HDU 2714 ISBN （有点小坑）

ISBN

Farmer John’s cows enjoy reading books, and FJ has discovered that his cows produce more milk when they read books of a somewhat intellectual nature. He decides to update the barn library to replace all of the cheap romance novels with textbooks on algorithms and mathematics. Unfortunately, a shipment of these new books has fallen in the mud and their ISBN numbers are now hard to read
An ISBN (International Standard Book Number) is a ten digit code that uniquely identifies a book. The first nine digits represent the book and the last digit is used to make sure the ISBN is correct. To verify that an ISBN number is correct, you calculate a sum that is 10 times the first digit plus 9 times the second digit plus 8 times the third digit … all the way until you add 1 times the last digit. If the final number leaves no remainder when divided by 11, the code is a valid ISBN
For example 0201103311 is a valid ISBN, since
100 + 92 + 80 + 71 + 61 + 50 + 43 + 33 + 21 + 11 = 55
Each of the first nine digits can take a value between 0 and 9. Sometimes it is necessary to make the last digit equal to ten; this is done by writing the last digit as X. For example, 156881111X is a valid ISBN number
Your task is to fill in the missing digit from a given ISBN number where the missing digit is represented as ‘?’.

Input

• Line 1: A single line with a ten digit ISBN number that contains ‘?’ in a single position

Output

• Line 1: The missing digit (0…9 or X). Output -1 if there is no acceptable digit for the position marked ‘?’ that gives a valid ISBN.

Sample Input

15688?111X


Sample Output

1


AC代码

#include <cstdio>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;
int main() {
char s[12];
while(scanf("%s", s) != EOF) {
int sum = 0, flag;
for(int i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
if('0' <= s[i] && s[i] <= '9') {
sum += (s[i] - '0') * (10 - i);
} else if(s[i] == '?') flag = 10 - i;
else if(s[i] == 'X') sum += 10;
}
int i;
for(i = 0; i <= 10; i++)
if((sum + flag * i) % 11 == 0) {
break;
}
if(i == 10) {
if(flag != 1) printf("-1\n");
else printf("X\n");
} else printf("%d\n", i);
}
return 0;
}


End

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