[BFS]poj3278_Catch That Cow

Language:Default
Catch That Cow
Time Limit: 2000MS
Memory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 109845
Accepted: 34301

Description

Farmer John has been informed of the location of a fugitive cow and wants to catch her immediately. He starts at a point N (0 ≤ N ≤ 100,000) on a number line and the cow is at a point K (0 ≤ K ≤ 100,000) on the same number line. Farmer John has two modes of transportation: walking and teleporting.

* Walking: FJ can move from any point X to the points - 1 or + 1 in a single minute
* Teleporting: FJ can move from any point X to the point 2 × X in a single minute.

If the cow, unaware of its pursuit, does not move at all, how long does it take for Farmer John to retrieve it?

Input

Line 1: Two space-separated integers: N and K

Output

Line 1: The least amount of time, in minutes, it takes for Farmer John to catch the fugitive cow.

Sample Input

5 17

Sample Output

4

Hint

The fastest way for Farmer John to reach the fugitive cow is to move along the following path: 5-10-9-18-17, which takes 4 minutes.

版本一:

#include<iostream>  
#include<queue>  
#include<cstring>  
#include<cstdio>  
using namespace std;  
  
const int maxn=100001;  
  
bool vis[maxn];//标记数组  
int step[maxn];//记录到了每一位置所走的步数  
queue <int> q;//定义队列  
  
int bfs(int n,int k)  
{  
    int head,next;  
    q.push(n);   //开始FJ在n位置,n入队  
    step[n]=0;  
    vis[n]=true; //标记已访问  
    while(!q.empty())  //当队列非空  
    {  
        head=q.front();  //取队首  
        q.pop();         //弹出对首  
        for(int i=0;i<3;i++)     //FJ的三种走法  
        {  
            if(i==0) next=head-1;  
            else if(i==1) next=head+1;  
            else next=head*2;  
            if(next<0 || next>=maxn) continue; //排除出界情况  
            if(!vis[next])  //如果next位置未被访问  
            {  
                q.push(next);    //入队  
                step[next]=step[head]+1;  //步数+1  
                vis[next]=true;  //标记已访问  
            }  
            if(next==k) return step[next];  //当遍历到结果,返回步数  
        }  
    }  
}  
int main()  
{  
    int n,k;  
    while(cin>>n>>k)  
    {  
        memset(step,0,sizeof(step));  
        memset(vis,false,sizeof(vis));  
          
        while(!q.empty()) q.pop(); //注意调用前要先清空  
        if(n>=k) printf("%d\n",n-k);  
        else printf("%d\n",bfs(n,k));  
    }  
    return 0;  
}  

版本二:
//广度搜索基本思想:遍历这一层,而后遍历下一层
//取出头结点,然后把下一层所有可能入队
//剪枝很重要
//BFS+模拟队列
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <queue>
#include <algorithm>
#define size 2000000
using namespace std;

int n,k;
int vis[size];
struct node{
    int x,step;
};
queue<node> q;

void BFS()
{//搜索三种情况
    int X,S;
    while(!q.empty())
    {
        node tmp = q.front();
        q.pop();
        X = tmp.x;
        S = tmp.step;
        if(X == k)
        {
            cout<<S<<endl;
            //break;
            return;
        }
        if(X<=k && !vis[X+1])    
        {
            node t;
            vis[X+1] = 1;
            t.x = X+1;
            t.step = S+1;
            q.push(t);
        }
        if(X >= 1 && !vis[X-1])   //要保证-1后有意义,故X>=1
        {
            node t;
            vis[X-1] = 1;
            t.x = X-1;
            t.step = S+1;
            q.push(t);
        }
        if(X<=k && !vis[X*2])
        {
            node t;
            vis[X*2] = 1;
            t.x = X*2;
            t.step = S+1;
            q.push(t);
        }
    }

}

int main()
{
    cin>>n>>k;
    memset(vis,0,size);
    node tmp;
    vis[n] = 1;
    tmp.x = n;
    tmp.step = 0;
    q.push(tmp);
    BFS();
    return 0;
}

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