# 深入了解Arras.sort()与Collections.sort()的区别

 public static void sort(int[] a) {
DualPivotQuicksort.sort(a);
}

 public static void sort(int[] a) {
sort(a, 0, a.length - 1);
}

 public static void sort(int[] a, int left, int right) {
// Use Quicksort on small arrays
if (right - left < QUICKSORT_THRESHOLD) {
sort(a, left, right, true);
return;
}

/*
* Index run[i] is the start of i-th run
* (ascending or descending sequence).
*/
int[] run = new int[MAX_RUN_COUNT + 1];
int count = 0; run[0] = left;

// Check if the array is nearly sorted
for (int k = left; k < right; run[count] = k) {
if (a[k] < a[k + 1]) { // ascending
while (++k <= right && a[k - 1] <= a[k]);
} else if (a[k] > a[k + 1]) { // descending
while (++k <= right && a[k - 1] >= a[k]);
for (int lo = run[count] - 1, hi = k; ++lo < --hi; ) {
int t = a[lo]; a[lo] = a[hi]; a[hi] = t;
}
} else { // equal
for (int m = MAX_RUN_LENGTH; ++k <= right && a[k - 1] == a[k]; ) {
if (--m == 0) {
sort(a, left, right, true);
return;
}
}
}

/*
* The array is not highly structured,
* use Quicksort instead of merge sort.
*/
if (++count == MAX_RUN_COUNT) {
sort(a, left, right, true);
return;
}
}

// Check special cases
if (run[count] == right++) { // The last run contains one element
run[++count] = right;
} else if (count == 1) { // The array is already sorted
return;
}

/*
* Create temporary array, which is used for merging.
* Implementation note: variable "right" is increased by 1.
*/
int[] b; byte odd = 0;
for (int n = 1; (n <<= 1) < count; odd ^= 1);

if (odd == 0) {
b = a; a = new int[b.length];
for (int i = left - 1; ++i < right; a[i] = b[i]);
} else {
b = new int[a.length];
}

// Merging
for (int last; count > 1; count = last) {
for (int k = (last = 0) + 2; k <= count; k += 2) {
int hi = run[k], mi = run[k - 1];
for (int i = run[k - 2], p = i, q = mi; i < hi; ++i) {
if (q >= hi || p < mi && a[p] <= a[q]) {
b[i] = a[p++];
} else {
b[i] = a[q++];
}
}
run[++last] = hi;
}
if ((count & 1) != 0) {
for (int i = right, lo = run[count - 1]; --i >= lo;
b[i] = a[i]
);
run[++last] = right;
}
int[] t = a; a = b; b = t;
}
}

## 再来看看Collections.sort(List)实现源码

 public static <T extends Comparable<? super T>> void sort(List<T> list) {
Object[] a = list.toArray();
Arrays.sort(a);
ListIterator<T> i = list.listIterator();
for (int j=0; j<a.length; j++) {
i.next();
i.set((T)a[j]);
}
}

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