 层

 

A

@Scope("prototype")
@Component
public class A {

    @Resource
    private B b;

    public void print(){
        System.out.println(b);
    }
}

 

B

@Scope("prototype")
@Component
public class B {

    @Resource
    private A a;
}

 

****************

controller 层

 

HelloController

@RestController
public class HelloController {

    @Resource
    private A a;

    @RequestMapping("/hello")
    public String hello(){
        a.print();

        return "success";
    }
}

 

****************

控制台输出

 

localhost:8080/hello

2020-07-03 21:36:56.726  INFO 21076 --- [           main] o.a.c.c.C.[Tomcat].[localhost].[/]       : Initializing Spring embedded WebApplicationContext
2020-07-03 21:36:56.726  INFO 21076 --- [           main] w.s.c.ServletWebServerApplicationContext : Root WebApplicationContext: initialization completed in 1039 ms
2020-07-03 21:36:56.780  WARN 21076 --- [           main] ConfigServletWebServerApplicationContext : Exception encountered during context initialization - cancelling refresh attempt: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'helloController': Injection of resource dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'a': Injection of resource dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'b': Injection of resource dependencies failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCurrentlyInCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'a': Requested bean is currently in creation: Is there an unresolvable circular reference?
2020-07-03 21:36:56.781  INFO 21076 --- [           main] o.apache.catalina.core.StandardService   : Stopping service [Tomcat]
2020-07-03 21:36:56.795  INFO 21076 --- [           main] ConditionEvaluationReportLoggingListener : 

Error starting ApplicationContext. To display the conditions report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled.
2020-07-03 21:36:56.799 ERROR 21076 --- [           main] o.s.b.d.LoggingFailureAnalysisReporter   : 

***************************
APPLICATION FAILED TO START
***************************

Description:

The dependencies of some of the beans in the application context form a cycle:

   helloController
┌─────┐
|  a
↑     ↓
|  b
└─────┘

prototype没有使用三级缓存,不能解决对象之间的循环依赖

 

 

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