【SC随笔】Java测试mutator方法的注意点

HIT-SC-LAB2需要实现一个Graph接口和两个具体的类ConcreteVerticesGraph.java和ConcreteEdgesGraph.java
接口有抽象方法Set

 /**
     * Add, change, or remove a weighted directed edge in this graph.
     * If weight is nonzero, add an edge or update the weight of that edge;
     * vertices with the given labels are added to the graph if they do not
     * already exi
     * s zero, remove the edge if it exists (the graph is not
     * otherwise modified).
     * 
     * @param source label of the source vertex
     * @param target label of the target vertex
     * @param weight nonnegative weight of the edge
     * @return the previous weight of the edge, or zero if there was no such
     *         edge
     */
    public int set(L source, L target, int weight);

设置一条边(权重不能为负数),返回这条边原来的权重,如果原本不存在则返回零。
一开始写的测试用例不合格,只比较了返回值

    @Test
    public void testSet(){
        Graph<String> instance = emptyInstance();
        assertEquals("add a edge that doesn't exist before",
                0, instance.set("v1","v2",1));
        assertEquals("add a edge that doesn't exist before",
                0, instance.set("v1","v3",2));
        assertEquals("add a edge that doesn't exist before",
                0, instance.set("v2","v3",3));
        assertEquals("add a edge that does exist before",
                1, instance.set("v1","v2",5));
        assertEquals("remove a edge",
                5, instance.set("v1","v2",0));
        assertEquals("add a edge the source and target of it didn't exist",
                0, instance.set("v4","v5",1));
    }

然而对于mutator方法,仅仅测试返回值是否符合预期是不完备的,mutator改变了对象,就需要用observor方法观察是否发生了预期改变。
将测试用例更改如下:

 @Test
    public void testSet(){
        Graph<String> instance = emptyInstance();
        assertEquals("add a edge that doesn't exist before",
                0, instance.set("v1","v2",1));
        Map<String,Integer> expect = new HashMap<>();
        expect.put("v2",1);
        assertEquals(expect,instance.targets("v1"));
        assertEquals("add a edge that doesn't exist before",
                0, instance.set("v1","v3",2));
        expect.put("v3",2);
        assertEquals(expect,instance.targets("v1"));
        assertEquals("add a edge that doesn't exist before",
                0, instance.set("v2","v3",3));
        Map<String,Integer> expect2 = new HashMap<>();
        expect2.put("v1",2);
        expect2.put("v2",3);
        assertEquals(expect2,instance.sources("v3"));
        assertEquals("add a edge that does exist before",
                1, instance.set("v1","v2",5));
        expect.put("v2",5);
        assertEquals(expect,instance.targets("v1"));
        assertEquals("remove a edge",
                5, instance.set("v1","v2",0));
        expect.remove("v2");
        assertEquals(expect,instance.targets("v1"));
        assertEquals("add a edge the source and target of it didn't exist",
                0, instance.set("v4","v5",1));
        Map<String,Integer> expect3 = new HashMap<>();
        expect3.put("v5",1);
        assertEquals(expect3,instance.targets("v4"));
        Map<String,Integer> expect4 = new HashMap<>();
        expect4.put("v4",1);
        assertEquals(expect4,instance.sources("v5"));

    }

写的比较啰嗦,见谅

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