编写Java程序,模拟网上商城购物,当用户选好物品提交订单时,每笔订单会自动生成一个唯一的订单编号。

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需求说明:

模拟网上商城购物,当用户选好物品提交订单时,每笔订单会自动生成一个唯一的订单编号。而部分电子商务网站在数据高峰期时,一毫秒可能需要处理近千笔的订单

现在简单模拟 5 个订单同时提交,生成唯一订单编号的场景。订单编号的生成规则是以毫秒为单位的当前时间+订单序号

例如,当前时间的毫秒数是 150000,那第 1 笔订单的编号就是 1500001,第 9 笔订单的编号就是 1500009

实现思路:

项目中创建订单类 Order(订单编号、订单金额、下单用户)

创建订单处理类 ProcessOrder实现Runnable接口,定义Order类型的成员变量和一个Integer静态count作为订单序号(初始1),同时添加产生订单号的方法

产生订单号方法中使用sleep延迟500毫秒,同时添加同步代码块,指定静态变量 count 为同步监视器,同步代码块内则采用系统时间毫秒和订单序号生成订单号操作

在同步代码块外,把订单用户、订单金额和订单编号打印输出

创建测试启动类 TestOrder。在该类的 main() 方法内,使用有参构造方法实例化 5 个 Order 对象。使用ProcessOrder(Order order) 构造方法,实例化 5 个 ProcessOrder 类的对象,并把 5 个 Order 对象依次传给构造方法的参数 order。分别创建5个Thread对象依次传入5个ProcessOrder,启动测试

实现代码:

订单类(Order)


public class Order {
	//订单编号
	private String orderNumber;
	//订单金额
	private double orderAmount;
	//用户名称
	private String username;
	//无参构造
	public Order() {
		super();
	}
	//有参构造
	public Order(String orderNumber, double orderAmount, String username) {
		super();
		this.orderNumber = orderNumber;
		this.orderAmount = orderAmount;
		this.username = username;
	}
	public String getOrderNumber() {
		return orderNumber;
	}
	public void setOrderNumber(String orderNumber) {
		this.orderNumber = orderNumber;
	}
	public double getOrderAmount() {
		return orderAmount;
	}
	public void setOrderAmount(double orderAmount) {
		this.orderAmount = orderAmount;
	}
	public String getUsername() {
		return username;
	}
	public void setUsername(String username) {
		this.username = username;
	}

}

订单处理类(ProcessOrder)

 
public class ProcessOrder implements Runnable{
	private Order order;
	//订单计数器
	private static Integer count = 1;
 
	public ProcessOrder(Order order) {
		this.order = order;
	}
	
	@Override
	public void run() {
		generateOrderNumber();
	}
	
	public void generateOrderNumber() {
		try {
			//加入线程延迟
			Thread.sleep(500);
		} catch (InterruptedException e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		//同步监听器是count变量
		synchronized (count) {
			//生成订单编号
			StringBuffer orderNumber = new StringBuffer("").append(System.currentTimeMillis()).append(count++);
			//将订单编号保存到订单对象中
			order.setOrderNumber(orderNumber.toString());
		}
		System.out.printf("%s的订单金额是%.2f元,订单编号是:%s\n",order.getUsername(),order.getOrderAmount(),order.getOrderNumber());
	}
	
}

启动运行类(TestOrder)


public class TestOrder {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//实例化5个订单对象
		Order order1 = new Order(null,300,"张三");
		Order order2 = new Order(null,400,"李四");
		Order order3 = new Order(null,500,"王五");
		Order order4 = new Order(null,300,"赵六");
		Order order5 = new Order(null,200,"秦七");
		//实例化5个Runnable对象
		ProcessOrder processOrder1 = new ProcessOrder(order1);
		ProcessOrder processOrder2 = new ProcessOrder(order2);
		ProcessOrder processOrder3 = new ProcessOrder(order3);
		ProcessOrder processOrder4 = new ProcessOrder(order4);
		ProcessOrder processOrder5 = new ProcessOrder(order5);
		//实例化5条线程
		Thread thread1 = new Thread(processOrder1);
		Thread thread2 = new Thread(processOrder2);
		Thread thread3 = new Thread(processOrder3);
		Thread thread4 = new Thread(processOrder4);
		Thread thread5 = new Thread(processOrder5);
		//依次启动线程
		thread1.start();
		thread2.start();
		thread3.start();
		thread4.start();
		thread5.start();
	}
}

 

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